教你用python爬取王者荣耀英雄皮肤图片,并将图片保存在各自英雄的文件夹中。(附源码)

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教你用python爬取王者荣耀英雄皮肤图片,并将图片保存在各自英雄的文件夹中。(附源码)

代码展示:

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保存在各自的文件夹中

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美么?

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让我们开始爬虫之路

开发环境

windows 10
python3.6

开发工具

pycharm
webdriver

os,re,lxml,jsonpath

打开王者荣耀官网点击游戏资料

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判断是同步加载还是异步加载, 可以确定为异步加载

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点击XHR继续抓包,ename为英雄的ID,cname为英雄的名字

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jsonpath获取

# 第一次请求,获取hero_id hero_name 
    response = requests.get(start_url, headers=headers).json()
    # pprint(response)
    hero_ids = jsonpath.jsonpath(response, '$..ename')
    # pprint(hero_ids)
    hero_names = jsonpath.jsonpath(response, '$..cname')
    # pprint(hero_names)

构造英雄地址

hero_info_url = r’https://pvp.qq.com/web201605/herodetail/{}.shtml’.format(hero_id)

driver访问每一个英雄地址,获取源码,etree解析,xpath提取hero_skin_names,hero_skin_urls

    for hero_name, hero_id in zip(hero_names, hero_ids):
        hero_info_url = r'https://pvp.qq.com/web201605/herodetail/{}.shtml'.format(hero_id)
       
        # 发送英雄详情页请求得到 hero_info_content
        driver.get(hero_info_url)
        # 获取页面源码
        hero_info_content = driver.page_source
		# 解析网页
        hero_info_content_str = etree.HTML(hero_info_content)
        # 提取 hero_skin_names hero_skin_urls
        hero_skin_names = hero_info_content_str.xpath(r'//ul[@class="pic-pf-list pic-pf-list3"]/@data-imgname')[
            0].split('|')

        hero_skin_urls = hero_info_content_str.xpath(r'//ul[@class="pic-pf-list pic-pf-list3"]//img/@data-imgname')

遍历hero_skin_urls地址,获取图片的二进制数据,最后进行保存,创建英雄的文件夹,将皮肤图片保存在各自的文件夹中

# 补全hero_skin_url地址
            hero_skin_url = r'https:'+hero_skin_url
            # 获取图片的二进制信息
            img_content = requests.get(hero_skin_url, headers=headers).content
            try:
                # 创建文件夹
                if not os.path.exists('./{}'.format(hero_name)):
                    os.mkdir(r'./{}'.format(hero_name))
                with open(r'./{}/{}.jpg'.format(hero_name, hero_skin_name), 'wb')as f:
                    f.write(img_content)
                    print('图片正在下载:{}/{}.jpg'.format(hero_name, hero_skin_name))

            except Exception as e:
                continue

在执行时本来是以requests库进行获取英雄页面的源码,但是发生报错,报错原因是因为编码问题,所以采用webdriver访问每个英雄页面,driver.page_source获取源码,然后进行数据提取。

源码展示

# !/usr/bin/nev python
# -*-coding:utf8-*-



import requests, os, jsonpath, re
from selenium import webdriver
from pprint import pprint
from lxml import etree


def main():

    start_url = r'https://pvp.qq.com/web201605/js/herolist.json'
    headers = {
        'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) '
                      'Chrome/87.0.4280.88 Safari/537.36',
        'Referer': 'https://pvp.qq.com/web201605/herolist.shtml'
    }

    driver = webdriver.Chrome(executable_path=r'D:\python\chromedriver.exe')

    # 第一次请求,获取hero_id hero_name hero_skin_names
    response = requests.get(start_url, headers=headers).json()
    # pprint(response)
    hero_ids = jsonpath.jsonpath(response, '$..ename')
    # pprint(hero_ids)
    hero_names = jsonpath.jsonpath(response, '$..cname')
    # pprint(hero_names)

    for hero_name, hero_id in zip(hero_names, hero_ids):
        hero_info_url = r'https://pvp.qq.com/web201605/herodetail/{}.shtml'.format(hero_id)


        # 发送英雄详情页请求得到 hero_info_content

        driver.get(hero_info_url)
        # 获取页面源码
        hero_info_content = driver.page_source
        # lxml解析
        hero_info_content_str = etree.HTML(hero_info_content)

        # 提取 hero_skin_names hero_skin_urls
        hero_skin_names = hero_info_content_str.xpath(r'//ul[@class="pic-pf-list pic-pf-list3"]/@data-imgname')[
            0].split('|')

        hero_skin_urls = hero_info_content_str.xpath(r'//ul[@class="pic-pf-list pic-pf-list3"]//img/@data-imgname')

        # hero_skin_name进行替换不必要的信息
        for hero_skin_name, hero_skin_url in zip(hero_skin_names, hero_skin_urls):
            suffix_notation = re.findall(r'&\d.?', hero_skin_name)[0]
            hero_skin_name = hero_skin_name.replace(suffix_notation, '')
            # 补全hero_skin_url地址
            hero_skin_url = r'https:'+hero_skin_url
            # 获取图片的二进制信息
            img_content = requests.get(hero_skin_url, headers=headers).content
            try:
                # 创建文件夹
                if not os.path.exists('./{}'.format(hero_name)):
                    os.mkdir(r'./{}'.format(hero_name))
                with open(r'./{}/{}.jpg'.format(hero_name, hero_skin_name), 'wb')as f:
                    f.write(img_content)
                    print('图片正在下载:{}/{}.jpg'.format(hero_name, hero_skin_name))

            except Exception as e:
                continue


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()


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代码仅供学习,欢迎一键三连,感谢各位的支持!

祝大家学习python顺利!

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