Android 跳转到手机内存中查找文件,并上传

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/zhaihaohao1/article/details/82080288

1跳转到手机内存并查找所有文件
2点击文件待带回,文件名称,和文件对象
代码都是下载一起的
MainActivity中:

package com.zhh.app;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Build;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.provider.MediaStore;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;

import com.orhanobut.logger.Logger;

import java.io.File;


public class MainActivity extends Activity {
    private Button button;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        button = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button);
        button.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
                intent.setType("*/*");
                intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);
                startActivityForResult(intent, 1);
            }
        });

    }

    @Override
    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
        File file = null;
        String name="";
        String path = "";
        if (resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK) {
            Uri uri = data.getData();
            if ("file".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {//使用第三方应用打开
                return;
            }
            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT > Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT) {//4.4以后
                 path = FindFileUtil.getPath(this, uri);
//                file = new File("file://" + path);
                file = new File(path);
                name = file.getName();
            } else {//4.4一下系统调用方法
                String realPathFromURI = getRealPathFromURI(uri);
//                file = new File("file://" + realPathFromURI);//上传文件
                file = new File(realPathFromURI);//上传文件
                name = file.getName();
            }

        }
//      一般拿到文件会上传,上传文件没需要,上传路径url,文件名称,文件
        String url ="http:192.168.10.94/order/updateloadFile";
        Logger.t("111").d("url>>>"+url+">>>name>>>"+name+">>>file>>>"+file);

    }

    public String getRealPathFromURI(Uri contentUri) {
        String res = null;
        String[] proj = {MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA};
        Cursor cursor = getContentResolver().query(contentUri, proj, null, null, null);
        if (null != cursor && cursor.moveToFirst()) {

            int column_index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA);
            res = cursor.getString(column_index);
            cursor.close();
        }
        return res;
    }







}

工具类FindFileUtil:

package com.zhh.app;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.AlertDialog;
import android.app.Dialog;
import android.app.ProgressDialog;
import android.content.ContentUris;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Build;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.provider.MediaStore;
import android.text.TextUtils;
import android.util.Log;
import android.widget.Toast;

import junit.framework.Assert;

import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.RandomAccessFile;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;
import java.net.URLConnection;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * Created by 16838 on 2018/8/24.
 */
public class FindFileUtil {
    private static final String TAG = "SDK_Sample.Util";

    private static Dialog mProgressDialog;
    private static Toast mToast;

    /* Convert byte[] to hex string.这里我们可以将byte转换成int,然后利用Integer.toHexString(int)来转换成16进制字符串。
            * @param src byte[] data
    * @return hex string
    */
    public static String bytesToHexString(byte[] src){
        StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder("");
        if (src == null || src.length <= 0) {
            return null;
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < src.length; i++) {
            int v = src[i] & 0xFF;
            String hv = Integer.toHexString(v);
            if (hv.length() < 2) {
                stringBuilder.append(0);
            }
            stringBuilder.append(hv);
        }
        return stringBuilder.toString();
    }
    /**
     * Convert hex string to byte[]
     * @param hexString the hex string
     * @return byte[]
     */
    public static byte[] hexStringToBytes(String hexString) {
        if (hexString == null || hexString.equals("")) {
            return null;
        }
        hexString = hexString.toUpperCase();
        int length = hexString.length() / 2;
        char[] hexChars = hexString.toCharArray();
        byte[] d = new byte[length];
        for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
            int pos = i * 2;
            d[i] = (byte) (charToByte(hexChars[pos]) << 4 | charToByte(hexChars[pos + 1]));
        }
        return d;
    }
    /**
     * Convert char to byte
     * @param c char
     * @return byte
     */
    private static byte charToByte(char c) {
        return (byte) "0123456789ABCDEF".indexOf(c);
    }

