Android 异步加载图片,使用LruCache和SD卡或手机缓存,效果非常的流畅

转载请注明出处http://blog.csdn.net/xiaanming/article/details/9825113

异步加载图片的例子,网上也比较多,大部分用了HashMap<String, SoftReference<Drawable>> imageCache ,但是现在已经不再推荐使用这种方式了,因为从 Android 2.3 (API Level 9)开始,垃圾回收器会更倾向于回收持有软引用或弱引用的对象,这让软引用和弱引用变得不再可靠。另外,Android 3.0 (API Level 11)中,图片的数据会存储在本地的内存当中,因而无法用一种可预见的方式将其释放,这就有潜在的风险造成应用程序的内存溢出并崩溃,所以我这里用得是LruCache来缓存图片,当存储Image的大小大于LruCache设定的值,系统自动释放内存,这个类是3.1版本中提供的,如果你是在更早的Android版本中开发,则需要导入android-support-v4的jar包(这里要注意咯)


为什么写这篇文章呢?

因为我之前做的项目中,也有异步加载图片,那时候用得是Thread去下载图片,每次下载图片都要new Thread去下载,而且还是并发去下载,每次都new 一个线程浪费内存,老板说服务器承受不起这么多的连接,叫我改成先获取一张图片之后再去获取下一张,这样子保存与服务器的连接为一个,服务器压力小了,然后楼主就想到线程池,线程池很好的帮我们管理并发的问题,并发的问题解决了,可是后面又出问题了,图片多了就出现OOM(OutOfMemory)异常,之后用了SoftReference,先用SoftReference中获取图片,SoftReference没有就开线程去下载,老板说你为什么不把图片在手机上做个缓存呢,于是我用了手机缓存,大概思路就是先从SoftReference中获取图片,如果SoftReference没有就去手机缓存中获取,手机缓存中没有就开启先从去下载,然后成功的解决了OOM的问题,前些天老板要我重构下代码,我也觉得之前写的代码耦合性太强,早就想改,然后之前看到guolin的Android照片墙应用实现,再多的图片也不怕崩溃的这篇文章,LruCache和滑动过程中取消下载任务,停下来的时候才去下载这2点比较好,值得我学习,然后我就将我的项目异步加载这一块改了下,发到这里做个记录吧,以后类似的异步加载图片直接拷贝代码,提交开发的效率


这篇文章做了哪些方面的优化

  1. 使用了线程池来管理下载任务
  2. 使用LruCache来缓存图片
  3. 使用手机来缓存图片
  4. GridView滑动的时候取消下载任务,静止的时候进行下载,GridView滑动更加的流畅
  5. 降低了代码的耦合性,结构更加的清晰,便于以后重用

接下来我们先来看看项目的结构


  • FileUtils 文件操作的工具类,提供保存图片,获取图片,判断图片是否存在,删除图片的一些方法,这个类比较简单

package com.example.asyncimageloader;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.Bitmap.CompressFormat;
import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
import android.os.Environment;

public class FileUtils {
	/**
	 * sd卡的根目录
	 */
	private static String mSdRootPath = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getPath();
	/**
	 * 手机的缓存根目录
	 */
	private static String mDataRootPath = null;
	/**
	 * 保存Image的目录名
	 */
	private final static String FOLDER_NAME = "/AndroidImage";
	
	
	public FileUtils(Context context){
		mDataRootPath = context.getCacheDir().getPath();
	}
	

	/**
	 * 获取储存Image的目录
	 * @return
	 */
	private String getStorageDirectory(){
		return Environment.getExternalStorageState().equals(Environment.MEDIA_MOUNTED) ?
				mSdRootPath + FOLDER_NAME : mDataRootPath + FOLDER_NAME;
	}
	
	/**
	 * 保存Image的方法,有sd卡存储到sd卡,没有就存储到手机目录
	 * @param fileName 
	 * @param bitmap   
	 * @throws IOException
	 */
	public void savaBitmap(String fileName, Bitmap bitmap) throws IOException{
		if(bitmap == null){
			return;
		}
		String path = getStorageDirectory();
		File folderFile = new File(path);
		if(!folderFile.exists()){
			folderFile.mkdir();
		}
		File file = new File(path + File.separator + fileName);
		file.createNewFile();
		FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(file);
		bitmap.compress(CompressFormat.JPEG, 100, fos);
		fos.flush();
		fos.close();
	}
	
