Codeforces Round #482 (Div. 2) 979B - Treasure Hunt [思维]

B. Treasure Hunt
time limit per test : 1 second
memory limit per test : 256 megabytes
input : standard input
output : standard output

After the big birthday party, Katie still wanted Shiro to have some more fun. Later, she came up with a game called treasure hunt. Of course, she invited her best friends Kuro and Shiro to play with her.

The three friends are very smart so they passed all the challenges very quickly and finally reached the destination. But the treasure can only belong to one cat so they started to think of something which can determine who is worthy of the treasure. Instantly, Kuro came up with some ribbons.

A random colorful ribbon is given to each of the cats. Each color of the ribbon can be represented as an uppercase or lowercase Latin letter. Let's call a consecutive subsequence of colors that appears in the ribbon a subribbon. The beauty of a ribbon is defined as the maximum number of times one of its subribbon appears in the ribbon. The more the subribbon appears, the more beautiful is the ribbon. For example, the ribbon aaaaaaa has the beauty of 77 because its subribbon a appears 77 times, and the ribbon abcdabc has the beauty of 22 because its subribbon abc appears twice.

The rules are simple. The game will have nn turns. Every turn, each of the cats must change strictly one color (at one position) in his/her ribbon to an arbitrary color which is different from the unchanged one. For example, a ribbon aaab can be changed into acab in one turn. The one having the most beautiful ribbon after nn turns wins the treasure.

Could you find out who is going to be the winner if they all play optimally?


The first line contains an integer nn (0n1090≤n≤109) — the number of turns.

Next 3 lines contain 3 ribbons of Kuro, Shiro and Katie one per line, respectively. Each ribbon is a string which contains no more than 105105uppercase and lowercase Latin letters and is not empty. It is guaranteed that the length of all ribbons are equal for the purpose of fairness. Note that uppercase and lowercase letters are considered different colors.


Print the name of the winner ("Kuro", "Shiro" or "Katie"). If there are at least two cats that share the maximum beauty, print "Draw".


In the first example, after 33 turns, Kuro can change his ribbon into ooooo, which has the beauty of 55, while reaching such beauty for Shiro and Katie is impossible (both Shiro and Katie can reach the beauty of at most 44, for example by changing Shiro's ribbon into SSiSS and changing Katie's ribbon into Kaaaa). Therefore, the winner is Kuro.

In the fourth example, since the length of each of the string is 99 and the number of turn is 1515, everyone can change their ribbons in some way to reach the maximal beauty of 99

 by changing their strings into zzzzzzzzz after 9 turns, and repeatedly change their strings into azzzzzzzz and then into zzzzzzzzz thrice. Therefore, the game ends in a draw.



当nmax == len&&n == 1时,长度是len - 1;

当n <= len - nmax时, 长度是nmax + n;

否则 总有办法达到长度为len;



#define ll long long

using namespace std;
const int maxn = 1e5+7;
int n, p[3];
char a[maxn];
map<char, int> mp;
map<char, int> :: iterator it;

int find(char s[])
    int len = strlen(s), nmax = 0;
    for(int i = 0; i < len; i++) mp[s[i]]++;
    for(it = mp.begin(); it != mp.end(); it++)
    nmax = max(nmax, (it->second));
    if(n == 1&&nmax == len) nmax = len - 1;
    else if(len - nmax >= n) nmax += n;
    else nmax = len;
    return nmax;

int main()
    //freopen("in.txt", "r", stdin);
        for(int i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
                scanf("%s", a);
                p[i] = find(a);
        int nmax = max(p[0], max(p[1], p[2]));
        if((p[0] == nmax&&p[1] == nmax)||(p[0] == nmax&&p[2] == nmax)||(p[1] == nmax&&p[2] == nmax)) puts("Draw");
        else if(p[0] == nmax) puts("Kuro");
        else if(p[1] == nmax) puts("Shiro");
        else if(p[2] == nmax) puts("Katie");
        else puts("Draw");
    return 0;

Treasure Hunt


DescriptionnnArcheologists from the Antiquities and Curios Museum (ACM) have flown to Egypt to examine the great pyramid of Key-Ops. Using state-of-the-art technology they are able to determine that the lower floor of the pyramid is constructed from a series of straightline walls, which intersect to form numerous enclosed chambers. Currently, no doors exist to allow access to any chamber. This state-of-the-art technology has also pinpointed the location of the treasure room. What these dedicated (and greedy) archeologists want to do is blast doors through the walls to get to the treasure room. However, to minimize the damage to the artwork in the intervening chambers (and stay under their government grant for dynamite) they want to blast through the minimum number of doors. For structural integrity purposes, doors should only be blasted at the midpoint of the wall of the room being entered. You are to write a program which determines this minimum number of doors. nAn example is shown below: n![]( input will consist of one case. The first line will be an integer n (0 <= n <= 30) specifying number of interior walls, followed by n lines containing integer endpoints of each wall x1 y1 x2 y2 . The 4 enclosing walls of the pyramid have fixed endpoints at (0,0); (0,100); (100,100) and (100,0) and are not included in the list of walls. The interior walls always span from one exterior wall to another exterior wall and are arranged such that no more than two walls intersect at any point. You may assume that no two given walls coincide. After the listing of the interior walls there will be one final line containing the floating point coordinates of the treasure in the treasure room (guaranteed not to lie on a wall).nOutputnnPrint a single line listing the minimum number of doors which need to be created, in the format shown below.nSample Inputnn7 n20 0 37 100 n40 0 76 100 n85 0 0 75 n100 90 0 90 n0 71 100 61 n0 14 100 38 n100 47 47 100 n54.5 55.4 nSample OutputnnNumber of doors = 2

