Kubernetes安装 | 环境搭建 | etcd搭建

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  • 环境准备

新装好三台虚拟机,系统均为Centos7.5如何安装虚拟机

IP和K8S节点以及etcd对应关系:

为了节约资源将etcd集群和k8s放在统一服务器(建议分开)

192.168.2.207(k8s_1) k8s master节点 etcd1
192.168.2.181(k8s_2) k8s node节点 etcd2
192.168.2.182(k8s_3) k8s node节点 etcd3

在三台虚拟机上面同时进行如下操作:

关闭防火墙:

systemctl stop firewalld.service 停止防火墙
systemctl disable firewalld.service 禁止开机启动

 

关闭selinux,首先编辑/etc/selinux/config,之后执行setenforce 0:

关闭swap分区:

配置转发相关参数:

cat <<EOF >  /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
vm.swappiness=0
EOF

sysctl --system

 

加载ipvs模块:

cat << EOF > /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules 
#!/bin/bash
ipvs_modules_dir="/usr/lib/modules/\`uname -r\`/kernel/net/netfilter/ipvs"
for i in \`ls \$ipvs_modules_dir | sed  -r 's#(.*).ko.xz#\1#'\`; do
    /sbin/modinfo -F filename \$i  &> /dev/null
    if [ \$? -eq 0 ]; then
        /sbin/modprobe \$i
    fi
done
EOF

chmod +x /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules 
bash /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules

安装cfssl:

#在master节点安装即可!!!

wget -O /bin/cfssl https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssl_linux-amd64
wget -O /bin/cfssljson https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssljson_linux-amd64
wget -O /bin/cfssl-certinfo  https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssl-certinfo_linux-amd64
for cfssl in `ls /bin/cfssl*`;do chmod +x $cfssl;done;

安装docker:

#安装 yum-utils工具
yum -y install yum-utils 
#添加docker的yum源
yum-config-manager --add-repo https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo

#安装docker
yum install -y docker-ce
mkdir /etc/docker/

#删除docker0网卡
cat << EOF > /etc/docker/daemon.json
{   "registry-mirrors": ["https://registry.docker-cn.com"],
    "live-restore": true,
    "default-shm-size": "128M",
    "bridge": "none",
    "max-concurrent-downloads": 10,
    "oom-score-adjust": -1000,
    "debug": false
}	
EOF	

#开机启动&重启docker
systemctl enable docker
systemctl restart docker
	
#重启后执行ip a命令,看不到docker0的网卡即可

docker安装成功:

docker0已经被干掉:

  • 安装etcd

准备etcd证书(在master节点操作):

mkdir -pv $HOME/ssl && cd $HOME/ssl
	
cat > ca-config.json << EOF
{
  "signing": {
    "default": {
      "expiry": "87600h"
    },
    "profiles": {
      "kubernetes": {
        "usages": [
            "signing",
            "key encipherment",
            "server auth",
            "client auth"
        ],
        "expiry": "87600h"
      }
    }
  }
}
EOF


cat > etcd-ca-csr.json << EOF
{
  "CN": "etcd",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "Shenzhen",
      "L": "Shenzhen",
      "O": "etcd",
      "OU": "Etcd Security"
    }
  ]
}
EOF



	
cat > etcd-csr.json << EOF
{
    "CN": "etcd",
    "hosts": [
      "127.0.0.1",
      "192.168.2.207",
      "192.168.2.181",
      "192.168.2.182"
    ],
    "key": {
        "algo": "rsa",
        "size": 2048
    },
    "names": [
        {
            "C": "CN",
            "ST": "Shenzhen",
            "L": "Shenzhen",
            "O": "etcd",
            "OU": "Etcd Security"
        }
    ]
}
EOF

#生成证书并复制证书至其他etcd节点

cfssl gencert -initca etcd-ca-csr.json | cfssljson -bare etcd-ca
cfssl gencert -ca=etcd-ca.pem -ca-key=etcd-ca-key.pem -config=ca-config.json -profile=kubernetes etcd-csr.json | cfssljson -bare etcd

mkdir -pv /etc/etcd/ssl
cp etcd*.pem /etc/etcd/ssl
		
scp -r /etc/etcd 192.168.2.207:/etc/
scp -r /etc/etcd 192.168.2.181:/etc/
scp -r /etc/etcd 192.168.2.182:/etc/

etcd1主机安装并启动etcd:

