java 读取qq邮件附件_Java实现发送QQ邮件功能(带附件)

Java实现发送QQ邮件功能(带附件)

首先我们需要两个jar包,点击下面即可下载这两个包:

或者引入maven

javax.mail

mail

1.4

代码示例:

package com.pipi.mail;

import javax.activation.DataHandler;

import javax.activation.DataSource;

import javax.activation.FileDataSource;

import javax.mail.*;

import javax.mail.internet.*;

import java.io.File;

import java.io.FileOutputStream;

import java.io.OutputStream;

import java.util.Date;

import java.util.Properties;

public class SendMail {

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

final String from = "xxxxxxx@qq.com"; //发件人的邮箱地址

String to = "xxxxxxx@qq.com"; //收件人的邮箱地址

String subject = "测试"; //邮件主题

String body = "邮件正文"; //邮件内容

//设置发送邮件的一些属性

Properties prop = new Properties();

prop.setProperty("mail.transport.protocol", "smtp");

prop.setProperty("mail.smtp.host", "smtp.qq.com");

prop.setProperty("mail.smtp.port", "587"); // 有些代码端口是465是有问题的

prop.setProperty("mail.smtp.auth", "true");

prop.setProperty("mail.debug", "true");

prop.setProperty("mail.smtp.ssl.enable", "true"); //qq邮箱必须设置这一项,ssl加密选项

Session session = Session.getDefaultInstance(prop, new Authenticator() {

public PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {

//这里需要验证邮箱的授权码,QQ邮箱需要授权码

return new PasswordAuthentication(from, "第三方登录授权码");

}

});

MimeMessage message = new MimeMessage(session);

try {

Transport transport = session.getTransport();

message.setFrom(new InternetAddress(from));

message.addRecipient(Message.RecipientType.TO, new InternetAddress(to));

message.setSentDate(new Date());

message.setSubject(subject);

// 创建消息体部分

BodyPart messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();

messageBodyPart.setText("这是邮件正文");

// 创建多重消息

Multipart multipart = new MimeMultipart();

multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart); // 将消息体部分加入到多重消息中

// 创建一个附件

messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();

String filePath = "/Users/apple/Desktop/测试.docx"; // 注意windows的地址问题

File file = new File(filePath);

DataSource source = new FileDataSource(file);

messageBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(source));

String fileName = filePath.substring(filePath.lastIndexOf('/') + 1);

System.out.println(fileName);

// messageBodyPart.setFileName(fileName); 出现乱码问题

messageBodyPart.setFileName(MimeUtility.encodeText(fileName));

multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart);

message.setContent(multipart);

message.saveChanges();

session.setDebug(true);

transport.connect(from, "第三方登录授权码");

transport.sendMessage(message, message.getAllRecipients());

transport.close();

} catch (Exception e) {

e.printStackTrace();

