Pytorch实现GoogLeNet

GoogLeNet也叫InceptionNet,在2014年被提出,如今已到V4版本。GoogleNet比VGGNet具有更深的网络结构,一共有22层,但是参数比AlexNet要少12倍,但是计算量是AlexNet的4倍,原因就是它采用很有效的Inception模块,并且没有全连接层。
最重要的创新点就在于使用inception模块,通过使用不同维度的卷积提取不同尺度的特征图。左图是最初的Inception模块,右图是使用的1×1得卷积对左图的改进,降低了输入的特征图维度,同时降低了网络的参数量和计算复杂度,称为inception V1。
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GoogleNet在架构设计上为保持低层为传统卷积方式不变,只在较高的层开始用Inception模块。
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inception V2中将5x5的卷积改为2个3x3的卷积,扩大了感受野,原来是5x5,现在是6x6。Pytorch实现GoogLeNet(inception V2):

'''GoogLeNet with PyTorch.'''
import torch
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.nn.functional as F

# 编写卷积+bn+relu模块
class BasicConv2d(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, in_channels, out_channals, **kwargs):
        super(BasicConv2d, self).__init__()
        self.conv = nn.Conv2d(in_channels, out_channals, **kwargs)
        self.bn = nn.BatchNorm2d(out_channals)

    def forward(self, x):
        x = self.conv(x)
        x = self.bn(x)
        return F.relu(x)

# 编写Inception模块
class Inception(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, in_planes,
                 n1x1, n3x3red, n3x3, n5x5red, n5x5, pool_planes):
        super(Inception, self).__init__()
        # 1x1 conv branch
        self.b1 = BasicConv2d(in_planes, n1x1, kernel_size=1)

        # 1x1 conv -> 3x3 conv branch
        self.b2_1x1_a = BasicConv2d(in_planes, n3x3red, 
                                    kernel_size=1)
        self.b2_3x3_b = BasicConv2d(n3x3red, n3x3, 
                                    kernel_size=3, padding=1)

        # 1x1 conv -> 3x3 conv -> 3x3 conv branch
        self.b3_1x1_a = BasicConv2d(in_planes, n5x5red, 
                                    kernel_size=1)
        self.b3_3x3_b = BasicConv2d(n5x5red, n5x5, 
                                    kernel_size=3, padding=1)
        self.b3_3x3_c = BasicConv2d(n5x5, n5x5, 
                                    kernel_size=3, padding=1)

        # 3x3 pool -> 1x1 conv branch
        self.b4_pool = nn.MaxPool2d(3, stride=1, padding=1)
        self.b4_1x1 = BasicConv2d(in_planes, pool_planes, 
                                  kernel_size=1)

    def forward(self, x):
        y1 = self.b1(x)
        y2 = self.b2_3x3_b(self.b2_1x1_a(x))
        y3 = self.b3_3x3_c(self.b3_3x3_b(self.b3_1x1_a(x)))
        y4 = self.b4_1x1(self.b4_pool(x))
        # y的维度为[batch_size, out_channels, C_out,L_out]
        # 合并不同卷积下的特征图
        return torch.cat([y1, y2, y3, y4], 1)


class GoogLeNet(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(GoogLeNet, self).__init__()
        self.pre_layers = BasicConv2d(3, 192, 
                                      kernel_size=3, padding=1)

        self.a3 = Inception(192,  64,  96, 128, 16, 32, 32)
        self.b3 = Inception(256, 128, 128, 192, 32, 96, 64)

        self.maxpool = nn.MaxPool2d(3, stride=2, padding=1)

        self.a4 = Inception(480, 192,  96, 208, 16,  48,  64)
        self.b4 = Inception(512, 160, 112, 224, 24,  64,  64)
        self.c4 = Inception(512, 128, 128, 256, 24,  64,  64)
        self.d4 = Inception(512, 112, 144, 288, 32,  64,  64)
        self.e4 = Inception(528, 256, 160, 320, 32, 128, 128)

        self.a5 = Inception(832, 256, 160, 320, 32, 128, 128)
        self.b5 = Inception(832, 384, 192, 384, 48, 128, 128)

        self.avgpool = nn.AvgPool2d(8, stride=1)
        self.linear = nn.Linear(1024, 10)

    def forward(self, x):
        out = self.pre_layers(x)
        out = self.a3(out)
        out = self.b3(out)
        out = self.maxpool(out)
        out = self.a4(out)
        out = self.b4(out)
        out = self.c4(out)
        out = self.d4(out)
        out = self.e4(out)
        out = self.maxpool(out)
        out = self.a5(out)
        out = self.b5(out)
        out = self.avgpool(out)
        out = out.view(out.size(0), -1)
        out = self.linear(out)
        return out


def test():
    net = GoogLeNet()
    x = torch.randn(1,3,32,32)
    y = net(x)
    print(y.size())

test()
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