SQL复杂查询语句总结

 表结构

/***学生表***/
create table student(
sno varchar2(10) primary key,  --学号
sname varchar2(20),            --姓名
sage number(2),                --年龄
ssex varchar2(5)               --性别
);
/***教师表***/
create table teacher(
tno varchar2(10) primary key,  --教师编号
tname varchar2(20)             --教师姓名
);
/***课程表***/
create table course(
cno varchar2(10),              --课程编号
cname varchar2(20),            --课程名
tno varchar2(20),              --教师编号
constraint pk_course primary key (cno,tno)
);
/***成绩表***/
create table sc(
sno varchar2(10),              --学号
cno varchar2(10),              --课程编号
score number(4,2),             --成绩
constraint pk_sc primary key (sno,cno)
);
#/*******初始化学生表的数据******/
insert into student values ('s001','张三',23,'男');
insert into student values ('s002','李四',23,'男');
insert into student values ('s003','吴鹏',25,'男');
insert into student values ('s004','琴沁',20,'女');
insert into student values ('s005','王丽',20,'女');
insert into student values ('s006','李波',21,'男');
insert into student values ('s007','刘玉',21,'男');
insert into student values ('s008','萧蓉',21,'女');
insert into student values ('s009','陈萧晓',23,'女');
insert into student values ('s010','陈美',22,'女');
commit;
#/******************初始化教师表***********************/
insert into teacher values ('t001', '刘阳');
insert into teacher values ('t002', '谌燕');
insert into teacher values ('t003', '胡明星');
commit;
#/***************初始化课程表****************************/
insert into course values ('c001','J2SE','t002');
insert into course values ('c002','Java Web','t002');
insert into course values ('c003','SSH','t001');
insert into course values ('c004','Oracle','t001');
insert into course values ('c005','SQL SERVER 2005','t003');
insert into course values ('c006','C#','t003');
insert into course values ('c007','JavaScript','t002');
insert into course values ('c008','DIV+CSS','t001');
insert into course values ('c009','PHP','t003');
insert into course values ('c010','EJB3.0','t002');
commit;
#/***************初始化成绩表***********************/
insert into sc values ('s001','c001',78.9);
insert into sc values ('s002','c001',80.9);
insert into sc values ('s003','c001',81.9);
insert into sc values ('s004','c001',60.9);
insert into sc values ('s001','c002',82.9);
insert into sc values ('s002','c002',72.9);
insert into sc values ('s003','c002',81.9);
insert into sc values ('s001','c003',59);

