基于maven构建SSM工程案例

3.基于maven构建SSM工程案例

3.1 需求描述

本案例基于maven构建 SSM(Spring+SpringMVC+Mybatis)工程,通过maven坐标进行依赖管理。最终实现根据 id 查询商品信息的功能。

3.2 构建maven工程

1.数据库环境搭建

​ ①创建数据库ssmtest

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​ ②创建商品表item

CREATE TABLE `item` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL auto_increment,
  `name` varchar(255) default NULL,
  `price` float default NULL,
  `createtime` datetime default NULL,
  `detail` varchar(255) default NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY  (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

2.maven项目构建

①创建maven web项目

②配置pom.xml文件

③实现spring+mybatis整合

创建POJO类

public class Item {
private Integer id;
private String name;
private Float price;
private Date createtime;
private String detail;
//省略setter、getter
}

持久层DAO接口编写

public interface ItemMapper {
       public Item findById(int id);
}

Mapper映射文件编写

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
"http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.itheima.ssm.dao.ItemMapper">
<select id="findById" parameterType="int" resultType="item">
         select * from item where id=#{id}</select>
</mapper>

业务层Service编写

package com.itheima.ssm.service;
import com.itheima.ssm.pojo.Item;
public interface ItemService {
    public Items findById(int id);
} 
@Service
@Transactional
public class ItemServiceImpl implements ItemService {
@Autowired
private ItemMapper itemMapper;
public Item findById(int id) {
return itemMapper.findById(id);
}
}

spring配置文件applicationContext-dao.xml编写

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"      xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"   xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/bean       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.0.xsd       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context      http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd      http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop   http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-4.0.xsd     http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx  http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-4.0.xsd      http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-4.0.xsd">
<!-- 数据库连接池 -->
<bean id="dataSource" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource">
<!-- 驱动 -->
<property name="driverClassName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"/>
<!-- url -->
<property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ssmtest"/>
<!-- 用户名 -->
<property name="username" value="root"/>
<!-- 密码 -->
<property name="password" value="root"/></bean>
<!-- mapper配置 --> <!-- 让spring管理sqlsessionfactory 使用mybatis和spring整合包中的 -->    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">        <!-- 数据库连接池 -->
<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
<!--为指定包下的所有实体类创建别名-->
<property name="typeAliasesPackage" value="com.itheima.ssm.pojo"/></bean>
<!-- mapper扫描器 :用来产生代理对象-->
<bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
<property name="basePackage" value="com.itheima.ssm.dao"></property>  
</bean>
</beans>

spring配置文件applicationContext-service.xml编写

④加入springmvc相关配置

表现层Controller编写

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/item")
public class ItemController {
   @Autowired
   private ItemService itemService;
  @RequestMapping("/showItem/{id}")
  public String showItem(@PathVariable("id") int id, Model model){
        Item item = itemService.findById(id);
        model.addAttribute("item",item);
        return "item";   
  }
}

springmvc.xml文件编写

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"      xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.0.xsd       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context      http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd">    <context:component-scan base-package="com.itheima.ssm.controller"/>
<!--  配置视图解析器的前缀和后缀 -->
<bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">           <property name="prefix“ value="/WEB-INF/jsp/"></property>
    <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"></property>
</bean>
</beans>

jsp页面编写

配置web.xml文件

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4.分模块构建maven工程

4.1 分模块构建maven工程分析

在现实生活中,汽车厂家进行汽车生产时,由于整个生产过程非常复杂和繁琐,工作量非常大,所以车场都会将整个汽车的部件分开生产,最终再将生产好的部件进行组装,形成一台完整的汽车。

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4.2 maven工程的继承

在Java语言中,类之间是可以继承的,通过继承,子类就可以引用父类中非private的属性和方法。同样,在maven工程之间也可以继承,子工程继承父工程后,就可以使用在父工程中引入的依赖。继承的目的是为了消除重复代码。

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4.3 maven工程的聚合

在maven工程的pom.xml文件中可以使用标签将其他maven工程聚合到一起,聚合的目的是为了进行统一操作。

例如拆分后的maven工程有多个,如果要进行打包,就需要针对每个工程分别执行打包命令,操作起来非常繁琐。这时就可以使用标签将这些工程统一聚合到maven工程中,需要打包的时候,只需要在此工程中执行一次打包命令,其下被聚合的工程就都会被打包了。

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4.4 分模块构建maven工程具体实现

①父工程maven_parent构建

 <properties>
        <spring.version>5.0.5.RELEASE</spring.version>
        <springmvc.version>5.0.5.RELEASE</springmvc.version>
        <mybatis.version>3.4.5</mybatis.version>
    </properties>
    <!--锁定jar版本-->
    <dependencyManagement>
        <dependencies>
            <!-- Mybatis -->
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
                <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
                <version>${mybatis.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <!-- springMVC -->
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
                <version>${springmvc.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <!-- spring -->
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
                <version>${spring.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
                <version>${spring.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>
                <version>${spring.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
                <version>${spring.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-expression</artifactId>
                <version>${spring.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
                <version>${spring.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-aspects</artifactId>
                <version>${spring.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
                <version>${spring.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
                <version>${spring.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
                <version>${spring.version}</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
                <version>${spring.version}</version>
            </dependency>
        </dependencies>
    </dependencyManagement>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.8</source>
                    <target>1.8</target>
                    <encoding>UTF-8</encoding>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

