CGLIB动态代理实现原理

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前言

Spring代码实例:https://github.com/yihonglei/Spring-Study

一 CGLIB介绍

CGLIB(Code Generation Library)是一个开源项目!是一个强大的,高性能,高质量的Code生成类库,

它可以在运行期扩展Java类与实现Java接口。Hibernate用它来实现PO(Persistent Object 持久化对象)字节码的动态生成。

CGLIB是一个强大的高性能的代码生成包。它广泛的被许多AOP的框架使用,例如Spring AOP为他们提供

方法的interception(拦截)。CGLIB包的底层是通过使用一个小而快的字节码处理框架ASM,来转换字节码并生成新的类。

除了CGLIB包,脚本语言例如Groovy和BeanShell,也是使用ASM来生成java的字节码。当然不鼓励直接使用ASM,

因为它要求你必须对JVM内部结构包括class文件的格式和指令集都很熟悉。

二 CGLIB动态代理实例

实现一个业务类,注意,这个业务类并没有实现任何接口:

package com.lanhuigu.spring.proxy.cglib;

public class HelloService {

    public HelloService() {
        System.out.println("HelloService构造");
    }

    /**
     * 该方法不能被子类覆盖,Cglib是无法代理final修饰的方法的
     */
    final public String sayOthers(String name) {
        System.out.println("HelloService:sayOthers>>"+name);
        return null;
    }

    public void sayHello() {
        System.out.println("HelloService:sayHello");
    }
}

自定义MethodInterceptor:

package com.lanhuigu.spring.proxy.cglib;

import net.sf.cglib.proxy.MethodInterceptor;
import net.sf.cglib.proxy.MethodProxy;

import java.lang.reflect.Method;

/**
 * 自定义MethodInterceptor
 */
public class MyMethodInterceptor implements MethodInterceptor{

    /**
     * sub:cglib生成的代理对象
     * method:被代理对象方法
     * objects:方法入参
     * methodProxy: 代理方法
     */
    @Override
    public Object intercept(Object sub, Method method, Object[] objects, MethodProxy methodProxy) throws Throwable {
        System.out.println("======插入前置通知======");
        Object object = methodProxy.invokeSuper(sub, objects);
        System.out.println("======插入后者通知======");
        return object;
    }
}

生成CGLIB代理对象调用目标方法:

package com.lanhuigu.spring.proxy.cglib;

import net.sf.cglib.core.DebuggingClassWriter;
import net.sf.cglib.proxy.Enhancer;

public class Client {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // 代理类class文件存入本地磁盘方便我们反编译查看源码
        System.setProperty(DebuggingClassWriter.DEBUG_LOCATION_PROPERTY, "D:\\code");
        // 通过CGLIB动态代理获取代理对象的过程
        Enhancer enhancer = new Enhancer();
        // 设置enhancer对象的父类
        enhancer.setSuperclass(HelloService.class);
        // 设置enhancer的回调对象
        enhancer.setCallback(new MyMethodInterceptor());
        // 创建代理对象
        HelloService proxy= (HelloService)enhancer.create();
        // 通过代理对象调用目标方法
        proxy.sayHello();
    }
}

运行结果:

三 CGLIB动态代理源码分析

实现CGLIB动态代理必须实现MethodInterceptor(方法拦截器)接口,源码如下:

/*
 * Copyright 2002,2003 The Apache Software Foundation
 *
 *  Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package net.sf.cglib.proxy;

/**
 * General-purpose {@link Enhancer} callback which provides for "around advice".
 * @author Juozas Baliuka <a href="mailto:baliuka@mwm.lt">baliuka@mwm.lt</a>
 * @version $Id: MethodInterceptor.java,v 1.8 2004/06/24 21:15:20 herbyderby Exp $
 */
public interface MethodInterceptor
extends Callback
{
    /**
     * All generated proxied methods call this method instead of the original method.
     * The original method may either be invoked by normal reflection using the Method object,
     * or by using the MethodProxy (faster).
     * @param obj "this", the enhanced object
     * @param method intercepted Method
     * @param args argument array; primitive types are wrapped
     * @param proxy used to invoke super (non-intercepted method); may be called
     * as many times as needed
     * @throws Throwable any exception may be thrown; if so, super method will not be invoked
     * @return any value compatible with the signature of the proxied method. Method returning void will ignore this value.
     * @see MethodProxy
     */    
    public Object intercept(Object obj, java.lang.reflect.Method method, Object[] args,
                               MethodProxy proxy) throws Throwable;

}

这个接口只有一个intercept()方法,这个方法有4个参数:

1)obj表示增强的对象,即实现这个接口类的一个对象;

2)method表示要被拦截的方法;

