python提取sql数据生成excel_[ python ] 查询数据库生成Excel并发送邮件

#-*- coding: utf-8 -*-#Author: hkey

from email.header importHeaderfrom email.mime.text importMIMETextfrom email.mime.multipart importMIMEMultipart#from email.utils import parseaddr, formataddr

from email importencodersfrom email.mime.base importMIMEBaseimportsmtplib, osimportpymysql, xlwtclassCreateExcel(object):'''查询数据库并生成Excel文档'''

def __init__(self, mysql_info):

self.mysql_info=mysql_info

self.conn= pymysql.connect(host = self.mysql_info['host'], port = self.mysql_info['port'],

user= self.mysql_info['user'], passwd = self.mysql_info['passwd'],

db= self.mysql_info['db'], charset='utf8')

self.cursor=self.conn.cursor()defgetUserData(self, sql):#查询数据库

self.cursor.execute(sql)

table_desc=self.cursor.description

result=self.cursor.fetchall()if notresult:print('没数据。')#返回查询数据、表字段

print('数据库查询完毕'.center(30, '#'))returnresult, table_descdefwriteToExcel(self, data, filename):#生成Excel文档

#注意:生成Excel是一列一列写入的。

result, fileds =data

wbk= xlwt.Workbook(encoding='utf-8')#创建一个表格

sheet1 = wbk.add_sheet('sheet1', cell_overwrite_ok=True)for filed inrange(len(fileds)):#Excel插入第一行字段信息

sheet1.write(0, filed, fileds[filed][0]) #(行,列,数据)

for row in range(1, len(result)+1):#将数据从第二行开始写入

for col inrange(0, len(fileds)):

sheet1.write(row, col, result[row-1][col]) #(行, 列, 数据第一行的第一列)

wbk.save(filename)defclose(self):#关闭游标和数据库连接

self.cursor.close()

self.conn.close()print('关闭数据库连接'.center(30, '#'))classSendMail(object):'''将Excel作为附件发送邮件'''

def __init__(self, email_info):

self.email_info=email_info#使用SMTP_SSL连接端口为465

self.smtp = smtplib.SMTP_SSL(self.email_info['server'], self.email_info['port'])#创建两个变量

self._attachements =[]

self._from= ''

deflogin(self):#通过邮箱名和smtp授权码登录到邮箱

self._from = self.email_info['user']

self.smtp.login(self.email_info['user'], self.email_info['password'])#def _format_addr(self, s):

#name, addr = parseaddr(s)

#return formataddr((Header(name, 'utf-8').encode(), addr))

defadd_attachment(self):#添加附件内容

#注意:添加附件内容是通过读取文件的方式加入

file_path = self.email_info['file_path']

with open(file_path,'rb') as file:

filename= os.path.split(file_path)[1]

mime= MIMEBase('application', 'octet-stream', filename=filename)

mime.add_header('Content-Disposition', 'attachment', filename=('gbk', '', filename))

mime.add_header('Content-ID', '<0>')

mime.add_header('X-Attachment-Id', '0')

mime.set_payload(file.read())

encoders.encode_base64(mime)#添加到列表,可以有多个附件内容

self._attachements.append(mime)defsendMail(self):#发送邮件,可以实现群发

msg =MIMEMultipart()

contents= MIMEText(self.email_info['content'], 'plain', 'utf-8')

msg['From'] = self.email_info['user']

msg['To'] = self.email_info['to']

msg['Subject'] = self.email_info['subject']for att inself._attachements:#从列表中提交附件,附件可以有多个

msg.attach(att)

msg.attach(contents)try:

self.smtp.sendmail(self._from, self.email_info['to'].split(','), msg.as_string())print('邮件发送成功,请注意查收'.center(30, '#'))exceptException as e:print('Error:', e)defclose(self):#退出smtp服务

self.smtp.quit()print('logout'.center(30, '#'))if __name__ == '__main__':#数据库连接信息

mysql_dict ={'host': '192.168.118.13','port': 3306,'user': 'root','passwd': '123456','db': 'user_info'}#邮件登录及内容信息

email_dict ={#手动填写,确保信息无误

"user": "xxx@126.com","to": "xxx@qq.com, xxx@qq.com", #多个邮箱以','隔开;

"server": "smtp.126.com",'port': 465, #values值必须int类型

"username": "xxx@126.com","password": "xxxx","subject": "user测试表","content": '用户测试数据','file_path': 'example.xls'}

sql= 'select * from user'

#filename = 'example.xls'

create_excel =CreateExcel(mysql_dict)

sql_res=create_excel.getUserData(sql)

create_excel.writeToExcel(sql_res,email_dict['file_path'])

create_excel.close()

sendmail=SendMail(email_dict)

sendmail.login()

sendmail.add_attachment()

sendmail.sendMail()

sendmail.close()

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