利用SQL Server发邮件

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SQL Server提供了通过EXCHANGE或OUTLOOK收发邮件的扩展存储过程,下面将这几个过程简单的介绍一下。

一、启动SQL Mail

    xp_startmail @user,@password
        
            @user和@password都是可选的

    也可打开Enterprise Manager中的Support Services,在SQL Mail上单击右键打开右键菜单,然后按Start来启动

二、停止SQL Mail

    xp_stopmail

    也可用上述方法中的菜单里的Stop来停止

三、发送邮件

    xp_sendmail {[@recipients =] 'recipients [;...n]'}
        [,[@message =] 'message']
        [,[@query =] 'query']
        [,[@attachments =] attachments]
        [,[@copy_recipients =] 'copy_recipients [;...n]'
        [,[@blind_copy_recipients =] 'blind_copy_recipients [;...n]'
        [,[@subject =] 'subject']
        [,[@type =] 'type']
        [,[@attach_results =] 'attach_value']
        [,[@no_output =] 'output_value']
        [,[@no_header =] 'header_value']
        [,[@width =] width]
        [,[@separator =] 'separator']
        [,[@echo_error =] 'echo_value']
        [,[@set_user =] 'user']
        [,[@dbuse =] 'database']

    其中@recipients是必需的

    参数说明:

参数 说明
@recipients 收件人,中间用逗号分开
@message 要发送的信息
@query 确定执行并依附邮件的有效查询,除触发器中的插入表及删除表外,此查询能引用任何对象
@attachments 附件
@copy_recipients 抄送
@blind_copy_recipients 密送
@subject 标题
@attach_results 指定查询结果做为附件发送
@no_header 不发送查询结果的列名
@set_user 查询联接的用户名,默认为Guset
@dbuse 查询所用的数据库,默认为缺省数据库

四、阅读邮件收件箱中的邮件

    xp_readmail [[@msg_id =] 'message_number'] [, [@type =] 'type' [OUTPUT]]
        [,[@peek =] 'peek']
        [,[@suppress_attach =] 'suppress_attach']
        [,[@originator =] 'sender' OUTPUT]
        [,[@subject =] 'subject' OUTPUT]
        [,[@message =] 'message' OUTPUT]
        [,[@recipients =] 'recipients [;...n]' OUTPUT]
        [,[@cc_list =] 'copy_recipients [;...n]' OUTPUT]
        [,[@bcc_list =] 'blind_copy_recipients [;...n]' OUTPUT]
        [,[@date_received =] 'date' OUTPUT]
        [,[@unread =] 'unread_value' OUTPUT]
        [,[@attachments =] 'attachments [;...n]' OUTPUT])
        [,[@skip_bytes =] bytes_to_skip OUTPUT]
        [,[@msg_length =] length_in_bytes OUTPUT]
        [,[@originator_address =] 'sender_address' OUTPUT]]

    参数说明:

参数 说明
@originator 发件人
@subject 主题
@message 信息
@recipients 收件人
@skip_tytes 读取邮件信息时跳过的字节数,用于顺序获取邮件信息段。
@msg_length 确定所有信息的长度,通常与@skip_bytes一起处理长信息

五、顺序处理下一个邮件

    xp_findnextmsg [[@msg_id =] 'message_number' [OUTPUT]]
        [,[@type =] type]
        [,[@unread_only =] 'unread_value'])

六、删除邮件

    xp_deletemail {'message_number'}

    如果不指定邮件编号则删除收件箱中的所有邮件

七、自动处理邮件

    sp_processmail [[@subject =] 'subject']
        [,[@filetype =] 'filetype']
        [,[@separator =] 'separator']
        [,[@set_user =] 'user']
        [,[@dbuse =] 'dbname']

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