带头结点的单链表的总结

线性表的链式存储是用若干地址分散的存储单元存储数据元素,逻辑上相邻的数据元素在物理位置上不一定相邻。
带头结点的单链表是指,在单链表的第一个结点之前增加一个特殊的结点,称为头结点。
头结点的作用:使所有链表(包括空表)的头指针非空,并使对单链表的插入,删除操作不需要区分是否为空表或是否在第一个位置进行,从而与其他位置的插入,删除操作一致。

在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述
基本操作:
接口里的方法声明:

public interface ICLinked {
    void addFirst(int data);//头插法
    void addLast(int data);//尾插法
    boolean addindex(int index,int data);//任意位置插入,第一个数据结点为0号下标
    boolean contains(int key);   //查找是否包含关键字key是否在单链表当中
    int remove(int key) throws Exception;  //删除第一次出现关键字为key的结点
    void removeAllKey(int key);//删除所有值为key的结点
    int getLength();
    void display();
    void clear();


}

方法的具体实现:
public class HeadSingleList implements ICLinked {
class Node {
private int data;
private Node next;

    //头结点
    public Node() {
        this.data = -1;
    }

    //数据结点
    public Node(int data) {
        this.data = data;
    }

    public int getData() {
        return data;
    }
}

    private Node head;

    public HeadSingleList() {
        this.head = new Node();
        this.head.next = this.head;
    }

    @Override
    public void addFirst(int data) {
        Node node = new Node(data);
        node.next = this.head.next;  //不需要区分是否为空表或是否在第一个位置进行
        this.head.next = node;

    }

    @Override
    public void addLast(int data) {
        Node node = new Node(data);
        Node currency = this.head;
        while (currency.next != this.head) {
            currency = currency.next;
        }
        node.next=currency.next;
        currency.next=node;

    }

    //index-1的位置
    private Node SearchIndex(int index) {
        checkindex(index);
        Node cur = this.head.next;
        for(int i=0;i<index;i++) {
            cur = cur.next;

        }
        return cur;
    }

    private void checkindex(int index) {
        if (index < 0 || index > getLength()) {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
        }
    }

    public boolean addindex(int index, int data) {
        Node p = SearchIndex(index);
        Node node = new Node(data);
        node.next = p.next;
        p.next = node;
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean contains(int key) {
        Node currency = this.head.next;

        while (currency != this.head) {
            if (currency.data == key) {
                return true;
            }
            currency = currency.next;
        }
        return false;
    }

    private Node searchPre(int key) {
        Node p = this.head;  //找前驱
        while (p.next !=this. head) {
            if (p.next.data == key) {
                return p;
            }
            p = p.next;
        }
        return null;   //找不到返回空
    }

    @Override
    public int remove(int key) {
        Node p = searchPre(key);  //找前驱
        if (p == null) {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
        }
        Node del = p.next;
        int oddata = del.data;   //保存
        p.next = del.next;  //p.next=p.next.next
        return oddata;
    }


    @Override
    public void removeAllKey(int key) {
        Node p = this.head;
        Node currency = this.head.next;
        while (currency != this.head) {
            if (currency.data == key) {
                p.next = currency.next;
                currency = p.next;

            } else {
                p = currency;
                currency = currency.next;
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public int getLength() {

        int length = 0;
        Node currency = this.head.next;  //currency指向第一个数据结点
        while (currency != this.head) {
            length++;
            currency = currency.next;
        }
        return length;
    }

    @Override
    public void display() {
        Node currency = this.head.next;
        while (currency != head) {
            System.out.print(currency.data + " ");
            currency = currency.next;
        }
        System.out.println();

    }

    @Override
    public void clear() {
        while (this.head.next != this.head) {
            Node currency = this.head.next;
            this.head.next = currency.next;
        }
        //头结点置为空
        this.head = null;
    }

测试:

        public static void main(String[] args) {
            HeadSingleList headsingle = new HeadSingleList();
            headsingle.addFirst(3);
            headsingle.addFirst(5);
            headsingle.addFirst(8);
            headsingle.addFirst(9);
            headsingle.display();

        headsingle.addLast(6);
        headsingle.addLast(7);
        headsingle.addLast(9);
        headsingle.display();
            headsingle.addindex(1, 10);
            headsingle.display();
            System.out.println(headsingle.contains(7));
        System.out.println(headsingle.remove(7));
        headsingle.display();
        headsingle.removeAllKey(9);
        headsingle.display();
        }
    }

运行结果:在这里插入图片描述

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