【MFC/C++操作word】Word篇

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/xxxxxx91116/article/details/8543473

MFC操作Word

一.初始化操作

1.导入类库

下面的操作基于Word2003

点击查看->建立类向导-> Add Class...\From a type Library...-> C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office\MSWORD9.OLB,接下来就可以看到导入的类msword.h, msword.cpp。

2.初始化COM

找到App的InitInstance()函数,在其中添加 AfxOleInit()函数的调用,如:

       if (!AfxOleInit())

       {

              AfxMessageBox("注册COM出错!");

              return FALSE;

       }

二.我自己写的Word操作类

你写的时候可以直接使用这个类,在它的基础上修改一下。我参考自http://www.cnitblog.com/lifw/articles/vcpp_officeword.html,对其进行了改编:

WordOperate.h

#include "msword.h"

#define wdCharacter 1
#define wdLine 5
#define wdCell 12
#define wdExtend 1
#define wdMove 0
using namespace myword;
#include "atlbase.h"


class CWordOperate  
{
public:
	CWordOperate();
	virtual ~CWordOperate();
private:
	_Application m_wdApp;
	Documents m_wdDocs;
	_Document m_wdDoc;
	Selection m_wdSel;
	Range     m_wdRange;


public:
    //操作
    //**********************创建新文档*******************************************
    BOOL CreateApp();                    //创建一个新的WORD应用程序
    BOOL CreateDocuments();                //创建一个新的Word文档集合
    BOOL CreateDocument();                //创建一个新的Word文档
    BOOL Create();                        //创建新的WORD应用程序并创建一个新的文档
    void ShowApp();                        //显示WORD文档
    void HideApp();                        //隐藏word文档

    //**********************打开文档*********************************************
    BOOL OpenDocument(CString fileName);//打开已经存在的文档。
    BOOL Open(CString fileName);        //创建新的WORD应用程序并打开一个已经存在的文档。
    BOOL SetActiveDocument(short i);    //设置当前激活的文档。

    //**********************保存文档*********************************************
    BOOL SaveDocument();                //文档是以打开形式,保存。
    BOOL SaveDocumentAs(CString fileName);//文档以创建形式,保存。
    BOOL CloseDocument();
    void CloseApp(); 

    //**********************文本书写操作*****************************************
    void WriteText(CString szText);        //当前光标处写文本
    void WriteNewLineText(CString szText, int nLineCount = 1); //换N行写字
    void WriteEndLine(CString szText);    //文档结尾处写文本
    void WholeStory();                    //全选文档内容
    void Copy();                        //复制文本内容到剪贴板
    void InsertFile(CString fileName);    //将本地的文件全部内容写入到当前文档的光标处。
	//----------------------add by zxx--------------------------------------
    //***********************光标操作********************************************
	//上下按行选择
	void SelectMoveDown(short lineCount, short unit);//有选择操作的移动
	void NoneSelectMoveDown(short lineCount, short unit);//仅仅移动光标,不选中
	void SelectMoveUp(short lineCount, short unit);//有选择操作的移动
	void NoneSelectMoveUp(short lineCount, short unit);//仅仅移动光标,不选中
	//左右按列选择
	void SelectMoveLeft(short charCount, short unit);//有选择操作的移动
	void NoneSelectMoveLeft(short charCount, short unit);//
	void SelectMoveRight(short charCount, short unit);//有选择操作的移动
	void NoneSelectMoveRight(short charCount, short unit);//


	void MoveToFirst();
	void MoveToNextPage();
	void TypeParagraph();
	void PasteAndFormat();
	void Paste();
	void TypeBackspace(int count);
};


 

WordOperate.cpp

CWordOperate::CWordOperate()
{

}


CWordOperate::~CWordOperate()
{

}

//操作
BOOL CWordOperate::CreateApp()
{
	COleException pe;
	if (!m_wdApp.CreateDispatch(_T("Word.Application"), &pe))
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Application创建失败,请确保安装了word 2000或以上版本!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
		pe.ReportError();
		throw &pe;
        return FALSE;
    }
    return TRUE;
}

