hdu1757——A Simple Math Problem

Lele now is thinking about a simple function f(x).
If x < 10 f(x) = x.
If x >= 10 f(x) = a0 * f(x-1) + a1 * f(x-2) + a2 * f(x-3) + …… + a9 * f(x-10);
And ai(0<=i<=9) can only be 0 or 1 .
Now, I will give a0 ~ a9 and two positive integers k and m ,and could you help Lele to caculate f(k)%m.
Input
The problem contains mutiple test cases.Please process to the end of file.
In each case, there will be two lines.
In the first line , there are two positive integers k and m. ( k<2*10^9 , m < 10^5 )
In the second line , there are ten integers represent a0 ~ a9.
Output
For each case, output f(k) % m in one line.
Sample Input
10 9999
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
20 500
1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0
Sample Output
45
104

因为数据量很大 直接递推肯定tle了 用到了矩阵快速幂 学习一下 感觉很巧妙 还需要继续体会

代码:

#include <cstdio>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstring>
using namespace std;
const int MAXN=10;
long long k,m;
struct Mat{
    int m[MAXN][MAXN];
};
Mat unit,mat;
void init(){
    memset(unit.m,0,sizeof(unit.m));
    memset(mat.m,0,sizeof(mat.m));
    for(int i=1;i<MAXN;i++){
        unit.m[i][i-1]=1;
    }
    for(int i=0;i<MAXN;i++){
        mat.m[i][i]=1;
    }
}
Mat mul(Mat a,Mat b){
    Mat t;
    for(int i=0;i<MAXN;i++){
        for(int j=0;j<MAXN;j++){
            t.m[i][j]=0;
            for(int k=0;k<MAXN;k++){
                t.m[i][j]=(t.m[i][j]+(a.m[i][k]*b.m[k][j])%m)%m;
            }
        }
    }
    return t;
}
Mat quick_pow(Mat a,Mat b,int n){
    while(n){
        if(n&1){
            b=mul(a,b);
        }
        n/=2;
        a=mul(a,a);
    }
    return b;
}
int main(void){
    while(~scanf("%lld%lld",&k,&m)){
        init();
        for(int i=0;i<MAXN;i++){
            scanf("%d",&unit.m[0][i]);
        }
        if(k<10){
            printf("%lld\n",k%m);
            continue;
        }
        else{
            Mat res=quick_pow(unit,mat,k-9);
            int ans=0;
            for(int i=0;i<MAXN;i++){
                ans+=(res.m[0][i]*(9-i))%m;
            }
            printf("%lld\n",ans%m);
        }
    }
    return 0;
}
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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/westbrook1998/article/details/80686252
文章标签: 矩阵快速幂
个人分类: ACM练习题
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