P6Spy 监控JDBC详细配置说明


P6SPY 是一个监控JDBC执行语句的开源产品,利用P6SPY很容易的就能监控到JDBC中执行的SQL语句,便于系统调试和性能调优。

P6SPY 实现原理是对JDBC的关键类进行了一次包装,让应用系统调用自己的类;自己的类截获到SQL语句后再调用真实的JDBC驱动进行执行SQL,这样,在自己的类里面就可以监控到所有的SQL语句。


P6SPY 使用非常简单,只需要简单的几步即完成配置:

一. 将p6spy.jar包放到应用的classpath所在的路径中;

二. 修改连接池或者连接配置的jdbc的驱动为p6spy所提供的保证后的驱动,com.p6spy.engine.spy.P6SpyDriver

三. 修改spy.properties并将其放到类搜索目录.


下面,我们以Hibernate 的配置文件为例进行配置文件的说明。

第一步:将p6spy.jar包放到应用的classpath所在的路径中

第二步:修改连接池或者连接配置的jdbc的驱动为p6spy所提供的保证后的驱动,com.p6spy.engine.spy.P6SpyDriver

    在单独的Hibernate的应用中,数据库驱动配置在hibernate.cfg.xml里面,所以我需要将配置文件中的connection.driver_class属性从

oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver改为com.p6spy.engine.spy.P6SpyDriver

其他的用户名密码等等配置信息全部不用修改.在web程序中,配置的连接池部分,也只需要修改jdbc-driver的配置即可。

Hibernate.cfg.xml典型配置如下(注意其中的红色粗体部分的配置):

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>

<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC

        "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD 3.0//EN"

        "http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-configuration-3.0.dtd">

<hibernate-configuration>

    <session-factory>

        <property name="connection.driver_class">com.p6spy.engine.spy.P6SpyDriver</property>       

        <property name="connection.url">jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:hero</property>

        <property name="connection.username">hr</property>

        <property name="connection.password">hr</property>

        <!-- JDBC connection pool (use the built-in) -->

        <property name="connection.pool_size">1</property>

        <!-- SQL dialect -->

        <property name="dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.Oracle9Dialect</property>

        <!-- Enable Hibernate's automatic session context management -->

        <property name="current_session_context_class">thread</property>

      

        <!-- Disable the second-level cache -->

        <property name="cache.provider_class">org.hibernate.cache.NoCacheProvider</property>

        <!-- Echo all executed SQL to stdout -->

        <property name="show_sql">true</property>

        <!-- Drop and re-create the database schema on startup -->

        <property name="hbm2ddl.auto">false</property>

       <property name="hibernate.jdbc.batch_size">0</property>

      

    </session-factory>

</hibernate-configuration>


第三步.修改spy.properties并将其放到类搜索目录.

 spy.properties中需要注意的地方较多.

(1)module.log的属性必须配置,如果不配置,P6SPY将不起任何作用,典型配置为:module.log=com.p6spy.engine.logging.P6LogFactory

(2)realdriver表示真实的驱动,上面配置的com.p6spy.engine.spy.P6SpyDriver会最终调用真是的驱动程序执行SQL

Oracle数据库的配置为:

realdriver=oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver

(3)appender配置,一般分为三种

#appender=com.p6spy.engine.logging.appender.Log4jLogger

# appender=com.p6spy.engine.logging.appender.StdoutLogger

#appender=com.p6spy.engine.logging.appender.FileLogger

其中,appender=com.p6spy.engine.logging.appender.StdoutLogger表示将输出的SQL或者日志信息输出到Console窗口。

(4) log4j.logger.p6spy一般需要将log4j的相关参数从默认的

log4j.logger.p6spy=info,STDOUT

修改为

log4j.logger.p6spy=warn,STDOUT

以减少p6spy信息的输出

(5)可以将dateformat=修改为dateformat=hh:mm:ss,SSS有利用时间信息的查看。

(6)尽量根据P6Spy的标准的示例的配置文件进行修改,不用随便删除配置信息。



典型spy. spy.properties的配置文件如下,(注意下面的红色粗体部分):

