python自动考勤脚本实现

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环境:ubuntu14.04 + firefox60.0.2 + python3.4
之前使用xdotools模拟鼠标键盘实现自动登录打卡考勤,但是后来公司加了验证吗,所以此方案不再适用,改由python实现。

#一、python脚本部分:

#最新的selenium配合最新的firefox
import subprocess
from PIL import Image
from PIL import ImageOps
from selenium import webdriver
import time,os,sys
#验证码识别库
import pytesseract


def cleanImage(imagePath):
    image = Image.open(imagePath)   #打开图片
    image = image.point(lambda x: 0 if x<143 else 255)  #处理图片上的每个像素点,使图片上每个点“非黑即白”
    image = image.convert('1')
    borderImage = ImageOps.expand(image,border=1,fill='white')
    borderImage.save(imagePath)


def getAuthCode(driver):
    captcha = driver.find_element_by_id("imgRandom")
    captcha.screenshot("captcha.png")
    #driver.save_screenshot("captcha.jpeg")  # 截屏,并保存图片
    time.sleep(1)
    cleanImage("captcha.png")
    '''
    #使用ubuntu安装的tesseract识别
    p = subprocess.Popen(["tesseract", "captcha.png", "captcha"], stdout= \
        subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.PIPE)
    p.wait()
    f = open("captcha.txt", "r")

    # Clean any whitespace characters
    captchaResponse = f.read().replace(" ", "").replace("\n", "")

    print("Captcha solution attempt: " + captchaResponse)
    if len(captchaResponse) == 4:
        return captchaResponse
    else:
        return False
    '''
    out = Image.open("captcha.png")
    text = pytesseract.image_to_string(out)
    print("text:" + text)
    return text

bs = webdriver.Firefox()
bs.get('http://url')
time.sleep(1)
authCode = getAuthCode(bs)
failed = True
while failed:
    if authCode:
        print("while loop")
        #因name加密,只能根据转换为xml的path寻找
        username = bs.find_element_by_xpath("//div[@class='logonPanel']/div[2]/div[2]/input[1]")
        username.send_keys('username')
        pwd = bs.find_element_by_xpath("//div[@class='logonPanel']/div[2]/div[3]/input[1]")
        pwd.send_keys('password')
        yzm = bs.find_element_by_xpath("//div[@class='logonPanel']/div[2]/div[4]/input[1]")
        yzm.send_keys(authCode)
        btn_reg = bs.find_element_by_id('loginButton')
        btn_reg.click()
        try:
            time.sleep(3)
            btn_signin = bs.find_element_by_xpath("//a[@class='mr36']")
            btn_signin.click()
            failed = False
        except:
            print("authCode Error:", authCode)
            bs.refresh()
    else:
        failed = True
        bs.refresh()
    time.sleep(3)
    authCode = getAuthCode(bs)

#二、crontab部分:
执行crontab -e
周一到周五,8点46开始执行脚本,必须bash执行

46 8 * * 1-5 bash /home/aaa/shell/kqtest.sh

sudo service cron restart

#三、kqtest.sh脚本部分:
RANDOM必须用bash指令执行,这也就是contab脚本中使用bash命令的原因
export DISPLAY=:0.0用以配置crontab运行时的显示环境
实现了从8:46开始延后随机分钟(10分钟以内)执行python脚本打卡。

#!/bin/bash
randNum=$(( $RANDOM % 10 ))
echo $randNum
sleep ${randNum}"m"
export DISPLAY=:0.0 && /usr/bin/python3.4 /home/aaa/shell/kaoqin.py > /home/aaa/yyy.log 2>&1
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