Spring IOC 源码解析

Spring IOC

spring IOC 本质上就是一个创建一个类的实例工厂,并且对类的实例进行管理

bean定义对象

BeanDefinition

是Bean定义对象的一个顶级接口,定义了所有Bean定义对象的一部分行为,方便bean工厂来创建bean实例

AbstractBeanDefinition

定义了所有Bean定义对象的公共属性,例如 scope lazyInit initMethodName factoryBeanName等等

GenericBeanDefinition

AbstractBeanDefinition 的子类,标准bean定义对象 spring2.5之后常用

RootBeanDefinition

bean工厂对象

BeanFactory

定义了bean生命周期执行顺序 Bean factory implementations should support the standard bean lifecycle interfaces as far as possible. The full set of initialization methods and their standard order is:

  • BeanNameAware's {@code setBeanName}
  • BeanClassLoaderAware's {@code setBeanClassLoader}
  • BeanFactoryAware's {@code setBeanFactory}
  • EnvironmentAware's {@code setEnvironment}
  • EmbeddedValueResolverAware's {@code setEmbeddedValueResolver}
  • ResourceLoaderAware's {@code setResourceLoader}(only applicable when running in an application context)
  • ApplicationEventPublisherAware's {@code setApplicationEventPublisher}(only applicable when running in an application context)
  • MessageSourceAware's {@code setMessageSource} (only applicable when running in an application context)
  • ApplicationContextAware's {@code setApplicationContext}(only applicable when running in an application context)
  • ServletContextAware's {@code setServletContext}(only applicable when running in a web application context){@code postProcessBeforeInitialization} methods of BeanPostProcessors
  • InitializingBean's {@code afterPropertiesSet}
  • a custom init-method definition {@code postProcessAfterInitialization} methods of BeanPostProcessors

AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory

public abstract class AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory extends AbstractBeanFactory implements AutowireCapableBeanFactory

提供bean创建(具有构造函数解析),属性填充,接线(包括自动装配)和初始化。 处理运行时bean引用,解析托管集合,调用初始化方法等。支持自动装配构造函数,按名称的属性和按类型的属性。

DefaultListableBeanFactory

spring 中默认使用的创建bean的工厂,继承了AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory

Spring容器创建

  • web 项目:
    • web容器启动的时候创建ContextLoaderListener,并回调contextInitialized()方法
    • initWebApplicationContext()开始创建并初始化Spring容器
    • 创建WebApplicationContext对象
    • refresh容器,读取XML配置,创建beans
    • Spring 容器引用保存到ServletContext和ContextLoaderListener中
  • java项目:
    • 直接调用ClasspathXmlApplicationContext来启动
    • 直接调用AnnotationConfigApplicationContext 来启动

ClasspathXmlApplicationContext继承体系

ClasspathXmlApplicationContext 来启动

public ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(
			String[] configLocations, boolean refresh, @Nullable ApplicationContext parent)
			throws BeansException {
		//初始化父类
		super(parent);
    	//设置xml路径
		setConfigLocations(configLocations);
		if (refresh) {
            //调用一个父类 AbstractApplicationContext 的refresh方法
			refresh();
		}
	}

refresh方法

//AbstractApplicationContext中
public void refresh() throws BeansException, IllegalStateException {
		synchronized (this.startupShutdownMonitor) {
			//前期准备.
			prepareRefresh();

			//获取bean工厂对象并加载bean定义对象
			ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = obtainFreshBeanFactory();

			//配置工厂的标准上下文属性等
			prepareBeanFactory(beanFactory);

			try {
				//bean工厂的后置处理器.
				postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);

				//调用Bean工厂后置处理器来对bean工厂来进行处理.
				invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);

				//注册bean工厂中的bean后置处理器对象,然后在创建bean的时候调用.
				registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory);

				// Initialize message source for this context.
				initMessageSource();

				// Initialize event multicaster for this context.
				initApplicationEventMulticaster();

				// Initialize other special beans in specific context subclasses.
				onRefresh();

				//注册监听器.
				registerListeners();

				//创建所有非懒加载的单例bean对象.
				finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory);

				// Last step: publish corresponding event.
				finishRefresh();
			}

			catch (BeansException ex) {
				if (logger.isWarnEnabled()) {
					logger.warn("Exception encountered during context initialization - " +
							"cancelling refresh attempt: " + ex);
				}

				// Destroy already created singletons to avoid dangling resources.
				destroyBeans();

				// Reset 'active' flag.
				cancelRefresh(ex);

