Oracle RAC集群中的命令整理

oracle rac 专栏收录该内容
5 篇文章 0 订阅

Oracle RAC集群中的命令整理

Oracle Clusterware的命令集可以分为以下4种:
节点层:osnodes
网络层:oifcfg
集群层:crsctl, ocrcheck,ocrdump,ocrconfig
应用层:srvctl,onsctl,crs_stat
下面分别来介绍这些命令:

节点层olsnodes

olsnodes,这个命令用来显示集群点列表,可用的参数如下:

  1. 查看此命令参数帮助:

     [grid@rac1 ~]$ olsnodes --help
     Usage: olsnodes [ [ [-n] [-i] [-s] [-t] [<node> | -l [-p]] [-a] ] | [-f] | [-c] ] [-g] [-v]
             where
                     -n print node number with the node name
                     -p print private interconnect address for the local node
                     -i print virtual IP name or address with the node name
                     <node> print information for the specified node
                     -l print information for the local node 
                     -s print node status - active or inactive 
                     -t print node type - pinned or unpinned 
                     -g turn on logging 
                     -v Run in debug mode; use at direction of Oracle Support only.
                     -c print clusterware name
                     -a print active node roles of the nodes in the cluster
                     -f print historical Leaf Nodes (active and recent)
    
  2. 查看节点的状态:

     [grid@rac1 ~]$ olsnodes -s  //查看两节点状态
     rac1    Active
     rac2    Active
    
    
    
     [grid@rac1 ~]$ olsnodes -c
     rac19c
     [grid@rac1 ~]$ olsnodes -n -i -s -t
     rac1    1       <none>  Active  Unpinned
     rac2    2       <none>  Active  Unpinned
    

网络层oifcfg

OIFCFG命令可以定义和管理网络接口:分配和释放网络接口到组件、直接组件使用特定的网络接口、检索组件配置信息
OIFCFG主要显示一些网段信息,只存放在grid的bin下面,较少使用,root、grid、oracle用户都可以执行。

  1. 查看所有网卡网段:

     [grid@rac1 ~]$ oifcfg iflist
     ens192  10.16.35.0
     ens224  10.16.16.0
     ens224  169.254.0.0
     virbr0  192.168.122.0
    
  2. 获得单个网口信息:

     [grid@rac1 ~]$ oifcfg getif   
     ens192  10.16.35.0  global  public
     ens224  10.16.16.0  global  cluster_interconnect,asm
    

集群层crsctl(平时使用最多的两个命令之一) ocrcheck,ocrdump,ocrconfig

CRSCTL是您与Oracle Clusterware之间的接口,用于解析和调用Oracle Clusterware对象的Oracle Clusterware API
Crsctl只在grid的bin下面,用于管理集群件,很多查看相关的命令都是grid用户的操作的,涉及到启动停止等会使用root账号操作,具体查看以下内容:

  1. 检查集群件各个组件状态:

     [grid@rac1 ~]$ crsctl stat res -t  //检查集群件各个组件状态
     --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
     --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Local Resources
     --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     ora.LISTENER.lsnr
                    ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
                    ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
     ora.chad
                    ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
                    ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
     ora.net1.network
                    ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
                    ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
     ora.ons
                    ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
                    ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
     
     ...............................................................
     ora.cvu
           1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
     ora.qosmserver
           1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
     ora.rac1.vip
           1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
     ora.rac2.vip
           1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     STABLE
     ora.racdb.db
           1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     Open,HOME=/u01/app/o
                                                                  racle/product/19.3.0
                                                                  /db_1,STABLE
           2        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac2                     Open,HOME=/u01/app/o
                                                                  racle/product/19.3.0
                                                                  /db_1,STABLE
     ora.scan1.vip
           1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac1                     STABLE
     --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
  2. 查、新增、替换votedisk信息:

     [grid@rac1 ~]$ crsctl query css votedisk   //检查、新增、替换votedisk信息
     ##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group
     --  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------
      1. ONLINE   78d77b08c21c4fbebf0cbb8180468fff (AFD:ORS1) [ORS]
      2. ONLINE   d3a7d6b4a07d4f3bbf20faa032ef7b9d (AFD:ORS2) [ORS]
      3. ONLINE   c56e3e7993554f40bf69e3b287edec01 (AFD:ORS3) [ORS]
     Located 3 voting disk(s).
    
