Docker + SpringBoot + Maven 构建发布到远程仓库

Docker + SpringBoot + Maven 构建发布到远程仓库
环境:Aliyun Centos 7 Windows10 IDEA Maven3.5.4

  1. Docker安装:

    参考阿里云的安装手册

    1.1 CentOS 7 (使用yum进行安装)

    # step 1: 安装必要的一些系统工具
    sudo yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2
    # Step 2: 添加软件源信息
    sudo yum-config-manager --add-repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
    # Step 3: 更新并安装 Docker-CE
    sudo yum makecache fast
    sudo yum -y install docker-ce
    # Step 4: 开启Docker服务
    sudo service docker start
    
    # 注意:
    # 官方软件源默认启用了最新的软件,您可以通过编辑软件源的方式获取各个版本的软件包。例如官方并没有将测试版本的软件源置为可用,你可以通过以下方式开启。同理可以开启各种测试版本等。
    # vim /etc/yum.repos.d/docker-ce.repo
    #   将 [docker-ce-test] 下方的 enabled=0 修改为 enabled=1
    #
    # 安装指定版本的Docker-CE:
    # Step 1: 查找Docker-CE的版本:
    # yum list docker-ce.x86_64 --showduplicates | sort -r
    #   Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
    #   Loaded plugins: branch, fastestmirror, langpacks
    #   docker-ce.x86_64            17.03.1.ce-1.el7.centos            docker-ce-stable
    #   docker-ce.x86_64            17.03.1.ce-1.el7.centos            @docker-ce-stable
    #   docker-ce.x86_64            17.03.0.ce-1.el7.centos            docker-ce-stable
    #   Available Packages
    # Step2 : 安装指定版本的Docker-CE: (VERSION 例如上面的 17.03.0.ce.1-1.el7.centos)
    # sudo yum -y install docker-ce-[VERSION]
    

    1.2 安装校验,输入如下命令,会显示docker信息

    docker version

  2. Docker私服仓库搭建(无登录密码)

    环境:PSW(Private service warehouse私服仓库),使用registry V2方式安装,域名假设域名使用reg.winner.com

2.1 host域名映射:echo ‘192.168.206.210 reg.winner.com’>> /etc/hosts

2.2 环境准备-https证书(openssl证书生成,可能需要安装openssl):

Key:

 mkdir -p ~/certs
 cd ~/certs
 openssl genrsa -out reg.winner.com.key 2048

Crt文件:

 openssl req -newkey rsa:4096 -nodes -sha256 -keyout reg.winner.com.key -x509 -days 365 -out reg.winner.com.crt

一些要填的信息:

 Country Name (2 letter code) [XX]:CN
 # 国家
 State or Province Name (full name) []:JS
 # 省会
 Locality Name (eg, city) [Default City]:NJ
 # 城市
 Organization Name (eg, company) [Default Company Ltd]:ITMUCH
 # 组织(公司)
 Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:ITMUCH
 # 组织单位(部门)
 Common Name (eg, your name or your server's hostname) []:reg.winner.com 
 # 域名
 Email Address []:eacdy0000@126.com
 # 邮件

Tips:自签名证书不受docker信任,需要添加到Docker根证书中,Centos 7的存放路径:```/etc/docker/certs.d/域名``

mkdir -p /etc/docker/certs.d/reg.winner.com
cp ~/certs/reg.winner.com.crt /etc/docker/certs.d/reg.winner.com/

重启docker: service docker restart

2.3 私服仓库的启动:

cd ~

docker run -d -p 443:5000 --restart=always --name registry -v `pwd`/certs:/certs -v /opt/docker-image:/opt/docker-image -e STORAGE_PATH=/opt/docker-image -e REGISTRY_HTTP_TLS_CERTIFICATE=/certs/reg.winner.com.crt -e REGISTRY_HTTP_TLS_KEY=/certs/reg.winner.com.key registry:2
    一些参数解释:
    `pwd`/certs:/certs --- 将当前目录(cd ~)下的certs挂载到容器的certs目录
    -v /opt/docker-image:/opt/docker-image --指定存储镜像路径,防止私有仓库容器被删,镜像也丢失
    -e REGISTRY_HTTP_TLS_CERTIFICATE和-e REGISTRY_HTTP_TLS_KEY 指定证书路径

2.4 开放远程API,以供我们IDEA+MAVEN远程push镜像到私服仓库:

1). docker默认是没有开启Remote API的,需要我们手动开启
编辑/lib/systemd/system/docker.service文件。(tips:该文件路径不一定在这里,本案例是在这个目录)

修改如下内容:

 [Service]
 Type=notify
 # the default is not to use systemd for cgroups because the delegate issues still
 # exists and systemd currently does not support the cgroup feature set required
 # for containers run by docker
 ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd -H unix:///var/run/docker.sock -H tcp://0.0.0.0:2375
 #ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd -H fd://
 #ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd -H unix://
 ExecReload=/bin/kill -s HUP $MAINPID