    /*
     * 16进制数字字符集
     */
    private static String hexString="0123456789ABCDEF";
    /*
     * 将字符串编码成16进制数字,适用于所有字符(包括中文)
     */
    public static String toHexString(String str)
    {
//根据默认编码获取字节数组
        byte[] bytes = null;
        try {
            bytes = str.getBytes("UTF-8");
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        if (bytes == null){
            return null;
        }
        StringBuilder sb=new StringBuilder(bytes.length*2);
//将字节数组中每个字节拆解成2位16进制整数
        for(int i=0;i<bytes.length;i++)
        {
            sb.append(hexString.charAt((bytes[i]&0xf0)>>4));
            sb.append(hexString.charAt((bytes[i]&0x0f)>>0));
        }
        return sb.toString();
    }

    //转换十六进制编码为字符串
    public static String hexToString(String s)
    {
        if("0x".equals(s.substring(0, 2)))
        {
            s =s.substring(2);
        }
        byte[] baKeyword = new byte[s.length()/2];
        for(int i = 0; i < baKeyword.length; i++)
        {
            try
            {
                baKeyword[i] = (byte)(0xff & Integer.parseInt(s.substring(i*2, i*2+2),16));
            }
            catch(Exception e)
            {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

        try
        {
            s = new String(baKeyword, "utf-8");//UTF-16le:Not
        }
        catch (Exception e1)
        {
            e1.printStackTrace();
        }
        return s;
    }

    public static byte[] bmpToByteArray(final Bitmap bmp, final boolean needRecycle) {
        ByteArrayOutputStream output = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        bmp.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 100, output);
        if (needRecycle) {
            bmp.recycle();
        }

        byte[] result = output.toByteArray();
        try {
            output.close();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return result;
    }

    public static byte[] getHtmlByteArray(final String url) {
        URL htmlUrl = null;
        InputStream inStream = null;
        try {
            htmlUrl = new URL(url);
            URLConnection connection = htmlUrl.openConnection();
            HttpURLConnection httpConnection = (HttpURLConnection)connection;
            int responseCode = httpConnection.getResponseCode();
            if(responseCode == HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK){
                inStream = httpConnection.getInputStream();
            }
        } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        byte[] data = inputStreamToByte(inStream);

        return data;
    }

    public static byte[] inputStreamToByte(InputStream is) {
        try{
            ByteArrayOutputStream bytestream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
            int ch;
            while ((ch = is.read()) != -1) {
                bytestream.write(ch);
            }
            byte imgdata[] = bytestream.toByteArray();
            bytestream.close();
            return imgdata;
        }catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return null;
    }

    public static byte[] readFromFile(String fileName, int offset, int len) {
        if (fileName == null) {
            return null;
        }

        File file = new File(fileName);
        if (!file.exists()) {
            Log.i(TAG, "readFromFile: file not found");
            return null;
        }

        if (len == -1) {
            len = (int) file.length();
        }

        Log.d(TAG, "readFromFile : offset = " + offset + " len = " + len + " offset + len = " + (offset + len));

        if(offset <0){
            Log.e(TAG, "readFromFile invalid offset:" + offset);
            return null;
        }
        if(len <=0 ){
            Log.e(TAG, "readFromFile invalid len:" + len);
            return null;
        }
        if(offset + len > (int) file.length()){
            Log.e(TAG, "readFromFile invalid file len:" + file.length());
            return null;
        }

        byte[] b = null;
        try {
            RandomAccessFile in = new RandomAccessFile(fileName, "r");
            b = new byte[len];
            in.seek(offset);
            in.readFully(b);
            in.close();

        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e(TAG, "readFromFile : errMsg = " + e.getMessage());
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return b;
    }

    public static int computeSampleSize(BitmapFactory.Options options,

                                        int minSideLength, int maxNumOfPixels) {

        int initialSize = computeInitialSampleSize(options, minSideLength,

                maxNumOfPixels);

        int roundedSize;

        if (initialSize <= 8) {

            roundedSize = 1;

            while (roundedSize < initialSize) {

                roundedSize <<= 1;

            }

        } else {

            roundedSize = (initialSize + 7) / 8 * 8;

