Spring源码解析-applicationContext

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在已经有BeanFactory可以完成Ioc功能情况下,spring又提供了ApplicationContext,why?可以简单理解BeanFactory为可用,ApplicationContext封装了Beanfactory,提供了上下文、国际化、监听等更多的可选功能,让其能用,使用时,优先使用ApplicationContext。

Demo

跟beanfactory的demo唯一不同的就是:

//BeanFactory ctx = new XmlBeanFactory(new ClassPathResource("spring.xml"));

ApplicationContext ctx = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("spring.xml");

uml类图

ApplicationContext

applicationContext

ApplicationListener

ApplicationListener

源码解析

主流程

//ClassPathXmlApplicationContext
public ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(String[] configLocations, boolean refresh) throws BeansException {
    this(configLocations, refresh, null);
}

public ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(String[] configLocations, boolean refresh, ApplicationContext parent)
        throws BeansException {

    super(parent);
    // 设置configLocations
    setConfigLocations(configLocations);
    if (refresh) {
        refresh();
    }
}

//AbstractApplicationContext
public void refresh() throws BeansException, IllegalStateException {
    synchronized (this.startupShutdownMonitor) {
        // 设置和校验系统变量和环境变量的值 
        prepareRefresh();

        // 获取beanFactory
        ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = obtainFreshBeanFactory();

        // 配置BeanFactory上下文
        prepareBeanFactory(beanFactory);

        try {
            // 子类扩展,beanFactory的后置处理
            postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);

            // 调用BeanFactory的后置处理器
            invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);

            // 注册bean processors,只是注册,bean创建时调用.
            registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory);

            // 国际化
            initMessageSource();

            // 初始化监听的Multicaster,有自定义就是用自定义,没有就使用默认SimpleApplicationEventMulticaster
            initApplicationEventMulticaster();

            // 子类扩展
            onRefresh();

            // 注册listen
            registerListeners();

            // 实例化所有非延迟加载的bean,相当于循环调用getbean
            finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory);

            // 完成刷新,通知LifecycleProcessor,ContextRefreshedEvent事件(这个很有用,可以监听这个事件)
            finishRefresh();
        }

        catch (BeansException ex) {
            // Destroy already created singletons to avoid dangling resources.
            destroyBeans();

            // Reset 'active' flag.
            cancelRefresh(ex);

            // Propagate exception to caller.
            throw ex;
        }
    }
}

整个refresh过程,流程清晰,从spring学了这一招。

obtainFreshBeanFactory

这个流程里面有个需要注意的地方:

//AbstractRefreshableApplicationContext
protected void customizeBeanFactory(DefaultListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
    if (this.allowBeanDefinitionOverriding != null) {
        beanFactory.setAllowBeanDefinitionOverriding(this.allowBeanDefinitionOverriding);
    }
    if (this.allowCircularReferences != null) {
        beanFactory.setAllowCircularReferences(this.allowCircularReferences);
    }
    // 用于@Autowire和@Qualifier,没试过,TODO
    beanFactory.setAutowireCandidateResolver(new QualifierAnnotationAutowireCandidateResolver());
}

prepareBeanFactory

//ClassPathXmlApplicationContext
protected void prepareBeanFactory(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
    // Tell the internal bean factory to use the context's class loader etc.
    beanFactory.setBeanClassLoader(getClassLoader()); // 之前beanfactory没有设置classLoader
    beanFactory.setBeanExpressionResolver(new StandardBeanExpressionResolver()); // el表达式
    beanFactory.addPropertyEditorRegistrar(new ResourceEditorRegistrar(this, this.getEnvironment())); // 配置属性注入编辑器

    //ApplicationContextAwareProcessor这个beanpostprocessor,在实例化前postProcessBeforeInitialization设置下面忽略的依赖
    beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new ApplicationContextAwareProcessor(this)); 
    beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ResourceLoaderAware.class);
    beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ApplicationEventPublisherAware.class);
    beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(MessageSourceAware.class);
    beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ApplicationContextAware.class);
    beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(EnvironmentAware.class);

    // 设置几个自动注册的依赖,注入的时候直接用
    beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(BeanFactory.class, beanFactory);
    beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(ResourceLoader.class, this);
    beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(ApplicationEventPublisher.class, this);
    beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(ApplicationContext.class, this);


    // aop类加载期织入支持Detect a LoadTimeWeaver and prepare for weaving, if found.
    if (beanFactory.containsBean(LOAD_TIME_WEAVER_BEAN_NAME)) {
        beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new LoadTimeWeaverAwareProcessor(beanFactory));
        // Set a temporary ClassLoader for type matching.
        beanFactory.setTempClassLoader(new ContextTypeMatchClassLoader(beanFactory.getBeanClassLoader()));
    }