BOOL CWordOperate::CreateDocuments()
{
    if (FALSE == CreateApp()) 
    {
        return FALSE;
    }
    m_wdDocs.AttachDispatch(m_wdApp.GetDocuments());
    if (!m_wdDocs.m_lpDispatch) 
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Documents创建失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
    return TRUE;
}

BOOL CWordOperate::CreateDocument()
{
    if (!m_wdDocs.m_lpDispatch) 
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Documents为空!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }

    COleVariant varTrue(short(1),VT_BOOL),vOptional((long)DISP_E_PARAMNOTFOUND, VT_ERROR);
    CComVariant Template(_T(""));    //没有使用WORD的文档模板
    CComVariant NewTemplate(false),DocumentType(0),Visible;

    m_wdDocs.Add(&Template,&NewTemplate,&DocumentType,&Visible);    

    //得到document变量
    m_wdDoc = m_wdApp.GetActiveDocument();
    if (!m_wdDoc.m_lpDispatch) 
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Document获取失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
    //得到selection变量
    m_wdSel = m_wdApp.GetSelection();
    if (!m_wdSel.m_lpDispatch) 
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Select获取失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
    //得到Range变量
    m_wdRange = m_wdDoc.Range(vOptional,vOptional);
    if(!m_wdRange.m_lpDispatch)
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Range获取失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }

    return TRUE;
}

BOOL CWordOperate::Create()
{
    if (FALSE == CreateDocuments()) 
    {
        return FALSE;
    }
    return CreateDocument();
}

void CWordOperate::ShowApp()
{
    m_wdApp.SetVisible(TRUE);
}

void CWordOperate::HideApp()
{
    m_wdApp.SetVisible(FALSE);
}

BOOL CWordOperate::OpenDocument(CString fileName)
{
    if (!m_wdDocs.m_lpDispatch) 
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Documents为空!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }

    COleVariant vTrue((short)TRUE),    
                vFalse((short)FALSE),
                vOptional((long)DISP_E_PARAMNOTFOUND, VT_ERROR),
                vZ((short)0);
    COleVariant     vFileName(_T(fileName));
    
    //得到document变量
    m_wdDoc.AttachDispatch(m_wdDocs.Open(
                                vFileName,        // FileName
                                vTrue,            // Confirm Conversion.
                                vFalse,            // ReadOnly.
                                vFalse,            // AddToRecentFiles.
                                vOptional,        // PasswordDocument.
                                vOptional,        // PasswordTemplate.
                                vOptional,        // Revert.
                                vOptional,        // WritePasswordDocument.
                                vOptional,        // WritePasswordTemplate.
                                vOptional,        // Format. // Last argument for Word 97
                                vOptional,        // Encoding // New for Word 2000/2002
                                vOptional,        // Visible
                                //如下4个是word2003需要的参数。本版本是word2000。
                                vOptional,    // OpenAndRepair
                                vZ,            // DocumentDirection wdDocumentDirection LeftToRight
                                vOptional,    // NoEncodingDialog
                                vOptional
                                
                                )                // Close Open parameters
                            );                    // Close AttachDispatch
    
    if (!m_wdDoc.m_lpDispatch) 
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Document获取失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
    //得到selection变量
    m_wdSel = m_wdApp.GetSelection();
    if (!m_wdSel.m_lpDispatch) 
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Select获取失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
    //得到全部DOC的Range变量
    m_wdRange = m_wdDoc.Range(vOptional,vOptional);
    if(!m_wdRange.m_lpDispatch)
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Range获取失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
    return TRUE;
}

BOOL CWordOperate::Open(CString fileName)
{
    if (FALSE == CreateDocuments()) 
    {
        return FALSE;
    }
	//HideApp();
    return OpenDocument(fileName);
}

