proxool详细配置

proxool一个数据库连接池框架,提供了对你选择的其它类型的驱动程序的连接池封装。可以非常简单的移植到现存的代码中。完全可配置。快速,成熟,健壮。可以透明地为你现存的JDBC驱动程序增加连接池功能。到目前为止最新版本是proxool 0.9.1,可从官网下载最新版本 http://proxool.sourceforge.net

 

一、配置proxool.xml文件 

 

Xml代码 复制代码 
  1. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
  2.     <!--   
  3.         the proxool configuration can be embedded within your own   
  4.         application's. Anything outside the "proxool" tag is ignored.   
  5.     -->  
  6. <something-else-entirely>  
  7.     <proxool>  
  8.         <alias>dbname</alias> <!--数据源的别名-->  
  9.         <driver-url>jdbc:oracle:thin:@127.0.0.1:1521:testdb</driver-url><!--url连接串-->  
  10.         <driver-class>oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver</driver-class> <!--驱动类-->  
  11.         <driver-properties>  
  12.             <property name="user" value="username" /> <!--用户名-->  
  13.             <property name="password" value="password" /><!--密码-->  
  14.         </driver-properties>    
  15.         <!--最大连接数(默认5个),超过了这个连接数,再有请求时,就排在队列中等候,最大的等待请求数由maximum-new-connections决定 -->  
  16.         <maximum-connection-count>100</maximum-connection-count>    
  17.         <!--最小连接数(默认2个)-->  
  18.         <minimum-connection-count>10</minimum-connection-count>    
  19.         <!--proxool自动侦察各个连接状态的时间间隔(毫秒),侦察到空闲的连接就马上回收,超时的销毁 默认30秒-->  
  20.         <house-keeping-sleep-time>90000</house-keeping-sleep-time>  
  21.         <!--没有空闲连接可以分配而在队列中等候的最大请求数,超过这个请求数的用户连接就不会被接受-->  
  22.         <maximum-new-connections>10</maximum-new-connections>    
  23.         <!--最少保持的空闲连接数(默认2个)-->  
  24.         <prototype-count>5</prototype-count>    
  25.         <!--在使用之前测试-->  
  26.         <test-before-use>true</test-before-use>  
  27.         <!--用于保持连接的测试语句 -->  
  28.         <house-keeping-test-sql>select sysdate from dual</house-keeping-test-sql>  
  29.     </proxool>  
  30. </something-else-entirely>   
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
	<!--
		the proxool configuration can be embedded within your own
		application's. Anything outside the "proxool" tag is ignored.
	-->
<something-else-entirely>
	<proxool>
		<alias>dbname</alias> <!--数据源的别名-->
		<driver-url>jdbc:oracle:thin:@127.0.0.1:1521:testdb</driver-url><!--url连接串-->
		<driver-class>oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver</driver-class> <!--驱动类-->
		<driver-properties>
			<property name="user" value="username" /> <!--用户名-->
			<property name="password" value="password" /><!--密码-->
		</driver-properties> 
		<!--最大连接数(默认5个),超过了这个连接数,再有请求时,就排在队列中等候,最大的等待请求数由maximum-new-connections决定 -->
		<maximum-connection-count>100</maximum-connection-count> 
		<!--最小连接数(默认2个)-->
		<minimum-connection-count>10</minimum-connection-count> 
		<!--proxool自动侦察各个连接状态的时间间隔(毫秒),侦察到空闲的连接就马上回收,超时的销毁 默认30秒-->
		<house-keeping-sleep-time>90000</house-keeping-sleep-time>
		<!--没有空闲连接可以分配而在队列中等候的最大请求数,超过这个请求数的用户连接就不会被接受-->
		<maximum-new-connections>10</maximum-new-connections> 
		<!--最少保持的空闲连接数(默认2个)-->
		<prototype-count>5</prototype-count> 
		<!--在使用之前测试-->
		<test-before-use>true</test-before-use>
		<!--用于保持连接的测试语句 -->
		<house-keeping-test-sql>select sysdate from dual</house-keeping-test-sql>
	</proxool>
</something-else-entirely> 

 