				// Propagate exception to caller.
				throw ex;
			}

			finally {
				// Reset common introspection caches in Spring's core, since we
				// might not ever need metadata for singleton beans anymore...
				resetCommonCaches();
			}
		}
	}

obtainFreshBeanFactory源码

//AbstractApplicationContext
protected ConfigurableListableBeanFactory obtainFreshBeanFactory() {
		refreshBeanFactory();
    	//这个getBeanFactory方法是一个抽象方法,由子类来实现,这里是由AbstractRefreshableApplicationContext 来返回,即返回由刚才refreshBeanFactory方法创建出来的bean工厂对象
		return getBeanFactory();
	}
//AbstractApplicationContext
//refreshBeanFactory方法
protected final void refreshBeanFactory() throws BeansException {
		//首先如果存在bean工厂,则销毁,准备创建
    	if (hasBeanFactory()) {
			destroyBeans();
			closeBeanFactory();
		}
		try {
            //创建一个DefaultListableBeanFactory类型的bean工厂
			DefaultListableBeanFactory beanFactory = createBeanFactory();
			beanFactory.setSerializationId(getId());
			customizeBeanFactory(beanFactory);
            //加载bean的定义信息,这个方法是AbstractApplicationContext中的一个抽象方法,这里会根据不同的对象来调用各自实现的loadBeanDefinitions方法载入Bean的定义信息
			loadBeanDefinitions(beanFactory);
			synchronized (this.beanFactoryMonitor) {
				this.beanFactory = beanFactory;
			}
		}
		catch (IOException ex) {
			throw new ApplicationContextException("I/O error parsing bean definition source for " + getDisplayName(), ex);
		}
	}

prepareBeanFactory方法

用来配置工厂一些标准上下文特征

protected void prepareBeanFactory(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
		// Tell the internal bean factory to use the context's class loader etc.
		beanFactory.setBeanClassLoader(getClassLoader());
		beanFactory.setBeanExpressionResolver(new StandardBeanExpressionResolver(beanFactory.getBeanClassLoader()));
		beanFactory.addPropertyEditorRegistrar(new ResourceEditorRegistrar(this, getEnvironment()));

		// 配置了一个 ApplicationContextAwareProcessor bean后置处理器.
		beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new ApplicationContextAwareProcessor(this));
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(EnvironmentAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(EmbeddedValueResolverAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ResourceLoaderAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ApplicationEventPublisherAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(MessageSourceAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ApplicationContextAware.class);

		// BeanFactory interface not registered as resolvable type in a plain factory.
		// MessageSource registered (and found for autowiring) as a bean.
		beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(BeanFactory.class, beanFactory);
		beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(ResourceLoader.class, this);
		beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(ApplicationEventPublisher.class, this);
		beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(ApplicationContext.class, this);

		// 配置了一个 ApplicationListenerDetector bean后置处理器
		beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new ApplicationListenerDetector(this));

		// Detect a LoadTimeWeaver and prepare for weaving, if found.
		if (beanFactory.containsBean(LOAD_TIME_WEAVER_BEAN_NAME)) {
			beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new LoadTimeWeaverAwareProcessor(beanFactory));
			// Set a temporary ClassLoader for type matching.
			beanFactory.setTempClassLoader(new ContextTypeMatchClassLoader(beanFactory.getBeanClassLoader()));
		}

		// Register default environment beans.
		if (!beanFactory.containsLocalBean(ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME)) {
			beanFactory.registerSingleton(ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME, getEnvironment());
		}
		if (!beanFactory.containsLocalBean(SYSTEM_PROPERTIES_BEAN_NAME)) {
			beanFactory.registerSingleton(SYSTEM_PROPERTIES_BEAN_NAME, getEnvironment().getSystemProperties());
		}
		if (!beanFactory.containsLocalBean(SYSTEM_ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME)) {
			beanFactory.registerSingleton(SYSTEM_ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME, getEnvironment().getSystemEnvironment());
		}
	}

postProcessBeanFactory方法

默认空实现

invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors方法

调用bean工厂后置处理器来对bean工厂进行处理

public static void invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(
			ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory, List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> beanFactoryPostProcessors) {

		// Invoke BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors first, if any.
		Set<String> processedBeans = new HashSet<>();
		//如果 beanFactory 实现了 BeanDefinitionRegistry 接口, DefaultListableBeanFactory默认实现了
		if (beanFactory instanceof BeanDefinitionRegistry) {
			BeanDefinitionRegistry registry = (BeanDefinitionRegistry) beanFactory;
			List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> regularPostProcessors = new ArrayList<>();
			List<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor> registryProcessors = new ArrayList<>();
			//遍历所有的 beanFactoryPostProcessors 默认为空
			for (BeanFactoryPostProcessor postProcessor : beanFactoryPostProcessors) {
				if (postProcessor instanceof BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor) {
					BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor registryProcessor =
							(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor) postProcessor;
					registryProcessor.postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry(registry);
					registryProcessors.add(registryProcessor);
				}
				else {
					regularPostProcessors.add(postProcessor);
				}
			}

