最简单的C++学生成绩管理系统

学生管理系统C++课设

#include
#include
#include<string.h>
#include
#include
using namespace std;
#define MAX 100
int numb;

class Student
{
private:

public:
int num;
string name;
int sex;
double subject[3];
double total;

void input(Student s[], int );//输入
void sort(Student s[], int );//排序
void print(Student s[], int );
void save(Student s[],int );//输出
void find(Student s[], int );//查询
void order(Student s[], int );
void binary(Student s[], int );
void change(Student s[], int );//更新
void modi(Student s[],int );
void add(Student s[],int );
void del(Student s[],int );
void stat(Student s[],int );//统计

}stu[MAX];

//1.输入模块
void Student::input(Student s[], int n)
{
system(“cls”); //清屏函数
for (int i=0; i<n; i++)
{
cout<<endl<<endl<<endl;
cout<<"\t\t\t\t\t输入第" <<i+1<<“个学生的学号:”;
cin>>s[i].num;
cout<<"\t\t\t\t\t输入第"<<i+1<<“个学生的姓名:”;
cin>>s[i].name;

	cout<<"\t\t\t\t\t输入学生的性别:男输入1,女输入0     输入为:";
	cin>>s[i].sex;
			
	s[i].total=0;
	cout<<"\t\t\t\t\t按高数,英语,计算机的顺序输入各科成绩"<<endl;
	for(int j=0;j<3;j++)
	{
		cout <<"\t\t\t\t\t输入第"<<j+1<<"门课的成绩:";
		cin >> s[i].subject[j];
		s[i].total+=s[i].subject[j];
	}
	cout<<endl;
}

}

//2.查询模块
void Student::find(Student s[], int )
{
a1: system(“cls”); //清屏函数
while(true)
{
int n;

    cout<<"\t\t成绩查找\n";		
	cout<<"\t\t 1. 按学号查找\n";
	cout<<"\t\t 2. 按姓名查找\n";
	cout<<"\t\t 3. 输出成绩单\n";
    cout<<"\t\t 4. 返回主菜单\n";
	cout<<"请选择(1-4):";
	cin>>n;
	switch(n)
	{   
	   case 1: s->order(stu, numb);goto a1;break; 
	   case 2: s->binary(stu, numb);goto a1;break; 
	   case 3: s->print(stu,numb);goto a1;break; 
	   case 4: return;   
	}
}

}
//(1).学号查找
void Student::order(Student s[], int )
{

int i,m;
double x;

cout<<"\t\t\t 按学号查找 \n";
cout<<"请输入要查找的学号:";
cin>>m;
for(i=0;i<100;i++)
{
	if(m==num)
	{
		cout<<"学号:"<<s[i].num<<endl
			<<"姓名:"<<s[i].name<<endl
			<<"高数成绩:"<<s[i].subject[0]<<endl
			<<"英语成绩:"<<s[i].subject[1]<<endl
			<<"计算机成绩:"<<s[i].subject[2]<<endl;
		    break;
	}
}
if(i>=100)
	cout<<"               抱歉         找不到该学号!           \n";
cout<<"                   输入1返回上一级菜单:\n";
cin>>x;

}
//(2).姓名查找
void Student::binary(Student s[], int )
{
system(“cls”); //清屏函数
int i;
string ch;
double x;

cout<<"\t\t\t 按姓名查找 \n";
cout<<"请输入要查找的姓名:";
cin>>ch;
for(i=0;i<100;i++)
{
	if(ch==s[i].name)
	{
			cout<<"学号:"<<s[i].num<<endl
			<<"姓名:"<<s[i].name<<endl
			<<"高数成绩:"<<s[i].subject[0]<<endl
			<<"英语成绩:"<<s[i].subject[1]<<endl
			<<"计算机成绩:"<<s[i].subject[2]<<endl;
	}
	else 
		cout<<" ";
}
if(i>=100)
	cout<<"                 抱歉         找不到该姓名!      \n";
cout<<"输入1返回上一级菜单:\n";
cin>>x;

}
//(3).输出成绩单
void Student::print(Student s[], int n)
{
system(“cls”); //清屏函数
double x;

for (int i=0; i<n;i++)
{
	cout<<"        学号:"<<s[i].num<<endl;
	cout<<"        姓名:"<<s[i].name<<endl;
	cout<<"        性别:";
	if(s[i].sex=1)
		 cout<<"男"<<endl;
	else
		 cout<<"女"<<endl;

	cout<<"        高数成绩:"<<s[i].subject[0]<<endl;
	cout<<"        英语成绩:"<<s[i].subject[1]<<endl;
	cout<<"        计算机成绩:"<<s[i].subject[2]<<endl;

	cout<<"        平均成绩:"<<s[i].total/3<<endl;
	cout<<endl;
}
cout<<endl<<endl<<"                    输入1返回上一级菜单:";
cin>>x;

