# dlib人脸检测功能介绍

1. 如何单独建立一个工程，使用dlib的人脸检测功能。
2. 提高人脸检测率的两个方法
3. 加速人脸检测的方法

# 建人脸检测工程

1 . 首先我们先使用上期说的examples里的人脸检测。

2. 建立单独的工程。像其他正常的方法，建立一般的工程。然后

WIN32
_WINDOWS
DLIB_PNG_SUPPORT
DLIB_JPEG_SUPPORT
NDEBUG
DLIB_HAVE_AVX

D:\dlib_win32\lib

main.cpp可以使用dlib提供的官方示例：

// The contents of this file are in the public domain. See LICENSE_FOR_EXAMPLE_PROGRAMS.txt
/*

This example program shows how to find frontal human faces in an image.  In
particular, this program shows how you can take a list of images from the
command line and display each on the screen with red boxes overlaid on each
human face.

The examples/faces folder contains some jpg images of people.  You can run
this program on them and see the detections by executing the following command:
./face_detection_ex faces/*.jpg

This face detector is made using the now classic Histogram of Oriented
Gradients (HOG) feature combined with a linear classifier, an image pyramid,
and sliding window detection scheme.  This type of object detector is fairly
general and capable of detecting many types of semi-rigid objects in
addition to human faces.  Therefore, if you are interested in making your
own object detectors then read the fhog_object_detector_ex.cpp example
program.  It shows how to use the machine learning tools which were used to
create dlib's face detector.

Finally, note that the face detector is fastest when compiled with at least
SSE2 instructions enabled.  So if you are using a PC with an Intel or AMD
chip then you should enable at least SSE2 instructions.  If you are using
cmake to compile this program you can enable them by using one of the
following commands when you create the build project:
cmake path_to_dlib_root/examples -DUSE_SSE2_INSTRUCTIONS=ON
cmake path_to_dlib_root/examples -DUSE_SSE4_INSTRUCTIONS=ON
cmake path_to_dlib_root/examples -DUSE_AVX_INSTRUCTIONS=ON
This will set the appropriate compiler options for GCC, clang, Visual
Studio, or the Intel compiler.  If you are using another compiler then you
need to consult your compiler's manual to determine how to enable these
instructions.  Note that AVX is the fastest but requires a CPU from at least
2011.  SSE4 is the next fastest and is supported by most current machines.
*/

#include <dlib/image_processing/frontal_face_detector.h>
#include <dlib/gui_widgets.h>
#include <dlib/image_io.h>
#include <iostream>

using namespace dlib;
using namespace std;

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

int main(int argc, char** argv)
{
try
{
if (argc == 1)
{
cout << "Give some image files as arguments to this program." << endl;
return 0;
}

frontal_face_detector detector = get_frontal_face_detector();
image_window win;

// Loop over all the images provided on the command line.
for (int i = 1; i < argc; ++i)
{
cout << "processing image " << argv[i] << endl;
array2d<unsigned char> img;
// Make the image bigger by a factor of two.  This is useful since
// the face detector looks for faces that are about 80 by 80 pixels
// or larger.  Therefore, if you want to find faces that are smaller
// than that then you need to upsample the image as we do here by
// calling pyramid_up().  So this will allow it to detect faces that
// are at least 40 by 40 pixels in size.  We could call pyramid_up()
// again to find even smaller faces, but note that every time we
// upsample the image we make the detector run slower since it must
// process a larger image.
pyramid_up(img);

// Now tell the face detector to give us a list of bounding boxes
// around all the faces it can find in the image.
std::vector<rectangle> dets = detector(img);

cout << "Number of faces detected: " << dets.size() << endl;
// Now we show the image on the screen and the face detections as
// red overlay boxes.
win.clear_overlay();
win.set_image(img);

cout << "Hit enter to process the next image..." << endl;
cin.get();
}
}
catch (exception& e)
{
cout << "\nexception thrown!" << endl;
cout << e.what() << endl;
}
}

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



# 提高人脸检测率的两个方法

1. 确保检测图片是检测器的两倍。这第一点是十分有用的，因为脸部检测器搜寻的人脸大小是80*80或者更大。
因此，如果你想找到比80*80小的人脸，需要将检测图片进行上采样，我们可以调用pyramid_up()函数。
执行一次pyramid_up()我们能检测40*40大小的了，如果我们想检测更小的人脸，那还需要再次执行pyramid_up()函数。
注意，上采样后，速度会减慢！*/
pyramid_up(img);//对图像进行上采用，检测更小的人脸。
2. 在程序中使用：
 array2d<rgb_pixel> img; 取代： array2d<unsigned char> img; 

# 参考文献：

#### 【dlib代码解读】人脸检测器的训练

2016-11-05 20:22:32

#### Opencv与dlib联合进行人脸关键点检测与识别

2016-07-22 14:28:03

#### Dlib机器学习库系列2----人脸检测

2015-12-02 15:51:32

#### 【dlib代码解读】人脸关键点检测器的训练

2016-11-06 16:01:23

#### 使用Dlib库进行人脸检测与对齐

2017-02-12 10:03:12

#### 使用Dlib进行人脸识别（从Haar到Dlib）

2017-12-06 15:27:43

#### 人脸老化之三Dlib库进行人脸关键点检测

2018-01-11 22:48:48

#### Dlib机器学习库系列人脸检测

2016-11-22 11:20:02

#### Dlib人脸特征点检测（速度优化）

2016-07-18 21:25:54

#### Dlib+OpenCV深度学习人脸识别

2017-06-19 01:10:07