3)args表示要被拦截方法的参数;

4)proxy表示要触发父类的方法对象;

在上面的Client代码中,通过Enhancer.create()方法创建代理对象,create()方法的源码:

/**
     * Generate a new class if necessary and uses the specified
     * callbacks (if any) to create a new object instance.
     * Uses the no-arg constructor of the superclass.
     * @return a new instance
     */
    public Object create() {
        classOnly = false;
        argumentTypes = null;
        return createHelper();
    }

该方法含义就是如果有必要就创建一个新类,并且用指定的回调对象创建一个新的对象实例,

使用的父类的参数的构造方法来实例化父类的部分。核心内容在createHelper()中,源码如下:

private Object createHelper() {
        preValidate();
        Object key = KEY_FACTORY.newInstance((superclass != null) ? superclass.getName() : null,
                ReflectUtils.getNames(interfaces),
                filter == ALL_ZERO ? null : new WeakCacheKey<CallbackFilter>(filter),
                callbackTypes,
                useFactory,
                interceptDuringConstruction,
                serialVersionUID);
        this.currentKey = key;
        Object result = super.create(key);
        return result;
    }

preValidate()方法校验callbackTypes、filter是否为空,以及为空时的处理。

通过newInstance()方法创建EnhancerKey对象,作为Enhancer父类AbstractClassGenerator.create()方法

创建代理对象的参数。

protected Object create(Object key) {
        try {
            ClassLoader loader = getClassLoader();
            Map<ClassLoader, ClassLoaderData> cache = CACHE;
            ClassLoaderData data = cache.get(loader);
            if (data == null) {
                synchronized (AbstractClassGenerator.class) {
                    cache = CACHE;
                    data = cache.get(loader);
                    if (data == null) {
                        Map<ClassLoader, ClassLoaderData> newCache = new WeakHashMap<ClassLoader, ClassLoaderData>(cache);
                        data = new ClassLoaderData(loader);
                        newCache.put(loader, data);
                        CACHE = newCache;
                    }
                }
            }
            this.key = key;
            Object obj = data.get(this, getUseCache());
            if (obj instanceof Class) {
                return firstInstance((Class) obj);
            }
            return nextInstance(obj);
        } catch (RuntimeException e) {
            throw e;
        } catch (Error e) {
            throw e;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new CodeGenerationException(e);
        }
    }

真正创建代理对象方法在nextInstance()方法中,该方法为抽象类AbstractClassGenerator的一个方法,签名如下:

abstract protected Object nextInstance(Object instance) throws Exception;

在子类Enhancer中实现,实现源码如下:

protected Object nextInstance(Object instance) {
        EnhancerFactoryData data = (EnhancerFactoryData) instance;

        if (classOnly) {
            return data.generatedClass;
        }

        Class[] argumentTypes = this.argumentTypes;
        Object[] arguments = this.arguments;
        if (argumentTypes == null) {
            argumentTypes = Constants.EMPTY_CLASS_ARRAY;
            arguments = null;
        }
        return data.newInstance(argumentTypes, arguments, callbacks);
    }

看看data.newInstance(argumentTypes, arguments, callbacks)方法,

第一个参数为代理对象的构成器类型,第二个为代理对象构造方法参数,第三个为对应回调对象。

最后根据这些参数,通过反射生成代理对象,源码如下:

/**
         * Creates proxy instance for given argument types, and assigns the callbacks.
         * Ideally, for each proxy class, just one set of argument types should be used,
         * otherwise it would have to spend time on constructor lookup.
         * Technically, it is a re-implementation of {@link Enhancer#createUsingReflection(Class)},
         * with "cache {@link #setThreadCallbacks} and {@link #primaryConstructor}"
         *
         * @see #createUsingReflection(Class)
         * @param argumentTypes constructor argument types
         * @param arguments constructor arguments
         * @param callbacks callbacks to set for the new instance
         * @return newly created proxy
         */
        public Object newInstance(Class[] argumentTypes, Object[] arguments, Callback[] callbacks) {
            setThreadCallbacks(callbacks);
            try {
                // Explicit reference equality is added here just in case Arrays.equals does not have one
                if (primaryConstructorArgTypes == argumentTypes ||
                        Arrays.equals(primaryConstructorArgTypes, argumentTypes)) {
                    // If we have relevant Constructor instance at hand, just call it
                    // This skips "get constructors" machinery
                    return ReflectUtils.newInstance(primaryConstructor, arguments);
                }
                // Take a slow path if observing unexpected argument types
                return ReflectUtils.newInstance(generatedClass, argumentTypes, arguments);
            } finally {
                // clear thread callbacks to allow them to be gc'd
                setThreadCallbacks(null);
            }