	/**
	 * 从手机或者sd卡获取Bitmap
	 * @param fileName
	 * @return
	 */
	public Bitmap getBitmap(String fileName){
		return BitmapFactory.decodeFile(getStorageDirectory() + File.separator + fileName);
	}
	
	/**
	 * 判断文件是否存在
	 * @param fileName
	 * @return
	 */
	public boolean isFileExists(String fileName){
		return new File(getStorageDirectory() + File.separator + fileName).exists();
	}
	
	/**
	 * 获取文件的大小
	 * @param fileName
	 * @return
	 */
	public long getFileSize(String fileName) {
		return new File(getStorageDirectory() + File.separator + fileName).length();
	}
	
	
	/**
	 * 删除SD卡或者手机的缓存图片和目录
	 */
	public void deleteFile() {
		File dirFile = new File(getStorageDirectory());
		if(! dirFile.exists()){
			return;
		}
		if (dirFile.isDirectory()) {
			String[] children = dirFile.list();
			for (int i = 0; i < children.length; i++) {
				new File(dirFile, children[i]).delete();
			}
		}
		
		dirFile.delete();
	}
}

package com.example.asyncimageloader;

public class Images {

	public final static String[] imageThumbUrls = new String[] {
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-55osAWw3x0Q/URquUtcFr5I/AAAAAAAAAbs/rWlj1RUKrYI/s160-c/A%252520Photographer.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/--dq8niRp7W4/URquVgmXvgI/AAAAAAAAAbs/-gnuLQfNnBA/s160-c/A%252520Song%252520of%252520Ice%252520and%252520Fire.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-7qZeDtRKFKc/URquWZT1gOI/AAAAAAAAAbs/hqWgteyNXsg/s160-c/Another%252520Rockaway%252520Sunset.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/--L0Km39l5J8/URquXHGcdNI/AAAAAAAAAbs/3ZrSJNrSomQ/s160-c/Antelope%252520Butte.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-8HO-4vIFnlw/URquZnsFgtI/AAAAAAAAAbs/WT8jViTF7vw/s160-c/Antelope%252520Hallway.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-WIuWgVcU3Qw/URqubRVcj4I/AAAAAAAAAbs/YvbwgGjwdIQ/s160-c/Antelope%252520Walls.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-UBmLbPELvoQ/URqucCdv0kI/AAAAAAAAAbs/IdNhr2VQoQs/s160-c/Apre%2525CC%252580s%252520la%252520Pluie.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-s-AFpvgSeew/URquc6dF-JI/AAAAAAAAAbs/Mt3xNGRUd68/s160-c/Backlit%252520Cloud.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-bvmif9a9YOQ/URquea3heHI/AAAAAAAAAbs/rcr6wyeQtAo/s160-c/Bee%252520and%252520Flower.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-n7mdm7I7FGs/URqueT_BT-I/AAAAAAAAAbs/9MYmXlmpSAo/s160-c/Bonzai%252520Rock%252520Sunset.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-4CN4X4t0M1k/URqufPozWzI/AAAAAAAAAbs/8wK41lg1KPs/s160-c/Caterpillar.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-rrFnVC8xQEg/URqufdrLBaI/AAAAAAAAAbs/s69WYy_fl1E/s160-c/Chess.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-WVpRptWH8Yw/URqugh-QmDI/AAAAAAAAAbs/E-MgBgtlUWU/s160-c/Chihuly.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-0BDXkYmckbo/URquhKFW84I/AAAAAAAAAbs/ogQtHCTk2JQ/s160-c/Closed%252520Door.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-PyggXXZRykM/URquh-kVvoI/AAAAAAAAAbs/hFtDwhtrHHQ/s160-c/Colorado%252520River%252520Sunset.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-ZAs4dNZtALc/URquikvOCWI/AAAAAAAAAbs/DXz4h3dll1Y/s160-c/Colors%252520of%252520Autumn.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-GztnWEIiMz8/URqukVCU7bI/AAAAAAAAAbs/jo2Hjv6MZ6M/s160-c/Countryside.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-bEg9EZ9QoiM/URquklz3FGI/AAAAAAAAAbs/UUuv8Ac2BaE/s160-c/Death%252520Valley%252520-%252520Dunes.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-ijQJ8W68tEE/URqulGkvFEI/AAAAAAAAAbs/zPXvIwi_rFw/s160-c/Delicate%252520Arch.