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Hadoop使用常见问题以及解决方法

1:Shuffle Error: Exceeded MAX_FAILED_UNIQUE_FETCHES; bailing-out
Answer:
程序里面需要打开多个文件,进行分析,系统一般默认数量是1024,(用ulimit -a可以看到)对于正常使用是够了,但是对于程序来讲,就太少了。
修改办法:
修改2个文件。
        /etc/security/limits.conf
vi /etc/security/limits.conf
加上:
* soft nofile 102400
* hard nofile 409600

    $cd /etc/pam.d/
    $sudo vi login
        添加       session    required    /lib/security/pam_limits.so

针对第一个问题我纠正下答案:
这是reduce预处理阶段shuffle时获取已完成的map的输出失败次数超过上限造成的,上限默认为5。引起此问题的方式可能会有很多种,比如网络连接不正常,连接超时,带宽较差以及端口阻塞等。。。通常框架内网络情况较好是不会出现此错误的。

2:Too many fetch-failures
Answer:
出现这个问题主要是结点间的连通不够全面。
1) 检查 、/etc/hosts
   要求本机ip 对应 服务器名
   要求要包含所有的服务器ip + 服务器名
2) 检查 .ssh/authorized_keys
   要求包含所有服务器(包括其自身)的public key

3:处理速度特别的慢 出现map很快 但是reduce很慢而且反复出现 reduce=0%
Answer:
结合第二点,然后
修改 conf/hadoop-env.sh 中的export HADOOP_HEAPSIZE=4000

4:能够启动datanode,但无法访问,也无法结束的错误
在重新格式化一个新的分布式文件时,需要将你NameNode上所配置的dfs.name.dir这一namenode用来存放NameNode 持久存储名字空间及事务日志的本地文件系统路径删除,同时将各DataNode上的dfs.data.dir的路径 DataNode 存放块数据的本地文件系统路径的目录也删除。如本此配置就是在NameNode上删除/home/hadoop/NameData,在DataNode上删除/home/hadoop/DataNode1和/home/hadoop/DataNode2。这是因为Hadoop在格式化一个新的分布式文件系统时,每个存储的名字空间都对应了建立时间的那个版本(可以查看/home/hadoop /NameData/current目录下的VERSION文件,上面记录了版本信息),在重新格式化新的分布式系统文件时,最好先删除NameData 目录。必须删除各DataNode的dfs.data.dir。这样才可以使namedode和datanode记录的信息版本对应。
注意:删除是个很危险的动作,不能确认的情况下不能删除!!做好删除的文件等通通备份!!

5:java.io.IOException:Could not obtain block: blk_194219614024901469_1100 file=/user/hive/warehouse/src_20090724_log/src_20090724_log
出现这种情况大多是结点断了,没有连接上。

6:java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Javaheap space
出现这种异常,明显是jvm内存不够得原因,要修改所有的datanode的jvm内存大小。
Java -Xms1024m -Xmx4096m
一般jvm的最大内存使用应该为总内存大小的一半,我们使用的8G内存,所以设置为4096m,这一值可能依旧不是最优的值。

 

7:Namenode in safe mode
解决方法
bin/hadoop dfsadmin -safemode leave

8:java.net.NoRouteToHostException: No route to host
j解决方法:
sudo /etc/init.d/iptables stop

9:更改namenode后,在hive中运行select 依旧指向之前的namenode地址
这是因为:When youcreate a table, hive actually storesthe location of the table (e.g.
hdfs://ip:port/user/root/...) in the SDS and DBS tables in the metastore . Sowhen I bring up a new cluster the master has a new IP, but hive's metastore isstill pointing to the locations within the old
cluster. I could modify the metastore to update with the new IP everytime Ibring up a cluster. But the easier and simpler solution was to just use anelastic IP for the master
所以要将metastore中的之前出现的namenode地址全部更换为现有的namenode地址

 