			// Do not initialize FactoryBeans here: We need to leave all regular beans
			// uninitialized to let the bean factory post-processors apply to them!
			// Separate between BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors that implement
			// PriorityOrdered, Ordered, and the rest.
			List<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor> currentRegistryProcessors = new ArrayList<>();

			// First, invoke the BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors that implement PriorityOrdered.
			String[] postProcessorNames =
					beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class, true, false);
			for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
				if (beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, PriorityOrdered.class)) {
					currentRegistryProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class));
					processedBeans.add(ppName);
				}
			}
			sortPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, beanFactory);
			registryProcessors.addAll(currentRegistryProcessors);
            //调用bean定义对象注册处理器,用来解析含有@Configuration注解的bean对象,最终会调用ConfigurationClassPostProcessor类中的processConfigBeanDefinitions方法
			invokeBeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, registry);
			currentRegistryProcessors.clear();

			// Next, invoke the BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors that implement Ordered.
			postProcessorNames = beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class, true, false);
			for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
				if (!processedBeans.contains(ppName) && beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, Ordered.class)) {
					currentRegistryProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class));
					processedBeans.add(ppName);
				}
			}
			sortPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, beanFactory);
			registryProcessors.addAll(currentRegistryProcessors);
			invokeBeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, registry);
			currentRegistryProcessors.clear();

			// Finally, invoke all other BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors until no further ones appear.
			boolean reiterate = true;
			while (reiterate) {
				reiterate = false;
				postProcessorNames = beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class, true, false);
				for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
					if (!processedBeans.contains(ppName)) {
						currentRegistryProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class));
						processedBeans.add(ppName);
						reiterate = true;
					}
				}
				sortPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, beanFactory);
				registryProcessors.addAll(currentRegistryProcessors);
				invokeBeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors(currentRegistryProcessors, registry);
				currentRegistryProcessors.clear();
			}

			// Now, invoke the postProcessBeanFactory callback of all processors handled so far.
			invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(registryProcessors, beanFactory);
			invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(regularPostProcessors, beanFactory);
		}

		else {
			// Invoke factory processors registered with the context instance.
			invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactoryPostProcessors, beanFactory);
		}

		// Do not initialize FactoryBeans here: We need to leave all regular beans
		// uninitialized to let the bean factory post-processors apply to them!
		String[] postProcessorNames =
				beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class, true, false);

		// Separate between BeanFactoryPostProcessors that implement PriorityOrdered,
		// Ordered, and the rest.
		List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> priorityOrderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<>();
		List<String> orderedPostProcessorNames = new ArrayList<>();
		List<String> nonOrderedPostProcessorNames = new ArrayList<>();
		for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
			if (processedBeans.contains(ppName)) {
				// skip - already processed in first phase above
			}
			else if (beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, PriorityOrdered.class)) {
				priorityOrderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
			}
			else if (beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, Ordered.class)) {
				orderedPostProcessorNames.add(ppName);
			}
			else {
				nonOrderedPostProcessorNames.add(ppName);
			}
		}

		// First, invoke the BeanFactoryPostProcessors that implement PriorityOrdered.
		sortPostProcessors(priorityOrderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);
		invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(priorityOrderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);

		// Next, invoke the BeanFactoryPostProcessors that implement Ordered.
		List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> orderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<>();
		for (String postProcessorName : orderedPostProcessorNames) {
			orderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(postProcessorName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
		}
		sortPostProcessors(orderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);
		invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(orderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);

		// Finally, invoke all other BeanFactoryPostProcessors.
		List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> nonOrderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<>();
		for (String postProcessorName : nonOrderedPostProcessorNames) {
			nonOrderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(postProcessorName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
		}
		invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(nonOrderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);

		// Clear cached merged bean definitions since the post-processors might have
		// modified the original metadata, e.g. replacing placeholders in values...
		beanFactory.clearMetadataCache();
	}

//ConfigurationClassPostProcessor类
//该方法表示 用来处理配置类的bean对象,即标注了 @Configuration注解的对象
public void processConfigBeanDefinitions(BeanDefinitionRegistry registry) {
		List<BeanDefinitionHolder> configCandidates = new ArrayList<>();
		String[] candidateNames = registry.getBeanDefinitionNames();

		for (String beanName : candidateNames) {
			BeanDefinition beanDef = registry.getBeanDefinition(beanName);
			if (ConfigurationClassUtils.isFullConfigurationClass(beanDef) ||
					ConfigurationClassUtils.isLiteConfigurationClass(beanDef)) {
				if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
					logger.debug("Bean definition has already been processed as a configuration class: " + beanDef);
				}
			}
			else if (ConfigurationClassUtils.checkConfigurationClassCandidate(beanDef, this.metadataReaderFactory)) {
				configCandidates.add(new BeanDefinitionHolder(beanDef, beanName));
			}
		}

