Python 练习实例1

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1 有四个数字:1、2、3、4,能组成多少个互不相同且无重复数字的三位数?各是多少?

count=0
for i in range(1,5):
    for j in range(1,5):
        for k in range(1,5):
            if( i != k ) and (i != j) and (j != k):
                print i,j,k
                count+=1
print count

2 题目:输入某年某月某日,判断这一天是这一年的第几天?
程序分析:以3月5日为例,应该先把前两个月的加起来,然后再加上5天即本年的第几天,特殊情况,闰年且输入月份大于2时需考虑多加一天:

#!/usr/bin/python
#coding:utf-8


year = int(raw_input('year:\n'))
month = int(raw_input('month:\n'))
day = int(raw_input('day:\n'))
months = (0,31,59,90,120,151,181,212,243,273,304,334)
if 0 < month <= 12:
    sum = months[month - 1]
else:
    print 'data error'
sum += day
leap = 0
if (year % 400 == 0) or ((year % 4 == 0) and (year % 100 != 0)):
    leap = 1
if (leap == 1) and (month > 2):
    sum += 1
print 'it is the %dth day.' % sum

结果:

year:
2018
month:
4
day:
31
it is the 121th day.

Process finished with exit code 0
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