TensorFlow的reshape操作 tf.reshape

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初学tensorflow,如果写的不对的,请更正,谢谢!

tf.reshape(tensor, shape, name=None) 
函数的作用是将tensor变换为参数shape的形式。 
其中shape为一个列表形式,特殊的一点是列表中可以存在-1。-1代表的含义是不用我们自己指定这一维的大小,函数会自动计算,但列表中只能存在一个-1。(当然如果存在多个-1,就是一个存在多解的方程了)

好了我想说的重点还有一个就是根据shape如何变换矩阵。其实简单的想就是,

reshape(t, shape) => reshape(t, [-1]) => reshape(t, shape)

首先将矩阵t变为一维矩阵,然后再对矩阵的形式更改就可以了。

官方的例子:

# tensor 't' is [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
# tensor 't' has shape [9]
reshape(t, [3, 3]) ==> [[1, 2, 3],
                        [4, 5, 6],
                        [7, 8, 9]]

# tensor 't' is [[[1, 1], [2, 2]],
#                [[3, 3], [4, 4]]]
# tensor 't' has shape [2, 2, 2]
reshape(t, [2, 4]) ==> [[1, 1, 2, 2],
                        [3, 3, 4, 4]]

# tensor 't' is [[[1, 1, 1],
#                 [2, 2, 2]],
#                [[3, 3, 3],
#                 [4, 4, 4]],
#                [[5, 5, 5],
#                 [6, 6, 6]]]
# tensor 't' has shape [3, 2, 3]
# pass '[-1]' to flatten 't'
reshape(t, [-1]) ==> [1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6]

# -1 can also be used to infer the shape

# -1 is inferred to be 9:
reshape(t, [2, -1]) ==> [[1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3],
                         [4, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6]]
# -1 is inferred to be 2:
reshape(t, [-1, 9]) ==> [[1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3],
                         [4, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6]]
# -1 is inferred to be 3:
reshape(t, [ 2, -1, 3]) ==> [[[1, 1, 1],
                              [2, 2, 2],
                              [3, 3, 3]],
                             [[4, 4, 4],
                              [5, 5, 5],
                              [6, 6, 6]]]

# tensor 't' is [7]
# shape `[]` reshapes to a scalar
reshape(t, []) ==> 7

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