		// Return immediately if no @Configuration classes were found
		if (configCandidates.isEmpty()) {
			return;
		}

		// Sort by previously determined @Order value, if applicable
		configCandidates.sort((bd1, bd2) -> {
			int i1 = ConfigurationClassUtils.getOrder(bd1.getBeanDefinition());
			int i2 = ConfigurationClassUtils.getOrder(bd2.getBeanDefinition());
			return Integer.compare(i1, i2);
		});

		// Detect any custom bean name generation strategy supplied through the enclosing application context
		SingletonBeanRegistry sbr = null;
		if (registry instanceof SingletonBeanRegistry) {
			sbr = (SingletonBeanRegistry) registry;
			if (!this.localBeanNameGeneratorSet) {
				BeanNameGenerator generator = (BeanNameGenerator) sbr.getSingleton(CONFIGURATION_BEAN_NAME_GENERATOR);
				if (generator != null) {
					this.componentScanBeanNameGenerator = generator;
					this.importBeanNameGenerator = generator;
				}
			}
		}

		if (this.environment == null) {
			this.environment = new StandardEnvironment();
		}

		// Parse each @Configuration class
		ConfigurationClassParser parser = new ConfigurationClassParser(
				this.metadataReaderFactory, this.problemReporter, this.environment,
				this.resourceLoader, this.componentScanBeanNameGenerator, registry);

		Set<BeanDefinitionHolder> candidates = new LinkedHashSet<>(configCandidates);
		Set<ConfigurationClass> alreadyParsed = new HashSet<>(configCandidates.size());
		do {
            //这里回去解析所有的候选类,即加了@Configuration的类
			parser.parse(candidates);
			parser.validate();

			Set<ConfigurationClass> configClasses = new LinkedHashSet<>(parser.getConfigurationClasses());
			configClasses.removeAll(alreadyParsed);

			// Read the model and create bean definitions based on its content
			if (this.reader == null) {
				this.reader = new ConfigurationClassBeanDefinitionReader(
						registry, this.sourceExtractor, this.resourceLoader, this.environment,
						this.importBeanNameGenerator, parser.getImportRegistry());
			}
			this.reader.loadBeanDefinitions(configClasses);
			alreadyParsed.addAll(configClasses);

			candidates.clear();
			if (registry.getBeanDefinitionCount() > candidateNames.length) {
				String[] newCandidateNames = registry.getBeanDefinitionNames();
				Set<String> oldCandidateNames = new HashSet<>(Arrays.asList(candidateNames));
				Set<String> alreadyParsedClasses = new HashSet<>();
				for (ConfigurationClass configurationClass : alreadyParsed) {
					alreadyParsedClasses.add(configurationClass.getMetadata().getClassName());
				}
				for (String candidateName : newCandidateNames) {
					if (!oldCandidateNames.contains(candidateName)) {
						BeanDefinition bd = registry.getBeanDefinition(candidateName);
						if (ConfigurationClassUtils.checkConfigurationClassCandidate(bd, this.metadataReaderFactory) &&
								!alreadyParsedClasses.contains(bd.getBeanClassName())) {
							candidates.add(new BeanDefinitionHolder(bd, candidateName));
						}
					}
				}
				candidateNames = newCandidateNames;
			}
		}
		while (!candidates.isEmpty());

		// Register the ImportRegistry as a bean in order to support ImportAware @Configuration classes
		if (sbr != null && !sbr.containsSingleton(IMPORT_REGISTRY_BEAN_NAME)) {
			sbr.registerSingleton(IMPORT_REGISTRY_BEAN_NAME, parser.getImportRegistry());
		}

		if (this.metadataReaderFactory instanceof CachingMetadataReaderFactory) {
			// Clear cache in externally provided MetadataReaderFactory; this is a no-op
			// for a shared cache since it'll be cleared by the ApplicationContext.
			((CachingMetadataReaderFactory) this.metadataReaderFactory).clearCache();
		}
	}

finishBeanFactoryInitialization

//加载所有非延迟加载的单利bean对象
protected void finishBeanFactoryInitialization(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
		// Initialize conversion service for this context.
		if (beanFactory.containsBean(CONVERSION_SERVICE_BEAN_NAME) &&
				beanFactory.isTypeMatch(CONVERSION_SERVICE_BEAN_NAME, ConversionService.class)) {
			beanFactory.setConversionService(
					beanFactory.getBean(CONVERSION_SERVICE_BEAN_NAME, ConversionService.class));
		}

		// Register a default embedded value resolver if no bean post-processor
		// (such as a PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer bean) registered any before:
		// at this point, primarily for resolution in annotation attribute values.
		if (!beanFactory.hasEmbeddedValueResolver()) {
			beanFactory.addEmbeddedValueResolver(strVal -> getEnvironment().resolvePlaceholders(strVal));
		}

