.net下载文件的常用方法汇总

//TransmitFile实现下载 

         protected void Button1_Click1(object sender, EventArgs e) 

        { 

            /* 

             微软为Response对象提供了一个新的方法TransmitFile来解决使用Response.BinaryWrite 

             下载超过400mb的文件时导致Aspnet_wp.exe进程回收而无法成功下载的问题。 

            代码如下: 

             */ 

            string strFileName = "三部闲置设备管理系统操作手册IEMS.ppt"

            Response.ContentType = "application/x-zip-compressed"

            //Response.ContentEncoding = System.Text.Encoding.GetEncoding("gb2312"); 

            string filename = BLL.Config.PART_EM_UPLOAD_DOC + strFileName;  

            //BLL.Config.PART_EM_UPLOAD_DOC 为路径   ("D:/EMUploadDoc/") 

            Response.AddHeader("Content-Disposition""attachment;filename=" +Server.UrlPathEncode(strFileName)); 

           //Server.UrlPathEncode()解决文件名的乱码问题. 

             

            Response.TransmitFile(filename); 

        }    //WriteFile实现下载 

    protected void Button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 

    { 

        /* 

        using System.IO; 

          

         */ 

        string fileName = "asd.txt";//客户端保存的文件名 

        string filePath = Server.MapPath("DownLoad/aaa.txt");//路径 

        FileInfo fileInfo = new FileInfo(filePath); 

        Response.Clear(); 

        Response.ClearContent(); 

        Response.ClearHeaders(); 

        Response.AddHeader("Content-Disposition""attachment;filename=" + fileName); 

        Response.AddHeader("Content-Length", fileInfo.Length.ToString()); 

        Response.AddHeader("Content-Transfer-Encoding""binary"); 

        Response.ContentType = "application/octet-stream"

        Response.ContentEncoding = System.Text.Encoding.GetEncoding("gb2312"); 

        Response.WriteFile(fileInfo.FullName); 

        Response.Flush(); 

        Response.End(); 

    } 

    //WriteFile分块下载 

    protected void Button3_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 

    { 

        string fileName = "aaa.txt";//客户端保存的文件名 

        string filePath = Server.MapPath("DownLoad/aaa.txt");//路径 

        System.IO.FileInfo fileInfo = new System.IO.FileInfo(filePath); 

        if (fileInfo.Exists == true

        { 

            const long ChunkSize = 102400;//100K 每次读取文件,只读取100K,这样可以缓解服务器的压力 

            byte[] buffer = new byte[ChunkSize]; 

           Response.Clear();  

            System.IO.FileStream iStream = System.IO.File.OpenRead(filePath); 

           long dataLengthToRead = iStream.Length;//获取下载的文件总大小 

            Response.ContentType = "application/octet-stream"

            Response.AddHeader("Content-Disposition""attachment; filename=" + HttpUtility.UrlEncode(fileName)); 

            while (dataLengthToRead > 0 && Response.IsClientConnected) 

            { 

              int lengthRead = iStream.Read(buffer, 0, Convert.ToInt32(ChunkSize));//读取的大小 

              Response.OutputStream.Write(buffer, 0, lengthRead); 

              Response.Flush(); 

              dataLengthToRead = dataLengthToRead - lengthRead; 

            } 

            Response.Close(); 

       } 

    } 

    //流方式下载 

    protected void Button4_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 

    { 

        string fileName = "aaa.txt";//客户端保存的文件名 

        string filePath = Server.MapPath("DownLoad/aaa.txt");//路径 

        //以字符流的形式下载文件 

        FileStream fs = new FileStream(filePath, FileMode.Open); 

        byte[] bytes = new byte[(int)fs.Length]; 

        fs.Read(bytes, 0, bytes.Length); 

        fs.Close(); 

        Response.ContentType = "application/octet-stream"

        //通知浏览器下载文件而不是打开 

        Response.AddHeader("Content-Disposition""attachment;  filename=" + HttpUtility.UrlEncode(fileName, System.Text.Encoding.UTF8)); 

        Response.BinaryWrite(bytes); 

        Response.Flush(); 

        Response.End();  

    } 

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