}

//3.更新模块
void Student::change(Student s[], int )
{
a2: system(“cls”); //清屏函数
while(true)
{

	int n;
   
    cout<<"\t\t更新学生数据\n";		
	cout<<"\t\t 1. 修改学生数据\n";
	cout<<"\t\t 2. 添加学生数据\n";
	cout<<"\t\t 3. 删除学生数据\n";
    cout<<"\t\t 4. 返回主菜单\n";
	cout<<"请选择(1-4):";
	cin>>n;
	switch(n)
	{   
	   case 1: s->modi(stu, numb);goto a2;break; 
	   case 2: s->add(stu, numb);goto a2;break;
	   case 3: s->del(stu,numb);goto a2;break;
	   case 4: return;   
	}
}

}
//(1).修改学生数据
void Student::modi(Student s[],int )
{
system(“cls”); //清屏函数
int i,m,j,score;
char ch,y=‘Y’,n=‘N’;
double x;

cout<<"\t\t\t修改成绩\n";
cout<<"请输入要修改学生的学号:";
cin>>m;
int N=100;
for(i=0;i<N;i++)
   if(m==num)
	{
	    cout<<"找到该学生,信息如下:\n";
        cout<<"学号:"<<num<<endl
			<<"姓名:"<<name<<endl
			<<"高数成绩:"<<subject[0]<<endl
			<<"英语成绩:"<<subject[1]<<endl
			<<"计算机成绩:"<<subject[2]<<endl;

        cout<<"修改高数输入0,英语输入1,计算机输入2:";
		cin>>j;
		cout<<"要修改为:";
		cin>>score;
		cout<<"请确认是否修改?Y/N";
		cin>>ch;
		if(ch==y)
			cout<<"修改成功!\n";
		if(ch==n)
		{
			cout<<"取消修改!";
			goto end;
		}

		switch(j)
		{
		case 0: subject[0]=score;break;
	    case 1: subject[1]=score;break;
	    case 2: subject[2]=score;break;
		}
        cout<<"修改后该学生,信息如下:\n";
		cout<<"学号:"<<num<<endl
			<<"姓名:"<<name<<endl
			<<"高数成绩:"<<subject[0]<<endl
			<<"英语成绩:"<<subject[1]<<endl
			<<"计算机成绩:"<<subject[2]<<endl;
		break;
	}
   if(i>=N)
     cout<<"找不到该学生信息!\n";
end:cout<<"输入1返回上一级菜单:\n";
	cin>>x;

}
//(2).添加学生数据
void Student::add(Student s[],int )
{
system(“cls”); //清屏函数
int i,j,m;
double x;

cout<<"添加学生数据:";
cout<<"请输入添加学生人数(30以内):\n";

a3:cin>>m;
if(m>30)
{
cout<<“人数超过30,请重新输入:”;
goto a3;
}
for(i=0;i<m;i++)
{
cout<<“请输入第”<<numb+i+1<<“个学生的学号:\n”;
cin>>num;
cout<<“请输入第”<<numb+i+1<<“个学生的姓名:\n”;
cin>>name;
cout<<“请输入第”<<numb+i+1<<“个学生的3门课程成绩:\n”;
for(j=0;j<3;j++)
cin>>s[i].subject[j];
}
numb+=m;
cout<<“添加成功!\n”;
cout<<“输入1返回上一级菜单:\n”;
cin>>x;
}
//(3).删除学生数据
void Student::del(Student s[],int )
{
system(“cls”); //清屏函数
int i,a,n;
int flag=0;
char ch;
double x;

cout<<"\t\t\t删除学生数据\n";
cout<<"请输入要删除学生数据的学号:";
cin>>a;
for(i=0;i<n;i++)
{
	if(a==num)
	{
		flag=1; 
		cout<<"学号:"<<num<<endl
			<<"姓名:"<<name<<endl
			<<"高数成绩:"<<subject[0]<<endl
			<<"英语成绩:"<<subject[1]<<endl
			<<"计算机成绩:"<<subject[2]<<endl;

		cout<<"确认是否删除?Y/N\n";
		cin>>ch;
		if(ch=='N')
		{
			break;
		} 
		if(ch=='Y')
		{
			for(i;i<n;i++)
			{
				s[i].num=s[i+1].num;
				s[i].name=stu[i+1].name;
				s[i].subject[0]=s[i+1].subject[0];
				s[i].subject[1]=s[i+1].subject[1];
				s[i].subject[2]=s[i+1].subject[2];
			}
			cout<<"删除成功!\n";
		}
	} 
	if(flag==0) 
		cout<<"找不到该学号!\n";
}
numb--;
cout<<"输入1返回上一级菜单:\n";
cin>>x;

}

//4.排序模块
void Student::sort(Student s[], int n)
{
system(“cls”); //清屏函数
int ch=0;
int i;
int j;

cout<<"      ******************请输入  1.升序,    2.降序******************"<<endl;
cout<<"                         输入为:";
cin>>ch;
if(ch=1)
{				
	for(i=0;i<n-1;i++)
	{
		for(j=i+1;j<n;j++)
		{
			if(s[i].total>=s[j].total)
			{
				Student tmp=s[i];
				s[i]=s[j];
				s[j]=tmp;
			}
		}
	}
	cout<<"                排序成功!"<<endl;
}
else
{
	for( i=0;i<n-1;i++)
	{
		for( j=i+1;j<n;j++)
		{
			if (s[i].total>=s[j].total)
			{
				Student tmp=s[i];
				s[i]=s[j];
				s[j]=tmp;
			}
		}
	}
	cout<<"               排序成功!"<<endl;							
}