		// Initialize LoadTimeWeaverAware beans early to allow for registering their transformers early.
		String[] weaverAwareNames = beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(LoadTimeWeaverAware.class, false, false);
		for (String weaverAwareName : weaverAwareNames) {
			getBean(weaverAwareName);
		}

		// Stop using the temporary ClassLoader for type matching.
		beanFactory.setTempClassLoader(null);

		// Allow for caching all bean definition metadata, not expecting further changes.
		beanFactory.freezeConfiguration();

		// Instantiate all remaining (non-lazy-init) singletons.
		beanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons();
	}

//preInstantiateSingletons
//Instantiate all remaining (non-lazy-init) singletons
	public void preInstantiateSingletons() throws BeansException {
		if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
			logger.trace("Pre-instantiating singletons in " + this);
		}

		// Iterate over a copy to allow for init methods which in turn register new bean definitions.
		// While this may not be part of the regular factory bootstrap, it does otherwise work fine.
        //获取所有的bean定义名称,即beanId
		List<String> beanNames = new ArrayList<>(this.beanDefinitionNames);

		// Trigger initialization of all non-lazy singleton beans...
        //遍历所有的beanId
		for (String beanName : beanNames) {
			RootBeanDefinition bd = getMergedLocalBeanDefinition(beanName);
			if (!bd.isAbstract() && bd.isSingleton() && !bd.isLazyInit()) {
                //判断是不是工厂bean
				if (isFactoryBean(beanName)) {
                    //开始初始化工厂bean
					Object bean = getBean(FACTORY_BEAN_PREFIX + beanName);
					if (bean instanceof FactoryBean) {
						final FactoryBean<?> factory = (FactoryBean<?>) bean;
						boolean isEagerInit;
						if (System.getSecurityManager() != null && factory instanceof SmartFactoryBean) {
							isEagerInit = AccessController.doPrivileged((PrivilegedAction<Boolean>)
											((SmartFactoryBean<?>) factory)::isEagerInit,
									getAccessControlContext());
						}
						else {
							isEagerInit = (factory instanceof SmartFactoryBean &&
									((SmartFactoryBean<?>) factory).isEagerInit());
						}
						if (isEagerInit) {
							getBean(beanName);
						}
					}
				}
				else {
                    //初始化普通bean 最后getBean中调用的是doGetBean方法
					getBean(beanName);
				}
			}
		}

		// Trigger post-initialization callback for all applicable beans...
		for (String beanName : beanNames) {
			Object singletonInstance = getSingleton(beanName);
			if (singletonInstance instanceof SmartInitializingSingleton) {
				final SmartInitializingSingleton smartSingleton = (SmartInitializingSingleton) singletonInstance;
				if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
					AccessController.doPrivileged((PrivilegedAction<Object>) () -> {
						smartSingleton.afterSingletonsInstantiated();
						return null;
					}, getAccessControlContext());
				}
				else {
					smartSingleton.afterSingletonsInstantiated();
				}
			}
		}
	}

//doGetBean
protected <T> T doGetBean(final String name, @Nullable final Class<T> requiredType,
			@Nullable final Object[] args, boolean typeCheckOnly) throws BeansException {

		final String beanName = transformedBeanName(name);
		Object bean;

		// Eagerly check singleton cache for manually registered singletons.
    	//判断这个bean是否是单利且已经注册,一般获取的值都为null
		Object sharedInstance = getSingleton(beanName);
		if (sharedInstance != null && args == null) {
			if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
				if (isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
					logger.trace("Returning eagerly cached instance of singleton bean '" + beanName +
							"' that is not fully initialized yet - a consequence of a circular reference");
				}
				else {
					logger.trace("Returning cached instance of singleton bean '" + beanName + "'");
				}
			}
			bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, null);
		}

		else {
			// Fail if we're already creating this bean instance:
			// We're assumably within a circular reference.
			if (isPrototypeCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
				throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(beanName);
			}

			// Check if bean definition exists in this factory.
            //看看这个bean工厂是否设置类父工厂,默认貌似是没有
			BeanFactory parentBeanFactory = getParentBeanFactory();
			if (parentBeanFactory != null && !containsBeanDefinition(beanName)) {
				// Not found -> check parent.
				String nameToLookup = originalBeanName(name);
				if (parentBeanFactory instanceof AbstractBeanFactory) {
					return ((AbstractBeanFactory) parentBeanFactory).doGetBean(
							nameToLookup, requiredType, args, typeCheckOnly);
				}
				else if (args != null) {
					// Delegation to parent with explicit args.
					return (T) parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup, args);
				}
				else if (requiredType != null) {
					// No args -> delegate to standard getBean method.
					return parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup, requiredType);
				}
				else {
					return (T) parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup);
				}
			}

			if (!typeCheckOnly) {
				markBeanAsCreated(beanName);
			}

			try {
				final RootBeanDefinition mbd = getMergedLocalBeanDefinition(beanName);
				checkMergedBeanDefinition(mbd, beanName, args);

