ifstream读取和ofstream写入

#include <iostream>
#include <fstream>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
  ofstream myfile;
  const int nline=9;
  int num[nline]={1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9};
  double data[nline]={1,2,3,5,4,12,45,14,17};
  myfile.open("Hellofile.txt",ios::out);
  if(myfile.is_open())
    {
      cout<<"file open successful"<<endl;
      for(int i=0;i<nline;i++)
	{
	  myfile<<num[i]<<" "<<data[i]<<endl;
	}
    }
      myfile.close();
  return 0;
}

写入的结果

1 1
2 2
3 3
4 5
5 4
6 12
7 45
8 14
9 17


读取的代码

#include <iostream>
#include <fstream>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
  ifstream myfile;
  const int nline=9;
  myfile.open("Hellofile.txt",ios::in);
  double data[nline];
  int num[nline];
  if(myfile.is_open())
    {
      cout<<"file open successful"<<endl;
      for(int i=0;i<nline;i++)
	{
	  myfile>>num[i]>>data[i];
	  cout<<num[i]<<" "<<data[i]<<endl;
	}
    }
      myfile.close();
  return 0;
}

读取结果:

1 1
2 2
3 3
4 5
5 4
6 12
7 45
8 14
9 17

读取文本的例子:getline(ifsream a, string b)

#include<fstream>
#include<iostream>
#include<string>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
   ifstream myFile;
   myFile.open("HelloFile.txt", ios_base::in);

   if (myFile.is_open())
   {
      cout << "File open successful. It contains: " << endl;
      string fileContents;

      while (myFile.good())
      {
         getline (myFile, fileContents);
        cout << fileContents << endl;
      }

      cout << "Finished reading file, will close now" << endl;
      myFile.close();
   }
   else
      cout << "open() failed: check if file is in right folder" << endl;

   return 0;
}

结果:

File open successful. It contains: 
My first text file!
Hello file!
Finished reading file, will close now

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