二、配置web.xml

Xml代码 复制代码 
  1. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
  2. <web-app version="2.4" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"  
  3.     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"  
  4.     xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee    
  5.     http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd">  
  6. <servlet>  
  7.   <servlet-name>ServletConfigurator</servlet-name>  
  8.   <servlet-class>  
  9.     org.logicalcobwebs.proxool.configuration.ServletConfigurator   
  10.   </servlet-class>  
  11.   <init-param>  
  12.     <param-name>xmlFile</param-name>  
  13.     <param-value>WEB-INF/proxool.xml</param-value>  
  14.   </init-param>  
  15.   <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>  
  16. </servlet>  
  17.   
  18. <servlet>  
  19.   <servlet-name>Admin</servlet-name>  
  20.   <servlet-class>  
  21.     org.logicalcobwebs.proxool.admin.servlet.AdminServlet   
  22.   </servlet-class>  
  23. </servlet>  
  24. <servlet-mapping>  
  25.   <servlet-name>Admin</servlet-name>  
  26.   <url-pattern>/admin</url-pattern>  
  27. </servlet-mapping>  
  28. <!-- 配置受保护域,只有Tomcat管理员才能察看连接池的信息 -->  
  29. <security-constraint>  
  30.   <web-resource-collection>  
  31.       <web-resource-name>proxool</web-resource-name>    
  32.       <url-pattern>/admin</url-pattern>  
  33.   </web-resource-collection>  
  34.   <auth-constraint>  
  35.      <role-name>manager</role-name>    
  36.      </auth-constraint>  
  37.   </security-constraint>  
  38.  <login-config>  
  39.      <auth-method>BASIC</auth-method>    
  40.      <realm-name>proxool manager Application</realm-name>    
  41.   </login-config>  
  42.   <security-role>  
  43.     <description>The role that is required to log in to the Manager Application</description>    
  44.      <role-name>manager</role-name>    
  45.  </security-role>  
  46.   <error-page>  
  47.     <error-code>401</error-code>  
  48.     <location>/401.jsp</location>  
  49.   </error-page>  
  50. </web-app>  
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app version="2.4" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee 
	http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd">
<servlet>
  <servlet-name>ServletConfigurator</servlet-name>
  <servlet-class>
    org.logicalcobwebs.proxool.configuration.ServletConfigurator
  </servlet-class>
  <init-param>
    <param-name>xmlFile</param-name>
    <param-value>WEB-INF/proxool.xml</param-value>
  </init-param>
  <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
</servlet>

<servlet>
  <servlet-name>Admin</servlet-name>
  <servlet-class>
    org.logicalcobwebs.proxool.admin.servlet.AdminServlet
  </servlet-class>
</servlet>
<servlet-mapping>
  <servlet-name>Admin</servlet-name>
  <url-pattern>/admin</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
<!-- 配置受保护域,只有Tomcat管理员才能察看连接池的信息 -->
<security-constraint>
  <web-resource-collection>
      <web-resource-name>proxool</web-resource-name> 
      <url-pattern>/admin</url-pattern>
  </web-resource-collection>
  <auth-constraint>
     <role-name>manager</role-name> 
     </auth-constraint>
  </security-constraint>
 <login-config>
     <auth-method>BASIC</auth-method> 
     <realm-name>proxool manager Application</realm-name> 
  </login-config>
  <security-role>
    <description>The role that is required to log in to the Manager Application</description> 
     <role-name>manager</role-name> 
 </security-role>
  <error-page>
    <error-code>401</error-code>
    <location>/401.jsp</location>
  </error-page>
</web-app>

 

 

 

ServletConfigurator:加载并初始化proxool.xml文件,因为它是连接数据库的.其他很多模块都用到数据,所以必须首先加载它
load-on-startup:数值越小,就会先被加载初始化

Admin:监控数据库连接池的连接情况

//获得数据库连接的语句

Connection conn=DriverManager.getConnection("proxool.dbname");

 

 

注意:在401.jsp页面中必须加

<%
  response.setHeader("WWW-Authenticate", "Basic realm=\"Tomcat Manager Application\"");
%>这句话,否则在访问/admin察看连接池信息时,会直接跳转到401.jsp页面。我们是想让访问admin/的用户必须输入用户名和密码,且必须是manager角色,三次输入不正确才会跳到401.jsp页面,如图

输入正确用户名和密码后才能看到proxool池的信息

 

三、更详细的proxool.xml的配置属性说明:

