Java 框架基础教程 : 使用Maven快速搭建SSM项目(Idea)

这篇文章主要讲如何使用Maven快速搭建SpringMVC+Spring+ mybatis项目

Maven的安装与配置以及创建一个web项目可以看下面这篇博文

Java框架基础教程 : Maven安装与配置以及在IDEA中使用Maven创建一个web项目

一.创建一个Maven项目,将Create from archetype(原型)勾选上


然后next


然后next



接下来点击Finish,等待maven下载所需的依赖包,项目就已经搭建好了

二.配置SSM环境

1.修改项目目录


2.配置相关配置文件

pom.xml

<properties>
  <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
  <maven.compiler.source>1.7</maven.compiler.source>
  <maven.compiler.target>1.7</maven.compiler.target>
  <junit.version>4.12</junit.version>
  <!-- 设置项目编码编码 -->
  <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
  <!-- spring版本号 -->
  <spring.version>4.3.5.RELEASE</spring.version>
  <!-- mybatis版本号 -->
  <mybatis.version>3.4.1</mybatis.version>
</properties>


<dependencies>

  <dependency>
    <groupId>junit</groupId>
    <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
    <version>4.11</version>
    <scope>test</scope>
  </dependency>
  <!-- java ee -->
  <dependency>
    <groupId>javax</groupId>
    <artifactId>javaee-api</artifactId>
    <version>7.0</version>
  </dependency>

  <!-- 单元测试 -->
  <dependency>
    <groupId>junit</groupId>
    <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
    <version>4.12</version>
  </dependency>

  <!-- 实现slf4j接口并整合 -->
  <dependency>
    <groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
    <artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
    <version>1.2.2</version>
  </dependency>

  <!-- JSON -->
  <dependency>
    <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
    <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
    <version>2.8.7</version>
  </dependency>


  <!-- 数据库 -->
  <dependency>
    <groupId>mysql</groupId>
    <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
    <version>5.1.41</version>
    <scope>runtime</scope>
  </dependency>

  <!-- 数据库连接池 -->
  <dependency>
    <groupId>com.mchange</groupId>
    <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
    <version>0.9.5.2</version>
  </dependency>

  <!-- MyBatis -->
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
    <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
    <version>${mybatis.version}</version>
  </dependency>

  <!-- mybatis/spring整合包 -->
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
    <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
    <version>1.3.1</version>
  </dependency>

  <!-- Spring -->
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
    <version>${spring.version}</version>
  </dependency>
</dependencies>

spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.0.xsd">

    <!-- 扫描web相关的bean -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.hp.controller"/>

    <!-- 开启SpringMVC注解模式 -->
    <mvc:annotation-driven/>

    <!-- 静态资源默认servlet配置 -->
    <mvc:default-servlet-handler/>

    <!-- 配置jsp 显示ViewResolver -->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="viewClass" value="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView"/>
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/views/"/>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>
    </bean>

</beans>

spring-mybatis.mxl

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd">

    <!-- 扫描service包下所有使用注解的类型 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.chatRobot.service"/>

    <!-- 配置数据库相关参数properties的属性:${url} -->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:db.properties"/>

    <!-- 数据库连接池 -->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
        <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driver}"/>
        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
        <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>
        <property name="maxPoolSize" value="${c3p0.maxPoolSize}"/>
        <property name="minPoolSize" value="${c3p0.minPoolSize}"/>
        <property name="autoCommitOnClose" value="${c3p0.autoCommitOnClose}"/>
        <property name="checkoutTimeout" value="${c3p0.checkoutTimeout}"/>
        <property name="acquireRetryAttempts" value="${c3p0.acquireRetryAttempts}"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 配置SqlSessionFactory对象 -->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <!-- 注入数据库连接池 -->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <!-- 扫描model包 使用别名 -->
        <property name="typeAliasesPackage" value="com.chatRobot.model"/>
        <!-- 扫描sql配置文件:mapper需要的xml文件 -->
        <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:mapper/*.xml"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 配置扫描Dao接口包,动态实现Dao接口,注入到spring容器中 -->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <!-- 注入sqlSessionFactory -->
        <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory"/>
        <!-- 给出需要扫描Dao接口包 -->
        <property name="basePackage" value="com.chatRobot.dao"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 配置事务管理器 -->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <!-- 注入数据库连接池 -->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 配置基于注解的声明式事务 -->
    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager"/>

</beans>

spring.tx.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xsi:schemaLocation="
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd">

    <!-- 开启AOP注解扫描 -->
    <aop:aspectj-autoproxy proxy-target-class="true" />

    <!-- 事务管理器,依赖于数据源 -->
    <bean id="txManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
    </bean>

    <!-- 编写通知:对事务进行增强(通知),需要编写对切入点和具体执行事务细节 -->
    <tx:advice id="txAdvice" transaction-manager="txManager">
        <tx:attributes>
            <!--
                为切入点方法添加事务详情
                name:方法名,*表示任意方法名称
                propagation:设置传播行为
                isolation:设置隔离级别
                read-only:是否只读
            -->
            <tx:method name="add*" propagation="REQUIRED" isolation="DEFAULT" read-only="false" rollback-for="Exception" />
            <tx:method name="delete*" propagation="REQUIRED" isolation="DEFAULT" read-only="false" rollback-for="Exception" />
            <tx:method name="update*" propagation="REQUIRED" isolation="DEFAULT" read-only="false" rollback-for="Exception" />
        </tx:attributes>
    </tx:advice>

    <!-- 设置AOP,让Spring自动对目标生成代理,需要使用AspectJ表达式 -->
    <aop:config proxy-target-class="true">
        <!-- 切面:整合切入点和通知 -->
        <aop:advisor advice-ref="txAdvice" pointcut="within(cn.temptation.web..*)" />
    </aop:config>
</beans>

db.properties

jdbc.driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
#数据库地址
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://xxxxxxxxx:3306/ChatRobot?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8
#用户名
jdbc.username=xxxx
#密码
jdbc.password=xxxxx
#最大连接数
c3p0.maxPoolSize=30
#最小连接数
c3p0.minPoolSize=10
#关闭连接后不自动commit
c3p0.autoCommitOnClose=false
#获取连接超时时间
c3p0.checkoutTimeout=10000
#当获取连接失败重试次数
c3p0.acquireRetryAttempts=2

log4j.properties

#USE THIS SETTING FOR OUTPUT MYBATIS`s SQL ON THE CONSOLE
log4j.rootLogger=DEBUG, Console

#Console
log4j.appender.Console=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.Console.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.Console.layout.ConversionPattern=%d [%t] %-5p [%c] - %m%n

log4j.logger.java.sql.ResultSet=INFO
log4j.logger.org.apache=INFO
log4j.logger.java.sql.Connection=DEBUG
log4j.logger.java.sql.Statement=DEBUG
log4j.logger.java.sql.PreparedStatement=DEBUG

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_1.xsd"
         version="3.1">

  <display-name>ChatRobot</display-name>
  <description>ChatRobot_Alpha_0.0.1</description>

  <!-- 编码过滤器 -->
  <filter>
    <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
    <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>encoding</param-name>
      <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
    </init-param>
  </filter>
  <filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
  </filter-mapping>

  <!-- 配置DispatcherServlet -->
  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
    <!-- 配置springMVC需要加载的配置文件-->
    <init-param>
      <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
      <param-value>classpath:spring-*.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    <async-supported>true</async-supported>
  </servlet>
  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
    <!-- 匹配所有请求,此处也可以配置成 *.do 形式 -->
    <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>

  <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>

</web-app>
配置完成
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