常用SQL查询语句


#注意:以下练习中的数据是根据初始化到数据库中的数据来写的SQL 语句,请大家务必注意。
# 
# 
#1、查询“c001”课程比“c002”课程成绩高的所有学生的学号;
select * from sc a, sc b 
    where a.sno=b.sno and a.cno='c001' and b.cno='c002' and a.score>b.score;
#2、查询平均成绩大于60 分的同学的学号和平均成绩;
select st.sname,ss.sco 
    from student st,(select sno,avg(score)sco from sc group by sno) ss 
    where st.sno=ss.sno and sco>=60;
#3、查询所有同学的学号、姓名、选课数、总成绩;
select st.sname,ss.* 
    from student st,(select sno,count(score)sco,sum(score) from sc group by sno) ss 
    where st.sno=ss.sno;
#4、查询姓“刘”的老师的个数;
select count(*) from teacher where tname like '%刘%';
#5、查询没学过“谌燕”老师课的同学的学号、姓名;
select sc.sno,acno.* 
    from sc sc,(select co.cno from course co,
        (select tno from teacher where tname='谌燕') tn where co.tno<>tn.tno) acno 
    where acno.cno=sc.cno;
#6、查询学过“c001”并且也学过编号“c002”课程的同学的学号、姓名;
select sa.sname,sc.sno 
    from sc sc,(select st.sname,s.* from student st,
        (select sno,cno from sc where cno in('c001'))s where st.sno=s.sno)sa 
    where sc.sno=sa.sno and sc.cno='c002';
#7、查询学过“谌燕”老师所教的所有课的同学的学号、姓名;
select distinct st.sname 
    from student st,sc sc 
    join (select cno from teacher te join course co on(te.tno=co.tno) where te.tname='谌燕')aca 
    on(sc.cno=aca.cno) 
    where st.sno=sc.sno; 
#9、查询所有课程成绩小于60 分的同学的学号、姓名;
select st.sname,sc.sno 
    from student st 
    join sc sc on(st.sno=sc.sno) 
    where sc.score<60;
#10、查询没有学全所有课的同学的学号、姓名;
select sname,st.sno,scn.cn 
    from student st 
    join (select distinct sno,count(*)cn from sc group by sc.sno)scn 
    on(st.sno=scn.sno) 
    where scn.cn=(select distinct count(cno) from course);
select st.sname,st.sno 
    from student st 
    join (select sc.sno sn,count(sc.cno) cou from sc group by sc.sno) scs 
    on st.sno=scs.sn 
    where scs.cou <(select count(cno) from course);
#11、查询至少有一门课与学号为“s001”的同学所学相同的同学的学号和姓名;
select distinct st.sno, sname 
    from student st join sc sc on (st.sno = sc.sno) 
    where sc.cno in (select cno from sc where sno = 's001') and sc.sno<>'s001';
#13、把“SC”表中“谌燕”老师教的课的成绩都更改为此课程的平均成绩;
#update sc sc set sc.score=update sc sc set sc.score=(select tc.cno,round(avg(sc.score),2)av 
    from (select * 
        from teacher te 
        join course co on(te.tno=co.tno) 
        where te.tname='谌燕')tc 
    join sc sc on(tc.cno=sc.cno) group by tc.cno)cnn.score 
    where sc.cno=cnn.av;
select tc.cno,round(avg(sc.score),2) 
    from (select * 
        from teacher te 
        join course co on(te.tno=co.tno) 
        where te.tname='谌燕')tc 
    join sc sc on(tc.cno=sc.cno) group by tc.cno;
#14、查询和“s001”号的同学学习的课程完全相同的其他同学学号和姓名;
select cno from sc where sno='s001';
#15、删除学习“谌燕”老师课的SC 表记录;
delete from sc 
    where sc.cno 
    in(select cno from teacher te join course co on(te.tno=co.tno) where te.tname='谌燕')
#17、查询各科成绩最高和最低的分:以如下形式显示:课程ID,最高分,最低分
select cno,max(score),min(score) from sc group by cno;
#18、按各科 平均成绩 从 低到高 和 及格率的百分数 从高到低顺序
#select count(score) from sc where score>=60 group by cno ;
select cno,avg(score)acs,savg.cnu,(count(score)-savg.cnu)/count(score)*100 
    from sc,(select count(score)cnu,avg(score)acs2 from sc 
    where score<60 order by acs2 desc)savg 
    group by savg.cnu,cno 
    order by acs desc;
#21、查询各科成绩前三名的记录:(不考虑成绩并列情况)
select * 
    from (select S.*,rownum rn from (select * from sc order by score desc)S 
    where rownum<=3)where rn>=1;
#22、查询每门课程被选修的学生数
select cno,count(cno) from sc group by cno;
#23、查询出只选修了一门课程的全部学生的学号和姓名
select st.sname,st.sno 
    from student st 
    join (select distinct sc.* 
        from sc sc 
        join (select sno,count(cno)cnum from sc group by sno)ss 
        on(sc.sno=ss.sno) 
        where ss.cnum=1)ssb 
    on(st.sno=ssb.sno);
#24、查询男生、女生人数
select ssex,count(ssex) from student st group by ssex;
#25、查询姓“张”的学生名单
