Dubbo之使用Maven构建服务的可执行jar包

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/zbw18297786698/article/details/54574566

     Dubbo服务的运行方式,

1、使用Servlet容器运行(Tomcat、Jetty等)

     1.1  修改项目的打包方式,应该使用war的形式

           

     1.2  新增文件目录如下

           

     1.3 web.xml的内容如下,在Servlet容器启动的时候,加载相关的Spring配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xmlns:web="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"
	id="gw-web-boss" version="2.5">
	<display-name>Demo</display-name>
        <!--用于加载Spring的配置文件,包含服务提供者的信息-->
	<context-param>
		<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
		<param-value>classpath:spring/spring-*.xml</param-value>
	</context-param>
	<listener>
		<listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
	</listener>

	<welcome-file-list>
		<welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
	</welcome-file-list>
</web-app>
      1.4 启动Servlet容器,发布服务

2、自建Main方法类运行(Spring容器)

     本地调式可用,因为自己编写的启动类有缺陷,Dubbo本省的高级特性没用上

     2.1 自己编写的启动类

import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class DubboProvider {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		try {
			// 用于加载Spring的配置文件
			ClassPathXmlApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(
					"/spring/spring-*.xml");
			context.start();
		} catch (Exception exception) {
			throw new RuntimeException("DubboProvider context start error: "
					+ exception);
		}
		synchronized (DubboProvider.class) {
			while (true) {
				try {
					DubboProvider.class.wait();
				} catch (InterruptedException e) {
					throw new RuntimeException("synchronized error: " + e);
				}
			}

		}
	}

}

3、使用Dubbo框架提供的Main方法类来运行(Spring容器)

     框架本身提供(com.alibaba.dubbo.container.Main),可实现优雅关机。

注意:com.alibaba.dubbo.container.Main,默认加载META-INF\spring下的配置文件

4、关于Maven打包的配置文件的介绍

     4.1 在parent中添加的maven插件如下

<build>
		<finalName>${project.artifactId}</finalName>
		<plugins>
			<!-- 资源文件拷贝插件 -->
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-resources-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>2.7</version>
				<configuration>
					<encoding>UTF-8</encoding>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
			<!-- java编译插件 -->
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>3.2</version>
				<configuration>
					<source>1.7</source>
					<target>1.7</target>
					<encoding>UTF-8</encoding>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
			<!-- 源码包 -->
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-source-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>2.1.2</version>
				<executions>
					<execution>
						<id>attach-sources</id>
						<goals>
							<goal>jar</goal>
						</goals>
					</execution>
				</executions>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>

     4.2 在provider项目的pom文件里面,添加的maven插件信息如下

<!-- 相关插件的管理 -->
	<build>
		<finalName>mydubbo-provider</finalName>

		<resources>
			<resource>
				<targetPath>${project.build.directory}/classes</targetPath>
				<directory>src/main/resources</directory>
				<filtering>true</filtering>
				<includes>
					<include>**/*.xml</include>
					<include>**/*.properties</include>
				</includes>
			</resource>
			<!-- 结合com.alibaba.dubbo.container.Main,因为dubbo自带的Main需要读取classes/META-INF/spring下的spring配置信息 -->
			<resource>
				<targetPath>${project.build.directory}/classes/META-INF/spring</targetPath>
				<directory>src/main/resources/spring</directory>
				<filtering>true</filtering>
				<includes>
					<!--将spring相关的配置文件拷贝到classes/META-INF/spring下 -->
					<include>spring-*.xml</include>
				</includes>
			</resource>
		</resources>

		<plugins>
			<!-- 配置manifest文件,以及服务jar的启动类 -->
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-jar-plugin</artifactId>
				<configuration>
					<classesDirectory>target/classes/</classesDirectory>
					<archive>
						<manifest>
							<!--执行Jar文件的启动类,使用dubbo自带的启动类 -->
							<mainClass>com.alibaba.dubbo.container.Main</mainClass>
							<!-- 打包时 MANIFEST.MF文件不记录的时间戳版本 -->
							<useUniqueVersions>false</useUniqueVersions>
							<addClasspath>true</addClasspath>
							<!--将服务依赖的jar文件,放到lib文件夹下 -->
							<classpathPrefix>lib/</classpathPrefix>
						</manifest>
						<manifestEntries>
							<Class-Path>.</Class-Path>
						</manifestEntries>
					</archive>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
			<!-- 将运行服务的jar文件,依赖的其它jar文件放在lib文件夹下 -->
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-dependency-plugin</artifactId>
				<executions>
					<execution>
						<id>copy-dependencies</id>
						<phase>package</phase>
						<goals>
							<goal>copy-dependencies</goal>
						</goals>
						<configuration>
							<type>jar</type>
							<includeTypes>jar</includeTypes>
							<useUniqueVersions>false</useUniqueVersions>
							<outputDirectory>
								${project.build.directory}/lib
							</outputDirectory>
						</configuration>
					</execution>
				</executions>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>

		<pluginManagement>
			<plugins>
				<!-- 解决Maven插件在Eclipse内执行了一系列的生命周期引起冲突 -->
				<plugin>
					<groupId>org.eclipse.m2e</groupId>
					<artifactId>lifecycle-mapping</artifactId>
					<version>1.0.0</version>
					<configuration>
						<lifecycleMappingMetadata>
							<pluginExecutions>
								<pluginExecution>
									<pluginExecutionFilter>
										<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
										<artifactId>maven-dependency-plugin</artifactId>
										<versionRange>[2.0,)</versionRange>
										<goals>
											<goal>copy-dependencies</goal>
										</goals>
									</pluginExecutionFilter>
									<action>
										<ignore />
									</action>
								</pluginExecution>
							</pluginExecutions>
						</lifecycleMappingMetadata>
					</configuration>
				</plugin>
			</plugins>
		</pluginManagement>
	</build>

5、运行mavne命令,执行结果如下

     

6、查看mydubbo-provider\META-INF\MANIFEST.MF的配置信息,如下

     

7、运行服务

java -jar mydubbo-provider.jar &

阅读更多
换一批

没有更多推荐了,返回首页