BOOL CWordOperate::SetActiveDocument(short i)
{
    COleVariant     vIndex(_T(i)),vOptional((long)DISP_E_PARAMNOTFOUND, VT_ERROR);

    m_wdDoc.AttachDispatch(m_wdDocs.Item(vIndex));
    m_wdDoc.Activate();
    if (!m_wdDoc.m_lpDispatch) 
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Document获取失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
    //得到selection变量
    m_wdSel = m_wdApp.GetSelection();
    if (!m_wdSel.m_lpDispatch) 
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Select获取失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
    //得到全部DOC的Range变量
    m_wdRange = m_wdDoc.Range(vOptional,vOptional);
    if(!m_wdRange.m_lpDispatch)
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Range获取失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
    HideApp();
    return TRUE;
}

BOOL CWordOperate::SaveDocument()
{
    if (!m_wdDoc.m_lpDispatch) 
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Document获取失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
    m_wdDoc.Save();
    return TRUE;
}

BOOL CWordOperate::SaveDocumentAs(CString fileName)
{
    if (!m_wdDoc.m_lpDispatch) 
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Document获取失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
    COleVariant vTrue((short)TRUE),    
                vFalse((short)FALSE),
                vOptional((long)DISP_E_PARAMNOTFOUND, VT_ERROR);
    COleVariant vFileName(_T(fileName));

    m_wdDoc.SaveAs(
                vFileName,    //VARIANT* FileName
                vOptional,    //VARIANT* FileFormat
                vOptional,    //VARIANT* LockComments
                vOptional,    //VARIANT* Password
                vOptional,    //VARIANT* AddToRecentFiles
                vOptional,    //VARIANT* WritePassword
                vOptional,    //VARIANT* ReadOnlyRecommended
                vOptional,    //VARIANT* EmbedTrueTypeFonts
                vOptional,    //VARIANT* SaveNativePictureFormat
                vOptional,    //VARIANT* SaveFormsData
                vOptional,    //VARIANT* SaveAsAOCELetter
				vOptional,    //VARIANT* ReadOnlyRecommended
                vOptional,    //VARIANT* EmbedTrueTypeFonts
                vOptional,    //VARIANT* SaveNativePictureFormat
                vOptional,    //VARIANT* SaveFormsData
                vOptional    //VARIANT* SaveAsAOCELetter
                );
    return    TRUE;
}

BOOL CWordOperate::CloseDocument()
{
    COleVariant vTrue((short)TRUE),    
                vFalse((short)FALSE),
                vOptional((long)DISP_E_PARAMNOTFOUND, VT_ERROR);
	
    m_wdDoc.Close(vFalse,    // SaveChanges.
             vTrue,            // OriginalFormat.
             vFalse            // RouteDocument.
             );
	//AfxMessageBox("c1");
    m_wdDoc.AttachDispatch(m_wdApp.GetActiveDocument());
    if (!m_wdDoc.m_lpDispatch) 
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Document获取失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
//	AfxMessageBox("c2");
    //得到selection变量
    m_wdSel = m_wdApp.GetSelection();
    if (!m_wdSel.m_lpDispatch) 
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Select获取失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
//	AfxMessageBox("c3");
    //得到全部DOC的Range变量
    m_wdRange = m_wdDoc.Range(vOptional,vOptional);
    if(!m_wdRange.m_lpDispatch)
    {
        AfxMessageBox("Range获取失败!", MB_OK|MB_ICONWARNING);
        return FALSE;
    }
//	AfxMessageBox("c4");
    return TRUE;
}

void CWordOperate::CloseApp()
{
    COleVariant vTrue((short)TRUE),    
                vFalse((short)FALSE),
                vOptional((long)DISP_E_PARAMNOTFOUND, VT_ERROR);
    m_wdDoc.Save();
    m_wdApp.Quit(vFalse,    // SaveChanges.
             vTrue,            // OriginalFormat.
             vFalse            // RouteDocument.
             );
    //释放内存申请资源

    m_wdRange.ReleaseDispatch();
    m_wdSel.ReleaseDispatch();
    m_wdDoc.ReleaseDispatch();
    m_wdDocs.ReleaseDispatch();
    m_wdApp.ReleaseDispatch();
}

