解决Linux MySQL报错ERROR 2002
在Linux安装MySQL有时候会出现[mysql]ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock' (2) 这样的错误,具体解决办法如下:

[root@www ~]# rm -rf /var/lib/mysql/*
[root@www ~]# rm /var/lock/subsys/mysqld
rm: remove regular empty file `/var/lock/subsys/mysqld'? y
[root@www ~]# killall mysqld
[root@www ~]#  service mysqld start
[root@www ~]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld status
mysqld (pid 5457) is running...

---------------------------------2---------------------------------

[root@r710-1 /]# mysql -u root
ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/tmp/mysql.sock' (2)
[root@r710-1 /]# vi /etc/my.cnf
##########添加如下内容:
[client]
socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock


##########保存退出后,
##########重启mysql
[root@r710-1 /]# service mysqld restart
Shutting down MySQL.                                       [  OK  ]
Starting MySQL.                                            [  OK  ]

[root@r710-1 /]# mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: YES)
[root@r710-1 /]# mysql -u root
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 2
Server version: 5.1.45 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql>GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'rootpassword' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'rootpassword' WITH GRANT OPTION;

exit
Bye
[root@r710-1 /]# mysql -u root -p

---------------------------------3---------------------------------

当用户在执行mysql时报错
"ERROR 2002 (HY000): Cant connect to local MySQL server through socket /tmp/mysql.sock (2)"
 
原因是由于mysql 的mysql.sock 默认是在/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock下,但linux系统总是去/tmp/mysql.sock查找,如果mysql.sock不存在,系统就会报错。
 
解决办法:
1.直接指定mysql通道
[root@localhost ~]# find / -name mysql.sock
/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
[root@localhost ~]# mysql --socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 2 to server version: 5.0.22
 
Type help; or \h for help. Type \c to clear the buffer.
 
mysql>
 
2. 为mysql.sock创建软连接(类似快捷方式)
[root@localhost ~]# ln -s /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock /tmp/mysql.sock
 
[root@localhost ~]# mysql
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 3 to server version: 5.0.22
 
Type help; or \h for help. Type \c to clear the buffer.
 
mysql>
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