#################################################################

# P6Spy Options File                                            #

# See documentation for detailed instructions                   #

#################################################################

#################################################################

# MODULES                                                       #

#                                                               #

# Modules provide the P6Spy functionality. If a module, such   #

# as module_log is commented out, that functionality will not   #

# be available. If it is not commented out (if it is active), #

# the functionality will be active.                             #

#                                                               #

# Values set in Modules cannot be reloaded using the            #

# reloadproperties variable. Once they are loaded, they remain #

# in memory until the application is restarted.                 #

#                                                               #

#################################################################

module.log=com.p6spy.engine.logging.P6LogFactory

#module.outage=com.p6spy.engine.outage.P6OutageFactory

#################################################################

# REALDRIVER(s)                                                 #

#                                                               #

# In your application server configuration file you replace the #

# "real driver" name with com.p6spy.engine.P6SpyDriver. This is #

# where you put the name of your real driver P6Spy can find and #

# register your real driver to do the database work.            #

#                                                               #

# If your application uses several drivers specify them in      #

# realdriver2, realdriver3. See the documentation for more     #

# details.                                                      #

#                                                               #

# Values set in REALDRIVER(s) cannot be reloaded using the      #

# reloadproperties variable. Once they are loaded, they remain #

# in memory until the application is restarted.                 #

#                                                               #

#################################################################

# oracle driver

realdriver=oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver

# mysql Connector/J driver

# realdriver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

# informix driver

# realdriver=com.informix.jdbc.IfxDriver

# ibm db2 driver

# realdriver=COM.ibm.db2.jdbc.net.DB2Driver

# the mysql open source driver

# realdriver=org.gjt.mm.mysql.Driver

#specifies another driver to use

realdriver2=

#specifies a third driver to use

realdriver3=

#the DriverManager class sequentially tries every driver that is

#registered to find the right driver. In some instances, it's possible to

#load up the realdriver before the p6spy driver, in which case your connections

#will not get wrapped as the realdriver will "steal" the connection before

#p6spy sees it. Set the following property to "true" to cause p6spy to

#explicitily deregister the realdrivers

deregisterdrivers=false

################################################################

# P6LOG SPECIFIC PROPERTIES                                    #

################################################################

# no properties currently available

################################################################

# EXECUTION THRESHOLD PROPERTIES                               #

################################################################

# This feature applies to the standard logging of P6Spy.       #

# While the standard logging logs out every statement          #

# regardless of its execution time, this feature puts a time   #

# condition on that logging. Only statements that have taken #

# longer than the time specified (in milliseconds) will be     #

# logged. This way it is possible to see only statements that #

# have exceeded some high water mark.                          #

# This time is reloadable.                                     #

#

# executionthreshold=integer time (milliseconds)

#

executionthreshold=

################################################################

# P6OUTAGE SPECIFIC PROPERTIES                                 #

################################################################

# Outage Detection

#

# This feature detects long-running statements that may be indicative of

# a database outage problem. If this feature is turned on, it will log any

# statement that surpasses the configurable time boundary during its execution.

# When this feature is enabled, no other statements are logged except the long

# running statements. The interval property is the boundary time set in seconds.

# For example, if this is set to 2, then any statement requiring at least 2

# seconds will be logged. Note that the same statement will continue to be logged

# for as long as it executes. So if the interval is set to 2, and the query takes

# 11 seconds, it will be logged 5 times (at the 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 second intervals).

#

# outagedetection=true|false

# outagedetectioninterval=integer time (seconds)

#

outagedetection=false

outagedetectioninterval=

################################################################

# COMMON PROPERTIES                                            #

################################################################

# filter what is logged

filter=false

# comma separated list of tables to include when filtering

include     =

# comma separated list of tables to exclude when filtering

exclude     =

# sql expression to evaluate if using regex filtering

sqlexpression =

# turn on tracing

autoflush   = true

# sets the date format using Java's SimpleDateFormat routine

dateformat=hh:mm:ss,SSS

#list of categories to explicitly include

includecategories=

#list of categories to exclude: error, info, batch, debug, statement,

#commit, rollback and result are valid values

excludecategories=info,debug,result,batch

#allows you to use a regex engine or your own matching engine to determine

#which statements to log

#

#stringmatcher=com.p6spy.engine.common.GnuRegexMatcher

#stringmatcher=com.p6spy.engine.common.JakartaRegexMatcher

stringmatcher=

# prints a stack trace for every statement logged

stacktrace=false

# if stacktrace=true, specifies the stack trace to print

stacktraceclass=

# determines if property file should be reloaded

reloadproperties=false

# determines how often should be reloaded in seconds

reloadpropertiesinterval=60

#if=true then url must be prefixed with p6spy:

useprefix=false

#specifies the appender to use for logging

#appender=com.p6spy.engine.logging.appender.Log4jLogger

appender=com.p6spy.engine.logging.appender.StdoutLogger

#appender=com.p6spy.engine.logging.appender.FileLogger

# name of logfile to use, note Windows users should make sure to use forward slashes in their pathname (e:/test/spy.log) (used for file logger only)

logfile     = spy.log

# append to the p6spy log file. if this is set to false the

# log file is truncated every time. (file logger only)

append=true

#The following are for log4j logging only

log4j.appender.STDOUT=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender

log4j.appender.STDOUT.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout

log4j.appender.STDOUT.layout.ConversionPattern=p6spy - %m%n

#log4j.appender.CHAINSAW_CLIENT=org.apache.log4j.net.SocketAppender

#log4j.appender.CHAINSAW_CLIENT.RemoteHost=localhost

#log4j.appender.CHAINSAW_CLIENT.Port=4445

#log4j.appender.CHAINSAW_CLIENT.LocationInfo=true

log4j.logger.p6spy=warn,STDOUT

#################################################################

# DataSource replacement                                        #

#                                                               #

# Replace the real DataSource class in your application server #

# configuration with the name com.p6spy.engine.spy.P6DataSource,#

# then add the JNDI name and class name of the real     #

# DataSource here                         #

#                                                               #

# Values set in this item cannot be reloaded using the          #

# reloadproperties variable. Once it is loaded, it remains     #

# in memory until the application is restarted.                 #

#                                                               #

#################################################################

#realdatasource=/RealMySqlDS

#realdatasourceclass=com.mysql.jdbc.jdbc2.optional.MysqlDataSource

#################################################################

# DataSource properties                                         #

#                                                               #

# If you are using the DataSource support to intercept calls    #

# to a DataSource that requires properties for proper setup,    #

# define those properties here. Use name value pairs, separate #

# the name and value with a semicolon, and separate the         #

# pairs with commas.                                            #

#                                         #

# The example shown here is for mysql                         #

#                                                               #

#################################################################

#realdatasourceproperties=port;3306,serverName;ibmhost,databaseName;mydb

#################################################################

# JNDI DataSource lookup                                        #

#                                                               #

# If you are using the DataSource support outside of an app     #

# server, you will probably need to define the JNDI Context     #

# environment.                                                  #

#                                                               #

# If the P6Spy code will be executing inside an app server then #

# do not use these properties, and the DataSource lookup will   #

# use the naming context defined by the app server.             #

#                                                               #

# The two standard elements of the naming environment are   #

# jndicontextfactory and jndicontextproviderurl. If you need    #

# additional elements, use the jndicontextcustom property.      #

# You can define multiple properties in jndicontextcustom,      #

# in name value pairs. Separate the name and value with a       #

# semicolon, and separate the pairs with commas.                #

#                                                               #

# The example shown here is for a standalone program running on #

# a machine that is also running JBoss, so the JDNI context     #

# is configured for JBoss (3.0.4).                              #

#                                                               #

#################################################################

#jndicontextfactory=org.jnp.interfaces.NamingContextFactory

#jndicontextproviderurl=localhost:1099

#jndicontextcustom=java.naming.factory.url.pkgs;org.jboss.nameing:org.jnp.interfaces

#jndicontextfactory=com.ibm.websphere.naming.WsnInitialContextFactory

#jndicontextproviderurl=iiop://localhost:900


文章来至:http://hi.baidu.com/suofang/blog/item/335cbf19c2362f4c42a9ad61.html


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