10:Your DataNode is started and you can create directories withbin/hadoop dfs -mkdir, but you get an error message when you try to put filesinto the HDFS (e.g., when you run a command like bin/hadoop dfs -put).
解决方法:
Go to the HDFS info web page (open your web browser and go tohttp://namenode:dfs_info_port where namenode is the hostname of your NameNodeand dfs_info_port is the port you chose dfs.info.port; if followed theQuickStart on your personal computer then this URL will behttp://localhost:50070). Once at that page click on the number where it tellsyou how many DataNodes you have to look at a list of the DataNodes in yourcluster.
If it says you have used 100% of your space, then you need to free up room onlocal disk(s) of the DataNode(s).
If you are on Windows then this number will not be accurate (there is some kindof bug either in Cygwin's df.exe or in Windows). Just free up some more spaceand you should be okay. On one Windows machine we tried the disk had 1GB freebut Hadoop reported that it was 100% full. Then we freed up another 1GB andthen it said that the disk was 99.15% full and started writing data into theHDFS again. We encountered this bug on Windows XP SP2.
11:Your DataNodes won'tstart, and you see something like this in logs/*datanode*:
Incompatible namespaceIDs in /tmp/hadoop-ross/dfs/data
原因:
Your Hadoop namespaceID became corrupted. Unfortunately the easiest thing to doreformat the HDFS.
解决方法:
You need to do something like this:
bin/stop-all.sh
rm -Rf /tmp/hadoop-your-username/*
bin/hadoop namenode -format
12:You can run Hadoop jobs written inJava (like the grep example), but your HadoopStreaming jobs (such as the Pythonexample that fetches web page titles) won't work.
原因:
You might have given only a relative path to the mapper and reducer programs.The tutorial originally just specified relative paths, but absolute paths arerequired if you are running in a real cluster.
解决方法:
Use absolute paths like this from the tutorial:
bin/hadoop jar contrib/hadoop-0.15.2-streaming.jar \
  -mapper  $HOME/proj/hadoop/multifetch.py        \
  -reducer $HOME/proj/hadoop/reducer.py           \
  -input   urls/*                                \
  -output  titles

 

13:2009-01-08 10:02:40,709 ERROR metadata.Hive(Hive.java:getPartitions(499)) - javax.jdo.JDODataStoreException: Requiredtable missing : ""PARTITIONS"" in Catalog ""Schema "". JPOX requires this table to perform its persistenceoperations. Either your MetaData is incorrect, or you need to enable"org.jpox.autoCreateTables"
原因:就是因为在 hive-default.xml 里把 org.jpox.fixedDatastore 设置成 true 了

 

14:09/08/31 18:25:45 INFO hdfs.DFSClient: Exception increateBlockOutputStream java.io.IOException:Bad connect ack with firstBadLink192.168.1.11:50010
> 09/08/31 18:25:45 INFO hdfs.DFSClient: Abandoning blockblk_-8575812198227241296_1001
> 09/08/31 18:25:51 INFO hdfs.DFSClient: Exception increateBlockOutputStream java.io.IOException:
Bad connect ack with firstBadLink 192.168.1.16:50010
> 09/08/31 18:25:51 INFO hdfs.DFSClient: Abandoning blockblk_-2932256218448902464_1001
> 09/08/31 18:25:57 INFO hdfs.DFSClient: Exception increateBlockOutputStream java.io.IOException:
Bad connect ack with firstBadLink 192.168.1.11:50010
> 09/08/31 18:25:57 INFO hdfs.DFSClient: Abandoning blockblk_-1014449966480421244_1001
> 09/08/31 18:26:03 INFO hdfs.DFSClient: Exception increateBlockOutputStream java.io.IOException:
Bad connect ack with firstBadLink 192.168.1.16:50010
> 09/08/31 18:26:03 INFO hdfs.DFSClient: Abandoning blockblk_7193173823538206978_1001
> 09/08/31 18:26:09 WARN hdfs.DFSClient: DataStreamer Exception:java.io.IOException: Unable
to create new block.
>         at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSClient$DFSOutputStream.nextBlockOutputStream(DFSClient.java:2731)
>         atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSClient$DFSOutputStream.access$2000(DFSClient.java:1996)
>         atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DFSClient$DFSOutputStream$DataStreamer.run(DFSClient.java:2182)
>
> 09/08/31 18:26:09 WARN hdfs.DFSClient: Error Recovery for blockblk_7193173823538206978_1001
bad datanode[2] nodes == null
> 09/08/31 18:26:09 WARN hdfs.DFSClient: Could not get block locations.Source file "/user/umer/8GB_input"
- Aborting...
> put: Bad connect ack with firstBadLink 192.168.1.16:50010


解决方法:
I have resolved the issue:
What i did:


1) '/etc/init.d/iptables stop' -->stopped firewall
2) SELINUX=disabled in '/etc/selinux/config' file.-->disabled selinux
I worked for me after these two changes

 

15:把IP换成主机名,datanode 挂不上
解决方法:
把temp文件删除,重启hadoop集群就行了
是因为多次部署,造成temp文件与namenode不一致的原因

 

