【模式识别】OpenCV中使用神经网络 CvANN_MLP

OpenCV的ml模块实现了人工神经网络(Artificial Neural Networks, ANN)最典型的多层感知器(multi-layer perceptrons, MLP)模型由于ml模型实现的算法都继承自统一的CvStatModel基类,其训练和预测的接口都是train(),predict(),非常简单。

下面来看神经网络 CvANN_MLP 的使用~

定义神经网络及参数:

//Setup the BPNetwork
	CvANN_MLP bp; 
	// Set up BPNetwork's parameters
	CvANN_MLP_TrainParams params;
	params.train_method=CvANN_MLP_TrainParams::BACKPROP;
	params.bp_dw_scale=0.1;
	params.bp_moment_scale=0.1;
	//params.train_method=CvANN_MLP_TrainParams::RPROP;
	//params.rp_dw0 = 0.1; 
	//params.rp_dw_plus = 1.2; 
	//params.rp_dw_minus = 0.5;
	//params.rp_dw_min = FLT_EPSILON; 
	//params.rp_dw_max = 50.;

可以直接定义CvANN_MLP神经网络,并设置其参数。 BACKPROP表示使用back-propagation的训练方法,RPROP即最简单的propagation训练方法。

使用BACKPROP有两个相关参数:bp_dw_scale即bp_moment_scale:


使用PRPOP有四个相关参数:rp_dw0, rp_dw_plus, rp_dw_minus, rp_dw_min, rp_dw_max:


上述代码中为其默认值。

设置网络层数,训练数据:

// Set up training data
	float labels[3][5] = {{0,0,0,0,0},{1,1,1,1,1},{0,0,0,0,0}};
	Mat labelsMat(3, 5, CV_32FC1, labels);

	float trainingData[3][5] = { {1,2,3,4,5},{111,112,113,114,115}, {21,22,23,24,25} };
	Mat trainingDataMat(3, 5, CV_32FC1, trainingData);
	Mat layerSizes=(Mat_<int>(1,5) << 5,2,2,2,5);
	bp.create(layerSizes,CvANN_MLP::SIGMOID_SYM);//CvANN_MLP::SIGMOID_SYM
	                                           //CvANN_MLP::GAUSSIAN
	                                           //CvANN_MLP::IDENTITY
	bp.train(trainingDataMat, labelsMat, Mat(),Mat(), params);

layerSizes设置了有三个隐含层的网络结构:输入层,三个隐含层,输出层。输入层和输出层节点数均为5,中间隐含层每层有两个节点。

create第二个参数可以设置每个神经节点的激活函数,默认为CvANN_MLP::SIGMOID_SYM,即Sigmoid函数,同时提供的其他激活函数有Gauss和阶跃函数。


使用训练好的网络结构分类新的数据:

然后直接使用predict函数,就可以预测新的节点:

Mat sampleMat = (Mat_<float>(1,5) << i,j,0,0,0);
			Mat responseMat;
			bp.predict(sampleMat,responseMat);

完整程序代码:

//The example of using BPNetwork in OpenCV
//Coded by L. Wei
#include <opencv2/core/core.hpp>
#include <opencv2/highgui/highgui.hpp>
#include <opencv2/ml/ml.hpp>
#include <iostream>
#include <string>

using namespace std;
using namespace cv;

int main()
{
	//Setup the BPNetwork
	CvANN_MLP bp; 
	// Set up BPNetwork's parameters
	CvANN_MLP_TrainParams params;
	params.train_method=CvANN_MLP_TrainParams::BACKPROP;
	params.bp_dw_scale=0.1;
	params.bp_moment_scale=0.1;
	//params.train_method=CvANN_MLP_TrainParams::RPROP;
	//params.rp_dw0 = 0.1; 
	//params.rp_dw_plus = 1.2; 
	//params.rp_dw_minus = 0.5;
	//params.rp_dw_min = FLT_EPSILON; 
	//params.rp_dw_max = 50.;

	// Set up training data
	float labels[3][5] = {{0,0,0,0,0},{1,1,1,1,1},{0,0,0,0,0}};
	Mat labelsMat(3, 5, CV_32FC1, labels);

	float trainingData[3][5] = { {1,2,3,4,5},{111,112,113,114,115}, {21,22,23,24,25} };
	Mat trainingDataMat(3, 5, CV_32FC1, trainingData);
	Mat layerSizes=(Mat_<int>(1,5) << 5,2,2,2,5);
	bp.create(layerSizes,CvANN_MLP::SIGMOID_SYM);//CvANN_MLP::SIGMOID_SYM
	                                           //CvANN_MLP::GAUSSIAN
	                                           //CvANN_MLP::IDENTITY
	bp.train(trainingDataMat, labelsMat, Mat(),Mat(), params);


	// Data for visual representation
	int width = 512, height = 512;
	Mat image = Mat::zeros(height, width, CV_8UC3);
	Vec3b green(0,255,0), blue (255,0,0);
	// Show the decision regions given by the SVM
	for (int i = 0; i < image.rows; ++i)
		for (int j = 0; j < image.cols; ++j)
		{
			Mat sampleMat = (Mat_<float>(1,5) << i,j,0,0,0);
			Mat responseMat;
			bp.predict(sampleMat,responseMat);
			float* p=responseMat.ptr<float>(0);
			float response=0.0f;
			for(int k=0;k<5;i++){
			//	cout<<p[k]<<" ";
				response+=p[k];
			}
			if (response >2)
				image.at<Vec3b>(j, i)  = green;
			else  
				image.at<Vec3b>(j, i)  = blue;
		}

		// Show the training data
		int thickness = -1;
		int lineType = 8;
		circle(	image, Point(501,  10), 5, Scalar(  0,   0,   0), thickness, lineType);
		circle(	image, Point(255,  10), 5, Scalar(255, 255, 255), thickness, lineType);
		circle(	image, Point(501, 255), 5, Scalar(255, 255, 255), thickness, lineType);
		circle(	image, Point( 10, 501), 5, Scalar(255, 255, 255), thickness, lineType);

		imwrite("result.png", image);        // save the image 

		imshow("BP Simple Example", image); // show it to the user
		waitKey(0);

}

结果:




(转载请注明作者和出处:http://blog.csdn.net/xiaowei_cqu 未经允许请勿用于商业用途)


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