}

//5.统计模块
void Student::stat(Student s[],int )
{
system(“cls”);
int score;
int x;
int a=0,b=0,c=0,d=0,e=0,f=0;
double y;
cout<<" *********************** 请输入: 1.统计高数成绩 2.统计英语成绩 3.统计计算机成绩 *************"<<endl;
cout<<"               输入为:";
cin>>x;
x=x-1;

cout<<endl<<endl<<endl;
for(int i=0;i<numb;i++)
{
	score=s[i].subject[x]/10;
		
	switch(score)
	{
	case 10:
		a=a+1;break;
	case 9:
		b=b+1;break;
	case 8:
		c=c+1;break;
	case 7:	
		d=d+1;break;
	case 6:
		e=e+1;break;
	default:
		f=f+1;break;
	}
}

	cout<<"90~100分数段有"<<b+a<<"个"<<endl;
	cout<<"80~89分数段有"<<c<<"个"<<endl;
	cout<<"70~79分数段有"<<d<<"个"<<endl;
	cout<<"60~69分数段有"<<e<<"个"<<endl;
	cout<<"及格人数为:"<<a+b+c+d+e<<"个"<<endl;
	cout<<"不及格人数为:"<<f<<"个"<<endl;
	cout<<endl<<endl<<endl;

cout<<"输入1返回主菜单";
cin>>y;

}

//6.输出模块 文件保存
void Student::save(Student s[],int )
{
ofstream fcout(“myFile.txt”,ios::binary);
if(fcout.fail())
{
cerr<<“error opening file\n”;

}

for(int i=0;i<numb;i++)
{
	
	fcout<<"学号: "<<s[i].num<<"    ";
	fcout<<"姓名:"<<s[i].name<<"     ";
	fcout<<"性别:";
	if(s[i].sex=1)
		fcout<<"男    ";
	else
		fcout<<"女    ";

	fcout<<"高数: "<<s[i].subject[0]<<"   ";
	fcout<<"英语: "<<s[i].subject[1]<<"   ";
	fcout<<"计算机: "<<s[i].subject[2]<<"   ";
	fcout<<"平均分: "<<s[i].total/3<<"   "<<endl;
}
fcout.close;
//输入:从文件读数据	

}

//主菜单
int main()
{

loop: int n;

	Student s;
	ofstream outfile;
	ifstream infile;
	system("cls");  //清屏函数
	cout<<"                 -----------------------------------------------------------"<<endl;
	cout<<"      (* ̄︶ ̄)** ** (* ̄︶ ̄)**   欢迎进入学生成绩管理系统!  (* ̄︶ ̄)** **(* ̄︶ ̄)**"<<endl;
	cout<<"                           ***************请输入选择:************       "<<endl
		<<endl;
    cout<<"         (* ̄︶ ̄)               *********1.输入模块*********"<<endl
	    <<"         (* ̄︶ ̄)               *********2.查询模块*********"<<endl
	    <<"         (* ̄︶ ̄)               *********3.更新模块*********"<<endl
	    <<"         (* ̄︶ ̄)               *********4.排序模块*********"<<endl
 	    <<"         (* ̄︶ ̄)               *********5.统计模块*********"<<endl
	    <<"         (* ̄︶ ̄)               *********6.输出模块*********"<<endl;
	cout<<"-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------"<<endl;	                             
 	cout<<"                                 ****输入其他任意键退出****"<<endl;
	cout<<" \n                                    您输入的选择为:";
	cin>>n;
	
	switch(n)
	{
	case 1:
		{
			system("CLS");
			cout<<endl<<endl<<endl; 
			cout<<"                        *(* ̄︶ ̄) 请输入学生个数:                 ";
			cin>>numb;

			s.input(stu, numb);
			system("cls");  //清屏函数
			cout<<endl<<endl<<endl;
			cout<<"                  ********    耶!     输入完毕 !  *(* ̄︶ ̄)     ***********                       "<<endl;		
		}
	goto loop;
	break;
	

	case 2:
	s.find(stu, numb);		
	goto loop;
	break;
	

	case 3:
    s.change(stu, numb);
	goto loop;
	break;


	case 4:
	system("cls");  //清屏函数
	s.sort(stu, numb);
	cout<<"                  排序后的学生数据为:"<<endl;
	s.print(stu, numb);
	goto loop;
	break;


	case 5:
	s.stat(stu, numb);
	goto loop;
	break;


	case 6:
	system("cls");  //清屏函数
	s.save(stu, numb);
	cout<<endl<<endl;
	cout<<"                      *****   欧耶!        保存成功!  ******         "<<endl<<endl;
	goto loop;
	break;


	default:
	cout<<"               ***************   噢!...      退出成功.......   **************   \n";
	break;

	};
return 0;

}

已标记关键词 清除标记
相关推荐
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页