void CWordOperate::WriteText(CString szText)
{
    m_wdSel.TypeText(szText);
}

void CWordOperate::WriteNewLineText(CString szText, int nLineCount /**//* = 1 */)
{
    int i;
    if (nLineCount <= 0)
    {
        nLineCount = 0;
    }
    for (i = 0; i < nLineCount; i++)
    {
        m_wdSel.TypeParagraph();
    }
    WriteText(szText);
}

void CWordOperate::WriteEndLine(CString szText)
{
    m_wdRange.InsertAfter(szText);
}

void CWordOperate::WholeStory()
{
    m_wdRange.WholeStory();
}

void CWordOperate::Copy()
{
    m_wdSel.Copy();
	//m_wdSel.CopyFormat();
}

void CWordOperate::TypeParagraph()
{
    m_wdSel.TypeParagraph();
}

void CWordOperate::PasteAndFormat()
{
	m_wdSel.PasteAndFormat(0);
}

void CWordOperate::Paste()
{
	m_wdSel.Paste();
	//m_wdSel.PasteFormat();
}

void CWordOperate::TypeBackspace(int count)
{
 	for(int i = 0; i < count; i++)
 	m_wdSel.TypeBackspace();
}
 
void CWordOperate::InsertFile(CString fileName)
{
    COleVariant     vFileName(fileName),
                 vTrue((short)TRUE),
                 vFalse((short)FALSE),
                 vOptional((long)DISP_E_PARAMNOTFOUND, VT_ERROR),
                 vNull(_T(""));
    /**//*
    void InsertFile(LPCTSTR FileName, VARIANT* Range, VARIANT* ConfirmConversions, VARIANT* Link, VARIANT* Attachment);
    */
    m_wdSel.InsertFile(
                    fileName,
                    vNull,
                    vFalse,
                    vFalse,
                    vFalse
                    );
}

void CWordOperate::SelectMoveDown(short lineCount, short unit)//有选择操作的移动
{
	m_wdSel.MoveDown(COleVariant(unit), COleVariant((short)lineCount),COleVariant((short)wdExtend));
}

void CWordOperate::NoneSelectMoveDown(short lineCount, short unit)//仅仅移动光标,不选中
{
	m_wdSel.MoveDown(COleVariant(unit), COleVariant((short)lineCount),COleVariant((short)wdMove));
}

void CWordOperate::SelectMoveUp(short lineCount, short unit)//有选择操作的移动
{
	m_wdSel.MoveUp(COleVariant(unit), COleVariant((short)lineCount),COleVariant((short)wdExtend));
}

void CWordOperate::NoneSelectMoveUp(short lineCount, short unit)//仅仅移动光标,不选中
{
	m_wdSel.MoveUp(COleVariant(unit), COleVariant((short)lineCount),COleVariant((short)wdMove));
}

void CWordOperate::SelectMoveLeft(short charCount, short unit)//有选择操作的移动
{
	m_wdSel.MoveLeft(COleVariant(unit), COleVariant((short)charCount),COleVariant((short)wdExtend));
}

void CWordOperate::NoneSelectMoveLeft(short charCount, short unit)//
{
	m_wdSel.MoveLeft(COleVariant(unit), COleVariant((short)charCount),COleVariant((short)wdMove));
}
void CWordOperate::SelectMoveRight(short charCount, short unit)//有选择操作的移动
{
	m_wdSel.MoveRight(COleVariant(unit), COleVariant((short)charCount),COleVariant((short)wdExtend));
}
void CWordOperate::NoneSelectMoveRight(short charCount, short unit)//
{
	m_wdSel.MoveRight(COleVariant(unit), COleVariant((short)charCount),COleVariant((short)wdMove));
}
void CWordOperate::MoveToFirst()
{
	m_wdSel.GoTo(COleVariant((short)1), COleVariant((short)2), COleVariant((short)0), COleVariant("1"));
}

void CWordOperate::MoveToNextPage()
{
	m_wdSel.GoTo(COleVariant((short)1), COleVariant((short)2), COleVariant((short)1), COleVariant(""));
}


 

三.可能遇到的问题

1.问题:CreateDispatch 没有注册类别

   解答:使用静态编译即可。

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