     [grid@rac1 ~]$ crsctl add css votedisk /sharednfs/vote2
     [grid@rac1 ~]$ crsctl replace votedisk +DATA
    
  3. 查看server信息

     [grid@rac1 ~]$ crsctl status server -f
     NAME=rac1
     MEMORY_SIZE=7820
     CPU_COUNT=8
     CPU_CLOCK_RATE=2128
     CPU_HYPERTHREADING=0
     CPU_EQUIVALENCY=1000
     DEPLOYMENT=other
     CONFIGURED_CSS_ROLE=hub
     RESOURCE_USE_ENABLED=1
     SERVER_LABEL=
     PHYSICAL_HOSTNAME=
     CSS_CRITICAL=no
     CSS_CRITICAL_TOTAL=0
     RESOURCE_TOTAL=0
     SITE_NAME=rac19c
     STATE=ONLINE
     ACTIVE_POOLS=Generic ora.racdb
     STATE_DETAILS=
     ACTIVE_CSS_ROLE=hub
     
     NAME=rac2
     MEMORY_SIZE=7820
     CPU_COUNT=8
     CPU_CLOCK_RATE=2128
     CPU_HYPERTHREADING=0
     CPU_EQUIVALENCY=1000
     DEPLOYMENT=other
     CONFIGURED_CSS_ROLE=hub
     RESOURCE_USE_ENABLED=1
     SERVER_LABEL=
     PHYSICAL_HOSTNAME=
     CSS_CRITICAL=no
     CSS_CRITICAL_TOTAL=0
     RESOURCE_TOTAL=0
     SITE_NAME=rac19c
     STATE=ONLINE
     ACTIVE_POOLS=Generic ora.racdb
     STATE_DETAILS=
     ACTIVE_CSS_ROLE=hub
    
  4. 检查crs状态

     [grid@rac1 ~]$ crsctl check crs 
     CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online
     CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online
     CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online
     CRS-4533: Event Manager is online
    
  5. 查看grid版本

     [grid@rac1 ~]$ crsctl query crs activeversion
     Oracle Clusterware active version on the cluster is [19.0.0.0.0]
     [grid@rac1 ~]$ crsctl query crs releaseversion
     Oracle High Availability Services release version on the local node is [19.0.0.0.0]
     [grid@rac1 ~]$ crsctl query crs softwareversion
     Oracle Clusterware version on node [rac1] is [19.0.0.0.0]
    
  6. 配置集群自动启动(使用root账号并每个节点)

    如果root账号没有crsctl等命令的话需要配置环境变量

     [root@rac1 ~]# pwd
     /root
     [root@rac1 ~]# vi .bash_profile   //增加以下内容
     export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/19.3.0/grid;
     export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH;
     [root@rac1 ~]# source .bash_profile 
     之后就能使用grid用户的相关命令了
     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl -h
     Usage:
            crsctl add       - add a resource, type or other entity
            crsctl check     - check the state or operating status of a service, resource, or other entity
            crsctl config    - display automatic startup configuration
            crsctl create    - display entity creation options
            crsctl debug     - display or modify debug state
            crsctl delete    - delete a resource, type or other entity
            crsctl disable   - disable automatic startup
            crsctl discover  - discover DHCP server
            crsctl enable    - enable automatic startup
            crsctl eval      - evaluate operations on resource or other entity without performing them
            crsctl export    - export entities
            crsctl get       - get an entity value
            crsctl getperm   - get entity permissions
            crsctl lsmodules - list debug modules
            crsctl modify    - modify a resource, type or other entity
            crsctl pin       - make the leases of specified nodes immutable
            crsctl query     - query service state
            crsctl release   - release a DHCP lease
            crsctl relocate  - relocate a resource, server or other entity
            crsctl replace   - change the location of voting files
            crsctl request   - request a DHCP lease or an action entry point
            crsctl set       - set an entity value
            crsctl setperm   - set entity permissions
            crsctl start     - start a resource, server or other entity
            crsctl status    - get status of a resource or other entity
            crsctl stop      - stop a resource, server or other entity
            crsctl unpin     - make the leases of previously pinned nodes mutable
            crsctl unset     - unset an entity value, restoring its default
    

    其实集群的自动启动修改是修改文件/etc/oracle/scls_scr/rac1/root/ohasdstr

     [root@rac1 ~]# cat /etc/oracle/scls_scr/rac1/root/ohasdstr 
     enable
     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl config crs    //查看集群是否自动启动,这里是自动启动 
     CRS-4622: Oracle High Availability Services autostart is enabled.
    
