poj3126 Prime Path 简单BFS

Description
The ministers of the cabinet were quite upset by the message from the Chief of Security stating that they would all have to change the four-digit room numbers on their offices.
— It is a matter of security to change such things every now and then, to keep the enemy in the dark.
— But look, I have chosen my number 1033 for good reasons. I am the Prime minister, you know!
— I know, so therefore your new number 8179 is also a prime. You will just have to paste four new digits over the four old ones on your office door.
— No, it’s not that simple. Suppose that I change the first digit to an 8, then the number will read 8033 which is not a prime!
— I see, being the prime minister you cannot stand having a non-prime number on your door even for a few seconds.
— Correct! So I must invent a scheme for going from 1033 to 8179 by a path of prime numbers where only one digit is changed from one prime to the next prime.

Now, the minister of finance, who had been eavesdropping, intervened.
— No unnecessary expenditure, please! I happen to know that the price of a digit is one pound.
— Hmm, in that case I need a computer program to minimize the cost. You don’t know some very cheap software gurus, do you?
— In fact, I do. You see, there is this programming contest going on… Help the prime minister to find the cheapest prime path between any two given four-digit primes! The first digit must be nonzero, of course. Here is a solution in the case above.

1033
1733
3733
3739
3779
8779
8179

The cost of this solution is 6 pounds. Note that the digit 1 which got pasted over in step 2 can not be reused in the last step – a new 1 must be purchased.

Input
One line with a positive number: the number of test cases (at most 100). Then for each test case, one line with two numbers separated by a blank. Both numbers are four-digit primes (without leading zeros).

Output
One line for each case, either with a number stating the minimal cost or containing the word Impossible.

Sample Input
3
1033 8179
1373 8017
1033 1033

Sample Output
6
7
0

题目大意
给定两个四位质数A,B。求从A置换到B的最小步数。(置换:由一个四位质数改变任意一位上的一个数,使其成为另一个四位质数)

输入
第一行一个整数t,接下来t行,每行两个整数A,B。

输出
共t行,每行一个整数,代表最少步数

这个题用BFS搜索,可以先预处理1-9999的质数
注意多组数据清0

#include<cstdio>
#include<cstdlib>
#include<cstring>
#include<cmath>
#include<string>
#include<vector>
#include<stack>
#include<set>
#include<queue>
using namespace std;
const int maxn=10000;
int n,m;
bool p[maxn],p1[maxn];
void work(){
    int i,j,k;
    for(i=2;i<=9999;i++)
        if(!p[i]){
            k=9999/i;
            for(j=2;j<=k;j++)
                p[j*i]=1;
        }
}
struct node{
    int x,y;
};
node make(int x,int y){
    node z;
    z.x=x;
    z.y=y;
    return z;
}
int bfs(){
    queue <node> q;
    int i;
    q.push(make(n,0));
    while(!q.empty()){
        node to=q.front();
        q.pop();
        if(to.x==m)
            return to.y;
        for(i=1;i<=9;i+=2)
            if(!p[(to.x/10)*10+i] && !p1[(to.x/10)*10+i])
                p1[(to.x/10)*10+i]=1,q.push(make((to.x/10)*10+i,to.y+1));
        for(i=0;i<=9;i++)                      
            if(!p[((to.x/100)*100+to.x%10)+i*10] && !p1[((to.x/100)*100+to.x%10)+i*10])                            
                p1[((to.x/100)*100+to.x%10)+i*10]=1,q.push(make(((to.x/100)*100+to.x%10)+i*10,to.y+1));
        for(i=0;i<=9;i++)                      
            if(!p[((to.x/1000)*1000+to.x%100)+i*100] && !p1[((to.x/1000)*1000+to.x%100)+i*100])                            
                p1[((to.x/1000)*1000+to.x%100)+i*100]=1,q.push(make(((to.x/1000)*1000+to.x%100)+i*100,to.y+1));
        for(i=1;i<=9;i++)                      
            if(!p[(to.x%1000)+i*1000] && !p1[(to.x%1000)+i*1000])                            
                p1[(to.x%1000)+i*1000]=1,q.push(make(to.x%1000+i*1000,to.y+1));
    }
    return -1;
}
int main(){  
    int i,j,k;
    work();
    int t;
    scanf("%d",&t);
    while(t--){
        scanf("%d%d",&n,&m);
        int ans=bfs();
        if(ans!=-1)
            printf("%d\n",ans);
        else puts("Impossible");
        memset(p1,0,sizeof(p1));
    }
    return 0;
}
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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/yalishiyanzhouyu888/article/details/52299748
文章标签: bfs poj
个人分类: poj bfs
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