				// Guarantee initialization of beans that the current bean depends on.
                //确保当前的bean所依赖的bean已经被初始化
				String[] dependsOn = mbd.getDependsOn();
				if (dependsOn != null) {
					for (String dep : dependsOn) {
						if (isDependent(beanName, dep)) {
							throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
									"Circular depends-on relationship between '" + beanName + "' and '" + dep + "'");
						}
						registerDependentBean(dep, beanName);
						try {
							getBean(dep);
						}
						catch (NoSuchBeanDefinitionException ex) {
							throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
									"'" + beanName + "' depends on missing bean '" + dep + "'", ex);
						}
					}
				}

				// Create bean instance.
                // 创建bean的实例
				if (mbd.isSingleton()) {
					sharedInstance = getSingleton(beanName, () -> {
						try {
                            //创建bean实例,这个方法比较重要
							return createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
						}
						catch (BeansException ex) {
							// Explicitly remove instance from singleton cache: It might have been put there
							// eagerly by the creation process, to allow for circular reference resolution.
							// Also remove any beans that received a temporary reference to the bean.
							destroySingleton(beanName);
							throw ex;
						}
					});
					bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
				}

				else if (mbd.isPrototype()) {
					// It's a prototype -> create a new instance.
					Object prototypeInstance = null;
					try {
						beforePrototypeCreation(beanName);
						prototypeInstance = createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
					}
					finally {
						afterPrototypeCreation(beanName);
					}
					bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(prototypeInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
				}

				else {
					String scopeName = mbd.getScope();
					final Scope scope = this.scopes.get(scopeName);
					if (scope == null) {
						throw new IllegalStateException("No Scope registered for scope name '" + scopeName + "'");
					}
					try {
						Object scopedInstance = scope.get(beanName, () -> {
							beforePrototypeCreation(beanName);
							try {
								return createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
							}
							finally {
								afterPrototypeCreation(beanName);
							}
						});
						bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(scopedInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
					}
					catch (IllegalStateException ex) {
						throw new BeanCreationException(beanName,
								"Scope '" + scopeName + "' is not active for the current thread; consider " +
								"defining a scoped proxy for this bean if you intend to refer to it from a singleton",
								ex);
					}
				}
			}
			catch (BeansException ex) {
				cleanupAfterBeanCreationFailure(beanName);
				throw ex;
			}
		}

		// Check if required type matches the type of the actual bean instance.
		if (requiredType != null && !requiredType.isInstance(bean)) {
			try {
				T convertedBean = getTypeConverter().convertIfNecessary(bean, requiredType);
				if (convertedBean == null) {
					throw new BeanNotOfRequiredTypeException(name, requiredType, bean.getClass());
				}
				return convertedBean;
			}
			catch (TypeMismatchException ex) {
				if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
					logger.trace("Failed to convert bean '" + name + "' to required type '" +
							ClassUtils.getQualifiedName(requiredType) + "'", ex);
				}
				throw new BeanNotOfRequiredTypeException(name, requiredType, bean.getClass());
			}
		}
		return (T) bean;
	}




/*
 * createBean 创建bean实例
 */
	protected Object createBean(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, @Nullable Object[] args)
			throws BeanCreationException {

		if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
			logger.trace("Creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
		}
		RootBeanDefinition mbdToUse = mbd;

		// Make sure bean class is actually resolved at this point, and
		// clone the bean definition in case of a dynamically resolved Class
		// which cannot be stored in the shared merged bean definition.
		Class<?> resolvedClass = resolveBeanClass(mbd, beanName);
		if (resolvedClass != null && !mbd.hasBeanClass() && mbd.getBeanClassName() != null) {
			mbdToUse = new RootBeanDefinition(mbd);
			mbdToUse.setBeanClass(resolvedClass);
		}

		// Prepare method overrides.
		try {
			mbdToUse.prepareMethodOverrides();
		}
		catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException ex) {
			throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(mbdToUse.getResourceDescription(),
					beanName, "Validation of method overrides failed", ex);
		}

		try {
			// Give BeanPostProcessors a chance to return a proxy instead of the target bean instance.
            // 如果bean实现了InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessors接口则执行
			Object bean = resolveBeforeInstantiation(beanName, mbdToUse);
			if (bean != null) {
				return bean;
			}
		}
		catch (Throwable ex) {
			throw new BeanCreationException(mbdToUse.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
					"BeanPostProcessor before instantiation of bean failed", ex);
		}

		try {
            //开始实例化bean
			Object beanInstance = doCreateBean(beanName, mbdToUse, args);
			if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
				logger.trace("Finished creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
			}
			return beanInstance;
		}
		catch (BeanCreationException | ImplicitlyAppearedSingletonException ex) {
			// A previously detected exception with proper bean creation context already,
			// or illegal singleton state to be communicated up to DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.
			throw ex;
		}
		catch (Throwable ex) {
			throw new BeanCreationException(
					mbdToUse.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Unexpected exception during bean creation", ex);
		}
	}

