Flask实现图片的上传、下载及展示

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用Flask处理图片非常容易,这一篇学习一下图片的上传、下载及展示。还是以实例代码演示为主。

首先,实现一个简单的上传(过程中未做任何处理,只是为了演示)
 

点击选择图片,输入李四:

HTML代码:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
    <body>
        <div>
            <form method="post" action="http://localhost:5000/up_photo" enctype="multipart/form-data">
            <input type="file" size="30" name="photo"/>
            <br>
            <input type="text" class="txt_input" name="name" style="margin-top:15px;"/>
            <input type="submit" value="提交信息" class="button-new" style="margin-top:15px;"/>
            </form>
        </div>
    </body>
</html>

 

点击提交信息后,通过 http://localhost:5000/up_photo,传递到后台对应的路由处理,查看控制台:

 

后台接收的路由代码:

basedir = os.path.abspath(os.path.dirname(__file__))

@app.route('/up_photo', methods=['post'])
def up_photo():
    img = request.files.get('txt_photo')
    username = request.form.get("name")
    path = basedir+"/static/photo/"
    file_path = path+img.filename
    img.save(file_path)
    print '上传头像成功,上传的用户是:'+username
    return render_template('index.html')

此时,我们查看static/photo时,已经可以看到我们点击上传的图片了。

以上是最简单的一个文件上传示例,我们实际使用中基本不可能这样去写,通常会做一些处理。例如:上传后做图片名称唯一性的处理、限制上传文件的类型、无论上传成功或者失败,都去做一些返回提示等等。
 

 

限制上传文件类型,例如,我们希望用户上传的文件为图片类型

ALLOWED_EXTENSIONS = set(['png', 'jpg', 'JPG', 'PNG', 'gif', 'GIF'])

def allowed_file(filename):
    return '.' in filename and filename.rsplit('.', 1)[1] in ALLOWED_EXTENSIONS

上面的代码片段通过截取上传文件的后缀名,判断是否是属于我们期望用户上传的类型。
 

 

更改上传图片名称,防止重名

 

这里我们使用日期加随机数生成图片名,做一个生成字符串的工具类

 

#-*-coding:utf-8-*-
import datetime
import random
class Pic_str:
    def create_uuid(self): #生成唯一的图片的名称字符串,防止图片显示时的重名问题
        nowTime = datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y%m%d%H%M%S");  # 生成当前时间
        randomNum = random.randint(0, 100);  # 生成的随机整数n,其中0<=n<=100
        if randomNum <= 10:
            randomNum = str(0) + str(randomNum);
        uniqueNum = str(nowTime) + str(randomNum);
        return uniqueNum;

 

当我们点击图片上传,选择图片点击提交后,页面返回提示信息如下图:

 

此时看我们工程下的upload文件夹,唯一名称的图片已经上传成功

 

图片的下载

@app.route('/download/<string:filename>', methods=['GET'])
def download(filename):
    if request.method == "GET":
        if os.path.isfile(os.path.join('upload', filename)):
            return send_from_directory('upload', filename, as_attachment=True)
        pass

 

图片的展示

# show photo
@app.route('/show/<string:filename>', methods=['GET'])
def show_photo(filename):
    file_dir = os.path.join(basedir, app.config['UPLOAD_FOLDER'])
    if request.method == 'GET':
        if filename is None:
            pass
        else:
            image_data = open(os.path.join(file_dir, '%s' % filename), "rb").read()
            response = make_response(image_data)
            response.headers['Content-Type'] = 'image/png'
            return response
    else:
        pass

 

完整示例代码

#encoding:utf-8
#!/usr/bin/env python
from werkzeug.utils import secure_filename
from flask import Flask, render_template, jsonify, request, make_response, send_from_directory, abort
import time
import os
from strUtil import Pic_str
import base64

app = Flask(__name__)
UPLOAD_FOLDER = 'upload'
app.config['UPLOAD_FOLDER'] = UPLOAD_FOLDER
basedir = os.path.abspath(os.path.dirname(__file__))
ALLOWED_EXTENSIONS = set(['png', 'jpg', 'JPG', 'PNG', 'gif', 'GIF'])

def allowed_file(filename):
    return '.' in filename and filename.rsplit('.', 1)[1] in ALLOWED_EXTENSIONS


@app.route('/upload')
def upload_test():
    return render_template('up.html')


# 上传文件
@app.route('/up_photo', methods=['POST'], strict_slashes=False)
def api_upload():
    file_dir = os.path.join(basedir, app.config['UPLOAD_FOLDER'])
    if not os.path.exists(file_dir):
        os.makedirs(file_dir)
    f = request.files['photo']
    if f and allowed_file(f.filename):
        fname = secure_filename(f.filename)
        print fname
        ext = fname.rsplit('.', 1)[1]
        new_filename = Pic_str().create_uuid() + '.' + ext
        f.save(os.path.join(file_dir, new_filename))

        return jsonify({"success": 0, "msg": "上传成功"})
    else:
        return jsonify({"error": 1001, "msg": "上传失败"})

@app.route('/download/<string:filename>', methods=['GET'])
def download(filename):
    if request.method == "GET":
        if os.path.isfile(os.path.join('upload', filename)):
            return send_from_directory('upload', filename, as_attachment=True)
        pass
    
    
# show photo
@app.route('/show/<string:filename>', methods=['GET'])
def show_photo(filename):
    file_dir = os.path.join(basedir, app.config['UPLOAD_FOLDER'])
    if request.method == 'GET':
        if filename is None:
            pass
        else:
            image_data = open(os.path.join(file_dir, '%s' % filename), "rb").read()
            response = make_response(image_data)
            response.headers['Content-Type'] = 'image/png'
            return response
    else:
        pass


if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run(debug=True)

基本示例就以上这些了!

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