     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl disable crs   //取消集群自动启动
     CRS-4621: Oracle High Availability Services autostart is disabled.
    
     [root@rac1 ~]# cat /etc/oracle/scls_scr/rac1/root/ohasdstr  //查看相关文件
     disable
    
     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl enable crs  //设置集群自动启动
     CRS-4622: Oracle High Availability Services autostart is enabled.
     [root@rac1 ~]# cat /etc/oracle/scls_scr/rac1/root/ohasdstr
     enable
    
  7. 集群的节点启、停(当前节点的相关资源进行操作也只能是当前节点,包含ohas,会影响ohas)

     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl stop crs  //停止当前节点的集群服务
     CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2790: Starting shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on server 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.chad' on 'rac1'
     CRS-33673: Attempting to stop resource group 'ora.asmgroup' on server 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.FRA.dg' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ORS.dg' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.FRA.dg' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ORS.dg' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.chad' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asmnet1.asmnetwork' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asmnet1.asmnetwork' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-33677: Stop of resource group 'ora.asmgroup' on server 'rac1' succeeded.
     CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ons' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ons' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.net1.network' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.net1.network' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2792: Shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on 'rac1' has completed
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.storage' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crf' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.drivers.acfs' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.drivers.acfs' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crf' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.storage' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.driver.afd' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.driver.afd' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'rac1' has completed
     CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.
     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl check crs //检查当前节点集群状态
     CRS-4639: Could not contact Oracle High Availability Services
    
     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl start crs  //启动当前节点的集群服务
     CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl check crs  //检查当前节点的集群服务
     CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online
     CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online
     CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online
     CRS-4533: Event Manager is online
    
  8. 集群的节点启、停(集群的所有节点相关资源进行操作+all,不加的话是当前节点并且前提是ohas是启动的,启停不影响ohas)

     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl stop cluster
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2790: Starting shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on server 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.chad' on 'rac1'
     CRS-33673: Attempting to stop resource group 'ora.asmgroup' on server 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.FRA.dg' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ORS.dg' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.FRA.dg' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ORS.dg' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asmnet1.asmnetwork' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asmnet1.asmnetwork' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-33677: Stop of resource group 'ora.asmgroup' on server 'rac1' succeeded.
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.chad' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ons' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ons' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.net1.network' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.net1.network' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2792: Shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on 'rac1' has completed
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.storage' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.storage' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
    
     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl check crs  //查看状态可以发现OHAS没有关闭    
     CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online
     CRS-4535: Cannot communicate with Cluster Ready Services
     CRS-4530: Communications failure contacting Cluster Synchronization Services daemon
     CRS-4534: Cannot communicate with Event Manager
    
     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl check cluster
     CRS-4535: Cannot communicate with Cluster Ready Services
     CRS-4530: Communications failure contacting Cluster Synchronization Services daemon
     CRS-4534: Cannot communicate with Event Manager
    

    关闭所有节点

     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl stop cluster -all
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2790: Starting shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on server 'rac2'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cvu' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac2'
     CRS-33673: Attempting to stop resource group 'ora.asmgroup' on server 'rac2'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.FRA.dg' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ORS.dg' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.chad' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.qosmserver' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ORS.dg' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.FRA.dg' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.rac2.vip' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.rac2.vip' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cvu' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.qosmserver' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.chad' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asmnet1.asmnetwork' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asmnet1.asmnetwork' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-33677: Stop of resource group 'ora.asmgroup' on server 'rac2' succeeded.
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ons' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ons' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.net1.network' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.net1.network' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2792: Shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on 'rac2' has completed
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.storage' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.evmd' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.storage' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.evmd' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-4688: Oracle Clusterware is already stopped on server 'rac1'
    

    启动某一节点

     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl start cluster -n rac2    
     CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.evmd' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.storage' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.storage' on 'rac2' succeeded
     CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on 'rac2'
     CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac2' succeeded
    

    类似单一节点启停:

     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl start cluster -n rac1
     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl stop  cluster -n rac2
    
  9. 查看serverpool信息

     [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl status serverpool
     NAME=Free
     ACTIVE_SERVERS=
     
     NAME=Generic
     ACTIVE_SERVERS=rac1 rac2
    
     NAME=ora.racdb
     ACTIVE_SERVERS=rac1 rac2
    
  10. 查看当前节点的时间同步

    [root@rac1 ~]# crsctl check ctss
    CRS-4700: The Cluster Time Synchronization Service is in Observer mode.
    
