linux 静态编译netcat,交叉编译netcat在路由器上使用 - 从入门到放弃再到success

0x00 路由器架构

Author : Sparrow

Time : 2017-11-27 22:25:51

Router Model : RT-N12

Router CPU : MIPS32

admin@RT-N12:/tmp/home/root

cat /proc/cpuinfo

system type : Broadcom BCM53572 chip rev 1 pkg 8

processor : 0

cpu model : MIPS 74K V4.9

BogoMIPS : 149.91

wait instruction : no

microsecond timers : yes

tlb_entries : 32

extra interrupt vector : no

hardware watchpoint : yes

ASEs implemented : mips16 dsp

shadow register sets : 1

VCED exceptions : not available

VCEI exceptions : not available

unaligned_instructions : 51078121

dcache hits : 2147483648

dcache misses : 0

icache hits : 2147483648

icache misses : 0

instructions : 2147483648

0x01 先编译buildroot

可知路由器CPU为 MIPS。由同事告知可以先编译buildroot生成的gcc之后再指定编译netcat,这样可以在路由器上运行。

折腾之路由此开始

下载buildroot

后编译

make menuconfig

出现

'make menuconfig' requires the ncurses libraries

Centos 下需要安装

yum install ncurses-devel -y

若出现这个

Your Perl installation is not complete enough; at least the following

modules are missing:

Data::Dumper

ExtUtils::MakeMaker

Thread::Queue

解决

yum install 'perl(Data::Dumper)' -y

yum install 'perl(ExtUtils::MakeMaker)' -y

yum install 'perl(Thread::Queue)' -y

运行

cd buildroot-2017.08

make manuconfig

Buildroot Configuration

568b931cbd6fa66c2436a607af307bf1.png

选择 Target options

8fc00be129b9fc6b8348d5bd71eaf40c.png

Target Architecture ---> `MIPS (little endian)`

Target Architecture Variant ---> `Generic MIPS32 `

`

make 三十分钟之后ok.

猜测MIPS (little endian) ,因为尝试编译了很多次才发现的,血泪教训。而路由器使用MIPS编译buildroot的时候会有很多选择,各自生成的gcc也不同。如下:

mips64 big endian mips64 little endian

mips64-linux-gcc mips64el-linux-gcc

mips big endian mips little endian

mips-linux-gcc mipsel-linux-gcc

选择mips32 little endian 即会生成mipsel-linux-gcc。

Toolchian 选择3.2 (里面最低内核版本)

391f0b252f0a311aee439309ec94b7e4.png

Kernel Headers ---> `Linux 3.2.x kernel headers`

`

开始编译

make

编译完成结尾显示

.....

/usr/bin/install -m 0644 support/misc/target-dir-warning.txt /root/Desktop/6_mipsel_little/buildroot-2017.08/output/target/THIS_IS_NOT_YOUR_ROOT_FILESYSTEM

编译之后生成

./buildroot-2017.08/output/host/bin/ :

mipsel-linux-gcc

mipsel-linux-ranlib

mipsel-linux-ar

mipsel-linux-ld

mipsel-linux-strip

and

./buildroot-2017.08/output/host/mipsel-buildroot-linux-uclibc/sysroot/lib/ :

ld-uClibc.so.0 -> ld-uClibc.so.1

ld-uClibc.so.1 -> ld-uClibc-1.0.26.so

ld-uClibc-1.0.26.so

libc.so.0 -> libuClibc-1.0.26.so

libc.so.1 -> libuClibc-1.0.26.so

libuClibc-1.0.26.so

0x02 编译netcat

下载netcat

wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/netcat/files/netcat/0.7.1/netcat-0.7.1.tar.gz/download -O netcat-0.7.1.tar.gz

编译netcat

cd netcat-0.7.1

./configure

make CC=/root/Desktop/buildroot-2017.08/output/host/bin/mips64el-linux-gcc

不行的话就全部指定

cd netcat-0.7.1

CC=/root/Desktop/6_mipsel_little/buildroot-2017.08/output/host/bin/mipsel-linux-gcc RANLIB=/root/Desktop/6_mipsel_little/buildroot-2017.08/output/host/bin/mipsel-linux-ranlib AR=/root/Desktop/6_mipsel_little/buildroot-2017.08/output/host/bin/mipsel-linux-ar LD=/root/Desktop/6_mipsel_little/buildroot-2017.08/output/host/bin/mipsel-linux-ld STRIP=/root/Desktop/6_mipsel_little/buildroot-2017.08/output/host/bin/mipsel-linux-strip ./configure --host=mipsel-linux

make

编译之后生成

cd src

file ./netcat

./netcat: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, MIPS, N32 `MIPS64` version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked (uses shared libs), with unknown capability 0xf41 = 0x756e6700, with unknown capability 0x70100 = 0x3040000, not stripped

./netcat

bash: ./netcat: cannot execute binary file

telnet登录路由器,使用wget 下载我的netcat(不可以传到https的网络盘,因为路由上的wget不支持https。例如https://dropfile.to或者其他,一定传http类型网站例如http://s.dropcanvas.com)

之后发现./netcat 可以运行,但是 :

admin@RT-N12:/tmp/home/root# ./netcat

Cmd Line : -lvvp 5555

segmentation fault

admin@RT-N12:/tmp/home/root# ./netcat_mips_little -h

GNU netcat 0.7.1, a rewrite of the famous networking tool.