Xml代码 复制代码 
  1.  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>  
  2. <!--   
  3. Properties for Proxool Configurator testing. Defines the same parameters as   
  4. TestHelper.buildCompleteAlternativeProperties()   
  5. -->  
  6. <something-else-entirely xmlns="http://sumthin.else.entirely" xmlns:proxool="The latest version is available at http://proxool.sourceforge.net/xml-namespace">  
  7.     <proxool:proxool>  
  8.         <proxool:alias>xml-test-ns</proxool:alias>  
  9.         <proxool:driver-url>jdbc:hsqldb:db/test</proxool:driver-url>  
  10.         <proxool:driver-class>org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver</proxool:driver-class>  
  11.         <proxool:driver-properties>  
  12.             <proxool:property name="user" value="sa"/>  
  13.             <proxool:property name="password" value=""/>  
  14.         </proxool:driver-properties>  
  15.         <proxool:house-keeping-sleep-time>40000</proxool:house-keeping-sleep-time>  
  16.         <proxool:house-keeping-test-sql>select CURRENT_DATE</proxool:house-keeping-test-sql>  
  17.         <proxool:maximum-connection-count>10</proxool:maximum-connection-count>  
  18.         <proxool:minimum-connection-count>3</proxool:minimum-connection-count>  
  19.         <proxool:maximum-connection-lifetime>18000000</proxool:maximum-connection-lifetime> <!-- 5 hours -->  
  20.         <proxool:simultaneous-build-throttle>5</proxool:simultaneous-build-throttle>  
  21.         <proxool:recently-started-threshold>40000</proxool:recently-started-threshold>  
  22.         <proxool:overload-without-refusal-lifetime>50000</proxool:overload-without-refusal-lifetime>  
  23.         <proxool:maximum-active-time>60000</proxool:maximum-active-time>  
  24.         <proxool:verbose>true</proxool:verbose>  
  25.         <proxool:trace>true</proxool:trace>  
  26.         <proxool:fatal-sql-exception>Fatal error</proxool:fatal-sql-exception>  
  27.         <proxool:prototype-count>2</proxool:prototype-count>  
  28.     </proxool:proxool>  
  29.     <nothing-to-do-with-proxool>  
  30.         <proxool:proxool>  
  31.             <proxool:alias>xml-test-ns-2</proxool:alias>  
  32.             <proxool:driver-url>jdbc:hsqldb:db/test</proxool:driver-url>  
  33.             <proxool:driver-class>org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver</proxool:driver-class>  
  34.             <proxool:driver-properties>  
  35.                 <proxool:property name="user" value="sa"/>  
  36.                 <proxool:property name="password" value=""/>  
  37.             </proxool:driver-properties>  
  38.             <proxool:house-keeping-sleep-time>40000</proxool:house-keeping-sleep-time>  
  39.             <proxool:house-keeping-test-sql>select CURRENT_DATE</proxool:house-keeping-test-sql>  
  40.             <proxool:maximum-connection-count>10</proxool:maximum-connection-count>  
  41.             <proxool:minimum-connection-count>3</proxool:minimum-connection-count>  
  42.             <proxool:maximum-connection-lifetime>18000000</proxool:maximum-connection-lifetime> <!-- 5 hours -->  
  43.             <proxool:simultaneous-build-throttle>5</proxool:simultaneous-build-throttle>  
  44.             <proxool:recently-started-threshold>40000</proxool:recently-started-threshold>  
  45.             <proxool:overload-without-refusal-lifetime>50000</proxool:overload-without-refusal-lifetime>  
  46.             <proxool:maximum-active-time>60000</proxool:maximum-active-time>  
  47.             <proxool:verbose>true</proxool:verbose>  
  48.             <proxool:trace>true</proxool:trace>  
  49.             <proxool:fatal-sql-exception>Fatal error</proxool:fatal-sql-exception>  
  50.             <proxool:prototype-count>2</proxool:prototype-count>  
  51.         </proxool:proxool>  
  52.     </nothing-to-do-with-proxool>  
  53. </something-else-entirely>  
 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<!--
Properties for Proxool Configurator testing. Defines the same parameters as
TestHelper.buildCompleteAlternativeProperties()
-->
<something-else-entirely xmlns="http://sumthin.else.entirely" xmlns:proxool="The latest version is available at http://proxool.sourceforge.net/xml-namespace">
    <proxool:proxool>
        <proxool:alias>xml-test-ns</proxool:alias>
        <proxool:driver-url>jdbc:hsqldb:db/test</proxool:driver-url>
        <proxool:driver-class>org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver</proxool:driver-class>
        <proxool:driver-properties>
            <proxool:property name="user" value="sa"/>
            <proxool:property name="password" value=""/>
        </proxool:driver-properties>
        <proxool:house-keeping-sleep-time>40000</proxool:house-keeping-sleep-time>
        <proxool:house-keeping-test-sql>select CURRENT_DATE</proxool:house-keeping-test-sql>
        <proxool:maximum-connection-count>10</proxool:maximum-connection-count>
        <proxool:minimum-connection-count>3</proxool:minimum-connection-count>
        <proxool:maximum-connection-lifetime>18000000</proxool:maximum-connection-lifetime> <!-- 5 hours -->
        <proxool:simultaneous-build-throttle>5</proxool:simultaneous-build-throttle>
        <proxool:recently-started-threshold>40000</proxool:recently-started-threshold>
        <proxool:overload-without-refusal-lifetime>50000</proxool:overload-without-refusal-lifetime>
        <proxool:maximum-active-time>60000</proxool:maximum-active-time>
        <proxool:verbose>true</proxool:verbose>
        <proxool:trace>true</proxool:trace>
        <proxool:fatal-sql-exception>Fatal error</proxool:fatal-sql-exception>
        <proxool:prototype-count>2</proxool:prototype-count>
    </proxool:proxool>
    <nothing-to-do-with-proxool>
        <proxool:proxool>
            <proxool:alias>xml-test-ns-2</proxool:alias>
            <proxool:driver-url>jdbc:hsqldb:db/test</proxool:driver-url>
            <proxool:driver-class>org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver</proxool:driver-class>
            <proxool:driver-properties>
                <proxool:property name="user" value="sa"/>
                <proxool:property name="password" value=""/>
            </proxool:driver-properties>
            <proxool:house-keeping-sleep-time>40000</proxool:house-keeping-sleep-time>
            <proxool:house-keeping-test-sql>select CURRENT_DATE</proxool:house-keeping-test-sql>
            <proxool:maximum-connection-count>10</proxool:maximum-connection-count>
            <proxool:minimum-connection-count>3</proxool:minimum-connection-count>
            <proxool:maximum-connection-lifetime>18000000</proxool:maximum-connection-lifetime> <!-- 5 hours -->
            <proxool:simultaneous-build-throttle>5</proxool:simultaneous-build-throttle>
            <proxool:recently-started-threshold>40000</proxool:recently-started-threshold>
            <proxool:overload-without-refusal-lifetime>50000</proxool:overload-without-refusal-lifetime>
            <proxool:maximum-active-time>60000</proxool:maximum-active-time>
            <proxool:verbose>true</proxool:verbose>
            <proxool:trace>true</proxool:trace>
            <proxool:fatal-sql-exception>Fatal error</proxool:fatal-sql-exception>
            <proxool:prototype-count>2</proxool:prototype-count>
        </proxool:proxool>
    </nothing-to-do-with-proxool>
</something-else-entirely>