16:解决jline.ConsoleReader.readLine在Windows上不生效问题方法

在CliDriver.java的main()函数中,有一条语句reader.readLine,用来读取标准输入,但在Windows平台上该语句总是返回null,这个reader是一个实例jline.ConsoleReader实例,给Windows Eclipse调试带来不便。
我们可以通过使用java.util.Scanner.Scanner来替代它,将原来的
while ((line=reader.readLine(curPrompt+"> ")) != null)
复制代码
替换为:
Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
while ((line=sc.nextLine()) != null)
复制代码
重新编译发布,即可正常从标准输入读取输入的SQL语句了。

 

17:Windows eclispe调试hive报does not have a scheme错误可能原因

1、Hive配置文件中的“hive.metastore.local”配置项值为false,需要将它修改为true,因为是单机版
2、没有设置HIVE_HOME环境变量,或设置错误
3、“does not have a scheme”很可能是因为找不到“hive-default.xml”。使用Eclipse调试Hive时,遇到找不到hive-default.xml的解决方法:http://bbs.hadoopor.com/thread-292-1-1.html

 

18:中文问题

从url中解析出中文,但hadoop中打印出来仍是乱码?我们曾经以为hadoop是不支持中文的,后来经过查看源代码,发现hadoop仅仅是不支持以gbk格式输出中文而己。

    这是TextOutputFormat.class中的代码,hadoop默认的输出都是继承自FileOutputFormat来的,FileOutputFormat的两个子类一个是基于二进制流的输出,一个就是基于文本的输出TextOutputFormat。

    public class TextOutputFormat<K, V> extendsFileOutputFormat<K, V> {
  protected static class LineRecordWriter<K, V>
    implements RecordWriter<K, V> {
    private static final String utf8 = “UTF-8″;//这里被写死成了utf-8
    private static final byte[] newline;
    static {
      try {
        newline = “\n”.getBytes(utf8);
      } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException uee) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException(”can’tfind ” + utf8 + ” encoding”);
      }
    }

    public LineRecordWriter(DataOutputStream out, StringkeyValueSeparator) {
      this.out = out;
      try {
        this.keyValueSeparator =keyValueSeparator.getBytes(utf8);
      } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException uee) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException(”can’tfind ” + utf8 + ” encoding”);
      }
    }

    private void writeObject(Object o) throws IOException {
      if (o instanceof Text) {
        Text to = (Text) o;
        out.write(to.getBytes(), 0, to.getLength());//这里也需要修改
      } else {
        out.write(o.toString().getBytes(utf8));
      }
    }

}
    可以看出hadoop默认的输出写死为utf-8,因此如果decode中文正确,那么将Linux客户端的character设为utf-8是可以看到中文的。因为hadoop用utf-8的格式输出了中文。
    因为大多数数据库是用gbk来定义字段的,如果想让hadoop用gbk格式输出中文以兼容数据库怎么办?
    我们可以定义一个新的类:
    public class GbkOutputFormat<K, V> extendsFileOutputFormat<K, V> {
  protected static class LineRecordWriter<K, V>
    implements RecordWriter<K, V> {
//写成gbk即可
    private static final String gbk = “gbk”;
    private static final byte[] newline;
    static {
      try {
        newline = “\n”.getBytes(gbk);
      } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException uee) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException(”can’tfind ” + gbk + ” encoding”);
      }
    }

    public LineRecordWriter(DataOutputStream out, StringkeyValueSeparator) {
      this.out = out;
      try {
        this.keyValueSeparator =keyValueSeparator.getBytes(gbk);
      } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException uee) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException(”can’tfind ” + gbk + ” encoding”);
      }
    }

    private void writeObject(Object o) throws IOException {
      if (o instanceof Text) {
//        Text to = (Text) o;
//        out.write(to.getBytes(), 0,to.getLength());
//      } else {
        out.write(o.toString().getBytes(gbk));
      }
    }

}
    然后在mapreduce代码中加入conf1.setOutputFormat(GbkOutputFormat.class)
    即可以gbk格式输出中文。

 

19:某次正常运行mapreduce实例时,抛出错误

 

java.io.IOException:All datanodes xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:xxx are bad. Aborting…

at org.apache.hadoop.dfs.DFSClient$DFSOutputStream.processDatanodeError(DFSClient.java:2158)

atorg.apache.hadoop.dfs.DFSClient$DFSOutputStream.access$1400(DFSClient.java:1735)

atorg.apache.hadoop.dfs.DFSClient$DFSOutputStream$DataStreamer.run(DFSClient.java:1889)

java.io.IOException: Could not get block locations. Aborting…

atorg.apache.hadoop.dfs.DFSClient$DFSOutputStream.processDatanodeError(DFSClient.java:2143)

atorg.apache.hadoop.dfs.DFSClient$DFSOutputStream.access$1400(DFSClient.java:1735)

at org.apache.hadoop.dfs.DFSClient$DFSOutputStream$DataStreamer.run(DFSClient.java:1889)