        }

        return roundedSize;
    }

    private static int computeInitialSampleSize(BitmapFactory.Options options,

                                                int minSideLength, int maxNumOfPixels) {

        double w = options.outWidth;

        double h = options.outHeight;

        int lowerBound = (maxNumOfPixels == -1) ? 1 :

                (int) Math.ceil(Math.sqrt(w * h / maxNumOfPixels));

        int upperBound = (minSideLength == -1) ? 128 :

                (int) Math.min(Math.floor(w / minSideLength),

                        Math.floor(h / minSideLength));

        if (upperBound < lowerBound) {

            // return the larger one when there is no overlapping zone.

            return lowerBound;

        }

        if ((maxNumOfPixels == -1) &&

                (minSideLength == -1)) {

            return 1;

        } else if (minSideLength == -1) {

            return lowerBound;

        } else {

            return upperBound;

        }
    }

    /**
     * 以最省内存的方式读取图片
     */
    public static Bitmap readBitmap(final String path){
        try{
            FileInputStream stream = new FileInputStream(new File(path+"test.jpg"));
            BitmapFactory.Options opts = new BitmapFactory.Options();
            opts.inSampleSize = 8;
            opts.inPurgeable=true;
            opts.inInputShareable=true;
            Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeStream(stream , null, opts);
            return bitmap;
        } catch (OutOfMemoryError e) {
            return null;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            return null;
        }
    }

    private static final int MAX_DECODE_PICTURE_SIZE = 1920 * 1440;
    public static Bitmap extractThumbNail(final String path, final int height, final int width, final boolean crop) {
        Assert.assertTrue(path != null && !path.equals("") && height > 0 && width > 0);

        BitmapFactory.Options options = new BitmapFactory.Options();

        try {
            options.inJustDecodeBounds = true;
            Bitmap tmp = BitmapFactory.decodeFile(path, options);
            if (tmp != null) {
                tmp.recycle();
                tmp = null;
            }

            Log.d(TAG, "extractThumbNail: round=" + width + "x" + height + ", crop=" + crop);
            final double beY = options.outHeight * 1.0 / height;
            final double beX = options.outWidth * 1.0 / width;
            Log.d(TAG, "extractThumbNail: extract beX = " + beX + ", beY = " + beY);
            options.inSampleSize = (int) (crop ? (beY > beX ? beX : beY) : (beY < beX ? beX : beY));
            if (options.inSampleSize <= 1) {
                options.inSampleSize = 1;
            }

            // NOTE: out of memory error
            while (options.outHeight * options.outWidth / options.inSampleSize > MAX_DECODE_PICTURE_SIZE) {
                options.inSampleSize++;
            }

            int newHeight = height;
            int newWidth = width;
            if (crop) {
                if (beY > beX) {
                    newHeight = (int) (newWidth * 1.0 * options.outHeight / options.outWidth);
                } else {
                    newWidth = (int) (newHeight * 1.0 * options.outWidth / options.outHeight);
                }
            } else {
                if (beY < beX) {
                    newHeight = (int) (newWidth * 1.0 * options.outHeight / options.outWidth);
                } else {
                    newWidth = (int) (newHeight * 1.0 * options.outWidth / options.outHeight);
                }
            }

            options.inJustDecodeBounds = false;

            Log.i(TAG, "bitmap required size=" + newWidth + "x" + newHeight + ", orig=" + options.outWidth + "x" + options.outHeight + ", sample=" + options.inSampleSize);
            Bitmap bm = BitmapFactory.decodeFile(path, options);
            if (bm == null) {
                Log.e(TAG, "bitmap decode failed");
                return null;
            }

            Log.i(TAG, "bitmap decoded size=" + bm.getWidth() + "x" + bm.getHeight());
            final Bitmap scale = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(bm, newWidth, newHeight, true);
            if (scale != null) {
                bm.recycle();
                bm = scale;
            }

            if (crop) {
                final Bitmap cropped = Bitmap.createBitmap(bm, (bm.getWidth() - width) >> 1, (bm.getHeight() - height) >> 1, width, height);
                if (cropped == null) {
                    return bm;
                }

                bm.recycle();
                bm = cropped;
                Log.i(TAG, "bitmap croped size=" + bm.getWidth() + "x" + bm.getHeight());
            }
            return bm;

