python画图代码turtle-Python学习之turtle绘图篇

画一个红色的五角星

from turtle import *color('red','red')

begin_fill()for i in range(5):

fd(200)

rt(144)

end_fill()

done()

效果图:

1350895-20190326215411046-1625810765.png

画一条蟒蛇

#PythonDraw.py

importturtle#turtle.setup(650,350,200,200)

turtle.penup()

turtle.fd(-250)

turtle.pendown()

turtle.pensize(25)

turtle.pencolor("purple")

turtle.seth(-40)for i in range(4):

turtle.circle(40,80)

turtle.circle(-40,80)

turtle.circle(40,80/2)

turtle.fd(40)

turtle.circle(16,180)

turtle.fd(40*2/3)

效果图:

1350895-20190326220025578-170463897.png

画一组内切圆

importturtle

turtle.pensize(2)

turtle.circle(10)

turtle.circle(40)

turtle.circle(80)

turtle.circle(120)

效果图:

1350895-20190326220309581-2143218834.png

画一个社会人小猪佩奇,代码是借鉴某位大佬的

from turtle import *

defnose(x,y):

pu()

goto(x,y)

pd()

seth(-30)

begin_fill()

a=0.4

for i in range(120):if 0<=i<30 or 60<=i<90:

a=a+0.08lt(3)

fd(a)else:

a=a-0.08lt(3)

fd(a)

end_fill()

pu()

seth(90)

fd(25)

seth(0)

fd(10)

pd()

pencolor(255,155,192)

seth(10)

begin_fill()

circle(5)

color(160,82,45)

end_fill()

pu()

seth(0)

fd(20)

pd()

pencolor(255,155,192)

seth(10)

begin_fill()

circle(5)

color(160,82,45)

end_fill()defhead(x,y):

color((255,155,192),"pink")

pu()

goto(x,y)

seth(0)

pd()

begin_fill()

seth(180)

circle(300,-30)

circle(100,-60)

circle(80,-100)

circle(150,-20)

circle(60,-95)

seth(161)

circle(-300,15)

pu()

goto(-100,100)

pd()

seth(-30)

a=0.4

for i in range(60):if 0<=i<30 or 60<=i<90:

a=a+0.08lt(3)

fd(a)else:

a=a-0.08lt(3)

fd(a)

end_fill()defears(x,y):

color((255,155,192),"pink")

pu()

goto(x,y)

pd()

begin_fill()

seth(100)

circle(-50,50)

circle(-10,120)

circle(-50,54)

end_fill()

pu()

seth(90)

fd(-12)

seth(0)

fd(30)

pd()

begin_fill()

seth(100)

circle(-50,50)

circle(-10,120)

circle(-50,56)

end_fill()defeyes(x,y):

color((255,155,192),"white")

pu()

seth(90)

fd(-20)

seth(0)

fd(-95)

pd()

begin_fill()

circle(15)

end_fill()

color("black")

pu()

seth(90)

fd(12)

seth(0)

fd(-3)

pd()

begin_fill()

circle(3)

end_fill()

color((255,155,192),"white")

pu()

seth(90)

fd(-25)

seth(0)

fd(40)

pd()

begin_fill()

circle(15)

end_fill()

color("black")

pu()

seth(90)

fd(12)

seth(0)

fd(-3)

pd()

begin_fill()

circle(3)

end_fill()defcheek(x,y):

color((255,155,192))

pu()

goto(x,y)

pd()

seth(0)

begin_fill()

circle(30)

end_fill()defmouth(x,y):

color(239,69,19)

pu()

goto(x,y)

pd()

seth(-80)

circle(30,40)

circle(40,80)defbody(x,y):

color("red",(255,99,71))

pu()

goto(x,y)

pd()

begin_fill()

seth(-130)

circle(100,10)

circle(300,30)

seth(0)

fd(230)

seth(90)

circle(300,30)

circle(100,3)

color((255,155,192),(255,100,100))

seth(-135)

circle(-80,63)

circle(-150,24)

end_fill()defhands(x,y):

color((255,155,192))

pu()

goto(x,y)

pd()

seth(-160)

circle(300,15)

pu()

seth(90)

fd(15)

seth(0)

fd(0)

pd()

seth(-10)

circle(-20,90)

pu()

seth(90)

fd(30)

seth(0)

fd(237)

pd()

seth(-20)

circle(-300,15)

pu()

seth(90)

fd(20)

seth(0)

fd(0)

pd()

seth(-170)

circle(20,90)deffoot(x,y):

pensize(10)

color((240,128,128))

pu()

goto(x,y)

pd()

seth(-90)

fd(40)

seth(-180)

color("black")

pensize(15)

fd(20)

pensize(10)

color((240,128,128))

pu()

seth(90)

fd(40)

seth(0)

fd(90)

pd()

seth(-90)

fd(40)

seth(-180)

color("black")

pensize(15)

fd(20)deftail(x,y):

pensize(4)

color((255,155,192))

pu()

goto(x,y)

pd()

seth(0)

circle(70,20)

circle(10,330)

circle(70,30)defsetting():

pensize(4)

hideturtle()

colormode(255)

color((255,155,192),"pink")

setup(840,500)

speed(10)defmain():

setting()

nose(-100,100)

head(-69,167)

ears(0,160)

eyes(0,140)

cheek(80,10)

mouth(-20,30)

body(-32,-8)

hands(-56,-45)

foot(2,-177)

tail(148,-155)

done()

main()

效果极佳:

1350895-20190326220624589-1191828175.png

简单总结一下好了,其实turtle库还是非常有用的,以后可以画张很有创意的图片去表白女神了,讲不好那天就用上了呢:

显示器和turtle窗体的左上角都是原点

turtle.setup(width,height,startx,starty)设置窗体大小及位置,后面两个参数可选,非必需

空间坐标:绝对坐标:右方向x轴,上方向为y轴,正中心为原点,turtle.goto(x,y)让在任何位置的海龟到达指定的位置

海龟坐标:turtle.fd(d)海龟向前行多少像素

turtle.bk(d)向海龟的反方向运行

turtle.circle(r,angle)以海龟左边的某一点为圆心进行曲线运行

角度坐标:绝对角度:turtle.seth(angle)angle为绝对度数,表示改变海龟的运行方向

海龟角度:turtle.right(angle),turtle.left(angle)改变海龟的运行方向

RGB体系:turtle.colormode(mode)mode=1.0则改用0和1表示,mode=255则改用255和0表示,默认为小数

库引用:import <库名>,from <库名> import *或者from <库名> import <函数名>,import <库名> as <库别名>

画笔控制函数:turtle.penup()别名:turtle.pu()抬起画笔,turtle.pendown()别名:turtle.pd()落下画笔,turtle.pensize(width)别名:turtle.width(width)设置画笔宽度,turtle.pencolor(color)设置画笔颜色,color有三种方式,颜色字符串,或者RGB小数值,或者RGB元组值,例如:turtle.pencolor((0.63,0.13,0.94))

运动控制函数:turtle.circle(r,angle),r(海龟左方向)表示半径,angle表示绘制的角度,默认是360度

方向控制函数:turtle.seth(angle)改变海龟的行进方向,顺时针转向

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