  11. ocrcheck

    显示OCR的块格式版本,可用空间总数和使用空间,OCRID和您配置的OCR位置

    [root@rac1 ~]# ocrcheck
    Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows :
             Version                  :          4
             Total space (kbytes)     :     491684
             Used space (kbytes)      :      84528
             Available space (kbytes) :     407156
             ID                       : 1552918072
             Device/File Name         :       +ORS
                                        Device/File integrity check succeeded
    
                                        Device/File not configured
    
                                        Device/File not configured
    
                                        Device/File not configured
    
                                        Device/File not configured
    
             Cluster registry integrity check succeeded
    
             Logical corruption check succeeded
    
  12. ocrconfig管理命令

    查看OCR的手工备份

    [root@rac1 ~]# ocrconfig -showbackup manual
    PROT-25: Manual backups for the Oracle Cluster Registry are not available
    

    查看OCR的自动备份

    [root@rac1 ~]# ocrconfig -showbackup auto
    
    rac2     2020/05/07 12:58:15     +ORS:/rac19c/OCRBACKUP/backup00.ocr.263.1039784283     724960844
    
    rac2     2020/05/07 08:58:02     +ORS:/rac19c/OCRBACKUP/backup01.ocr.265.1039769871     724960844
    
    rac2     2020/05/07 04:57:48     +ORS:/rac19c/OCRBACKUP/backup02.ocr.261.1039755457     724960844
    
    rac1     2020/05/06 01:35:08     +ORS:/rac19c/OCRBACKUP/day.ocr.259.1039656909     724960844
    
    rac1     2020/04/28 05:23:43     +ORS:/rac19c/OCRBACKUP/week.ocr.260.1038893025     724960844
    

    手工备份OCR

    [root@rac1 ~]# ocrconfig -manualbackup
    
    rac2     2020/05/07 15:00:46     +ORS:/rac19c/OCRBACKUP/backup_20200507_150046.ocr.258.1039791647     724960844 
    

    配置OCR备份路径

    [root@rac1 /]# ocrconfig -backuploc /ocrbak
    PROT-42: The specified location '/ocrbak' designates an invalid storage type for Oracle Cluster Registry backup files.
    
    
    [root@rac1 /]# ocrconfig -add +DATA  //添加一个新的ocr文件到磁盘组
    [root@rac1 /]# ocrconfig -delete +DATA  //从磁盘组里删除一个OCR文件
    
  13. ocrdump查看命令

    该命令能以ASCII的方式打印出OCR的内容,但是这个命令不能用作OCR的备份恢复,也就是说产生的文件只能用作阅读,而不能用于恢复。
    
    命令格式: ocrdump [-stdout] [filename] [-keyname name] [-xml]
    
    参数说明:
    
            -stdout: 把内容打印输出到屏幕上
    
    Filename:内容输出到文件中
    
    -keyname:只打印某个键及其子健内容
    
    -xml:以xml格式打印输出
    
       示例:把system.css键的内容以.xml格式打印输出到屏幕
    
    [root@raw1 bin]# ./ocrdump -stdout -keyname system.css -xml|more
    
    <OCRDUMP>
    
    
    <TIMESTAMP>03/08/2010 04:28:41</TIMESTAMP>
    
    <DEVICE>/dev/raw/raw1</DEVICE>
    
    <COMMAND>./ocrdump.bin -stdout -keyname system.css -xml </COMMAND>
    
    ......
    
    
    这个命令在执行过程中,会在$CRS_HOME/log/<node_name>/client 目录下产生日志文件,文件名ocrdump_<pid>.log,如果命令执行出现问题,可以从这个日志查看问题原因。
    

应用层srvctl(平时使用最多的两个命令之一) onsctl,crs_XX

  1. 查看nodeapps节点配置(含VIP、GSD、ONS)