        } catch (final OutOfMemoryError e) {
            Log.e(TAG, "decode bitmap failed: " + e.getMessage());
            options = null;
        }

        return null;
    }

    public static final void showResultDialog(Context context, String msg,
                                              String title) {
        if(msg == null) {
            return;
        }
        String rmsg = msg.replace(",", "\n");
        Log.d("Util", rmsg);
        new AlertDialog.Builder(context).setTitle(title).setMessage(rmsg)
                .setNegativeButton("知道了", null).create().show();
    }

    public static final void showProgressDialog(Context context, String title,
                                                String message) {
        dismissDialog();
        if (TextUtils.isEmpty(title)) {
            title = "请稍候";
        }
        if (TextUtils.isEmpty(message)) {
            message = "正在加载...";
        }
        mProgressDialog = ProgressDialog.show(context, title, message);
    }

    public static AlertDialog showConfirmCancelDialog(Context context,
                                                      String title, String message,
                                                      DialogInterface.OnClickListener posListener) {
        AlertDialog dlg = new AlertDialog.Builder(context).setMessage(message)
                .setPositiveButton("确认", posListener)
                .setNegativeButton("取消", null).create();
        dlg.setCanceledOnTouchOutside(false);
        dlg.show();
        return dlg;
    }

    public static final void dismissDialog() {
        if (mProgressDialog != null) {
            mProgressDialog.dismiss();
            mProgressDialog = null;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 打印消息并且用Toast显示消息
     *
     * @param activity
     * @param message
     * @param logLevel
     *            填d, w, e分别代表debug, warn, error; 默认是debug
     */
    public static final void toastMessage(final Activity activity,
                                          final String message, String logLevel) {
        if ("w".equals(logLevel)) {
            Log.w("sdkDemo", message);
        } else if ("e".equals(logLevel)) {
            Log.e("sdkDemo", message);
        } else {
            Log.d("sdkDemo", message);
        }
        activity.runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                if (mToast != null) {
                    mToast.cancel();
                    mToast = null;
                }
                mToast = Toast.makeText(activity, message, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT);
                mToast.show();
            }
        });
    }

    /**
     * 打印消息并且用Toast显示消息
     *
     * @param activity
     * @param message
     *
     *            填d, w, e分别代表debug, warn, error; 默认是debug
     */
    public static final void toastMessage(final Activity activity,
                                          final String message) {
        toastMessage(activity, message, null);
    }

    /**
     * 根据一个网络连接(String)获取bitmap图像
     *
     * @param imageUri
     * @return
     * @throws MalformedURLException
     */
    public static Bitmap getbitmap(String imageUri) {
        Log.v(TAG, "getbitmap:" + imageUri);
        // 显示网络上的图片
        Bitmap bitmap = null;
        try {
            URL myFileUrl = new URL(imageUri);
            HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) myFileUrl
                    .openConnection();
            conn.setDoInput(true);
            conn.connect();
            InputStream is = conn.getInputStream();
            bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeStream(is);
            is.close();

            Log.v(TAG, "image download finished." + imageUri);
        } catch (OutOfMemoryError e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            bitmap = null;
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            Log.v(TAG, "getbitmap bmp fail---");
            bitmap = null;
        }
        return bitmap;
    }

    public static void release() {
        mProgressDialog = null;
        mToast = null;
    }

    // =========
    // =通过URI获取本地图片的path
    // =兼容android 5.0
    // ==========

    public static String ACTION_OPEN_DOCUMENT = "android.intent.action.OPEN_DOCUMENT";
    public static int Build_VERSION_KITKAT = 19;
    public static String getPath(final Context context, final Uri uri) {

        final boolean isKitKat = Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 19;