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-Oh8mMy2ieng/URqullDwehI/AAAAAAAAAbs/TbdeEfsaIZY/s160-c/Despair.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-gl0y4UiAOlk/URqumC_KjBI/AAAAAAAAAbs/PM1eT7dn4oo/s160-c/Eagle%252520Fall%252520Sunrise.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-hYYHd2_vXPQ/URqumtJa9eI/AAAAAAAAAbs/wAalXVkbSh0/s160-c/Electric%252520Storm.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-PyY_yiyjPTo/URqunUOhHFI/AAAAAAAAAbs/azZoULNuJXc/s160-c/False%252520Kiva.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-PYvLVdvXywk/URqunwd8hfI/AAAAAAAAAbs/qiMwgkFvf6I/s160-c/Fitzgerald%252520Streaks.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-KIR_UobIIqY/URquoCZ9SlI/AAAAAAAAAbs/Y4d4q8sXu4c/s160-c/Foggy%252520Sunset.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-9lzOk_OWZH0/URquoo4xYoI/AAAAAAAAAbs/AwgzHtNVCwU/s160-c/Frantic.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-0X3JNaKaz48/URqupH78wpI/AAAAAAAAAbs/lHXxu_zbH8s/s160-c/Golden%252520Gate%252520Afternoon.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-95sb5ag7ABc/URqupl95RDI/AAAAAAAAAbs/g73R20iVTRA/s160-c/Golden%252520Gate%252520Fog.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-JB9v6rtgHhk/URqup21F-zI/AAAAAAAAAbs/64Fb8qMZWXk/s160-c/Golden%252520Grass.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-EIBGfnuLtII/URquqVHwaRI/AAAAAAAAAbs/FA4McV2u8VE/s160-c/Grand%252520Teton.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-WoMxZvmN9nY/URquq1v2AoI/AAAAAAAAAbs/grj5uMhL6NA/s160-c/Grass%252520Closeup.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-6hZiEHXx64Q/URqurxvNdqI/AAAAAAAAAbs/kWMXM3o5OVI/s160-c/Green%252520Grass.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-6LVb9OXtQ60/URquteBFuKI/AAAAAAAAAbs/4F4kRgecwFs/s160-c/Hanging%252520Leaf.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-zAvf__52ONk/URqutT_IuxI/AAAAAAAAAbs/D_bcuc0thoU/s160-c/Highway%2525201.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-H4SrUg615rA/URquuL27fXI/AAAAAAAAAbs/4aEqJfiMsOU/s160-c/Horseshoe%252520Bend%252520Sunset.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-JhFi4fb_Pqw/URquuX-QXbI/AAAAAAAAAbs/IXpYUxuweYM/s160-c/Horseshoe%252520Bend.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-UGgssvFRJ7g/URquueyJzGI/AAAAAAAAAbs/yYIBlLT0toM/s160-c/Into%252520the%252520Blue.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-CH7KoupI7uI/URquu0FF__I/AAAAAAAAAbs/R7GDmI7v_G0/s160-c/Jelly%252520Fish%2525202.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-pwuuw6yhg8U/URquvPxR3FI/AAAAAAAAAbs/VNGk6f-tsGE/s160-c/Jelly%252520Fish%2525203.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-GoUQVw1fnFw/URquv6xbC0I/AAAAAAAAAbs/zEUVTQQ43Zc/s160-c/Kauai.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-8QdYYQEpYjw/URquwvdh88I/AAAAAAAAAbs/cktDy-ysfHo/s160-c/Kyoto%252520Sunset.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-vPeekyDjOE0/URquwzJ28qI/AAAAAAAAAbs/qxcyXULsZrg/s160-c/Lake%252520Tahoe%252520Colors.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-xBPxWpD4yxU/URquxWHk8AI/AAAAAAAAAbs/ARDPeDYPiMY/s160-c/Lava%252520from%252520the%252520Sky.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-897VXrJB6RE/URquxxxd-5I/AAAAAAAAAbs/j-Cz4T4YvIw/s160-c/Leica%25252050mm%252520Summilux.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-qSJ4D4iXzGo/URquyDWiJ1I/AAAAAAAAAbs/k2pBXeWehOA/s160-c/Leica%25252050mm%252520Summilux.