    // // 注册一些默认bean,方便使用
    if (!beanFactory.containsBean(ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME)) {
        beanFactory.registerSingleton(ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME, getEnvironment());
    }

    if (!beanFactory.containsBean(SYSTEM_PROPERTIES_BEAN_NAME)) {
        beanFactory.registerSingleton(SYSTEM_PROPERTIES_BEAN_NAME, getEnvironment().getSystemProperties());
    }

    if (!beanFactory.containsBean(SYSTEM_ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME)) {
        beanFactory.registerSingleton(SYSTEM_ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME, getEnvironment().getSystemEnvironment());
    }
}

invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors

//AbstractApplicationContext
//BeanFactoryPostProcessor激活调用
protected void invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
    // Invoke BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors first, if any.
    Set<String> processedBeans = new HashSet<String>();
    //BeanDefinitionRegistry中的BeanPostProcessor
    if (beanFactory instanceof BeanDefinitionRegistry) {
        BeanDefinitionRegistry registry = (BeanDefinitionRegistry) beanFactory;
        List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> regularPostProcessors = new LinkedList<BeanFactoryPostProcessor>();
        List<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor> registryPostProcessors =
                new LinkedList<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor>();
        //硬编码进来的
        for (BeanFactoryPostProcessor postProcessor : getBeanFactoryPostProcessors()) {
            if (postProcessor instanceof BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor) {
                //BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor继承了BeanFactoryPostProcessor,多了个调用postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry,这里区分下
                BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor registryPostProcessor =
                        (BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor) postProcessor;
                registryPostProcessor.postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry(registry);
                registryPostProcessors.add(registryPostProcessor);
            }
            else {
                regularPostProcessors.add(postProcessor);
            }
        }
        //配置的bean中获取
        Map<String, BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor> beanMap =
                beanFactory.getBeansOfType(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class, true, false);
        List<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor> registryPostProcessorBeans =
                new ArrayList<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor>(beanMap.values());
        OrderComparator.sort(registryPostProcessorBeans);
        for (BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor postProcessor : registryPostProcessorBeans) {
            //调用postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry
            postProcessor.postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry(registry);
        }
        //调用postProcessBeanFactory
        invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(registryPostProcessors, beanFactory);
        invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(registryPostProcessorBeans, beanFactory);
        invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(regularPostProcessors, beanFactory);
        // processedBeans包含所有处理过的
        processedBeans.addAll(beanMap.keySet());
    }
    else {
        // Invoke factory processors registered with the context instance.
        invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(getBeanFactoryPostProcessors(), beanFactory);
    }

    // beanFactory中获取BeanFactoryPostProcessor
    String[] postProcessorNames =
            beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class, true, false);

    // Separate between BeanFactoryPostProcessors that implement PriorityOrdered,
    // Ordered, and the rest.
    List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> priorityOrderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<BeanFactoryPostProcessor>();
    List<String> orderedPostProcessorNames = new ArrayList<String>();
    List<String> nonOrderedPostProcessorNames = new ArrayList<String>();
    for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
        // 按照PriorityOrdered\Ordered\其他区分下,如果已经处理过,会过滤掉,不会重复处理
        if (processedBeans.contains(ppName)) {
            // skip - already processed in first phase above
        }
        else if (isTypeMatch(ppName, PriorityOrdered.class)) {
            priorityOrderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
        }
        else if (isTypeMatch(ppName, Ordered.class)) {
            orderedPostProcessorNames.add(ppName);
        }
        else {
            nonOrderedPostProcessorNames.add(ppName);
        }
    }
    // 对分类过的排序然后调用
    // First, invoke the BeanFactoryPostProcessors that implement PriorityOrdered.
    OrderComparator.sort(priorityOrderedPostProcessors);
    invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(priorityOrderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);

    // Next, invoke the BeanFactoryPostProcessors that implement Ordered.
    List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> orderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<BeanFactoryPostProcessor>();
    for (String postProcessorName : orderedPostProcessorNames) {
        orderedPostProcessors.add(getBean(postProcessorName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
    }
    OrderComparator.sort(orderedPostProcessors);
    invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(orderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);

    // Finally, invoke all other BeanFactoryPostProcessors.
    List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> nonOrderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<BeanFactoryPostProcessor>();
    for (String postProcessorName : nonOrderedPostProcessorNames) {
        nonOrderedPostProcessors.add(getBean(postProcessorName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
    }
    invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(nonOrderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);
}

registerBeanPostProcessors

//AbstractApplicationContext
//注册所有的BeanPostProcessor,只注册,不调用
protected void registerBeanPostProcessors(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
    String[] postProcessorNames = beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanPostProcessor.class, true, false);