②子工程maven_pojo构建

pom.xml

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>log4j</groupId>
        <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
        <version>1.2.12</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>c3p0</groupId>
        <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
        <version>0.9.1.2</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

③3.1子工程maven_dao构建

​ 3.2 配置maven_dao工程的pom.xml文件

 <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.itheima</groupId>
            <artifactId>maven_pojo</artifactId>
            <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- Mybatis和mybatis与spring的整合 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- MySql驱动 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.32</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- druid数据库连接池 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
            <version>1.0.9</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- spring相关 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-expression</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-aspects</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!-- junit测试 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.12</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

​ 3.3 创建DAO接口和Mapper映射文件

package com.itheima.ssm.dao;

import com.itheima.ssm.pojo.Item;

public interface ItemMapper {
    public Item findById(int id);
}

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.itheima.ssm.dao.ItemMapper">
    <select id="findById" parameterType="int" resultType="Item">
        select * from item where id = #{id}
    </select>
</mapper>

​ 3.4 在resources目录下创建spring配置文件applicationContext-dao.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd">

    <!--配置数据源信息,使用druid连接池-->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource">
        <property name="driverClassName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"/>
        <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ssmtest"/>
        <property name="username" value="root"/>
        <property name="password" value="root"/>
    </bean>
    <!--配置spring整合mybatis框架的SQLSessionFactoryBean-->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <!--扫描pojo包,为实体类创建别名-->
        <property name="typeAliasesPackage" value="com.itheima.ssm.pojo"/>
    </bean>

    <!--mapper扫描器,用于产生代理对象-->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <property name="basePackage" value="com.itheima.ssm.dao"/>
    </bean>
</bean

④子工程maven_service构建

​ 第一步:创建maven_service工程

​ 第二步:配置maven_service工程的pom.xml文件

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>com.itheima</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven_dao</artifactId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

​ 第三步:创建Service接口和实现类

package com.itheima.ssm.service;

import com.itheima.ssm.pojo.Item;

public interface ItemService {
    public Item findById(int id);
}

package com.itheima.ssm.service;

import com.itheima.ssm.dao.ItemMapper;
import com.itheima.ssm.pojo.Item;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

@Service
@Transactional
public class ItemServiceImpl implements ItemService {
    @Autowired
    private ItemMapper itemMapper;

    public Item findById(int id) {
        return itemMapper.findById(id);
    }
}

第四步:创建spring配置文件applicationContext-service.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd">

    <!--配置扫描器,扫描Service-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.itheima.ssm.service"/>

    <!--事务管理器-->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>

    <!--事物注解驱动-->
    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager"/>
</beans>

⑤子工程maven_web构建

​ 第一步:创建maven_web工程,注意打包方式为war

​ 第二步:配置maven_web工程的pom.xml文件

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>com.itheima</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven_service</artifactId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

<build>
    <finalName>maven_web</finalName>
    <pluginManagement><!-- lock down plugins versions to avoid using Maven defaults (may be moved to parent pom) -->
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-clean-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.1.0</version>
            </plugin>
            <!-- see http://maven.apache.org/ref/current/maven-core/default-bindings.html#Plugin_bindings_for_war_packaging -->
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-resources-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.0.2</version>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.8.0</version>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.22.1</version>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-war-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.2.2</version>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-install-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.5.2</version>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-deploy-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.8.2</version>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </pluginManagement>
</build>

​ 第三步:创建Controller

package com.itheima.ssm.controller;

import com.itheima.ssm.pojo.Item;
import com.itheima.ssm.service.ItemService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/item")
public class ItemController {
    @Autowired
    private ItemService itemService;

    @RequestMapping("/showItem/{id}")
    public String findById(@PathVariable("id") int id, Model model){
        Item item = itemService.findById(id);
        model.addAttribute("item",item);
        return "item";
    }
}

​ 第四步:创建jsp页面

​ 第五步:配置web.xml

 <!--指定Spring配置文件位置-->
  <context-param>
    <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
    <param-value>classpath*:applicationContext*.xml</param-value>
  </context-param>

  <!--配置Spring框架启动时使用的监听器-->
  <listener>
    <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
  </listener>
  <!--配置SpringMVC的前端控制器-->
  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
      <param-value>classpath:springmvc.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
  </servlet>
  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>

​ 第六步:创建springmvc配置文件springmvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
						   http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd">

    <!--配置扫描器,扫描Controller-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.itheima.ssm.controller"/>

    <!--视图解析器-->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/"/>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>
    </bean>
</beans>

项目整体结构如下:

1)maven_parent为父工程,其余工程为子工程,都继承父工程maven_parent

2)maven_parent工程将其子工程都进行了聚合

3)子工程之间存在依赖关系,比如maven_dao依赖, maven_pojo、maven_service依赖maven_dao、 maven_web依赖maven_service

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