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-dwlPg83vzLg/URquylTVuFI/AAAAAAAAAbs/G6SyQ8b4YsI/s160-c/Leica%252520M8%252520%252528Front%252529.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-R3_EYAyJvfk/URquzQBv8eI/AAAAAAAAAbs/b9xhpUM3pEI/s160-c/Light%252520to%252520Sand.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-fHY5h67QPi0/URqu0Cp4J1I/AAAAAAAAAbs/0lG6m94Z6vM/s160-c/Little%252520Bit%252520of%252520Paradise.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-TzF_LwrCnRM/URqu0RddPOI/AAAAAAAAAbs/gaj2dLiuX0s/s160-c/Lone%252520Pine%252520Sunset.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-4HdpJ4_DXU4/URqu046dJ9I/AAAAAAAAAbs/eBOodtk2_uk/s160-c/Lonely%252520Rock.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-erbF--z-W4s/URqu1ajSLkI/AAAAAAAAAbs/xjDCDO1INzM/s160-c/Longue%252520Vue.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-0CXJRdJaqvc/URqu1opNZNI/AAAAAAAAAbs/PFB2oPUU7Lk/s160-c/Look%252520Me%252520in%252520the%252520Eye.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-D_5lNxnDN6g/URqu2Tk7HVI/AAAAAAAAAbs/p0ddca9W__Y/s160-c/Lost%252520in%252520a%252520Field.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-flsqwMrIk2Q/URqu24PcmjI/AAAAAAAAAbs/5ocIH85XofM/s160-c/Marshall%252520Beach%252520Sunset.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-Y4lgryEVTmU/URqu28kG3gI/AAAAAAAAAbs/OjXpekqtbJ4/s160-c/Mono%252520Lake%252520Blue.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-AaHAJPmcGYA/URqu3PIldHI/AAAAAAAAAbs/lcTqk1SIcRs/s160-c/Monument%252520Valley%252520Overlook.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-vKxfdQ83dQA/URqu31Yq_BI/AAAAAAAAAbs/OUoGk_2AyfM/s160-c/Moving%252520Rock.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-CG62QiPpWXg/URqu4ia4vRI/AAAAAAAAAbs/0YOdqLAlcAc/s160-c/Napali%252520Coast.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-wdGrP5PMmJQ/URqu5PZvn7I/AAAAAAAAAbs/m0abEcdPXe4/s160-c/One%252520Wheel.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-6WS5DoCGuOA/URqu5qx1UgI/AAAAAAAAAbs/giMw2ixPvrY/s160-c/Open%252520Sky.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-u8EHKj8G8GQ/URqu55sM6yI/AAAAAAAAAbs/lIXX_GlTdmI/s160-c/Orange%252520Sunset.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-74Z5qj4bTDE/URqu6LSrJrI/AAAAAAAAAbs/XzmVkw90szQ/s160-c/Orchid.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-lEQE4h6TePE/URqu6t_lSkI/AAAAAAAAAbs/zvGYKOea_qY/s160-c/Over%252520there.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-cauH-53JH2M/URqu66v_USI/AAAAAAAAAbs/EucwwqclfKQ/s160-c/Plumes.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-eDLT2jHDoy4/URqu7axzkAI/AAAAAAAAAbs/iVZE-xJ7lZs/s160-c/Rainbokeh.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-j1NLqEFIyco/URqu8L1CGcI/AAAAAAAAAbs/aqZkgX66zlI/s160-c/Rainbow.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-DRnqmK0t4VU/URqu8XYN9yI/AAAAAAAAAbs/LgvF_592WLU/s160-c/Rice%252520Fields.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-hwh1v3EOGcQ/URqu8qOaKwI/AAAAAAAAAbs/IljRJRnbJGw/s160-c/Rockaway%252520Fire%252520Sky.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-wjV6FQk7tlk/URqu9jCQ8sI/AAAAAAAAAbs/RyYUpdo-c9o/s160-c/Rockaway%252520Flow.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-6cAXNfo7D20/URqu-BdzgPI/AAAAAAAAAbs/OmsYllzJqwo/s160-c/Rockaway%252520Sunset%252520Sky.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-sl8fpGPS-RE/URqu_BOkfgI/AAAAAAAAAbs/Dg2Fv-JxOeg/s160-c/Russian%252520Ridge%252520Sunset.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-gVtY36mMBIg/URqu_q91lkI/AAAAAAAAAbs/3CiFMBcy5MA/s160-c/Rust%252520Knot.