【简便解法】1084 Broken Keyboard (20 分)_16行代码AC

立志用最少的代码做最高效的表达


PAT甲级最优题解——>传送门


On a broken keyboard, some of the keys are worn out. So when you type some sentences, the characters corresponding to those keys will not appear on screen.

Now given a string that you are supposed to type, and the string that you actually type out, please list those keys which are for sure worn out.

Input Specification:
Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the 1st line contains the original string, and the 2nd line contains the typed-out string. Each string contains no more than 80 characters which are either English letters [A-Z] (case insensitive), digital numbers [0-9], or _ (representing the space). It is guaranteed that both strings are non-empty.

Output Specification:
For each test case, print in one line the keys that are worn out, in the order of being detected. The English letters must be capitalized. Each worn out key must be printed once only. It is guaranteed that there is at least one worn out key.

Sample Input:
7_This_is_a_test
_hs_s_a_es

Sample Output:
7TI


题意:键盘上有一些键坏了, 给定字符串S1和S2,S1是本应该输出的正确字符串,S2是实际输出的字符串,问哪些键坏了。

算法逻辑:定义数组存放每个字母出现的次数,如果S1[i]!=S2[i] 并且这个字母时第一次出现,输出即可。


#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int a[300] = {0}; 
int main() {
	string s, s1; cin >> s >> s1;
	int i = 0, j = 0;
	while(i != s.size()) 
		if(s[i] != s1[j]) {
			s[i] = tolower(s[i]);
			if(a[s[i]] == 0) cout << (char)toupper((s[i]));
			a[s[i++]]++;
		} else {
			i++; j++;
		}
	return 0;
} 

       ——爱所有人,信任少数人,不负任何人。

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