python获得打印机打印的文件_Python调用Windows命令打印文件

1、Python调用Windows命令打印文件

Windows命令行打印文件使用print 命令,具体用法可使用help print查看。下面是使用Python调用print指令执行打印文件功能的代码:

import os

def printer(filename):

printername = r"/D:\\A340\hpLaser"

cmd = "print " + printername + " " + filename

print "print cmd:", cmd

if not os.system(cmd):

print "printing..."

else:

print "some error occurs."

if __name__ == "__main__":

filename = raw_input("Please input your filename:\n")

printer(filename)

这里的打印机用的是共享打印机,所以需要指定域名和打印机名称,而且"/D:"表示的是打印设备的意思。

2、windows下如何用python控制打印机打印

首先下载python需要的库

pip install pypiwin32

简单例子

import tempfile

import win32api

import win32print

filename = tempfile.mktemp (".txt")

open (filename, "w").write ("This is a test")

win32api.ShellExecute (

0,

"print",

filename,

#

# If this is None, the default printer will

# be used anyway.

#

'/d:"%s"' % win32print.GetDefaultPrinter (),

".",

0

)

import win32print

import win32ui

import win32con

def print2Printer():

INCH = 1440

hDC = win32ui.CreateDC ()

hDC.CreatePrinterDC (win32print.GetDefaultPrinter ())

hDC.StartDoc ("Test doc")

hDC.StartPage ()

hDC.SetMapMode (win32con.MM_TWIPS)

hDC.DrawText ("TEST HELLO WORLD! CORSS FIREWALL, WE TOUCH THE WORLD!",

(0, INCH * -1, INCH * 8, INCH * -2), win32con.DT_CENTER)

hDC.EndPage ()

hDC.EndDoc ()

print2Printer()

若在hDC.DrawText()中传的是空字符串,则可以实现空走纸。

但实际上这只是打印自己制定的字符串, 并且打印出来会显示txt的文件名。所以我更倾向于使用windows的cmd指令打印指定文件。

3、Python利用win32连接打印机自动打印

import win32print

import win32ui

from PIL import Image, ImageWin

#物理宽度、高度

PHYSICALWIDTH = 110

PHYSICALHEIGHT = 111

#物理偏移位置

PHYSICALOFFSETX = 112

PHYSICALOFFSETY = 113

printer_name = win32print.GetDefaultPrinter ()

#选择图片路径

file_name = “biaoqian.png”

hDC = win32ui.CreateDC ()

hDC.CreatePrinterDC (printer_name)

printer_size = hDC.GetDeviceCaps (PHYSICALWIDTH), hDC.GetDeviceCaps (PHYSICALHEIGHT)

#printer_margins = hDC.GetDeviceCaps (PHYSICALOFFSETX), hDC.GetDeviceCaps (PHYSICALOFFSETY)

#打开图片

bmp = Image.open (file_name)

print(bmp.size)

ratios = [1.0 * 1754 / bmp.size[0], 1.0 * 1240 / bmp.size[1]]

scale = min (ratios)

print(ratios)

print(scale)

hDC.StartDoc (file_name)

hDC.StartPage ()

dib = ImageWin.Dib (bmp)

scaled_width, scaled_height = [int (scale * i) for i in bmp.size]

print(scaled_width,scaled_height)

x1 = int ((printer_size[0] - scaled_width) / 2)

y1 = int ((printer_size[1] - scaled_height) / 2)

#横向位置坐标

x1 = 1580

#竖向位置坐标

y1 = 30

#4倍为自适应图片实际尺寸打印

x2 = x1 + bmp.size[0]*4

y2 = y1 + bmp.size[1]*4

dib.draw (hDC.GetHandleOutput (), (x1, y1, x2, y2))

hDC.EndPage ()

hDC.EndDoc ()

hDC.DeleteDC ()

4、python chrome调用打印的样例

python selenium 控制chrome 调用打印的时候会找不到元素,控制不到的情况

# 点击打印

wait.until(ec.presence_of_element_located((By.LINK_TEXT, "打印"))).click()

# 父窗口 类名: Chrome_WidgetWin_1 标题: 中行网银(香港) - Google Chrome

father = win32gui.FindWindow(None, '中行网银(香港) - Google Chrome')

# 子窗口 类名: Chrome_RenderWidgetHostHWND 标题: Chrome Legacy Window

son = win32gui.FindWindowEx(father, None, "Chrome_RenderWidgetHostHWND", 'Chrome Legacy Window')

# 设置为最前窗口

win32gui.SetForegroundWindow(son)

time.sleep(1)

# ctrl+P

win32api.keybd_event(17, 0, 0, 0)

win32api.keybd_event(80, 0, 0, 0)

win32api.keybd_event(17, 0, win32con.KEYEVENTF_KEYUP, 0)

win32api.keybd_event(80, 0, win32con.KEYEVENTF_KEYUP, 0)

time.sleep(1)

# ctrl+shift+P

win32api.keybd_event(17, 0, 0, 0)

win32api.keybd_event(16, 0, 0, 0)

win32api.keybd_event(80, 0, 0, 0)

win32api.keybd_event(17, 0, win32con.KEYEVENTF_KEYUP, 0)

win32api.keybd_event(16, 0, win32con.KEYEVENTF_KEYUP, 0)

win32api.keybd_event(80, 0, win32con.KEYEVENTF_KEYUP, 0)

time.sleep(1)

# 发送回车-确认打印

win32api.keybd_event(13, 0, 0, 0)

win32api.keybd_event(13, 0, win32con.KEYEVENTF_KEYUP, 0)

time.sleep(1)

# 关闭子窗口

windows = browser.window_handles

browser.switch_to.window(windows[1])

wait.until(ec.presence_of_element_located((By.NAME, "close"))).click()

# 切回父窗口

browser.switch_to.window(windows[0])

print(browser.page_source)

# 点击返回

wait.until(ec.presence_of_element_located((By.LINK_TEXT, "返回"))).click()

print("print end")

另一种方法,调用pdf打印,代码如下:

import win32api

import os

import json

#PRINTER_NAME = '\\\\cnsz02vw00397\\CM_Printer_1'

#PRINTER_NAME = 'Xerox Phaser 3435 PCL 6'

def print_pdf(pdf_file_name):

with open(os.getcwd() + "\\config_generate.json", "r", encoding="utf-8") as f:

json_data = json.load(f)

PRINTER_MACHINE = json_data["print_machine"]

f.close()

PRINTER_NAME = PRINTER_MACHINE

"""

静默打印pdf

:param pdf_file_name:

:return:

"""

GHOSTSCRIPT_PATH = os.getcwd() + '\\GHOSTSCRIPT\\bin\\gswin32c'

print(GHOSTSCRIPT_PATH)

#currentprinter = config.printerName

currentprinter = PRINTER_NAME

# currentprinter = win32print.GetDefaultPrinter()

arg = '-dPrinted ' \

'-dBATCH ' \

'-dNOPAUSE ' \

'-dNOSAFER ' \

'-dFitPage ' \

'-dNORANGEPAGESIZE ' \

'-q ' \

'-dNumCopies=1 ' \

'-sDEVICE=mswinpr2 ' \

'-sOutputFile="\\\\spool\\' \

+ currentprinter +"\""+ " " + \

pdf_file_name

#log.info(arg)

win32api.ShellExecute(

0, \

'open', \

GHOSTSCRIPT_PATH, \

arg, \

".",

0

)

if __name__ == '__main__':

aaa = 'D:\\tempFile\\2019-09-12\\pay\\print.pdf'

print_pdf(aaa)

这里就差不多了

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