目标检测--将xml文件中标签(矩形框)在其原图片上显示并另存

"""
目的:将原图片(img)与其xml(xml),合成为打标记的图片(labelled),矩形框标记用红色即可
已有:(1)原图片文件夹(imgs_path),(2)xml文件夹(xmls_path)
思路:
    step1: 读取(原图片文件夹中的)一张图片
    step2: 读取(xmls_path)该图片的xml文件,并获取其矩形框的两个对角顶点的位置
    step3: 依据矩形框顶点坐标,在该图片中画出该矩形框
    step4: 图片另存为'原文件名'+'_labelled',存在‘lablled’文件夹中
"""
import os
import cv2 as cv
import xml.etree.ElementTree as ET


def xml_jpg2labelled(imgs_path, xmls_path, labelled_path):
    imgs_list = os.listdir(imgs_path)
    xmls_list = os.listdir(xmls_path)
    nums = len(imgs_list)
    for i in range(nums):
        img_path = os.path.join(imgs_path, imgs_list[i])
        xml_path = os.path.join(xmls_path, xmls_list[i])
        img = cv.imread(img_path)
        labelled = img
        root = ET.parse(xml_path).getroot()
        objects = root.findall('object')
        for obj in objects:
            bbox = obj.find('bndbox')
            xmin = int(bbox.find('xmin').text.strip())
            ymin = int(bbox.find('ymin').text.strip())
            xmax = int(bbox.find('xmax').text.strip())
            ymax = int(bbox.find('ymax').text.strip())
            labelled = cv.rectangle(labelled, (xmin, ymin), (xmax, ymax), (0, 0, 255), 1)
        cv.imwrite('%s%s_labelled.jpg' % (labelled_path, imgs_list[i]), labelled)
        # cv.imshow('labelled', labelled)
        # cv.imshow('origin', origin)
        # cv.waitKey()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    imgs_path = '自定义'
    xmls_path = '自定义'
    labelled_path = '自定义'
    xml_jpg2labelled(imgs_path, xmls_path, labelled_path)
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