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-GHeImuHqJBE/URqu_FKfVLI/AAAAAAAAAbs/axuEJeqam7Q/s160-c/Sailing%252520Stones.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-hBbYZjTOwGc/URqu_ycpIrI/AAAAAAAAAbs/nAdJUXnGJYE/s160-c/Seahorse.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-Iwi6-i6IexY/URqvAYZHsVI/AAAAAAAAAbs/5ETWl4qXsFE/s160-c/Shinjuku%252520Street.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-amhnySTM_MY/URqvAlb5KoI/AAAAAAAAAbs/pFCFgzlKsn0/s160-c/Sierra%252520Heavens.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-dJgjepFrYSo/URqvBVJZrAI/AAAAAAAAAbs/v-F5QWpYO6s/s160-c/Sierra%252520Sunset.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-Z4zGiC5nWdc/URqvBdEwivI/AAAAAAAAAbs/ZRZR1VJ84QA/s160-c/Sin%252520Lights.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-_0cYiWW8ccY/URqvBz3iM4I/AAAAAAAAAbs/9N_Wq8MhLTY/s160-c/Starry%252520Lake.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-A9LMoRyuQUA/URqvCYx_JoI/AAAAAAAAAbs/s7sde1Bz9cI/s160-c/Starry%252520Night.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-KtLJ3k858eY/URqvC_2h_bI/AAAAAAAAAbs/zzEBImwDA_g/s160-c/Stream.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-dFB7Lad6RcA/URqvDUftwWI/AAAAAAAAAbs/BrhoUtXTN7o/s160-c/Strip%252520Sunset.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-at6apgFiN20/URqvDyffUZI/AAAAAAAAAbs/clABCx171bE/s160-c/Sunset%252520Hills.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-7-EHhtQthII/URqvEYTk4vI/AAAAAAAAAbs/QSJZoB3YjVg/s160-c/Tenaya%252520Lake%2525202.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-8MrjV_a-Pok/URqvFC5repI/AAAAAAAAAbs/9inKTg9fbCE/s160-c/Tenaya%252520Lake.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-B1HW-z4zwao/URqvFWYRwUI/AAAAAAAAAbs/8Peli53Bs8I/s160-c/The%252520Cave%252520BW.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-PO4E-xZKAnQ/URqvGRqjYkI/AAAAAAAAAbs/42nyADFsXag/s160-c/The%252520Fisherman.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-iLyZlzfdy7s/URqvG0YScdI/AAAAAAAAAbs/1J9eDKmkXtk/s160-c/The%252520Night%252520is%252520Coming.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-G-k7YkkUco0/URqvHhah6fI/AAAAAAAAAbs/_taQQG7t0vo/s160-c/The%252520Road.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-h-ALJt7kSus/URqvIThqYfI/AAAAAAAAAbs/ejiv35olWS8/s160-c/Tokyo%252520Heights.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-Hy9k-TbS7xg/URqvIjQMOxI/AAAAAAAAAbs/RSpmmOATSkg/s160-c/Tokyo%252520Highway.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-83oOvMb4OZs/URqvJL0T7lI/AAAAAAAAAbs/c5TECZ6RONM/s160-c/Tokyo%252520Smog.jpg",
			"https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-FB-jfgREEfI/URqvJI3EXAI/AAAAAAAAAbs/XfyweiRF4v8/s160-c/Tufa%252520at%252520Night.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-vngKD5Z1U8w/URqvJUCEgPI/AAAAAAAAAbs/ulxCMVcU6EU/s160-c/Valley%252520Sunset.jpg",
			"https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-DOz5I2E2oMQ/URqvKMND1kI/AAAAAAAAAbs/Iqf0IsInleo/s160-c/Windmill%252520Sunrise.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-biyiyWcJ9MU/URqvKculiAI/AAAAAAAAAbs/jyPsCplJOpE/s160-c/Windmill.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-PDT167_xRdA/URqvK36mLcI/AAAAAAAAAbs/oi2ik9QseMI/s160-c/Windmills.jpg",
			"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-kI_QdYx7VlU/URqvLXCB6gI/AAAAAAAAAbs/N31vlZ6u89o/s160-c/Yet%252520Another%252520Rockaway%252520Sunset.jpg",
			"https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-e9NHZ5k5MSs/URqvMIBZjtI/AAAAAAAAAbs/1fV810rDNfQ/s160-c/Yosemite%252520Tree.jpg", };
	