        // DocumentProvider
        if (isKitKat && isDocumentUri(context, uri)) {
            // ExternalStorageProvider
            if (isExternalStorageDocument(uri)) {
                final String docId = getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                final String type = split[0];

                if ("primary".equalsIgnoreCase(type)) {
                    return Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + split[1];
                }

            }
            // DownloadsProvider
            else if (isDownloadsDocument(uri)) {

                final String id = getDocumentId(uri);
                final Uri contentUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"),
                        Long.valueOf(id));

                return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, null, null);
            }
            // MediaProvider
            else if (isMediaDocument(uri)) {
                final String docId = getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                final String type = split[0];

                Uri contentUri = null;
                if ("image".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("video".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("audio".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                }

                final String selection = "_id=?";
                final String[] selectionArgs = new String[] { split[1] };

                return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, selection, selectionArgs);
            }
        }
        // MediaStore (and general)
        else if ("content".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {

            // Return the remote address
            if (isGooglePhotosUri(uri)){
                return uri.getLastPathSegment();
            }
            return getDataColumn(context, uri, null, null);
        }
        // File
        else if ("file".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {
            return uri.getPath();
        }

        return null;
    }

    private static final String PATH_DOCUMENT = "document";

    /**
     *
     */
    private static boolean isDocumentUri(Context context, Uri uri) {
        final List<String> paths = uri.getPathSegments();
        if (paths.size() < 2) {
            return false;
        }
        if (!PATH_DOCUMENT.equals(paths.get(0))) {
            return false;
        }

        return true;
    }

    private static String getDocumentId(Uri documentUri) {
        final List<String> paths = documentUri.getPathSegments();
        if (paths.size() < 2) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Not a document: " + documentUri);
        }
        if (!PATH_DOCUMENT.equals(paths.get(0))) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Not a document: " + documentUri);
        }
        return paths.get(1);
    }

    /**
     * Get the value of the data column for this Uri. This is useful for
     * MediaStore Uris, and other file-based ContentProviders.
     *
     * @param context
     *            The context.
     * @param uri
     *            The Uri to query.
     * @param selection
     *            (Optional) Filter used in the query.
     * @param selectionArgs
     *            (Optional) Selection arguments used in the query.
     *            [url=home.php?mod=space&uid=7300]@return[/url] The value of
     *            the _data column, which is typically a file path.
     */
    public static String getDataColumn(Context context, Uri uri, String selection, String[] selectionArgs) {

        Cursor cursor = null;
        final String column = "_data";
        final String[] projection = { column };

        try {
            cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, projection, selection, selectionArgs, null);
            if (cursor != null && cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                final int index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(column);
                return cursor.getString(index);
            }
        } finally {
            if (cursor != null){
                cursor.close();
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * @param uri
     *            The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is ExternalStorageProvider.
     */
    public static boolean isExternalStorageDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.externalstorage.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri
     *            The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is DownloadsProvider.
     */
    public static boolean isDownloadsDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.providers.downloads.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri
     *            The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is MediaProvider.
     */
    public static boolean isMediaDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.providers.media.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri
     *            The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is Google Photos.
     */
    public static boolean isGooglePhotosUri(Uri uri) {
        return "com.google.android.apps.photos.content".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }



}

布局文件:
activity_main.xml

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    >

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="查找文件"
        />

</LinearLayout>

3权限
在AndroidManifest.xml中配置

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.MOUNT_UNMOUNT_FILESYSTEMS"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>

4向服务器上传文件
去看okhttp文件上传
https://blog.csdn.net/zhaihaohao1/article/details/50967137

注意安卓6.0对权限做了限制,具体参考
https://blog.csdn.net/zhaihaohao1/article/details/81509627
https://blog.csdn.net/zhaihaohao1/article/details/81809110

参考文章:
https://blog.csdn.net/qq_35874987/article/details/72764244

源码下载:
https://blog.csdn.net/zhaihaohao1/article/details/82080288

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