python曲面图颜色渐变方向_python – 颜色matplotlib plot_surface命令与表面渐变

我想将MATLAB中的surf命令转换为matplotlib中的plot_surface命令.

我正面临的挑战是在plot_surface命令中使用cmap函数来使用渐变来绘制曲面.

这是matlab脚本

% Matlab Commands

x = -5:.25:5; y = x

[x,y] = meshgrid(x);

R = sqrt(x.^2 + y.^2);

Z = sin(R)

surf(x,y,Z,gradient(Z))

这是python scipt

当使用python和matplotlib创建一个类似的功能时,我无法用渐变色表面.

# Python-matplotlib Commands

from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import Axes3D

from matplotlib import cm

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

import numpy as np

fig = plt.figure()

ax = fig.gca(projection='3d')

X = np.arange(-5, 5, 0.25)

Y = np.arange(-5, 5, 0.25)

X, Y = np.meshgrid(X, Y)

R = np.sqrt(X**2 + Y**2)

Z = np.sin(R)

surf = ax.plot_surface(X, Y, Z, rstride=1, cstride=1, cmap=gradient(Z), linewidth=0, antialiased=False)

plt.show()

我收到以下错误消息:

Traceback (most recent call last):

File "", line 1, in

File "C:\Python26\lib\site-packages\spyderlib\widgets\externalshell\startup.py", line 122, in runfile

execfile(filename, glbs)

File "C:\Documents and Settings\mramacha\My Documents\Python\Candela\tmp.py", line 13, in

surf = ax.plot_surface(X, Y, Z, rstride=1, cstride=1, cmap=gradient(Z), linewidth=0, antialiased=False)

File "C:\Python26\lib\site-packages\mpl_toolkits\mplot3d\axes3d.py", line 729, in plot_surface

polyc = art3d.Poly3DCollection(polys, *args, **kwargs)

File "C:\Python26\lib\site-packages\mpl_toolkits\mplot3d\art3d.py", line 344, in __init__

PolyCollection.__init__(self, verts, *args, **kwargs)

File "C:\Python26\lib\site-packages\matplotlib\collections.py", line 570, in __init__

Collection.__init__(self,**kwargs)

File "C:\Python26\lib\site-packages\matplotlib\collections.py", line 86, in __init__

cm.ScalarMappable.__init__(self, norm, cmap)

File "C:\Python26\lib\site-packages\matplotlib\cm.py", line 155, in __init__

self.cmap = get_cmap(cmap)

File "C:\Python26\lib\site-packages\matplotlib\cm.py", line 126, in get_cmap

if name in cmap_d:

TypeError: unhashable type: 'list'

任何投入将是有帮助的.

Praboo

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