}

}

}

已标记关键词 清除标记
利用Java发送邮件(含附件)的例子 1、邮件发送的配置propertity文件内容如下:(utils.properties文件放在src下面) emailsmtp=smtp.qq.comemailaddress=459104018@qq.comemailpass=******2、读取配置文件的类文件(ReadPropertity.java) import java.io.IOException;import java.util.Properties;public class ReadPropertity { static Properties props = new Properties(); static { try { props.load(ReadPropertity.class.getClassLoader().getResourceAsStream( "utils.properties")); } catch (IOException e1) { e1.printStackTrace(); } } public static String getProperty(String key) { return props.getProperty(key); }}3、邮件处理类(EmailHandle.java)import java.util.Iterator;import java.util.LinkedList;import java.util.List;import java.util.Properties;import javax.activation.DataHandler;import javax.activation.FileDataSource;import javax.mail.BodyPart;import javax.mail.Message;import javax.mail.Multipart;import javax.mail.Session;import javax.mail.Transport;import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;import javax.mail.internet.MimeBodyPart;import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;import javax.mail.internet.MimeMultipart;import javax.mail.internet.MimeUtility;/*** 本程序用java实现Email的发送, 所用到的协议为:smtp* <p>Company: 疯狂的IT人</p>* time:2013-04-05* @author www.crazyiter.com* @date * @version 1.0 */public class EmailHandle { private MimeMessage mimeMsg; //邮件对象 private Session session; //发送邮件的Session会话 private Properties props;//邮件发送时的一些配置信息的一个属性对象 private String sendUserName; //发件人的用户名 private String sendUserPass; //发件人密码 private Multipart mp;//附件添加的组件 private List files = new LinkedList();//存放附件文件 public EmailHandle(String smtp) { sendUserName = ""; sendUserPass = ""; setSmtpHost(smtp);// 设置邮件服务器 createMimeMessage(); // 创建邮件 } public void setSmtpHost(String hostName) { if (props == null) props = System.getProperties(); props.put("mail.smtp.host", hostName); } public boolean createMimeMessage(){ try { // 用props对象来创建并初始化session对象 session = Session.getDefaultInstance(props, null); } catch (Exception e) { System.err.println("获取邮件会话对象时发生错误!" + e); return false; } try { mimeMsg = new MimeMessage(session); // 用session对象来创建并初始化邮件对象 mp = new MimeMultipart();// 生成附件组件的实例 } catch (Exception e) { return false; } return true; } /** * 设置SMTP的身份认证 */ public void setNeedAuth(boolean need) { if (props == null) props = System.getProperties(); if (need) props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true"); else props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "false"); } /** * 进行用户身份验证时,设置用户名和密码 */ public void setNamePass(String name, String pass) { sendUserName = name; sendUserPass = pass; } /** * 设置邮件主题 * @param mailSubject * @return */ public boolean setSubject(String mailSubject) { try { mimeMsg.setSubject(mailSubject); } catch (Exception e) { return false; } return true; } /** * 设置邮件内容,并设置其为文本格式或HTML文件格式,编码方式为UTF-8 * @param mailBody * @return */ public boolean setBody(String mailBody) { try { BodyPart bp = new MimeBodyPart(); bp.setContent("<meta http-equiv=Content-Type content=text/html; charset=UTF-8>"+ mailBody, "text/html;charset=UTF-8"); // 在组件上添加邮件文本 mp.addBodyPart(bp); } catch (Exception e) { System.err.println("设置邮件正文时发生错误!" + e); return false; } return true; } /** * 增加发送附件 * @param filename * 邮件附件的地址,只能是本机地址而不能是网络地址,否则抛出异常 * @return */ public boolean addFileAffix(String filename) { try { BodyPart bp = new MimeBodyPart(); FileDataSource fileds = new FileDataSource(filename); bp.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(fileds)); bp.setFileName(MimeUtility.encodeText(fileds.getName(),"utf-8",null)); // 解决附件名称乱码 mp.addBodyPart(bp);// 添加附件 files.add(fileds); } catch (Exception e) { System.err.println("增加邮件附件:" + filename + "发生错误!" + e); return false; } return true; } public boolean delFileAffix(){ try { FileDataSource fileds = null; for(Iterator it = files.iterator() ;it.hasNext();) { fileds = (FileDataSource)it.next(); if(fileds != null && fileds.getFile() != null){ fileds.getFile().delete(); } } }catch (Exception e) { return false; } return true; } /** * 设置发件人地址 * @param from * 发件人地址 * @return */ public boolean setFrom(String from) { try { mimeMsg.setFrom(new InternetAddress(from)); } catch (Exception e) { return false; } return true; } /** * 设置收件人地址 * @param to收件人的地址 * @return */ public boolean setTo(String to) { if (to == null) return false; try { mimeMsg.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO,InternetAddress.parse(to)); } catch (Exception e) { return false; } return true; } /** * 发送附件 * @param copyto * @return */ public boolean setCopyTo(String copyto) { if (copyto == null) return false; try { mimeMsg.setRecipients(javax.mail.Message.RecipientType.CC,InternetAddress.parse(copyto)); } catch (Exception e) { return false; } return true; } /** * 发送邮件 * @return */ public boolean sendEmail() throws Exception{ mimeMsg.setContent(mp); mimeMsg.saveChanges(); System.out.println("正在发送邮件...."); Session mailSession = Session.getInstance(props, null); Transport transport = mailSession.getTransport("smtp"); // 连接邮件服务器并进行身份验证 transport.connect((String) props.get("mail.smtp.host"), sendUserName,sendUserPass); // 发送邮件 transport.sendMessage(mimeMsg, mimeMsg.getRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO)); System.out.println("发送邮件成功!"); transport.close(); return true; }}4、邮件发送的类文件(SendEmail.java)/*** 发送邮件测试* <p>Company: 疯狂的IT人</p>* time:2013-04-05* @author www.crazyiter.com* @date * @version 1.0 */public class SendEmail { public SendEmail() { } /***以后需要两个参数:接收方地址 、 内容***/ public static void send(String subject, String toaddress,String content)throws Exception { String hostName = ReadPropertity.getProperty("emailsmtp"); String fromAddress = ReadPropertity.getProperty("emailaddress"); String fromAPass = ReadPropertity.getProperty("emailpass"); EmailHandle emailHandle = new EmailHandle(hostName); emailHandle.setFrom(fromAddress); emailHandle.setNeedAuth(true); emailHandle.setSubject(subject); emailHandle.setBody(content); emailHandle.setTo(toaddress); emailHandle.setFrom(fromAddress); emailHandle.addFileAffix("D:/myself/help/txt/java环境变量.txt");// 附件文件路径 emailHandle.setNamePass(fromAddress, fromAPass); emailHandle.sendEmail(); } public static void main(String[] args) { try { SendEmail.send("附件邮件测试","459104018@qq.com","测试内容<a href='http://www.crazyiter.com'>疯狂的IT人</a>"); } catch (Exception e) { // TODO Auto-generated catch block e.printStackTrace(); } }}5、发送邮件需要的jar包:activation.jarmail-plugin.jarmail.jar6、打包下载: 疯狂的IT人整理java邮件发送(源码).rar 下载地址: http://www.crazyiter.com/bbs/forum.php?mod=attachment&aid=MjF8MzQzOTYzZjB8MTM2NTE3NjczMHwxfDExNDA%3D
表情包
插入表情
评论将由博主筛选后显示,对所有人可见 | 还能输入1000个字符
相关推荐
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 游动-白 设计师:白松林 返回首页