        }

最后生成代理对象:

 

将其反编译后代码如下:

 

package com.lanhuigu.spring.proxy.cglib;

import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import net.sf.cglib.core.ReflectUtils;
import net.sf.cglib.core.Signature;
import net.sf.cglib.proxy.*;

public class HelloService$$EnhancerByCGLIB$$4da4ebaf extends HelloService
	implements Factory
{

	private boolean CGLIB$BOUND;
	public static Object CGLIB$FACTORY_DATA;
	private static final ThreadLocal CGLIB$THREAD_CALLBACKS;
	private static final Callback CGLIB$STATIC_CALLBACKS[];
	private MethodInterceptor CGLIB$CALLBACK_0; // 拦截器
	private static Object CGLIB$CALLBACK_FILTER;
	private static final Method CGLIB$sayHello$0$Method; // 被代理方法
	private static final MethodProxy CGLIB$sayHello$0$Proxy; // 代理方法
	private static final Object CGLIB$emptyArgs[];
	private static final Method CGLIB$equals$1$Method;
	private static final MethodProxy CGLIB$equals$1$Proxy;
	private static final Method CGLIB$toString$2$Method;
	private static final MethodProxy CGLIB$toString$2$Proxy;
	private static final Method CGLIB$hashCode$3$Method;
	private static final MethodProxy CGLIB$hashCode$3$Proxy;
	private static final Method CGLIB$clone$4$Method;
	private static final MethodProxy CGLIB$clone$4$Proxy;

	static void CGLIB$STATICHOOK1()
	{
		Method amethod[];
		Method amethod1[];
		CGLIB$THREAD_CALLBACKS = new ThreadLocal();
		CGLIB$emptyArgs = new Object[0];
		// 代理类
		Class class1 = Class.forName("com.lanhuigu.spring.proxy.cglib.HelloService$$EnhancerByCGLIB$$4da4ebaf");
		// 被代理类
		Class class2;
		amethod = ReflectUtils.findMethods(new String[] {
			"equals", "(Ljava/lang/Object;)Z", "toString", "()Ljava/lang/String;", "hashCode", "()I", "clone", "()Ljava/lang/Object;"
		}, (class2 = Class.forName("java.lang.Object")).getDeclaredMethods());
		Method[]  = amethod;
		CGLIB$equals$1$Method = amethod[0];
		CGLIB$equals$1$Proxy = MethodProxy.create(class2, class1, "(Ljava/lang/Object;)Z", "equals", "CGLIB$equals$1");
		CGLIB$toString$2$Method = amethod[1];
		CGLIB$toString$2$Proxy = MethodProxy.create(class2, class1, "()Ljava/lang/String;", "toString", "CGLIB$toString$2");
		CGLIB$hashCode$3$Method = amethod[2];
		CGLIB$hashCode$3$Proxy = MethodProxy.create(class2, class1, "()I", "hashCode", "CGLIB$hashCode$3");
		CGLIB$clone$4$Method = amethod[3];
		CGLIB$clone$4$Proxy = MethodProxy.create(class2, class1, "()Ljava/lang/Object;", "clone", "CGLIB$clone$4");
		amethod1 = ReflectUtils.findMethods(new String[] {
			"sayHello", "()V"
		}, (class2 = Class.forName("com.lanhuigu.spring.proxy.cglib.HelloService")).getDeclaredMethods());
		Method[] 1 = amethod1;
		CGLIB$sayHello$0$Method = amethod1[0];
		CGLIB$sayHello$0$Proxy = MethodProxy.create(class2, class1, "()V", "sayHello", "CGLIB$sayHello$0");
	}

	final void CGLIB$sayHello$0()
	{
		super.sayHello();
	}

	public final void sayHello()
	{
	  MethodInterceptor var10000 = this.CGLIB$CALLBACK_0;
      if(this.CGLIB$CALLBACK_0 == null) {
         CGLIB$BIND_CALLBACKS(this);
         var10000 = this.CGLIB$CALLBACK_0;
      }

      if(var10000 != null) {
         // 调用拦截器
         var10000.intercept(this, CGLIB$setPerson$0$Method, CGLIB$emptyArgs, CGLIB$setPerson$0$Proxy);
      } else {
         super.sayHello();
      }
	}
	......
	......
}

从代理对象反编译源码可以知道,代理对象继承于HelloService,拦截器调用intercept()方法,

intercept()方法由自定义MyMethodInterceptor实现,所以,最后调用MyMethodInterceptor中

的intercept()方法,从而完成了由代理对象访问到目标对象的动态代理实现。

JDK动态代理实现原理(jdk8)

 

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