//doCreateBean 比较关键
protected Object doCreateBean(final String beanName, final RootBeanDefinition mbd, final @Nullable Object[] args)
			throws BeanCreationException {

		// Instantiate the bean.
		BeanWrapper instanceWrapper = null;
		if (mbd.isSingleton()) {
			instanceWrapper = this.factoryBeanInstanceCache.remove(beanName);
		}
		if (instanceWrapper == null) {
            //通过bean对象的构造方法来创建一个bean对象
			instanceWrapper = createBeanInstance(beanName, mbd, args);
		}
		final Object bean = instanceWrapper.getWrappedInstance();
		Class<?> beanType = instanceWrapper.getWrappedClass();
		if (beanType != NullBean.class) {
			mbd.resolvedTargetType = beanType;
		}

		// Allow post-processors to modify the merged bean definition.
		synchronized (mbd.postProcessingLock) {
			if (!mbd.postProcessed) {
				try {
                    //如果在bean对象中使用了@PostContruct 或者 @PreDestory ,怎在此解析
                    //所有 @PostContruct > BeanPostProcessorsBeforeInitialization> afterPropertiesSet > init-method > BeanPostProcessorsAfterInitialization
					applyMergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessors(mbd, beanType, beanName);
				}
				catch (Throwable ex) {
					throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
							"Post-processing of merged bean definition failed", ex);
				}
				mbd.postProcessed = true;
			}
		}

		// Eagerly cache singletons to be able to resolve circular references
		// even when triggered by lifecycle interfaces like BeanFactoryAware.
		boolean earlySingletonExposure = (mbd.isSingleton() && this.allowCircularReferences &&
				isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName));
		if (earlySingletonExposure) {
			if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
				logger.trace("Eagerly caching bean '" + beanName +
						"' to allow for resolving potential circular references");
			}
			addSingletonFactory(beanName, () -> getEarlyBeanReference(beanName, mbd, bean));
		}

		// Initialize the bean instance.
    	// 初始化bean对象
		Object exposedObject = bean;
		try {
			populateBean(beanName, mbd, instanceWrapper);
            //初始化bean对象
			exposedObject = initializeBean(beanName, exposedObject, mbd);
		}
		catch (Throwable ex) {
			if (ex instanceof BeanCreationException && beanName.equals(((BeanCreationException) ex).getBeanName())) {
				throw (BeanCreationException) ex;
			}
			else {
				throw new BeanCreationException(
						mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Initialization of bean failed", ex);
			}
		}

		if (earlySingletonExposure) {
			Object earlySingletonReference = getSingleton(beanName, false);
			if (earlySingletonReference != null) {
				if (exposedObject == bean) {
					exposedObject = earlySingletonReference;
				}
				else if (!this.allowRawInjectionDespiteWrapping && hasDependentBean(beanName)) {
					String[] dependentBeans = getDependentBeans(beanName);
					Set<String> actualDependentBeans = new LinkedHashSet<>(dependentBeans.length);
					for (String dependentBean : dependentBeans) {
						if (!removeSingletonIfCreatedForTypeCheckOnly(dependentBean)) {
							actualDependentBeans.add(dependentBean);
						}
					}
					if (!actualDependentBeans.isEmpty()) {
						throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(beanName,
								"Bean with name '" + beanName + "' has been injected into other beans [" +
								StringUtils.collectionToCommaDelimitedString(actualDependentBeans) +
								"] in its raw version as part of a circular reference, but has eventually been " +
								"wrapped. This means that said other beans do not use the final version of the " +
								"bean. This is often the result of over-eager type matching - consider using " +
								"'getBeanNamesOfType' with the 'allowEagerInit' flag turned off, for example.");
					}
				}
			}
		}

		// Register bean as disposable.
		try {
			registerDisposableBeanIfNecessary(beanName, bean, mbd);
		}
		catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException ex) {
			throw new BeanCreationException(
					mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Invalid destruction signature", ex);
		}

		return exposedObject;
    
    
// initializeBean 初始化bean
    protected Object initializeBean(final String beanName, final Object bean, @Nullable RootBeanDefinition mbd) {
		if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
			AccessController.doPrivileged((PrivilegedAction<Object>) () -> {
				invokeAwareMethods(beanName, bean);
				return null;
			}, getAccessControlContext());
		}
		else {
            //调用实现了 BeanNameAware 接口 的setBeanName方法
			invokeAwareMethods(beanName, bean);
		}

