自动化每日构建(三)用NAnt来完成.NET工程的每日构建

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过去写的文章,不过是英文的。后面有附带的 project.build 文件,你可以用项目的名称替换调******,并且加上代码更新,单元测试等具体内容,就可以做每日构建了。

 

Start a new .NET project by using NAnt

 <?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

This document has 5 sections:

Brief

System requirement

Directories and files

The Build file

Run NAnt

 

 

Brief

Start a new .NET project by using NAnt, so we can make Daily Building. All have to do list below:

1.Install .NET SDK1.0 and new version NAnt, and make NAnt works.

2.Copy Directories and files from nproject(n for .NET) template library.

3.Make project files stay in the right directory.

4.Edit the project.Build file. Let it fit the project.

5.Run NAnt.

 

 

System requirement

.NET SDK1.0 or higher

NAnt 0.84 or higher

 

Directories and files

You can make directories yourself, or copy from template. But make sure the directory tree like this:

Every directory is made for a certain kind of files. Directory names and what kind of files should be put in list below:

Directory        Files should be put in

            Build                building files

            Data                 project’s data files

            Doc                  project‘s documents for installation and deploying

            Lib                   libraries project depending on

            Res                  resources project using

                        Install               resources for installation

            Src                   project’ source files

                        Config              project’s configuration files

                        Database          project’s database files

                        cs                     project’s c# source code files

                        Docs                project’s documents for manager, developer, tester

                        Scripts              project’s script files

                        Sql                   project’s script files for database

           

Now put the .NET files into the srccs directory.

 

The Build file

            The build file is uildproject.build. In the template we already have a default build file. Because every project has different name and configuration, so we must edit the build file to suit project. We must edit the project name and path in the build file.

 

Run NAnt

            After doing that, now start a command-line prompt, change path to .uild, and type nant. We can see a function list like this:

Now NAnt runs. We can EDIT the build file to add new features: unit testing, packing, deploying, etc, as you like.

 

project.build 文件内容:

<?xml version="1.0" ?><project default="usage" basedir=".">    <echo message="Using '${NAnt.settings.currentframework}' framework on '${NAnt.platform.name}' platform."/>

    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <!-- Initialization target                                               -->    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <target name="init">        <!-- You have to fill the ***** space with your project label.  -->        <property name="Name" value="*****"/>        <property name="name" value="*****"/>     <property name="version" value="1.0" overwrite="false" />

     <echo message="------------------ ${Name}${version} Build  ------------------"/>

        <property name="s.home" value=".."/>        <property name="s.src" value="${s.home}/src"/>        <property name="s.srccs" value="${s.home}/src/cs"/>        <property name="s.gohome" value="../"/>        <property name="s.lib" value="${s.home}/lib"/>        <property name="s.res" value="${s.home}/res"/>        <property name="s.build" value="${s.home}/build"/>        <property name="s.run" value="${s.home}/run"/>

        <property name="s.build.assemble" value="${s.build}/assemble"/>        <property name="s.build.bin" value="${s.build.assemble}/bin"/>        <property name="s.build.debug" value="${s.build.bin}/debug"/>        <property name="s.build.gensrc" value="${s.build.assemble}/gen-src"/>        <property name="s.build.apidocs" value="${s.build}/apidocs"/>        <property name="s.build.lib" value="${s.home}/res"/>        <property name="s.build.release" value="${s.build}/release"/>        <property name="s.build.web"   value="${s.build}/web"/>        <property name="s.build.dist"  value="${s.build}/dist"/>        <property name="s.main" value="com"/>

        <tstamp>            <format property="TODAY" pattern="d-MM-yy"/>        </tstamp>

    </target>    

    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <!-- Help on usage                                                       -->    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <target name="usage">        <echo message=""/>        <echo message=""/>        <echo message="***** Build file"/>        <echo message="-------------------------------------------------------------"/>        <echo message=""/>        <echo message=" available targets are:"/>        <echo message=""/>        <echo message="   package   --> generates the *****.zip file (default)"/>        <echo message="   compile   --> compiles the source code"/>        <echo message="   test      --> unit test"/>        <echo message="   release   --> build the installation package"/>        <echo message="   deploy    --> deploy the application"/>        <echo message="   clean     --> cleans up the directory"/>        <echo message=""/>        <echo message=" See the comments inside the *.build file for more details."/>        <echo message="-------------------------------------------------------------"/>        <echo message=""/>        <echo message=""/>    </target>        <!-- =================================================================== -->    <!-- Compiles the source directory                                       -->    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <target name="compile" depends="init">        <mkdir dir="${s.build.bin}"/>        <echo message=""/>        <echo message="Compiling application main source..."/>        <echo message="${s.srccs}/${name}/*.cs"/>

        <!-- You may change the compile tasks here.  -->       <!-- first compile way: using solution task  -->       <solution configuration="release" solutionfile="${s.srccs}/${name}/${name}.sln"           outputdir="${s.build.bin}" />

  <!-- second compile way: using csc task for c# file  -->   <!--        <csc target="exe" warnaserror="true" debug="${debug}"              output="${s.build.bin}/${name}.exe" >            <sources failonempty="true">                <includes name="${s.srccs}/${name}/*.cs" />            </sources>        </csc>           -->            </target>        

    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <!-- Creates the zip package                                             -->    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <target name="package" depends="compile">

        <!-- You may change the package tasks here.  -->

    </target>

    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <!-- Creates the deploy                                                  -->    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <target name="test" depends="compile">      <!-- You may fill the tasks here.  -->      </target>

    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <!-- Creates the deploy                                                  -->    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <target name="deploy" depends="">      <!-- You may fill the tasks here.  -->      </target>

 

    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <!-- Build the installation packge                                       -->    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <target name="release" depends="clean">      <!-- You may fill the tasks here.  -->      </target>

 

    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <!-- Clean targets                                                       -->    <!-- =================================================================== -->    <target name="clean" depends="init">        <delete dir="${s.build.assemble}"/>        <delete dir="${s.build.release}"/>          <!-- You may fill the tasks here.  -->      </target>

    </project>

<!-- End of file -->        

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