Basic usages:

connect to somewhere: ./netcat_mips_little [options] hostname port [port] ...

listen for inbound: ./netcat_mips_little -l -p port [options] [hostname] [port] ...

admin@RT-N12:/tmp/home/root# ./netcat_mips_little 192.168.19.113 5555 < 1.txt

segmentation fault

只有-h参数可用(心中万只草泥马飞奔而过),不然都是segmentation fault

无法知道错误,大神又告诉我,Qemu可以模拟MIPS运行netcat

0x03 转到Ubuntusudo apt-get install qemu

==>

/usr/bin/qemu-system-i386

/usr/bin/qemu-mipsel

/usr/bin/qemu*

出错

sudo /usr/bin/qemu-mipsel netcat_mipsel_little

=> /lib/ld-uClibc.so.0: No such file or directory

解决(ld-uClibc-1.0.26.so在上面已经提到了 在./buildroot-2017.08/output/host/mipsel-buildroot-linux-uclibc/sysroot/lib/里)

sudo mv ld-uClibc-1.0.26.so /lib/

sudo chown -R root:root /lib/ld-uClibc-1.0.26.so

sudo ln -s /lib/ld-uClibc-1.0.26.so /lib/ld-uClibc.so.0

出错

sudo /usr/bin/qemu-mipsel netcat_mipsel_little

=> /home/db/Desktop/netcat_mipsel_little: can't load library 'libc.so.0'

解决

sudo mv libuClibc-1.0.26.so /lib/

sudo chown -R root:root /lib/libuClibc-1.0.26.so

sudo ln -s /lib/libuClibc-1.0.26.so /lib/libc.so.0

但是但是 运行

sudo /usr/bin/qemu-mipsel netcat_mipsel_little --help

GNU netcat 0.7.1, a rewrite of the famous networking tool.

Basic usages:

connect to somewhere: netcat_mipsel_little [options] hostname port [port] ...

listen for inbound: netcat_mipsel_little -l -p port [options] [hostname] [port] ...

tunnel to somewhere: netcat_mipsel_little -L hostname:port -p port [options]

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

Options:

-c, --close close connection on EOF from stdin

-e, --exec=PROGRAM program to exec after connect

-g, --gateway=LIST source-routing hop point[s], up to 8

-G, --pointer=NUM source-routing pointer: 4, 8, 12, ...

-h, --help display this help and exit

-i, --interval=SECS delay interval for lines sent, ports scanned

-l, --listen listen mode, for inbound connects

-L, --tunnel=ADDRESS:PORT forward local port to remote address

.....

sudo /usr/bin/qemu-mipsel netcat_mipsel_little -lvvp 555

or

sudo /usr/bin/qemu-mipsel netcat_mipsel_little 192.168.19.113 5555 < /home/db/Desktop/netcat_mipsel_little

==>

Unsupported setsockopt level=65535 optname=128

Error: Couldn't create connection (err=-2): Protocol not available

???????? –help 没问题,其他参数就不行?

然后大神告诉我,可能路由器的Linux内核太低了,处理器mipsel也不支持buildroot编译内核3.2的,我看了一下是2.6.32的,而我编译的buildroot选择Linux内核是3.2,最高可选4.4。

妈的 buildroot可选内核都没2.6.32,这让我怎么搞 !

Fri 24 Nov 2017 07:19:57 AM EST

周末玩荒野行动PC版两局都是第二,差点吃鸡….气死我了

但是 !!!!

这个版本

https://buildroot.org/downloads/buildroot-2012.05.tar.gz

最低 -> Linux 2.6.35.x kernel header -> 编译成功

编译之后上传路由器 成功监听端口了,其它参数皆可正常使用,不会出现 segmentation fault.

http://s.dropcanvas.com/1000000/923000/922746/netcat_2011_05

Nice!!!!

running netcat

d8e9ab0caaa09e95f5c0a952add95eb1.png

(AC66U and RT-N12 一樣的CPU)

这里还有个小点,放到Ubuntu的时候 使用qemu-mipsel执行netcat 依旧无法使用,猜测qemu版本问题,

我这个是2.5,官网已经2.11了,但是我apt-get install qemu时说此版本是最高了……估计从官网下载编译可以运行的。

# sudo /usr/bin/qemu-mipsel netcat_2011_05 -l -p 555

Unsupported setsockopt level=65535 optname=128

Error: Couldn't setup listening socket (err=-2)

卸载重装qemu

sudo apt-get remove --auto-remove qemu

wget https://download.qemu.org/qemu-2.10.1.tar.xz

tar xvJf qemu-2.10.1.tar.xz

cd qemu-2.10.1

./configure

make

# cd qemu-2.10.1/mipsel-linux-user

# mipsel-linux-user ./qemu-mipsel /home/db/Desktop/netcat_2011_05

qemu: uncaught target signal 11 (Segmentation fault) - core dumped

[1] 61221 segmentation fault (core dumped) ./qemu-mipsel /home/db/Desktop/netcat_2011_05

....还有错误 不管这个了

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