用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (15) — M(V)C_实现博文页面评论表单

目录

前文列表

用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (1) — 创建项目
用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (2) — Hello World!
用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (3) — (M)VC_连接 MySQL 和 SQLAlchemy
用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (4) — (M)VC_创建数据模型和表
用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (5) — (M)VC_SQLAlchemy 的 CRUD 详解
用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (6) — (M)VC_models 的关系(one to many)
用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (7) — (M)VC_models 的关系(many to many)
用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (8) — (M)VC_Alembic 管理数据库结构的升级和降级
用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (9) — M(V)C_Jinja 语法基础快速概览
用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (10) — M(V)C_Jinja 常用过滤器与 Flask 特殊变量及方法
用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (11) — M(V)C_创建视图函数
用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (12) — M(V)C_编写和继承 Jinja 模板
用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (13) — M(V)C_WTForms 服务端表单检验
用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (14) — M(V)C_实现项目首页的模板

实现 post() 视图函数

  • views.py
    在原有的基础上对视图函数 post() 进行修改.
from uuid import uuid4
import datetime

from forms import CommentForm

@app.route('/post/<string:post_id>', methods=('GET', 'POST'))
def post(post_id):
    """View function for post page"""

    # Form object: `Comment`
    form = CommentForm()
    # form.validate_on_submit() will be true and return the
    # data object to form instance from user enter,
    # when the HTTP request is POST
    if form.validate_on_submit():
        new_comment = Comment(id=str(uuid4()),
                              name=form.name.data)
        new_comment.text = form.text.data
        new_comment.date = datetime.datetime.now()
        new_comment.post_id = post_id
        db.session.add(new_comment)
        db.session.commit()

    post = Post.query.get_or_404(post_id)
    tags = post.tags
    comments = post.comments.order_by(Comment.date.desc()).all()
    recent, top_tags = sidebar_data()

    return render_template('post.html',
                           post=post,
                           tags=tags,
                           comments=comments,
                           form=form,
                           recent=recent,
                           top_tags=top_tags)

NOTE: CommentForm 类是在 用 Flask 来写个轻博客 (13) — M(V)C_WTForms 服务端表单检验 中定义的, 需要将其导入到该模块中.

  • 需要在视图函数 post() 中添加接收 HTTP POST 请求, 路由方法 route() 默认只接收 HTTP GET 请求.

  • 在视图函数中创建一个 form 对象, 并以此来获取用户在输入框中输入的数据对象.

  • form.validata_on_submit() 方法会隐式的判断该 HTTP 请求是不是 POST, 若是, 则将请求中提交的表单数据对象传入上述的 form 对象并进行数据检验.

  • 若提交的表单数据对象通过了 form 对象的检验, 则 form.validata_on_submit() 返回为 True 并且将这些数据传给 form 对象, 成为其实例属性.

  • 之后我们就能够通过表单对象 form 来调用其实例属性, 并且赋值给 models 对象, 最后存入到数据库中.

  • 最后, 因为在 post.html 页面需要显示这些评论, 所以该模板文件也需要传入 form 对象含有的实例属性值, 那么我们直接在视图函数 post() 中 直接将 form 对象传入到 render_template() 就好了.

在 post.html 中添加表单

{% extends "base.html"%}
{% block title %}{{ post.name }}{% endblock %}

<!-- Replace the BODY of template base.html -->
{% block body %}
<h3>{{ post.title }}</h3>
{{ post.publish_date }}:
{{ post.text }}

<div class="col-lg-12">
  <h3>New Comment:</h3>
  <!-- Set the form -->
  <form method="POST" action="{{ url_for('post', post_id=post.id)
    }}">
    {{ form.hidden_tag() }}
    <div>
      <!-- Field: `name` label -->
      {{ form.name.label }}
      {% if form.name.errors %}
        {% for e in form.name.errors %}
          <p class="help-block">{{ e }}</p>
        {% endfor %}
      {% endif %}
      {{ form.name(class_="form-control") }}
    </div>
    <div class="form-group">
      {{ form.text.label }}
      {% if form.text.errors %}
        {% for e in form.text.errors %}
          <p class="help-block">{{ e }}</p>
        {% endfor %}
      {% endif %}
      {{ form.text(class_='form-control') }}
    </div>
    <input class="btn btn-primary" type="submit" value="Add Comment">
  </form>
</div>
{% endblock %}
  • form.hidden_tag(): 提供了预防跨站请求伪造的机制, 常用于表单页面
  • field.errors: 列表类型, 用于显示验证失败后的提示信息
  • {{ form.name(class_="form-control") }}: 把字段本身作为方法调用, 会渲染作用于该字段的的 HTML 代码.
  • field.label: 为输入框生成对应的 label 标签的 HTML 代码.