经查明,问题原因是linux机器打开了过多的文件导致。用命令ulimit -n可以发现linux默认的文件打开数目为1024,修改/ect/security/limit.conf,增加hadoop soft 65535

再重新运行程序(最好所有的datanode都修改),问题解决

 

20:运行一段时间后hadoop不能stop-all.sh的问题,显示报错no tasktracker to stop ,no datanode to stop

 

问题的原因是hadoop在stop的时候依据的是datanode上的mapred和dfs进程号。而默认的进程号保存在/tmp下,linux默认会每隔一段时间(一般是一个月或者7天左右)去删除这个目录下的文件。因此删掉hadoop-hadoop-jobtracker.pid和hadoop-hadoop-namenode.pid两个文件后,namenode自然就找不到datanode上的这两个进程了。

在配置文件中的export HADOOP_PID_DIR可以解决这个问题

 

21:问题:
Incompatible namespaceIDs in /usr/local/hadoop/dfs/data: namenode namespaceID =405233244966; datanode namespaceID = 33333244

 

原因:
在每次执行hadoop namenode -format时,都会为NameNode生成namespaceID,,但是在hadoop.tmp.dir目录下的DataNode还是保留上次的namespaceID,因为namespaceID的不一致,而导致DataNode无法启动,所以只要在每次执行hadoop namenode -format之前,先删除hadoop.tmp.dir目录就可以启动成功。请注意是删除hadoop.tmp.dir对应的本地目录,而不是HDFS目录。

 

22:Problem: Storage directory not exist:

 

2010-02-0921:37:49,890 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode: STARTUP_MSG:
/************************************************************
STARTUP_MSG: Starting NameNode
STARTUP_MSG:   host = yijian/192.168.0.13
STARTUP_MSG:   args = []
STARTUP_MSG:   version = 0.20.1
STARTUP_MSG:   build = http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/ ... /release-0.20.1-rc1 -r810220; compiled by 'oom' on Tue Sep  1 20:55:56 UTC 2009
************************************************************/
2010-02-09 21:37:52,093 INFO org.apache.hadoop.ipc.metrics.RpcMetrics:Initializing RPC Metrics with hostName=NameNode, port=8888
2010-02-09 21:37:52,125 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode:Namenode up at: 127.0.0.1/127.0.0.1:8888
2010-02-09 21:37:52,140 INFO org.apache.hadoop.metrics.jvm.JvmMetrics:Initializing JVM Metrics with processName=NameNode, sessionId=null
2010-02-09 21:37:52,156 INFOorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.metrics.NameNodeMetrics: InitializingNameNodeMeterics using context object:org.apache.hadoop.metrics.spi.NullContext
2010-02-09 21:37:53,000 INFOorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem:fsOwner=jian,None,root,Administrators,Users
2010-02-09 21:37:53,000 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem:supergroup=supergroup
2010-02-09 21:37:53,000 INFOorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem: isPermissionEnabled=true
2010-02-09 21:37:53,031 INFOorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.metrics.FSNamesystemMetrics:Initializing FSNamesystemMetrics using contextobject:org.apache.hadoop.metrics.spi.NullContext
2010-02-09 21:37:53,046 INFOorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem: RegisteredFSNamesystemStatusMBean
2010-02-09 21:37:53,203 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.common.Storage:Storage directory D:\hadoop\run\dfs_name_dirdoes not exist.
2010-02-09 21:37:53,203 ERRORorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem: FSNamesysteminitialization failed.
org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.common.InconsistentFSStateException: DirectoryD:\hadoop\run\dfs_name_dir is in an inconsistent state: storage directory doesnot exist or is not accessible.
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSImage.recoverTransitionRead(FSImage.java:290)
at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSDirectory.loadFSImage(FSDirectory.java:87)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem.initialize(FSNamesystem.java:311)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem.<init>(FSNamesystem.java:292)
at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.initialize(NameNode.java:201)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.<init>(NameNode.java:279)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.createNameNode(NameNode.java:956)
at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.main(NameNode.java:965)
2010-02-09 21:37:53,234 INFO org.apache.hadoop.ipc.Server: Stopping server on8888
2010-02-09 21:37:53,234 ERROR org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode:org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.common.InconsistentFSStateException: DirectoryD:\hadoop\run\dfs_name_dir is in an inconsistent state: storage directory doesnot exist or is not accessible.
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSImage.recoverTransitionRead(FSImage.java:290)
at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSDirectory.loadFSImage(FSDirectory.java:87)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem.initialize(FSNamesystem.java:311)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem.<init>(FSNamesystem.java:292)
at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.initialize(NameNode.java:201)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.<init>(NameNode.java:279)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.createNameNode(NameNode.java:956)
at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.main(NameNode.java:965)
2010-02-09 21:37:53,250 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode:SHUTDOWN_MSG:
/************************************************************
SHUTDOWN_MSG: Shutting down NameNode at yijian/192.168.0.13
************************************************************/

