# OpenCV学习笔记（四十）——再谈OpenCV数据结构Mat详解

Mat最大的优势跟STL很相似，都是对内存进行动态的管理，不需要之前用户手动的管理内存，对于一些大型的开发，有时候投入的lpImage内存管理的时间甚至比关注算法实现的时间还要多，这显然是不合适的。除了有些嵌入式场合必须使用c语言，我任何时候都强烈像大家推荐Mat。

Mat A, C; // creates just the header parts
A = imread(argv[1], CV_LOAD_IMAGE_COLOR); // here we’ll know the method used (allocate matrix)
Mat B(A); // Use the copy constructor
C = A; // Assignment operator

• CV_8U - 8-bit unsigned integers ( 0..255 )

• CV_8S - 8-bit signed integers ( -128..127 )

• CV_16U - 16-bit unsigned integers ( 0..65535 )

• CV_16S - 16-bit signed integers ( -32768..32767 )

• CV_32S - 32-bit signed integers ( -2147483648..2147483647 )

• CV_32F - 32-bit ﬂoating-point numbers ( -FLT_MAX..FLT_MAX, INF, NAN )

• CV_64F - 64-bit ﬂoating-point numbers ( -DBL_MAX..DBL_MAX, INF, NAN )

// make a 7x7 complex matrix filled with 1+3j.
Mat M(7,7,CV_32FC2,Scalar(1,3));
// and now turn M to a 100x60 15-channel 8-bit matrix.
// The old content will be deallocated
M.create(100,60,CV_8UC(15));

// create a 100x100x100 8-bit array
int sz[] = {100, 100, 100};
Mat bigCube(3, sz, CV_8U, Scalar::all(0));

// add the 5-th row, multiplied by 3 to the 3rd row
M.row(3) = M.row(3) + M.row(5)*3;
// now copy the 7-th column to the 1-st column
// M.col(1) = M.col(7); // this will not work
Mat M1 = M.col(1);
M.col(7).copyTo(M1);

void process_video_frame(const unsigned char* pixels,
int width, int height, int step)
{
Mat img(height, width, CV_8UC3, pixels, step);
GaussianBlur(img, img, Size(7,7), 1.5, 1.5);
}

double m[3][3] = {{a, b, c}, {d, e, f}, {g, h, i}};
Mat M = Mat(3, 3, CV_64F, m).inv();