    // 注册BeanPostProcessorChecker,只是info日志表明bean没有被所有processor处理,没感觉想干嘛
    int beanProcessorTargetCount = beanFactory.getBeanPostProcessorCount() + 1 + postProcessorNames.length;
    beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new BeanPostProcessorChecker(beanFactory, beanProcessorTargetCount));

    // 按照实现PriorityOrdered,Ordered,其他.分类排序注册到beanfactory
    List<BeanPostProcessor> priorityOrderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<BeanPostProcessor>();
    List<BeanPostProcessor> internalPostProcessors = new ArrayList<BeanPostProcessor>();
    List<String> orderedPostProcessorNames = new ArrayList<String>();
    List<String> nonOrderedPostProcessorNames = new ArrayList<String>();
    for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
        if (isTypeMatch(ppName, PriorityOrdered.class)) {
            BeanPostProcessor pp = beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanPostProcessor.class);
            priorityOrderedPostProcessors.add(pp);
            if (pp instanceof MergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessor) {
                internalPostProcessors.add(pp);
            }
        }
        else if (isTypeMatch(ppName, Ordered.class)) {
            orderedPostProcessorNames.add(ppName);
        }
        else {
            nonOrderedPostProcessorNames.add(ppName);
        }
    }

    // First, register the BeanPostProcessors that implement PriorityOrdered.
    OrderComparator.sort(priorityOrderedPostProcessors);
    registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory, priorityOrderedPostProcessors);

    // Next, register the BeanPostProcessors that implement Ordered.
    List<BeanPostProcessor> orderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<BeanPostProcessor>();
    for (String ppName : orderedPostProcessorNames) {
        BeanPostProcessor pp = beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanPostProcessor.class);
        orderedPostProcessors.add(pp);
        if (pp instanceof MergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessor) {
            internalPostProcessors.add(pp);
        }
    }
    OrderComparator.sort(orderedPostProcessors);
    registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory, orderedPostProcessors);

    // Now, register all regular BeanPostProcessors.
    List<BeanPostProcessor> nonOrderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<BeanPostProcessor>();
    for (String ppName : nonOrderedPostProcessorNames) {
        BeanPostProcessor pp = beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanPostProcessor.class);
        nonOrderedPostProcessors.add(pp);
        if (pp instanceof MergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessor) {
            internalPostProcessors.add(pp);
        }
    }
    registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory, nonOrderedPostProcessors);

    // Finally, re-register all internal BeanPostProcessors.
    OrderComparator.sort(internalPostProcessors);
    registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory, internalPostProcessors);
    //ApplicationListenerDetector初始化后,如果是listener,添加到监听里面
    beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new ApplicationListenerDetector());
}

//注册所有的BeanPostProcessor到Beanfactory
private void registerBeanPostProcessors(
        ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory, List<BeanPostProcessor> postProcessors) {

    for (BeanPostProcessor postProcessor : postProcessors) {
        beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(postProcessor);
    }
}

只注册,不调用,跟beanfactoryprocessor不一样。

registerListeners

//AbstractApplicationContext
protected void registerListeners() {
    // 注册硬编码的listener
    for (ApplicationListener<?> listener : getApplicationListeners()) {
        getApplicationEventMulticaster().addApplicationListener(listener);
    }
    // 注册xml配置的listener
    String[] listenerBeanNames = getBeanNamesForType(ApplicationListener.class, true, false);
    for (String lisName : listenerBeanNames) {
        getApplicationEventMulticaster().addApplicationListenerBean(lisName);
    }
}

finishRefresh

//AbstractApplicationContext
protected void finishRefresh() {
    // 初始化LifecycleProcessor,有自定义就使用自定义的,没有就使用DefaultLifecycleProcessor(onRefresh和onClose)
    initLifecycleProcessor();

    // 广播onRefresh 给所有实现lifeProcessor
    getLifecycleProcessor().onRefresh();

    // Publish ContextRefreshedEvent事件
    publishEvent(new ContextRefreshedEvent(this));
}

可以通过监听ContextRefreshedEvent事件,在所有applicationContext完成所有操作后修改bean,做其他操作。

总结

  1. 对比Beanfactory优先使用ApplicationContext;
  2. ContextRefreshedEvent监听的扩展;
  3. 整个加载处理提炼的很清晰,而且很多地方留下了扩展点,看起来舒服。
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