属性列表说明:

fatal-sql-exception: 它是一个逗号分割的信息片段.当一个SQL异常发生时,他的异常信息将与这个信息片段进行比较.如果在片段中存在,那么这个异常将被认为是个致命错误(Fatal SQL Exception ).这种情况下,数据库连接将要被放弃.无论发生什么,这个异常将会被重掷以提供给消费者.用户最好自己配置一个不同的异常来抛出.

fatal-sql-exception-wrapper-class:正如上面所说,你最好配置一个不同的异常来重掷.利用这个属性,用户可以包装SQLException,使他变成另外一个异常.这个异常或者继承SQLException或者继承字RuntimeException.proxool自带了2个实现:'org.logicalcobwebs.proxool.FatalSQLException' 和'org.logicalcobwebs.proxool.FatalRuntimeException' .后者更合适.

house-keeping-sleep-time: house keeper 保留线程处于睡眠状态的最长时间,house keeper 的职责就是检查各个连接的状态,并判断是否需要销毁或者创建.

house-keeping-test-sql:  如果发现了空闲的数据库连接.house keeper 将会用这个语句来测试.这个语句最好非常快的被执行.如果没有定义,测试过程将会被忽略。

injectable-connection-interface: 允许proxool实现被代理的connection对象的方法.

injectable-statement-interface: 允许proxool实现被代理的Statement 对象方法.

injectable-prepared-statement-interface: 允许proxool实现被代理的PreparedStatement 对象方法.

injectable-callable-statement-interface: 允许proxool实现被代理的CallableStatement 对象方法.

jmx:

jmx-agent-id:

jndi-name: 数据源的名称

maximum-active-time: 如果housekeeper 检测到某个线程的活动时间大于这个数值.它将会杀掉这个线程.所以确认一下你的服务器的带宽.然后定一个合适的值.默认是5分钟.

maximum-connection-count: 最大的数据库连接数.

maximum-connection-lifetime: 一个线程的最大寿命.

minimum-connection-count: 最小的数据库连接数

overload-without-refusal-lifetime:

prototype-count: 连接池中可用的连接数量.如果当前的连接池中的连接少于这个数值.新的连接将被建立(假设没有超过最大可用数).例如.我们有3个活动连接2个可用连接,而我们的prototype-count是4,那么数据库连接池将试图建立另外2个连接.这和 minimum-connection-count不同. minimum-connection-count把活动的连接也计算在内.prototype-count 是spare connections 的数量.

recently-started-threshold:  略

simultaneous-build-throttle:  略

statistics:  连接池使用状况统计。 参数“10s,1m,1d”

statistics-log-level:  日志统计跟踪类型。 参数“ERROR”或 “INFO”

test-before-use:

test-after-use:

trace: 如果为true,那么每个被执行的SQL语句将会在执行期被log记录(DEBUG LEVEL).你也可以注册一个ConnectionListener (参看ProxoolFacade)得到这些信息.

verbose: 详细信息设置。 参数 bool 值

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