select sname from student where sname like '%张%';
#26、查询同名同性学生名单,并统计同名人数
select st.* 
    from student st 
    join (select sname,count(sname)cnum from student group by sname)scomm     
    on(st.sname=scomm.sname) 
    where scomm.cnum>1;
#27、1981 年出生的学生名单(注:Student 表中Sage 列的类型是number)
select * from student where to_char(sysdate,'yyyy')-sage ='1981';
#28、查询每门课程的平均成绩,结果按平均成绩升序排列,平均成绩相同时,按课程号降序排列
select cno,avg(score)lim from sc group by cno order by lim asc;
#29、查询平均成绩大于85 的所有学生的学号、姓名和平均成绩
select st.sname,st.sno,savg.lim 
    from student st 
    join (select sno,avg(score)lim from sc group by sno)savg 
    on(st.sno=savg.sno) 
    where savg.lim>85;
#30、查询课程名称为“数据库”,且分数低于60 的学生姓名和分数
select distinct st.sname,cs.score 
    from student st 
    join (select * 
        from course co 
        join sc sc 
        on(co.cno=sc.cno))cs 
        on(st.sno=cs.sno)
    where cs.score<60 and cs.cname='数据库';
#31、查询所有学生的选课情况;
select distinct st.sname,cs.cname 
    from student st 
    join (select * from course co join sc sc on(co.cno=sc.cno))cs 
    on(st.sno=cs.sno);
#32、查询任何一门课程成绩在70 分以上的姓名、课程名称和分数;
select distinct st.sname,cs.score,cs.cname 
    from student st 
    join (select * from course co join sc sc on(co.cno=sc.cno))cs 
    on(st.sno=cs.sno)
    where cs.score>70;
#33、查询不及格的课程,并按课程号从大到小排列
select * from sc where score<60 order by sno desc;
#34、查询课程编号为c001 且课程成绩在80 分以上的学生的学号和姓名;
select st.sname,st.sno 
    from student st 
    join (select * from sc where cno='c001' and score>80)snum 
    on(st.sno=snum.sno);
#35、求选了课程的学生人数
select count(ss.sno) from (select distinct sno from sc)ss;
#36、查询选修“谌燕”老师所授课程的学生中,成绩最高的学生姓名及其成绩
select st.sname,cnum.score 
    from student st 
    join(select distinct * from sc sc where cno 
        in(select distinct cno 
        from course co 
        join (select tno from teacher where tname='谌燕')ten 
        on(co.tno=ten.tno)) 
    order by score desc)cnum 
    on(st.sno=cnum.sno) 
    where rownum=1;
#37、查询各个课程及相应的选修人数
#(select cno,count(cno) from sc group by cno);
select co.cname,cns.cnum 
    from course co 
    join (select cno,count(cno)cnum from sc group by cno)cns 
    on(co.cno=cns.cno);
#39、查询每门功课成绩最好的前两名
select cno from sc order by score desc group by cno;
#40、统计每门课程的学生选修人数(超过10 人的课程才统计)。
     要求输出课程号和选修人数,查询结果按人数降序排列,若人数相同,按课程号升序排列
#41、检索至少选修两门课程的学生学号
select sno from (select sno,count(cno)cnum from sc group by sno) where cnum>=2;
#42、查询全部学生都选修的课程的课程号和课程名
#select count(*) from (select distinct sno from sc);
#select cno,count(cno)cns from sc group by cno;
#select cno 
    from (select count(*)num from (select distinct sno from sc))cs1,
        (select cno,count(cno)cns from sc group by cno)cs2 
    where cs2.cns=cs1.num;
select cname,scs.cno 
    from course co 
    join (select cno from (select count(*)num from (select distinct sno from sc))cs1,
        (select cno,count(cno)cns from sc group by cno)cs2 where cs2.cns=cs1.num)scs 
    on(co.cno=scs.cno);
#43、查询没学过“谌燕”老师讲授的任一门课程的学生姓名
#select co.cno 
    from course co 
    join (select tno from teacher where tname='谌燕')tn 
    on(co.tno=tn.tno);
select sname 
    from student 
    where sno 
    not in(select distinct sno 
        from sc where cno 
        in(select co.cno from course co 
            join (select tno from teacher where tname='谌燕')tn 
            on(co.tno=tn.tno)));
#44、查询两门以上不及格课程的同学的学号及其平均成绩
#select sno,count(sno),avg(score) 
    from sc where score < 60 group by sno;
select * 
    from (select sno,count(sno)cnum,avg(score) 
        from sc where score < 60 group by sno)avs 
    where avs.cnum>1;
#45、检索“c004”课程分数小于60,按分数降序排列的同学学号
select sno from sc where cno='c004' and score<60 order by score desc;
#46、删除“s002”同学的“c001”课程的成绩
delete from sc where sno='s002' and cno='c001';

 

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