重点关注:ExecStart这个参数

2). 重启服务

sudo systemctl daemon-reload

sudo service docker restart

3). 验证

浏览器输入192.168.206.210:2375/images/json能返回宿主机的所有信息,如镜像信息:

 [{"Containers":-1,"Created":1548890077,"Id":"sha256:d0eed8dad114db55d81c870efb8c148026da4a0f61dc7710c053da55f9604849","Labels":null,"ParentId":"","RepoDigests":["registry@sha256:870474507964d8e7d8c3b53bcfa738e3356d2747a42adad26d0d81ef4479eb1b"],"RepoTags":["registry:2"],"SharedSize":-1,"Size":25779681,"VirtualSize":25779681}]

更多参考资料Docker开启Remote API

  1. IDEA + Maven + Springboot + Dockerfile发布到远程仓库

    idea安装Docker Integration 插件,在setting->build->docker->tcp socket中配置Docker信息,选择一下私服仓库是所生成的.crt证书文件

    IDEA docker插件其他参考资料

3.1 windwos环境添加DOCKER_HOST环境变量:

  DOCKER_HOST
  tcp://192.168.206.210:2375

3.2 pom关键配置配置:

   <!-- maven docker 插件 -->
              <plugin>
                  <groupId>com.spotify</groupId>
                  <artifactId>docker-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                  <version>1.0.0</version>
  
                  <!--将插件绑定在某个phase执行-->
                  <executions>
                      <execution>
                          <id>build-image</id>
                          <!--将插件绑定在package这个phase上。用户只需执行mvn package ,就会自动执行mvn docker:build-->
                          <phase>package</phase>
                          <goals>
                              <goal>build</goal>
                          </goals>
                      </execution>
                  </executions>
  
                  <configuration>
                      <!-- imageName一定要符合规则[a-z0-9-_.] -->
                      <imageName>${project.artifactId}:${project.version}</imageName>
                      <!--指定标签-->
                      <imageTags>
                          <imageTag>latest</imageTag>
                      </imageTags>
                      <!-- 指定 Dockerfile 路径  ${project.basedir}:项目根路径下-->
                      <dockerDirectory>${project.basedir}</dockerDirectory>
                      <!--指定远程 docker api地址-->
                      <dockerHost>http://192.168.206.210:2375</dockerHost>
                      <resources>
                          <resource>
                              <directory>${project.build.directory}</directory>
                              <include>${project.build.finalName}.jar</include>
                          </resource>
                      </resources>
                  </configuration>
              </plugin>

3.3 Dockerfile配置:

  ## 基于java 8镜像
  FROM java:8
  
  ## 将本地文件挂在到当前容器
  VOLUME /tmp
  
  ## 拷贝文件内容
  ADD omni-zipkin-server.jar zipkin-server.jar
  RUN bash -c 'touch /zipkin-server.jar'
  
  ## 开放端口
  EXPOSE 8818
  
  ## 容器启动后命令
  ENTRYPOINT ["java","-Djava.security.egd=file:/dev/./urandom","-jar","/zipkin-server.jar"]

3.4 执行maven package 打包 输出信息:

 ......省略......
 ......省略......
   ---> Running in e29385dab518
  Removing intermediate container e29385dab518
   ---> 02cd42534504
  Step 5/6 : EXPOSE 8818
  
   ---> Running in 7f88b962b174
  Removing intermediate container 7f88b962b174
   ---> d34b82c1092d
  Step 6/6 : ENTRYPOINT ["java","-Djava.security.egd=file:/dev/./urandom","-jar","/zipkin-server.jar"]
  
   ---> Running in 3062e50da1ea
  Removing intermediate container 3062e50da1ea
   ---> 006a803605d3
  ProgressMessage{id=null, status=null, stream=null, error=null, progress=null, progressDetail=null}
  Successfully built 006a803605d3
  Successfully tagged omni-zipkin-server:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
  [INFO] Built omni-zipkin-server:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
  [INFO] Tagging omni-zipkin-server:0.0.1-SNAPSHOT with latest
  [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
  [INFO] BUILD SUCCESS

3.5 到私服仓库查看镜像:

 [root@iZwz95nk600g8wdsa3pbxvZ ~]# docker images
 REPOSITORY           TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
 omni-zipkin-server   0.0.1-SNAPSHOT      006a803605d3        42 minutes ago      763MB
 omni-zipkin-server   latest              006a803605d3        42 minutes ago      763MB
 registry             2                   d0eed8dad114        29 hours ago        25.8MB
 java                 8                   d23bdf5b1b1b        2 years ago         643MB

Github:完整DEMO示例

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