     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config nodeapps
     Network 1 exists
     Subnet IPv4: 10.16.35.0/255.255.255.0/ens192, static
     Subnet IPv6: 
     Ping Targets: 
     Network is enabled
     Network is individually enabled on nodes: 
     Network is individually disabled on nodes: 
     VIP exists: network number 1, hosting node rac1
     VIP Name: rac1-vip
     VIP IPv4 Address: 10.16.35.62
     VIP IPv6 Address: 
     VIP is enabled.
     VIP is individually enabled on nodes: 
     VIP is individually disabled on nodes: 
     VIP exists: network number 1, hosting node rac2
     VIP Name: rac2-vip
     VIP IPv4 Address: 10.16.35.63
     VIP IPv6 Address: 
     VIP is enabled.
     VIP is individually enabled on nodes: 
     VIP is individually disabled on nodes: 
     ONS exists: Local port 6100, remote port 6200, EM port 2016, Uses SSL true
     ONS is enabled
     ONS is individually enabled on nodes: 
     ONS is individually disabled on nodes:
    
  2. 查看nodeapps节点状态(含VIP、GSD、ONS)

     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status nodeapps
     VIP 10.16.35.62 is enabled
     VIP 10.16.35.62 is running on node: rac1
     VIP 10.16.35.63 is enabled
     VIP 10.16.35.63 is running on node: rac2
     Network is enabled
     Network is running on node: rac1
     Network is running on node: rac2
     ONS is enabled
     ONS daemon is running on node: rac1
     ONS daemon is running on node: rac2
    
  3. 查看DB配置

     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config database   //查看在集群中注册的所有数据库
     racdb
     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config database -d racdb  //查看RAC信息
     Database unique name: racdb
     Database name: racdb
     Oracle home: /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/db_1
     Oracle user: oracle
     Spfile: +DATA/RACDB/PARAMETERFILE/spfile.272.1038940639
     Password file: +DATA/RACDB/PASSWORD/pwdracdb.256.1038938679
     Domain: 
     Start options: open
     Stop options: immediate
     Database role: PRIMARY
     Management policy: AUTOMATIC
     Server pools: 
     Disk Groups: DATA
     Mount point paths: 
     Services: 
     Type: RAC
     Start concurrency: 
     Stop concurrency: 
     OSDBA group: dba
     OSOPER group: oper
     Database instances: racdb1,racdb2
     Configured nodes: rac1,rac2
     CSS critical: no
     CPU count: 0
     Memory target: 0
     Maximum memory: 0
     Default network number for database services: 
     Database is administrator managed
    
     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config database -d db_name -a(加了-a可以看到DB是否随集群自动启动)
    
  4. 查看DB状态

     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status database -d racdb
     Instance racdb1 is running on node rac1
     Instance racdb2 is running on node rac2
    
     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status instance -d racdb -i racdb1
     Instance racdb1 is not running on node rac1
    
  5. 关闭和启动DB

    在RAC环境下启动,关闭数据库虽然仍然可以使用SQL/PLUS方法,但是更推荐使用srvctl命令来做这些工作,这可以保证即使更新CRS中运行信息,可以使用start/stop命令启动,停止对象,然后使用status命令查看对象状态。

     0) 关闭所有数据库
     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl  stop database -d racdb  //关闭所有节点数据库
     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl  status database -d racdb      //查看所有节点数据库状态 
     Instance racdb1 is not running on node rac1
     Instance racdb2 is not running on node rac2 
     1) 启动数据库,默认启动到open状态
     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl start database -d racdb 
     2) 指定启动状态 
     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl start instance -d racdb -i racdb1 -o mount  //测试可以的方法
     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl start instance -d racdb -i racdb1 -o nomount   //测试可以的方法
    
     //[root@rac1 bin]# ./srvctl start database -d raw -i rac1 -o mount 
     //[root@rac1 bin]# ./srvctl start database -d raw -i rac1 -o nomount 
     3) 关闭对象,并指定关闭方式 
     [oracle@rac2 ~]$ srvctl stop instance -d racdb -i racdb1 -o immediate  
     [oracle@rac2 ~]$ srvctl stop instance -d racdb -i racdb1 -o   abort 
     4) 在指定实例上启动服务: 
     [root@rac1 bin]# ./srvctl start service -d raw -s rawservice -i rac1 
     –查看服务状态 
     [root@rac1 bin]# ./srvctl status service -d raw -v 
     5) 关闭指定实例上的服务 
     [root@rac1 bin]# ./srvctl stop service -d raw -s rawservice -i rac1 
     –查看服务状态 
     [root@rac1 bin]# ./srvctl status service -d raw -v
    
  6. 查看listener配置、状态

     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config listener  //查看配置
     Name: LISTENER
     Type: Database Listener
     Network: 1, Owner: grid
     Home: <CRS home>
     End points: TCP:1521
     Listener is enabled.
     Listener is individually enabled on nodes: 
     Listener is individually disabled on nodes:
    
     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status listener //查看状态
     Listener LISTENER is enabled
     Listener LISTENER is running on node(s): rac1,rac2
    
  7. 查看scan_listener配置、状态(不能通过lsnrctl来看scan的监听,所以只能以下两者结合srvctl config scan)

     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl  config scan_listener
     SCAN Listeners for network 1:
     Registration invited nodes: 
     Registration invited subnets: 
     Endpoints: TCP:1521
     SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN1 exists
     SCAN Listener is enabled.
    