}

  • ImageDownLoader类,异步下载的核心类,保存图片到手机缓存,将图片加入LruCache中等等

package com.example.asyncimageloader;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
import java.util.concurrent.Executors;

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.support.v4.util.LruCache;

public class ImageDownLoader {
	/**
	 * 缓存Image的类,当存储Image的大小大于LruCache设定的值,系统自动释放内存
	 */
	private LruCache<String, Bitmap> mMemoryCache;
	/**
	 * 操作文件相关类对象的引用
	 */
	private FileUtils fileUtils;
	/**
	 * 下载Image的线程池
	 */
	private ExecutorService mImageThreadPool = null;
	
	
	public ImageDownLoader(Context context){
		//获取系统分配给每个应用程序的最大内存,每个应用系统分配32M
		int maxMemory = (int) Runtime.getRuntime().maxMemory();  
        int mCacheSize = maxMemory / 8;
        //给LruCache分配1/8 4M
		mMemoryCache = new LruCache<String, Bitmap>(mCacheSize){

			//必须重写此方法,来测量Bitmap的大小
			@Override
			protected int sizeOf(String key, Bitmap value) {
				return value.getRowBytes() * value.getHeight();
			}
			
		};
		
		fileUtils = new FileUtils(context);
	}
	
	
	/**
	 * 获取线程池的方法,因为涉及到并发的问题,我们加上同步锁
	 * @return
	 */
	public ExecutorService getThreadPool(){
		if(mImageThreadPool == null){
			synchronized(ExecutorService.class){
				if(mImageThreadPool == null){
					//为了下载图片更加的流畅,我们用了2个线程来下载图片
					mImageThreadPool = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(2);
				}
			}
		}
		
		return mImageThreadPool;
		
	}
	
	/**
	 * 添加Bitmap到内存缓存
	 * @param key
	 * @param bitmap
	 */
	public void addBitmapToMemoryCache(String key, Bitmap bitmap) {  
	    if (getBitmapFromMemCache(key) == null && bitmap != null) {  
	        mMemoryCache.put(key, bitmap);  
	    }  
	}  
	 
	/**
	 * 从内存缓存中获取一个Bitmap
	 * @param key
	 * @return
	 */
	public Bitmap getBitmapFromMemCache(String key) {  
	    return mMemoryCache.get(key);  
	} 
	
	/**
	 * 先从内存缓存中获取Bitmap,如果没有就从SD卡或者手机缓存中获取,SD卡或者手机缓存
	 * 没有就去下载
	 * @param url
	 * @param listener
	 * @return
	 */
	public Bitmap downloadImage(final String url, final onImageLoaderListener listener){
		//替换Url中非字母和非数字的字符,这里比较重要,因为我们用Url作为文件名,比如我们的Url
		//是Http://xiaanming/abc.jpg;用这个作为图片名称,系统会认为xiaanming为一个目录,
		//我们没有创建此目录保存文件就会报错
		final String subUrl = url.replaceAll("[^\\w]", "");
		Bitmap bitmap = showCacheBitmap(subUrl);
		if(bitmap != null){
			return bitmap;
		}else{
			
			final Handler handler = new Handler(){
				@Override
				public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
					super.handleMessage(msg);
					listener.onImageLoader((Bitmap)msg.obj, url);
				}
			};
			
			getThreadPool().execute(new Runnable() {
				
				@Override
				public void run() {
					Bitmap bitmap = getBitmapFormUrl(url);
					Message msg = handler.obtainMessage();
					msg.obj = bitmap;
					handler.sendMessage(msg);
					
					try {
						//保存在SD卡或者手机目录
						fileUtils.savaBitmap(subUrl, bitmap);
					} catch (IOException e) {
						e.printStackTrace();
					}
					
					//将Bitmap 加入内存缓存
					addBitmapToMemoryCache(subUrl, bitmap);
				}
			});
		}
		
		return null;
	}
	
	/**
	 * 获取Bitmap, 内存中没有就去手机或者sd卡中获取,这一步在getView中会调用,比较关键的一步
	 * @param url
	 * @return
	 */
	public Bitmap showCacheBitmap(String url){
		if(getBitmapFromMemCache(url) != null){
			return getBitmapFromMemCache(url);
		}else if(fileUtils.isFileExists(url) && fileUtils.getFileSize(url) != 0){
			//从SD卡获取手机里面获取Bitmap
			Bitmap bitmap = fileUtils.getBitmap(url);
			