效果

这里写图片描述

查看是否写入到了数据库:

mysql> select * from comments where name='jmilkfan';
+--------------------------------------+----------+------+---------------------+--------------------------------------+
| id                                   | name     | text | date                | post_id                              |
+--------------------------------------+----------+------+---------------------+--------------------------------------+
| 0cea03ec-76b4-4ba4-b781-6a0bf056078b | jmilkfan | HI   | 2016-11-25 17:21:05 | 35c8b4f3-c231-4b32-b139-f7647714b87e |
+--------------------------------------+----------+------+---------------------+--------------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

ERROR LOG:

(env)fanguiju@fanguiju:/opt/JmilkFan-s-Blog$ python manage.py server
/opt/JmilkFan-s-Blog/env/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/flask/exthook.py:71: ExtDeprecationWarning: Importing flask.ext.script is deprecated, use flask_script instead.
  .format(x=modname), ExtDeprecationWarning
/opt/JmilkFan-s-Blog/env/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/flask/exthook.py:71: ExtDeprecationWarning: Importing flask.ext.migrate is deprecated, use flask_migrate instead.
  .format(x=modname), ExtDeprecationWarning
/opt/JmilkFan-s-Blog/env/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/flask/exthook.py:71: ExtDeprecationWarning: Importing flask.ext.sqlalchemy is deprecated, use flask_sqlalchemy instead.
  .format(x=modname), ExtDeprecationWarning
/opt/JmilkFan-s-Blog/env/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/flask_sqlalchemy/__init__.py:800: UserWarning: SQLALCHEMY_TRACK_MODIFICATIONS adds significant overhead and will be disabled by default in the future.  Set it to True to suppress this warning.
  warnings.warn('SQLALCHEMY_TRACK_MODIFICATIONS adds significant overhead and will be disabled by default in the future.  Set it to True to suppress this warning.')
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "manage.py", line 35, in <module>
    manager.run()
  File "/opt/JmilkFan-s-Blog/env/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/flask_script/__init__.py", line 412, in run
    result = self.handle(sys.argv[0], sys.argv[1:])
  File "/opt/JmilkFan-s-Blog/env/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/flask_script/__init__.py", line 383, in handle
    res = handle(*args, **config)
  File "/opt/JmilkFan-s-Blog/env/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/flask_script/commands.py", line 425, in __call__
    **self.server_options)
  File "/opt/JmilkFan-s-Blog/env/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/flask/app.py", line 843, in run
    run_simple(host, port, self, **options)
  File "/opt/JmilkFan-s-Blog/env/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/werkzeug/serving.py", line 677, in run_simple
    s.bind((hostname, port))
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/socket.py", line 224, in meth
    return getattr(self._sock,name)(*args)
socket.error: [Errno 98] Address already in use

TSG: 在该运行的环境中, Server() 默认的 IP 或 PORT 被占用了. 所以在 manage.py 中手动的设定其 IP 或 PORT.

manager.add_command("server", Server(host='127.0.0.1', port=8089))
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cmd 运行 pyspider all 时出现如下错误,该怎么解决?

09-02

[I 160902 23:03:21 result_worker:49] result_worker starting... Web server running on port 25555 [I 160902 23:03:28 processor:208] processor starting... c:\python27\lib\site-packages\flask\exthook.py:71: ExtDeprecationWarning: Importing flask.ext.login is deprecated, use flask_login instead. .format(x=modname), ExtDeprecationWarning [I 160902 23:03:32 scheduler:569] scheduler starting... [I 160902 23:03:33 scheduler:508] in 5m: new:0,success:0,retry:0,failed:0 Exception in thread Thread-4: Traceback (most recent call last): File "c:\python27\lib\threading.py", line 801, in __bootstrap_inner self.run() File "c:\python27\lib\threading.py", line 754, in run self.__target(*self.__args, **self.__kwargs) File "c:\python27\lib\site-packages\click\core.py", line 534, in invoke return callback(*args, **kwargs) File "c:\python27\lib\site-packages\click\decorators.py", line 17, in new_func return f(get_current_context(), *args, **kwargs) File "c:\python27\lib\site-packages\pyspider\run.py", line 240, in fetcher poolsize=poolsize, proxy=proxy, async=async) File "c:\python27\lib\site-packages\pyspider\fetcher\tornado_fetcher.py", line 85, in __init__ self.ioloop = tornado.ioloop.IOLoop() File "c:\python27\lib\site-packages\tornado\util.py", line 278, in __new__ instance.initialize(*args, **init_kwargs) File "c:\python27\lib\site-packages\tornado\platform\select.py", line 76, in initialize super(SelectIOLoop, self).initialize(impl=_Select(), **kwargs) File "c:\python27\lib\site-packages\tornado\ioloop.py", line 705, in initialize self._waker = Waker() File "c:\python27\lib\site-packages\tornado\platform\common.py", line 44, in __init__ self.writer.connect(connect_address) File "c:\python27\lib\socket.py", line 228, in meth return getattr(self._sock,name)(*args) error: [Errno 10060] 问答

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