安装最后一步:linux设置oracle数据库和监听开机自动启动

默认的单机oracle数据库中,oracle不会随着操作系统的启动而启动,需要手工启动。下面设置开机自动启动

文件路径  在oracle用户下:  /etc/oratab

[oracle@CSICN20RPT01 etc]$ vi oratab 


# This file is used by ORACLE utilities.  It is created by root.sh
# and updated by either Database Configuration Assistant while creating
# a database or ASM Configuration Assistant while creating ASM instance.

# A colon, ':', is used as the field terminator.  A new line terminates
# the entry.  Lines beginning with a pound sign, '#', are comments.
# Entries are of the form:
#   $ORACLE_SID:$ORACLE_HOME:<N|Y>:

# The first and second fields are the system identifier and home
# directory of the database respectively.  The third filed indicates
# to the dbstart utility that the database should , "Y", or should not,
# "N", be brought up at system boot time.
#
# Multiple entries with the same $ORACLE_SID are not allowed.
#
#
rpt:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/db_1: Y

Note:这里把N改成Y(no该为yes)


在root用户下的文件操作,路径为:  /etc/rc.local

[root@CSICN20RPT01 etc]# pwd

/etc

[root@CSICN20RPT01 etc]# vi rc.local 
#!/bin/sh
#
# This script will be executed *after* all the other init scripts.
# You can put your own initialization stuff in here if you don't
# want to do the full Sys V style init stuff.


touch /var/lock/subsys/local
route add default gw 192.168.40.1

su - oracle -c 'lsnrctl start'
su - oracle -c 'dbstart'


Note:添加红色部分,启动监听,启动数据库


测试:

重启操作系统,查看数据库状态

[oracle@CSICN20RPT01 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba


SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Wed May 24 10:23:56 2017


Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.




Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options


SQL> select instance_name,status from v$instance;  


INSTANCE_NAME    STATUS
---------------- ------------
rpt              OPEN


[oracle@CSICN20RPT01 ~]$ lsnrctl status

Services Summary...
Service "rpt" has 2 instance(s).
  Instance "rpt", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
  Instance "rpt", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "rptXDB" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "rpt", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully


开始启动数据库和监听ok。



转自:https://blog.csdn.net/weeknd/article/details/72673786

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