			//将Bitmap 加入内存缓存
			addBitmapToMemoryCache(url, bitmap);
			return bitmap;
		}
		
		return null;
	}
	
	
	/**
	 * 从Url中获取Bitmap
	 * @param url
	 * @return
	 */
	private Bitmap getBitmapFormUrl(String url) {
		Bitmap bitmap = null;
		HttpURLConnection con = null;
		try {
			URL mImageUrl = new URL(url);
			con = (HttpURLConnection) mImageUrl.openConnection();
			con.setConnectTimeout(10 * 1000);
			con.setReadTimeout(10 * 1000);
			con.setDoInput(true);
			con.setDoOutput(true);
			bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeStream(con.getInputStream());
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		} finally {
			if (con != null) {
				con.disconnect();
			}
		}
		return bitmap;
	}
	
	/**
	 * 取消正在下载的任务
	 */
	public synchronized void cancelTask() {
		if(mImageThreadPool != null){
			mImageThreadPool.shutdownNow();
			mImageThreadPool = null;
		}
	}
	
	
	/**
	 * 异步下载图片的回调接口
	 * @author len
	 *
	 */
	public interface onImageLoaderListener{
		void onImageLoader(Bitmap bitmap, String url);
	}
	
}
ImageDownLoader中有几个方法比较重要

  1. 首先我们需要重写sizeOf(String key, Bitmap value)来计算图片的大小,默认返回图片的数量
  2. downloadImage(final String url, final onImageLoaderListener listener)先去LruCache查看Image,没有再去手机缓存中查看,在没有则开启线程下载,这里我们提供了一个回调接口,回调方法中我们将Bitmap和图片Url作为参数,String subUrl = url.replaceAll("[^\\w]", "") 我在代码中注释写的比较清楚
  3. showCacheBitmap(String url)方法,此方法在Adapter中的getView()当中调用,如果getView()中不调用此方法试试你就知道效果了

  • ImageAdapter  GridView的适配器类,主要是GridView滑动的时候取消下载任务,静止的时候去下载当前显示的item的图片,其他也没什么不同了

package com.example.asyncimageloader;

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.AbsListView;
import android.widget.AbsListView.OnScrollListener;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.GridView;
import android.widget.ImageView;

import com.example.asyncimageloader.ImageDownLoader.onImageLoaderListener;

public class ImageAdapter extends BaseAdapter implements OnScrollListener{
	/**
	 * 上下文对象的引用
	 */
	private Context context;
	
	/**
	 * Image Url的数组
	 */
	private String [] imageThumbUrls;
	
	/**
	 * GridView对象的应用
	 */
	private GridView mGridView;
	
	/**
	 * Image 下载器
	 */
	private ImageDownLoader mImageDownLoader;
	
	/**
	 * 记录是否刚打开程序,用于解决进入程序不滚动屏幕,不会下载图片的问题。
	 * 参考http://blog.csdn.net/guolin_blog/article/details/9526203#comments
	 */
	private boolean isFirstEnter = true;
	
	/**
	 * 一屏中第一个item的位置
	 */
	private int mFirstVisibleItem;
	
	/**
	 * 一屏中所有item的个数
	 */
	private int mVisibleItemCount;
	
	
	public ImageAdapter(Context context, GridView mGridView, String [] imageThumbUrls){
		this.context = context;
		this.mGridView = mGridView;
		this.imageThumbUrls = imageThumbUrls;
		mImageDownLoader = new ImageDownLoader(context);
		mGridView.setOnScrollListener(this);
	}
	
	@Override
	public void onScrollStateChanged(AbsListView view, int scrollState) {
		//仅当GridView静止时才去下载图片,GridView滑动时取消所有正在下载的任务  
		if(scrollState == AbsListView.OnScrollListener.SCROLL_STATE_IDLE){
			showImage(mFirstVisibleItem, mVisibleItemCount);
		}else{
			cancelTask();
		}
		
	}


	/**
	 * GridView滚动的时候调用的方法,刚开始显示GridView也会调用此方法
	 */
	@Override
	public void onScroll(AbsListView view, int firstVisibleItem,
			int visibleItemCount, int totalItemCount) {
		mFirstVisibleItem = firstVisibleItem;
		mVisibleItemCount = visibleItemCount;
		// 因此在这里为首次进入程序开启下载任务。 
		if(isFirstEnter && visibleItemCount > 0){
			showImage(mFirstVisibleItem, mVisibleItemCount);
			isFirstEnter = false;
		}
	}
	

	@Override
	public int getCount() {
		return imageThumbUrls.length;
	}

	@Override
	public Object getItem(int position) {
		return imageThumbUrls[position];
	}