yum install -y etcd 
		
cat << EOF > /etc/etcd/etcd.conf
#[Member]
#ETCD_CORS=""
ETCD_DATA_DIR="/var/lib/etcd/default.etcd"
#ETCD_WAL_DIR=""
ETCD_LISTEN_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.2.207:2380"
ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS="https://127.0.0.1:2379,https://192.168.2.207:2379"
#ETCD_MAX_SNAPSHOTS="5"
#ETCD_MAX_WALS="5"
ETCD_NAME="etcd1"
#ETCD_SNAPSHOT_COUNT="100000"
#ETCD_HEARTBEAT_INTERVAL="100"
#ETCD_ELECTION_TIMEOUT="1000"
#ETCD_QUOTA_BACKEND_BYTES="0"
#ETCD_MAX_REQUEST_BYTES="1572864"
#ETCD_GRPC_KEEPALIVE_MIN_TIME="5s"
#ETCD_GRPC_KEEPALIVE_INTERVAL="2h0m0s"
#ETCD_GRPC_KEEPALIVE_TIMEOUT="20s"
#
#[Clustering]
ETCD_INITIAL_ADVERTISE_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.2.207:2380"
ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS="https://127.0.0.1:2379,https://192.168.2.207:2379"
#ETCD_DISCOVERY=""
#ETCD_DISCOVERY_FALLBACK="proxy"
#ETCD_DISCOVERY_PROXY=""
#ETCD_DISCOVERY_SRV=""
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER="etcd1=https://192.168.2.207:2380,etcd2=https://192.168.2.181:2380,etcd3=https://192.168.2.182:2380"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_TOKEN="BigBoss"
#ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE="new"
#ETCD_STRICT_RECONFIG_CHECK="true"
#ETCD_ENABLE_V2="true"
#
#[Proxy]
#ETCD_PROXY="off"
#ETCD_PROXY_FAILURE_WAIT="5000"
#ETCD_PROXY_REFRESH_INTERVAL="30000"
#ETCD_PROXY_DIAL_TIMEOUT="1000"
#ETCD_PROXY_WRITE_TIMEOUT="5000"
#ETCD_PROXY_READ_TIMEOUT="0"
#
#[Security]
ETCD_CERT_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem"
ETCD_KEY_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem"
#ETCD_CLIENT_CERT_AUTH="false"
ETCD_TRUSTED_CA_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem"
#ETCD_AUTO_TLS="false"
ETCD_PEER_CERT_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem"
ETCD_PEER_KEY_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem"
#ETCD_PEER_CLIENT_CERT_AUTH="false"
ETCD_PEER_TRUSTED_CA_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem"
#ETCD_PEER_AUTO_TLS="false"
#
#[Logging]
#ETCD_DEBUG="false"
#ETCD_LOG_PACKAGE_LEVELS=""
#ETCD_LOG_OUTPUT="default"
#
#[Unsafe]
#ETCD_FORCE_NEW_CLUSTER="false"
#
#[Version]
#ETCD_VERSION="false"
#ETCD_AUTO_COMPACTION_RETENTION="0"
#
#[Profiling]
#ETCD_ENABLE_PPROF="false"
#ETCD_METRICS="basic"
#
#[Auth]
#ETCD_AUTH_TOKEN="simple"
EOF

chown -R etcd.etcd /etc/etcd
systemctl enable etcd
systemctl start etcd

etcd2主机安装并启动etcd:

yum install -y etcd 

cat << EOF > /etc/etcd/etcd.conf
#[Member]
#ETCD_CORS=""
ETCD_DATA_DIR="/var/lib/etcd/default.etcd"
#ETCD_WAL_DIR=""
ETCD_LISTEN_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.2.181:2380"
ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS="https://127.0.0.1:2379,https://192.168.2.181:2379"
#ETCD_MAX_SNAPSHOTS="5"
#ETCD_MAX_WALS="5"
ETCD_NAME="etcd2"
#ETCD_SNAPSHOT_COUNT="100000"
#ETCD_HEARTBEAT_INTERVAL="100"
#ETCD_ELECTION_TIMEOUT="1000"
#ETCD_QUOTA_BACKEND_BYTES="0"
#ETCD_MAX_REQUEST_BYTES="1572864"
#ETCD_GRPC_KEEPALIVE_MIN_TIME="5s"
#ETCD_GRPC_KEEPALIVE_INTERVAL="2h0m0s"
#ETCD_GRPC_KEEPALIVE_TIMEOUT="20s"
#
#[Clustering]
ETCD_INITIAL_ADVERTISE_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.2.181:2380"
ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS="https://127.0.0.1:2379,https://192.168.2.181:2379"
#ETCD_DISCOVERY=""
#ETCD_DISCOVERY_FALLBACK="proxy"
#ETCD_DISCOVERY_PROXY=""
#ETCD_DISCOVERY_SRV=""
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER="etcd1=https://192.168.2.207:2380,etcd2=https://192.168.2.181:2380,etcd3=https://192.168.2.182:2380"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_TOKEN="BigBoss"
#ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE="new"
#ETCD_STRICT_RECONFIG_CHECK="true"
#ETCD_ENABLE_V2="true"
#
#[Proxy]
#ETCD_PROXY="off"
#ETCD_PROXY_FAILURE_WAIT="5000"
#ETCD_PROXY_REFRESH_INTERVAL="30000"
#ETCD_PROXY_DIAL_TIMEOUT="1000"
#ETCD_PROXY_WRITE_TIMEOUT="5000"
#ETCD_PROXY_READ_TIMEOUT="0"
#
#[Security]
ETCD_CERT_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem"
ETCD_KEY_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem"
#ETCD_CLIENT_CERT_AUTH="false"
ETCD_TRUSTED_CA_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem"
#ETCD_AUTO_TLS="false"
ETCD_PEER_CERT_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem"
ETCD_PEER_KEY_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem"
#ETCD_PEER_CLIENT_CERT_AUTH="false"
ETCD_PEER_TRUSTED_CA_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem"
#ETCD_PEER_AUTO_TLS="false"
#
#[Logging]
#ETCD_DEBUG="false"
#ETCD_LOG_PACKAGE_LEVELS=""
#ETCD_LOG_OUTPUT="default"
#
#[Unsafe]
#ETCD_FORCE_NEW_CLUSTER="false"
#
#[Version]
#ETCD_VERSION="false"
#ETCD_AUTO_COMPACTION_RETENTION="0"
#
#[Profiling]
#ETCD_ENABLE_PPROF="false"
#ETCD_METRICS="basic"
#
#[Auth]
#ETCD_AUTH_TOKEN="simple"
EOF

