mysql使用输入cmd输入show databases没有反应

打开mysql,用system32里面的cmd(右键管理员身份运行),进入c盘的mysql的bin文件夹路径。(事先在高级路径的path配有mysql的安装bin路径,所以可以看这个想起)–%TrueBack%;%GrgVDA%;%GrgXfsSP%;%GrgDevDriver%;C:\ProgramData\Oracle\Java\javapath;D:\java\jdk1.8.0_111\bin;%SystemRoot%\system32;%SystemRoot%;%SystemRoot%\System32\Wbem;%SYSTEMROOT%\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\;C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SQL Server\100\Tools\Binn\;C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\100\Tools\Binn\;C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\100\DTS\Binn\;D:\TortoiseSVN\bin;D:\apache-ant-1.9.9\apache-ant-1.9.9-bin\apache-ant-1.9.9\bin;%JAVA_HOME%\bin;C:\Program Files\TortoiseGit\bin;%JAVA_HOME%\jre\bin;D:\voicetool\Bin;%M2_HOME%\bin;C:\Program Files (x86)\MySQL\MySQL Fabric 1.5.2 & MySQL Utilities 1.5.2 1.5\;C:\Program Files (x86)\MySQL\MySQL Fabric 1.5.2 & MySQL Utilities 1.5.2 1.5\Doctrine extensions for PHP\;C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.6\bin
2进入该路径后,用-uroot -proot(账号和密码都是root.后面不带; 带;的话报错,系统视为输入账号或密码错误见下图)
这里写图片描述
(输入错账号密码也是这样的报错信息):
这里写图片描述
正确的是这样:
这里写图片描述
3 完成2后输入show databases; (记得输入;结尾,否则没有反应输出,并且要第一次就输入正确,加入第一次输入没有;,在下一行重新输入带;的正确语句也会报错。
方法是输入exit; 返回上一步重新新执行2进来。详细看下面讲解。但是还有有更好的办法,就是在没有分号的show database的下一行直接输入;相当于是接着上一行。
这里写图片描述
4 选择其中一个数据库 use +数据库名
5使用source +.sql路径;,会报错/m……
6 虽然报错,但是用show tables; 命令也可以看到导入表成功了,因为里面有数据。
7可以用show tables;查看有哪写表(记得语句后有个分号)
还可以用desc tableName;查看你的表结构
8每次修改.sql语句,都要重新执行source +.sql路径;

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Hive请正常,在show databases;报错,求大神解答

02-01

2018-02-01T09:46:28,400 WARN [9a4cc1b4-8396-471b-8df0-b1eb3ca1fd82 main] ql.Driver: Caught exception attempting to write metadata call information org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.HiveException: java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to instantiate org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.SessionHiveMetaStoreClient org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.HiveException: java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to instantiate org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.SessionHiveMetaStoreClient at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.registerAllFunctionsOnce(Hive.java:236) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.<init>(Hive.java:388) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.create(Hive.java:332) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.getInternal(Hive.java:312) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.get(Hive.java:354) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.get(Hive.java:350) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.Driver.dumpMetaCallTimingWithoutEx(Driver.java:683) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.Driver.compile(Driver.java:621) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.Driver.compileInternal(Driver.java:1317) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.Driver.runInternal(Driver.java:1457) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.Driver.run(Driver.java:1237) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.Driver.run(Driver.java:1227) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.processLocalCmd(CliDriver.java:233) ~[hive-cli-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.processCmd(CliDriver.java:184) ~[hive-cli-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.processLine(CliDriver.java:403) ~[hive-cli-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.executeDriver(CliDriver.java:821) ~[hive-cli-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.run(CliDriver.java:759) ~[hive-cli-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.main(CliDriver.java:686) ~[hive-cli-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) ~[?:1.8.0_151] at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) ~[?:1.8.0_151] at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) ~[?:1.8.0_151] at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) ~[?:1.8.0_151] at org.apache.hadoop.util.RunJar.run(RunJar.java:239) ~[hadoop-common-2.9.0.jar:?] at org.apache.hadoop.util.RunJar.main(RunJar.java:153) ~[hadoop-common-2.9.0.jar:?] Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to instantiate org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.SessionHiveMetaStoreClient at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.MetaStoreUtils.newInstance(MetaStoreUtils.java:1701) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.<init>(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:83) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.getProxy(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:133) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.getProxy(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:104) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.createMetaStoreClient(Hive.java:3600) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.getMSC(Hive.java:3652) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.getMSC(Hive.java:3632) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.getAllFunctions(Hive.java:3894) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.reloadFunctions(Hive.java:248) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.registerAllFunctionsOnce(Hive.java:231) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] ... 23 more Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method) ~[?:1.8.0_151] at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62) ~[?:1.8.0_151] at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45) ~[?:1.8.0_151] at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:423) ~[?:1.8.0_151] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.MetaStoreUtils.newInstance(MetaStoreUtils.java:1699) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.<init>(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:83) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.getProxy(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:133) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.getProxy(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:104) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.createMetaStoreClient(Hive.java:3600) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.getMSC(Hive.java:3652) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.getMSC(Hive.java:3632) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.getAllFunctions(Hive.java:3894) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.reloadFunctions(Hive.java:248) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.registerAllFunctionsOnce(Hive.java:231) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] ... 23 more Caused by: org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.api.MetaException: Version information not found in metastore. at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingHMSHandler.<init>(RetryingHMSHandler.java:83) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingHMSHandler.getProxy(RetryingHMSHandler.java:92) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore.newRetryingHMSHandler(HiveMetaStore.java:6893) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStoreClient.<init>(HiveMetaStoreClient.java:164) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.SessionHiveMetaStoreClient.<init>(SessionHiveMetaStoreClient.java:70) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method) ~[?:1.8.0_151] at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62) ~[?:1.8.0_151] at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45) ~[?:1.8.0_151] at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:423) ~[?:1.8.0_151] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.MetaStoreUtils.newInstance(MetaStoreUtils.java:1699) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.<init>(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:83) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.getProxy(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:133) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.getProxy(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:104) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.createMetaStoreClient(Hive.java:3600) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.getMSC(Hive.java:3652) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.getMSC(Hive.java:3632) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.getAllFunctions(Hive.java:3894) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.reloadFunctions(Hive.java:248) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.registerAllFunctionsOnce(Hive.java:231) ~[hive-exec-2.3.2.jar:2.3.2] ... 23 more 2018-02-01T09:46:28,400 INFO [9a4cc1b4-8396-471b-8df0-b1eb3ca1fd82 main] ql.Driver: Completed compiling command(queryId=root_20180201094627_6a378f28-ae24-4c00-8d15-a8df87e7020e); Time taken: 0.474 seconds 问答

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