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嵌入式linux通过DHCP自动获取IP地址实现获取

前提:系统已经实现DNS(即使用ping www.baidu.com测试时能ping通)。

1  在内核中添加以下选项:

Networking  --->

   [*] Networking support  

      Networking options  ---> 

          <* > Packet socket                 //添加.配置CONFIG_PACKET

          [ * ]     IP: DHCP support         //添加

          [ * ] Network packet filtering (replaces ipchains)  --->    //添加,后面子选项可不选,配置CONFIG_NETFILTER

说明:若没选<* > Packet socket, [ * ] Network packet filtering (replaces ipchains)  --->选项,在执行udhcpc命令时出现如下错误:

~ # udhcpc

udhcpc (v0.9.9-pre) started

udhcpc[208]: udhcpc (v0.9.9-pre) started

 

FATAL: couldn't listen on socket, Address family not supported by protocol

udhcpc[208]: FATAL: couldn't listen on socket, Address family not supported by protocol

2  Busybox中添加以下选项:

Networking Utilities

--->

   udhcp Server/Client  --->

        [] udhcp Server (udhcpd)       //在此不作服务端,故不选。生成udhcpd命令                             

        [*] udhcp Client (udhcpc)       //生成udhcpc命令                               

        [ ] Lease display utility (dumpleases)                        

        [ ]   Log udhcp messages to syslog (instead of stdout)        

        [ ]   Compile udhcp with noisy debugging messages

busybox没编译相应选项,也可从网上下载相应文件,用arm-linux交叉编译得到udhcpd,udhcpc命令copyusr/sbin下就可以了。

我从 网上  下的udhcp_0.9.8cvs20050303.orig.tar.gz文件

解压后修改Makefile文件

19行添加CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-  

注释12行的COMBINED_BINARY=1,否则不生成udhcpc命令。

3建相关配置文件

busyboxexamples/udhcp/copy  simple.script文件到开发板/usr/share/udhcpc/下,并重命名为default.scriptudhcp_0.9.8cvs20050303.orig.tar.gz中也有这样的文件。

[root@localhost root]# vi usr/share/udhcpc/default.script

#!/bin/sh

 

# udhcpc script edited by Tim Riker <Tim@Rikers.org>

 

[ -z "$1" ] && echo "Error: should be called from udhcpc" && exit 1

 

RESOLV_CONF="/etc/resolv.conf"

[ -n "$broadcast" ] && BROADCAST="broadcast $broadcast"

[ -n "$subnet" ] && NETMASK="netmask $subnet"

 

case "$1" in

        deconfig)

                /sbin/ifconfig $interface 0.0.0.0

                ;;

 

        renew|bound)

                /sbin/ifconfig $interface $ip $BROADCAST $NETMASK

 

                if [ -n "$router" ] ; then

                        echo "deleting routers"

                        while route del default gw 0.0.0.0 dev $interface ; do

                                :

                        done

                        for i in $router ; do

                                route add default gw $i dev $interface

                        done

                fi

 

                echo -n > $RESOLV_CONF

                [ -n "$domain" ] && echo search $domain >> $RESOLV_CONF

                for i in $dns ; do

                        echo adding dns $i

                        echo nameserver $i >> $RESOLV_CONF

                done

                ;;

esac

 

exit 0

 

4重启开发板,执行udhcpc就可自动获取IP地址了,以下是执行udhcpc的输出信息:

 

~ # udhcpc

udhcpc (v0.9.9-pre) started

udhcpc[228]: udhcpc (v0.9.9-pre) started

 

Sending discover...

udhcpc[228]: Sending discover...

 

Sending select for 192.168.1.109...

udhcpc[228]: Sending select for 192.168.1.109...

 

Lease of 192.168.1.109 obtained, lease time 86400

udhcpc[228]: Lease of 192.168.1.109 obtained, lease time 86400

 

deleting routers

route: SIOC[ADD|DEL]RT: No such process

adding dns 192.168.0.1

~ # ping www.baidu.com

PING www.a.shifen.com (220.181.38.4): 56 data bytes

64 bytes from 220.181.38.4: icmp_seq=0 ttl=52 time=1219.0 ms

[1] + Stopped                    ping www.baidu.com

 

5  如果是双网卡必须用参数指明

例:udhcpc  -i  eth1

-

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