     
     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl  status scan_listener  //查看状态
     SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN1 is enabled
     SCAN listener LISTENER_SCAN1 is running on node rac2
    
  8. 查看SCAN IP配置和状态(IP地址具体是多少)

     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config scan  //具体多少
     SCAN name: rac19c-scan, Network: 1
     Subnet IPv4: 10.16.35.0/255.255.255.0/ens192, static
     Subnet IPv6: 
     SCAN 1 IPv4 VIP: 10.16.35.64
     SCAN VIP is enabled.
    
     
     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status scan  //scan ip在哪个节点
     SCAN VIP scan1 is enabled
     SCAN VIP scan1 is running on node rac2
    
  9. 查看VIP的配置、状态

     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config vip -n rac1  //配置
     VIP exists: network number 1, hosting node rac1
     VIP Name: rac1-vip
     VIP IPv4 Address: 10.16.35.62
     VIP IPv6 Address: 
     VIP is enabled.
     VIP is individually enabled on nodes: 
     VIP is individually disabled on nodes: 
    
    
     [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status vip -n  rac1  //状态
     VIP 10.16.35.62 is enabled
     VIP 10.16.35.62 is running on node: rac1
    
  10. DB注册到集群和从集群取消

    srvctl add database -d db_name -o $ORACLE_HOME
    或加上-p固化参数文件
    srvctl add database -d db_name -o $ORACLE_HOME -p +XX/spfilevm72.ora
    
  11. 添加一个serverpool

    srvctl add srvpool -g serverpoolname -n "node1, node2"(srvctl创建的serverpool只能给数据库使用,不能给第三方的应用使用)
    
  12. 配置DB是否随集群启动而自动启动(必须同时Management policy: AUTOMATIC和Database is enabled)

    经过测试会随crsctl start crs,每个节点的单独集群启动后,数据库会随着启动。crsctl start cluster,集群一起重启后数据库也会挨个启动

    [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl modify database -d  racdb -y AUTOMATIC
    [oracle@rac1 ~]$ srvctl enable database -d  racdb
    PRCC-1010 : racdb was already enabled
    PRCR-1002 : Resource ora.racdb.db is already enabled
    
    
    srvctl modify database -d db_name -y MANUAL --只要设置则数据库不自动启动
    srvctl disable database -d db_name --只要设置则数据库不自动启动
    srvctl enable instance -d db_name –i instance_name --某个实例自动启动
    srvctl disable instance -d db_name –i instance_name --某个实例不自动启动
    srvctl config database -d db_name -a(加了-a可以看到DB是否随集群自动启动)
    
  13. 查看ASM状态

    [grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status asm -a
    ASM is running on rac1,rac2
    ASM is enabled.
    ASM instance +ASM1 is running on node rac1
    Number of connected clients: 2
    Client names: rac1:_OCR:rac19c racdb1:racdb:rac19c
    ASM instance +ASM2 is running on node rac2
    Number of connected clients: 2
    Client names: rac2:_OCR:rac19c racdb2:racdb:rac19c
    
  • 0
    点赞
  • 0
    评论
  • 6
    收藏
  • 打赏
    打赏
  • 扫一扫,分享海报

©️2022 CSDN 皮肤主题:编程工作室 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页

打赏作者

看不见阿唱

你的鼓励将是我创作的最大动力

¥2 ¥4 ¥6 ¥10 ¥20
输入1-500的整数
余额支付 (余额:-- )
扫码支付
扫码支付:¥2
获取中
扫码支付

您的余额不足,请更换扫码支付或充值

打赏作者

实付
使用余额支付
点击重新获取
扫码支付
钱包余额 0

抵扣说明:

1.余额是钱包充值的虚拟货币,按照1:1的比例进行支付金额的抵扣。
2.余额无法直接购买下载,可以购买VIP、C币套餐、付费专栏及课程。

余额充值