Google Treasure Hunt 2008 素数


题目:连续 5 个素数之和rn 连续 13 个素数之和rn 连续 275 个素数之和rn 连续 1187 个素数之和rn 求出同时符合以上4个条件的数。rnrn技巧:用数组里的一个位保存一个数是否是素数。rn结果:5615741rn计算用时:17秒 (AMD 2600+)rnrn[code=Delphi(Pascal)]rnunit GoogleHunt5u;rnrninterfacernrnusesrn Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms, Dialogs,rn StdCtrls, Spin, SearchDir;rnrntypern TForm1 = class(TForm)rn Button1: TButton;rn Edit1: TEdit;rn Label3: TLabel;rn Label2: TLabel;rn Edit3: TEdit;rn procedure Button1Click(Sender: TObject);rn procedure FormCreate(Sender: TObject);rn privatern Private declarations rn publicrn Public declarations rn end;rnrnvarrn Form1: TForm1;rnrnfunction IsPrime(V: DWORD): Boolean;rnrnimplementationrnrn$R *.DFMrnrnvarrn bitArr: array [0..HIGH(DWORD) div 32] of DWORD;rnrn InitMax: DWORD = 3;rnrnfunction IsPrimeFromBit(V: DWORD): Boolean;rnvarrn p: integer; // 下标rn m: integer; // 余rn mask: DWORD;rnbeginrn if V = DWORD(-1) thenrn sleep(0); // ERRORrn while InitMax < V dorn beginrn if IsPrime(InitMax + 2) thenrn beginrn Inc(InitMax, 2);rn p := InitMax shr 5;rn m := InitMax and $1F;rn mask := 1 shl m;rn bitArr[p] := bitArr[p] or mask;rn endrn elsern Inc(InitMax, 2);rn end;rn p := V shr 5;rn m := V and $1F;rn if m = 0 thenrn beginrn Result := False;rn Exit;rn end;rn mask := 1 shl m;rn if p < 0 thenrn Sleep(1);rn Result := bitArr[p] and mask <> 0;rnend;rnrnfunction IsPrime(V: DWORD): Boolean;rnvarrn i: integer;rn max: DWORD;rnbeginrn max := Round(Sqrt(V));rn i := 3;rn while i <= max dorn beginrn if IsPrimeFromBit(i) thenrn if V mod i = 0 thenrn beginrn Result := False;rn Exit;rn end;rn Inc(i);rn end;rn Result := True;rnend;rnrnfunction NprePrime(V: DWORD; n: integer): integer;rnbeginrn if IsPrimeFromBit(V) thenrn Dec(n, 2)rn elsern Dec(n);rn Dec(V);rn while n > 0 dorn beginrn if IsPrimeFromBit(V) thenrn beginrn Dec(n);rn if n = 0 thenrn beginrn Result := V;rn Exit;rn end;rn end;rn Dec(V);rn if V = 2 thenrn beginrn Result := V;rn Exit;rn endrn end;rnend;rnrnfunction GetNextPrime(V: DWORD): DWORD;rnbeginrn Inc(V);rn while not IsPrimeFromBit(V) dorn beginrn Inc(V);rn end;rn Result := V;rnend;rnrnfunction SumNPrime(V: DWORD; n: integer): DWORD;rnbeginrn Result := V;rn Dec(n);rn while n > 0 dorn beginrn V := GetNextPrime(V);rn Inc(Result, V);rn Dec(n);rn end;rnend;rnrnfunction IsNPrimeSum(V: DWORD; n: integer): Boolean;rnvarrn stV: DWORD;rn sumN: DWORD;rnbeginrn stV:= NprePrime((V div n), n);rn repeatrn sumN := SumNPrime(stV, n);rn stV := GetNextPrime(stV);rn until sumN >= V;rn Result := sumN = V;rnend;rnrnprocedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);rnlabel repgo;rnconstrn Cnt1 = 5;rn Cnt2 = 13;rn Cnt3 = 275;rn Cnt4 = 1187;rnvarrn stV: DWORD;rn st: DWORD;rnbeginrn st := GetTickCount();rn stV := SumNPrime(2, Cnt4);rn while True dorn beginrn Edit1.Text := 'Calc... ' + IntToStr(stV);rn Application.ProcessMessages();rn if IsNPrimeSum(stV, Cnt1) thenrn if IsNPrimeSum(stV, Cnt2) thenrn if IsNPrimeSum(stV, Cnt3) thenrn if IsNPrimeSum(stV, Cnt4) thenrn beginrn Edit1.Text := IntToStr(stV);rn Break;rn end;rn if stV and 1 = 0 then // 偶数rn Inc(stV)rn elsern Inc(stV, 2);rn end;rn st := GetTickCount() - st;rn Edit3.Text := IntToStr(st div 1000);rnend;rnrnprocedure TForm1.FormCreate(Sender: TObject);rnbeginrn FillChar(bitArr, sizeof(bitArr), 0);rn bitArr[0] := $C; // 2,3 are Primernend;rnrnend.rn[/code]


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