# Digital Roots

Background

The digital root of a positive integer is found by summing the digits of the integer. If the resulting value is a single digit then that digit is the digital root. If the resulting value contains two or more digits, those digits are summed and the process is repeated. This is continued as long as necessary to obtain a single digit.

For example, consider the positive integer 24. Adding the 2 and the 4 yields a value of 6. Since 6 is a single digit, 6 is the digital root of 24. Now consider the positive integer 39. Adding the 3 and the 9 yields 12. Since 12 is not a single digit, the process must be repeated. Adding the 1 and the 2 yeilds 3, a single digit and also the digital root of 39.

Input

The input file will contain a list of positive integers, one per line. The end of the input will be indicated by an integer value of zero.

Output

For each integer in the input, output its digital root on a separate line of the output.

Example

Input

24
39
0

Output

6
3

#include <bits/stdc++.h>

using namespace std;

int main() {
string str;
while (cin >> str) {
if (str == "0")
break;
int sum;
while (str != "0") {
sum = 0;
for (int i=0; i<str.length(); i++)
sum += str[i] - '0';
if (sum >= 10)
str = to_string(sum);
else
str = "0";
}
printf("%d\n", sum);
}
return 0;
}

12-03 256                                                                          02-23 542
10-23 568
03-17 291
09-22 985
03-16 615
08-25 59
04-26 177
08-04 107
04-20 1040
12-25 320
06-24 267
12-13 361
08-31 32
05-20