沉痛悼念汤琴(女)老同学

        近日,我意外地收到南京大学郑伯荣、汤琴老同学的独生女儿郑晓莉发来的邮件,得知汤琴同学已于今年428日去世,心中深感悲痛。

     郑晓莉的邮件如下:

各位尊敬的叔叔、阿姨:

        我是郑晓莉,是郑伯荣、汤琴的女儿。我的妈妈汤琴于20140428日因病去世。为尊重她的遗愿:不发布告,不通知亲友,一切从简。丧事已于20140506日办完。我也在20140602日回到美国。

      感谢各位对我妈妈的关爱,本人在此一表感谢。

谨此

                   郑晓莉

               20140605日于美国

            郑伯荣、汤琴是我在南京大学数学天文系的同班同学。1962年毕业后,郑伯荣分配到中科院武汉分院数学物理研究所工作,后任中科院武汉分院常务副院长,2010年因病去世。汤琴分配到武汉709所做研究工作,后担任该所的研究员。

         现在,我们62级老同学都在排队等着走入天堂,不知道下一个是谁?

袁萌 68

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沉痛悼念计算机语言之父 Kristen Nygaard

08-15

Kristen Nygaard Dies at 75rnrnrnThis article from NYTimes.comrnAnother Turing award recipient passes on this week.rnKristen Nygaard, Who Built Framework for Computer Languages, Dies at 75rnAugust 14, 2002rnBy JOHN MARKOFFrnKristen Nygaard, a Norwegian mathematician who laid therngroundwork for modern computer programming languages andrnwho helped Scandinavian workers influence the design ofrnlabor-saving computer technologies, died on Saturday inrnOslo, Norway. He was 75.rnThe cause of death was a heart attack, said Ole LehrmannrnMadsen, a friend and colleague at Aarhus University inrnDenmark.rn>From 1962 to 1967, with his co-worker Ole-Johan Dahl, Mr.rnNygaard designed Simula, a programming language intended tornsimulate complex real-world systems. The ideas underlyingrnSimula emerged from Mr. Nygaard's work in the area ofrnoperations research while he was employed at the NorwegianrnDefense Research Establishment from 1948 to 1960.rnAlthough the original use for Simula was a physicsrnsimulation for a military laboratory, workers at thernNorwegian Iron and Metal Union approached Mr. Nygaard, inrnthe late 1960's with concerns about computers in displacingrnand altering their jobs. Mr. Nygaard began working withrnthem, pioneering an approach that became known asrnparticipatory design, in which workers help design newrntechnologies in the workplace.rn"It was originally thought of as a socialistic movement,"rnsaid Dr. Madsen, who worked with Mr. Nygaard over severalrndecades. "However, eventually large corporations began tornrealize this was a reasonable practice and it is widelyrnused around the globe today."rnSimula was significant for pioneering the concept ofrn"object oriented" programming. Before Simula, computerrnprograms were thought of in terms of software instructionsrnand data. Simula introduced the idea of objects, orrnmodules, and classes of objects. Such object-based programsrnmade it easy for programmers to reuse software, thusrndramatically increasing productivity and efficiency.rn"He understood that simulation was the ultimate applicationrnof computers," said Larry Tesler, a computer scientist whornhas worked at the Xerox Corporation and Apple Computer. "Itrnwas a brilliant stroke."rnSimula would ultimately influence the designers of a widernrange of programming languages, including Smalltalk, C++,rnand Java, and it would leave a deep impression on thernpersonal computer world as well, influencing the designersrnof both the Macintosh and Windows operating systems.rnAs a graduate student at the University of Utah, therncomputer scientist Alan Kay became familiar with Simula,rnwhich was to become one of the principal influences onrnSmalltalk, an object-oriented programming language herndeveloped with a small group of programmers at Xerox's PalornAlto Research Center in the early 1970's. Because Simularnpermitted the creation of classes of objects and permittedrn"inheritance," in which all the objects of a class couldrnautomatically take on certain attributes, it led Dr. Kay tornbegin thinking in biological terms. He conceived ofrnsoftware in a framework where complex processes couldrnemerge from simple building blocks.rnThe Palo Alto research in turn influenced a generation ofrncomputer designers at both Apple Computer and the MicrosoftrnCorporation in the early 1980's, when the modern personalrncomputer was taking form.rnSeveral years after Dr. Kay discovered Simula, BjarnernStroustrup, a Danish programmer who studied at Cambridgernand who would later become a software designer at BellrnLaboratories, also encountered the language. Like Dr. Kay,rnhe would be influenced by the idea of software objects, andrnhe would build that concept into his widely influential C++rnprogramming language.rnKristen Nygaard was born on Aug. 27, 1926, in Oslo. Hernreceived his master's degree in mathematics at thernUniversity of Oslo in 1956.rnHe taught in both Denmark and at the University of Oslo,rnwhere he was a professor until he retired until 1996.rnIn the 1970's, Mr. Nygaard's research interestsrnincreasingly turned to the impact of technology on thernlabor movement, and he became involved in other political,rnsocial and environmental issues. He was the first chairmanrnof the environment protection committee of the NorwegianrnAssociation for the Protection of Nature. He was also thernNorwegian representative for the Organization for EconomicrnCooperation and Development's activities on informationrntechnology.rnHe also helped run an experimental program to create humanernliving conditions for alcoholics.rnIn the mid 1960's he became a member of the NationalrnExecutive Committee of the Norwegian party Venstre, arnleft-wing non-socialist party, and chairman of that party'srnstrategy committee. In 1988 he became chairman of a grouprnthat successfully opposed Norway's membership in thernEuropean Union.rnThis year, with Ole-Johan Dahl, Mr. Nygaard shared both thernAssociation of Computing Machinery's Turing Award and thernInstitute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers vonrnNeumann Medal. In 1990 the Computer Professionals forrnSocial Responsibility awarded him the Norbert Weiner Prize.rnHe is survived by his wife, Johanna Nygaard, three childrenrnand seven grandchildren.rnhttp://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/14/obituaries/14NYGA.html?ex=1030323594&ei=1&rnen=342dac4878949d03rnHOW TO ADVERTISErn---------------------------------rnFor information on advertising in e-mail newslettersrnor other creative advertising opportunities with ThernNew York Times on the Web, please contactrnonlinesales@nytimes.com or visit our online mediarnkit at http://www.nytimes.com/adinfornFor general information about NYTimes.com, write tornhelp@nytimes.com.rnCopyright 2002 The New York Times Companyrn

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