chown -R etcd.etcd /etc/etcd
systemctl enable etcd
systemctl start etcd

etcd3主机安装并启动etcd:

yum install -y etcd 

cat << EOF > /etc/etcd/etcd.conf
#[Member]
#ETCD_CORS=""
ETCD_DATA_DIR="/var/lib/etcd/default.etcd"
#ETCD_WAL_DIR=""
ETCD_LISTEN_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.2.182:2380"
ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS="https://127.0.0.1:2379,https://192.168.2.182:2379"
#ETCD_MAX_SNAPSHOTS="5"
#ETCD_MAX_WALS="5"
ETCD_NAME="etcd3"
#ETCD_SNAPSHOT_COUNT="100000"
#ETCD_HEARTBEAT_INTERVAL="100"
#ETCD_ELECTION_TIMEOUT="1000"
#ETCD_QUOTA_BACKEND_BYTES="0"
#ETCD_MAX_REQUEST_BYTES="1572864"
#ETCD_GRPC_KEEPALIVE_MIN_TIME="5s"
#ETCD_GRPC_KEEPALIVE_INTERVAL="2h0m0s"
#ETCD_GRPC_KEEPALIVE_TIMEOUT="20s"
#
#[Clustering]
ETCD_INITIAL_ADVERTISE_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.2.182:2380"
ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS="https://127.0.0.1:2379,https://192.168.2.182:2379"
#ETCD_DISCOVERY=""
#ETCD_DISCOVERY_FALLBACK="proxy"
#ETCD_DISCOVERY_PROXY=""
#ETCD_DISCOVERY_SRV=""
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER="etcd1=https://192.168.2.207:2380,etcd2=https://192.168.2.181:2380,etcd3=https://192.168.2.182:2380"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_TOKEN="BigBoss"
#ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE="new"
#ETCD_STRICT_RECONFIG_CHECK="true"
#ETCD_ENABLE_V2="true"
#
#[Proxy]
#ETCD_PROXY="off"
#ETCD_PROXY_FAILURE_WAIT="5000"
#ETCD_PROXY_REFRESH_INTERVAL="30000"
#ETCD_PROXY_DIAL_TIMEOUT="1000"
#ETCD_PROXY_WRITE_TIMEOUT="5000"
#ETCD_PROXY_READ_TIMEOUT="0"
#
#[Security]
ETCD_CERT_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem"
ETCD_KEY_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem"
#ETCD_CLIENT_CERT_AUTH="false"
ETCD_TRUSTED_CA_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem"
#ETCD_AUTO_TLS="false"
ETCD_PEER_CERT_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem"
ETCD_PEER_KEY_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem"
#ETCD_PEER_CLIENT_CERT_AUTH="false"
ETCD_PEER_TRUSTED_CA_FILE="/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem"
#ETCD_PEER_AUTO_TLS="false"
#
#[Logging]
#ETCD_DEBUG="false"
#ETCD_LOG_PACKAGE_LEVELS=""
#ETCD_LOG_OUTPUT="default"
#
#[Unsafe]
#ETCD_FORCE_NEW_CLUSTER="false"
#
#[Version]
#ETCD_VERSION="false"
#ETCD_AUTO_COMPACTION_RETENTION="0"
#
#[Profiling]
#ETCD_ENABLE_PPROF="false"
#ETCD_METRICS="basic"
#
#[Auth]
#ETCD_AUTH_TOKEN="simple"
EOF

chown -R etcd.etcd /etc/etcd
systemctl enable etcd
systemctl start etcd

检查集群状态:

#在etcd1节点执行

etcdctl --endpoints "https://127.0.0.1:2379"   --ca-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-ca.pem  \
--cert-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd.pem   --key-file=/etc/etcd/ssl/etcd-key.pem   cluster-health

现在已经成功搭建了环境以及etcd,如何搭建kubernetes请看下回。

kubernetes安装

 

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