	@Override
	public long getItemId(int position) {
		return position;
	}

	@Override
	public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
		ImageView mImageView;
		final String mImageUrl = imageThumbUrls[position];
		if(convertView == null){
			mImageView = new ImageView(context);
		}else{
			mImageView = (ImageView) convertView;
		}
		
		mImageView.setLayoutParams(new GridView.LayoutParams(150, 150));
		mImageView.setScaleType(ImageView.ScaleType.CENTER_INSIDE);
		
		//给ImageView设置Tag,这里已经是司空见惯了
		mImageView.setTag(mImageUrl);
		
		
		/*******************************去掉下面这几行试试是什么效果****************************/
		Bitmap bitmap = mImageDownLoader.showCacheBitmap(mImageUrl.replaceAll("[^\\w]", ""));
		if(bitmap != null){
			mImageView.setImageBitmap(bitmap);
		}else{
			mImageView.setImageDrawable(context.getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.ic_empty));
		}
		/**********************************************************************************/
		
		
		return mImageView;
	}
	
	/**
	 * 显示当前屏幕的图片,先会去查找LruCache,LruCache没有就去sd卡或者手机目录查找,在没有就开启线程去下载
	 * @param firstVisibleItem
	 * @param visibleItemCount
	 */
	private void showImage(int firstVisibleItem, int visibleItemCount){
		Bitmap bitmap = null;
		for(int i=firstVisibleItem; i<firstVisibleItem + visibleItemCount; i++){
			String mImageUrl = imageThumbUrls[i];
			final ImageView mImageView = (ImageView) mGridView.findViewWithTag(mImageUrl);
			bitmap = mImageDownLoader.downloadImage(mImageUrl, new onImageLoaderListener() {
				
				@Override
				public void onImageLoader(Bitmap bitmap, String url) {
					if(mImageView != null && bitmap != null){
						mImageView.setImageBitmap(bitmap);
					}
					
				}
			});
			
			//if(bitmap != null){
			//	mImageView.setImageBitmap(bitmap);
			//}else{
			//	mImageView.setImageDrawable(context.getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.ic_empty));
			//}
		}
	}

	/**
	 * 取消下载任务
	 */
	public void cancelTask(){
		mImageDownLoader.cancelTask();
	}


}

  • MainActivity  里面一个GridView,然后提供一个系统菜单来删除手机上的缓存图片,直接上代码,比较简单所以里面也没有注释
package com.example.asyncimageloader;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.widget.GridView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
	private GridView mGridView;
	private String [] imageThumbUrls = Images.imageThumbUrls; 
	private ImageAdapter mImageAdapter;
	private FileUtils fileUtils;

	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
		fileUtils = new FileUtils(this);
		mGridView = (GridView) findViewById(R.id.gridView);
		mImageAdapter = new ImageAdapter(this, mGridView, imageThumbUrls);
		mGridView.setAdapter(mImageAdapter);
	}

	@Override
	protected void onDestroy() {
		mImageAdapter.cancelTask();
		super.onDestroy();
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
		super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu);
		menu.add("删除手机中图片缓存");
		return super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu);
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
		switch (item.getItemId()) {
		case 0:
			fileUtils.deleteFile();
			Toast.makeText(getApplication(), "清空缓存成功", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
			break;
		}
		return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
	}

}
  • MainActivity的布局文件

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity" >

    <GridView
        android:id="@+id/gridView"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:stretchMode="columnWidth" 
        android:columnWidth="90dip" 
        android:verticalSpacing="10dip"
        android:horizontalSpacing="10dip"
        android:cacheColorHint="@android:color/transparent"
        android:numColumns="auto_fit" >
    </GridView>

</RelativeLayout>

  • 因为有网络操作和对sd卡的操作,所以我们必须加上相对应的权限

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" /> 
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" /> 

好了,代码就全部介绍完了,我们运行下程序看看效果,这里的效果是用一个线程下载图片的效果,可能有一些不完整,想看看效果自己动手试试,郁闷,家里的网络卡,gif的图片出不来效果,只能明天上传图片啦,公司也上传不了动画效果,我去,那我就贴一张普通图片,哈哈




好了,今天的讲解到此结束,有疑问的朋友请在下面留言,源码里面GridView的布局文件 columnWedth设置了120dip,有点丑,大家可以改成90dip


源码下载,点击这里  





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