solution: 是因为存储目录D:\hadoop\run\dfs_name_dir不存在,所以只需要手动创建好这个目录即可。

 

23:Problem: NameNode is not formatted

2010-02-0921:52:49,343 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode: STARTUP_MSG:
/************************************************************
STARTUP_MSG: Starting NameNode
STARTUP_MSG:   host = yijian/192.168.0.13
STARTUP_MSG:   args = []
STARTUP_MSG:   version = 0.20.1
STARTUP_MSG:   build = http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/ ... /release-0.20.1-rc1 -r810220; compiled by 'oom' on Tue Sep  1 20:55:56 UTC 2009
************************************************************/
2010-02-09 21:52:49,531 INFO org.apache.hadoop.ipc.metrics.RpcMetrics:Initializing RPC Metrics with hostName=NameNode, port=8888
2010-02-09 21:52:49,531 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode:Namenode up at: 127.0.0.1/127.0.0.1:8888
2010-02-09 21:52:49,546 INFO org.apache.hadoop.metrics.jvm.JvmMetrics:Initializing JVM Metrics with processName=NameNode, sessionId=null
2010-02-09 21:52:49,546 INFOorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.metrics.NameNodeMetrics: InitializingNameNodeMeterics using context object:org.apache.hadoop.metrics.spi.NullContext
2010-02-09 21:52:50,250 INFOorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem:fsOwner=jian,None,root,Administrators,Users
2010-02-09 21:52:50,250 INFOorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem: supergroup=supergroup
2010-02-09 21:52:50,250 INFOorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem: isPermissionEnabled=true
2010-02-09 21:52:50,265 INFOorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.metrics.FSNamesystemMetrics:Initializing FSNamesystemMetrics using context object:org.apache.hadoop.metrics.spi.NullContext
2010-02-09 21:52:50,265 INFOorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem: RegisteredFSNamesystemStatusMBean
2010-02-09 21:52:50,359 ERRORorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem: FSNamesysteminitialization failed.
java.io.IOException: NameNode is not formatted.
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSImage.recoverTransitionRead(FSImage.java:317)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSDirectory.loadFSImage(FSDirectory.java:87)
at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem.initialize(FSNamesystem.java:311)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem.<init>(FSNamesystem.java:292)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.initialize(NameNode.java:201)
at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.<init>(NameNode.java:279)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.createNameNode(NameNode.java:956)
at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.main(NameNode.java:965)
2010-02-09 21:52:50,359 INFO org.apache.hadoop.ipc.Server: Stopping server on8888
2010-02-09 21:52:50,359 ERROR org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode:java.io.IOException: NameNode is not formatted.
at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSImage.recoverTransitionRead(FSImage.java:317)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSDirectory.loadFSImage(FSDirectory.java:87)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem.initialize(FSNamesystem.java:311)
at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem.<init>(FSNamesystem.java:292)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.initialize(NameNode.java:201)
atorg.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.<init>(NameNode.java:279)
at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.createNameNode(NameNode.java:956)
at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode.main(NameNode.java:965)
2010-02-09 21:52:50,359 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNode:SHUTDOWN_MSG:
/************************************************************
SHUTDOWN_MSG: Shutting down NameNode at yijian/192.168.0.13
************************************************************/

solution: 是因为HDFS还没有格式化,只需要运行hadoop namenode -format一下,然后再启动即可

 

24:bin/hadoop jps后报如下异常:

Exceptionin thread "main" java.lang.NullPointerException
        atsun.jvmstat.perfdata.monitor.protocol.local.LocalVmManager.activeVms(LocalVmManager.java:127)
        atsun.jvmstat.perfdata.monitor.protocol.local.MonitoredHostProvider.activeVms(MonitoredHostProvider.java:133)
        at sun.tools.jps.Jps.main(Jps.java:45)

原因为:
系统根目录/tmp文件夹被删除了。重新建立/tmp文件夹即可。
bin/hive
中出现 unable to  create log directory/tmp/...也可能是这个原因

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