		Object wrappedBean = bean;
		if (mbd == null || !mbd.isSynthetic()) {
            //调用实现了BeanPostProcessors接口中的BeforeInitialization方法
			wrappedBean = applyBeanPostProcessorsBeforeInitialization(wrappedBean, beanName);
		}

		try {
            //InitializingBean 的 afterPropertiesSet 然后如果 init-methodName不为空 即 init-method 属性有值,那么调用 所有 afterPropertiesSet>init-method
			invokeInitMethods(beanName, wrappedBean, mbd);
		}
		catch (Throwable ex) {
			throw new BeanCreationException(
					(mbd != null ? mbd.getResourceDescription() : null),
					beanName, "Invocation of init method failed", ex);
		}
		if (mbd == null || !mbd.isSynthetic()) {
            //调用实现了BeanPostProcessors接口中的AfterInitialization方法
			wrappedBean = applyBeanPostProcessorsAfterInitialization(wrappedBean, beanName);
		}

		return wrappedBean;
	}

AnnoationConfigApplicationContext

在加载所有配置bean的时候就创建了bean工厂对象,并载入了bean定义信息。

Bean 的生命周期

  • Bean的建立, 由BeanFactory读取Bean定义文件,并生成各个实例
  • Setter注入,执行Bean的属性依赖注入
  • BeanNameAware的setBeanName(), 如果实现该接口,则执行其setBeanName方法
  • BeanFactoryAware的setBeanFactory(),如果实现该接口,则执行其setBeanFactory方法
  • BeanPostProcessor的processBeforeInitialization(),如果有关联的processor,则在Bean初始化之前都会执行这个实例的processBeforeInitialization()方法
  • InitializingBean的afterPropertiesSet(),如果实现了该接口,则执行其afterPropertiesSet()方法
  • Bean定义文件中定义init-method
  • BeanPostProcessors的processAfterInitialization(),如果有关联的processor,则在Bean初始化之前都会执行这个实例的processAfterInitialization()方法
  • DisposableBean的destroy(),在容器关闭时,如果Bean类实现了该接口,则执行它的destroy()方法
  • Bean定义文件中定义destroy-method,在容器关闭时,可以在Bean定义文件中使用“destory-method”定义的方法

注意

@PostContruct @PreDestory在使用 ClassPathXmlApplicationContext 启动时,这俩个注解是不起作用的,必须在xml文件中 加上 <context:annotation-config/>

Spring AOP

注解AOP 开发是,bean对象在实例化完成后,在初始化的阶段通过一个 beanPostProcessor 对象来生成代理类

AOP 失效

AOP 其实就是代理模式的一种简化版本 现在 我们有个类A ,类A中有俩个方法 a(),b() ,这俩个方法都被进行了动态代理操作,如果我现在在a() 方法中调用了 b() 方法,那么这种情况下会出现 AOP 失效的问题,失效的方法是b()。因为通过代理对象 A‘ 来调用a()方法时,触发了通知(无论什么通知),但是在a()方法中调用b()方法时,这里b()方法的调用对象默认为this 而这个this则是对象 A,所以会出现 AOP 失效的问题

事务失效

在Spring 中,事务管理底层也是通过AOP的方式来实现的,使用的是advisor的方式来实现

事务切面 TransactionInterceptor 切入点配置,织入配置 TransactionProxyFactoryBean

protected Object invokeWithinTransaction(Method method, @Nullable Class<?> targetClass,
			final InvocationCallback invocation) throws Throwable {

		// If the transaction attribute is null, the method is non-transactional.
		TransactionAttributeSource tas = getTransactionAttributeSource();
		final TransactionAttribute txAttr = (tas != null ? tas.getTransactionAttribute(method, targetClass) : null);
		final PlatformTransactionManager tm = determineTransactionManager(txAttr);
		final String joinpointIdentification = methodIdentification(method, targetClass, txAttr);

		if (txAttr == null || !(tm instanceof CallbackPreferringPlatformTransactionManager)) {
			// Standard transaction demarcation with getTransaction and commit/rollback calls.
            //创建事务
			TransactionInfo txInfo = createTransactionIfNecessary(tm, txAttr, joinpointIdentification);

			Object retVal;
			try {
				// This is an around advice: Invoke the next interceptor in the chain.
				// This will normally result in a target object being invoked.
				retVal = invocation.proceedWithInvocation();
			}
			catch (Throwable ex) {
				// target invocation exception
                // 回滚
				completeTransactionAfterThrowing(txInfo, ex);
				throw ex;
			}
			finally {
				cleanupTransactionInfo(txInfo);
			}
            //事务提交
			commitTransactionAfterReturning(txInfo);
			return retVal;
		}
...
}

如果在一个服务类中有一个非事务管理的方法中调用了一个使用事务管理的方法,那么这个事务不会生效

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