jQuery Mobile学习笔记(三)——UI组件

这一章,详细学习一下常用的JM组件。组件基本上可以分为一下几类:

  • 工具栏组件
  • 格式化组件
  • 按钮组件
  • 列表组件
  • 表单组件
1.工具栏组件(页头、页脚):
定位:
内联模式——页面长度超过可见高度时,页脚将被隐藏,同时页头只在滚动条在顶部时才可见(默认模式)。
标准固定模式——data-position=“fixed”,用户滚动页面内容时,工具栏会自动隐藏,滚动完成时,固定工具栏会再次在顶部或底部对应的位置出现。
全屏固定模式——data-position="fixed"/data-fullscreen="true"在点击屏幕时才出现的隐藏的固定工具栏,再次点击时,又会消失。

=================================================
<div data-role="page" data-fullscreen="true">
<!--全屏固定模式 -->
  <div data-role="header" data-position="fixed">
<!--添加工具栏按钮。一般工具栏一般右侧使用肯定动作,左侧使用否定动作。
header中一个a元素相当于一个按钮,一个a元素,位于标题左侧,两个a元素,一个左一个右。可以使用class="ui-btn-right"/class="ui-btn-left"来强制制定按钮位置。
data-icon表示应用图标-->
   <a href="logout" data-icon=”back“ data-rel="back">log out</a><!--指向上一页-->
   <h1><img src="images/logo.png"></h1> <!--添加logo标题,高度会自适应,但height<125px-->
   <a href="settings" data-icon="gear" data-theme="b">Settings</a>
<!--如果不用JM的页头样式,则在data-role=”header“下加一个<div></div>标签,在里面添加内容即可-->
  </div>

  <div data-role="content">
  </div>

<!--页脚中每个a元素都会渲染为按钮,可以添加任意数量的按钮,加一个class=”ui-bar“视觉效果会好一些-->
  <div data-role="footer" data-position="fixed" class="ui-bar">
<a href="refresh">Refresh</a>
    <a href="filter">Filter</a>
    <a href="search">Search</a>
    <a href="add" data-theme="b">New Item</a>

  </div>
</div>
===============================
导航栏:data-role="navbar",一组链接组成的一系列互斥选项。通常放在页脚。导航栏的元素控制在6个一下,以便让它们全部显示为一行。
仿微信样式:
<div data-role="header" data-position="fixed">
  <h1>Home</h1>
  <div data-role="navbar">
    <ul>
      <li><a href="#index" data-icon="home">Home</a>
      <li><a href="#contacts" data-icon="search">Contacts</a>
      <li><a href="#events" data-icon="info">Events</a>
      <li><a href="#news" data-icon="grid">News</a>
    </ul>
  </div>
</div>
被选中的元素:class="ui-btn-active"
<div data-role="footer" data-position="fixed">
  <div data-role="navbar">
    <ul>
      <li><a href="#index" <span style="background-color: rgb(51, 204, 255);">class="ui-btn-active"</span>>Home</a>
      <li><a href="#contacts">Contacts</a>
      <li><a href="#events">Events</a>
      <li><a href="#news">News</a>
    </ul>
  </div>
</div>
固定页脚,不会更新(data-role=”footer“中data-id相同):
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 <head>
     <!-- Typical jQuery Mobile header goes here -->
 </head>

 <body>
    <div data-role="page" id="home">

    <div data-role="header">
            <h1>Home</h1>

    </div>

    <div data-role="content">
            <p>This is content for the home</p>
    </div>

    <div data-role="footer"<span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"> </span><span style="background-color: rgb(51, 204, 255);">data-id="main"</span> position="fixed">
      <div data-role="navbar">
       <ul>
         <li><a data-icon="home" <span style="background-color: rgb(51, 204, 255);">class="ui-btn-active ui-state-persist"</span>>Home</a></li>
         <li><a href="#help" data-icon="alert">Help</a></li>
       </ul>
      </div>
     </div>

 </div>


 <div data-role="page" id="help">

    <div data-role="header">
            <h1>Help</h1>
     </div>

    <div data-role="content">
            <p>This is content for Help</p>
     </div>

    <div data-role="footer" <span style="background-color: rgb(51, 204, 255);">data-id="main"</span>  position="fixed">
      <div data-role="navbar">
       <ul>
         <li><a href="#home" data-icon="home">Home</a></li>
         <li><a data-icon="alert" <span style="background-color: rgb(51, 204, 255);">class="ui-btn-active ui-state-persist"</span>>Help</a></li>
       </ul>
      </div>
     </div>

    </div>

 </body>
 </html>
2.格式化组件
2.1可折叠内容data-role="collapsible"
<div data-role="content">

<div data-role="collapsible">
  <h2>History of Rome</h2>
  <p>There is archaeological evidence of human occupation of the Rome area from at 
     least 14,000 years, but the dense layer of much younger debris obscures 
     Palaeolithic and Neolithic sites.[11] Evidence of stone tools, pottery and 
     stone weapons attest to at least 10,000 years of human presence.
  </p>
</div>

<div data-role="collapsible" data-collapsed="true"> <!--已展开-->
  <h2>Government of Rome</h2>
  <p>Rome constitutes one of Italy's 8,101 communes, and is the largest both in terms 
     of land area and population. It is governed by a mayor, currently Gianni Alemanno, 
     and a city council.
  </p>
</div>

</div>
嵌套可折叠内容:
<div data-role="content">
  <div data-role="collapsible">
     <h2>Rome</h2>
     <div data-role="collapsible">
       <h3>History</h3>
       <p>There is archaeological evidence of human occupation of the Rome area from 
          at least 14,000 years, but the dense layer of much younger debris obscures 
          Palaeolithic and Neolithic sites.[11] Evidence of stone tools, pottery and 
          stone weapons attest to at least 10,000 years of human presence. </p>
     </div>
     <div data-role="collapsible" data-collapsed="true">
       <h3>Government</h3>
       <p>Rome constitutes one of Italy's 8,101 communes, and is the largest both in 
          terms of land area and population. It is governed by a mayor, currently  
          Gianni Alemanno, and a city council. </p>
     </div>
   </div>

   <div data-role="collapsible">
     <h2>Madrid</h2>
     <div data-role="collapsible">
       <h3>History</h3>
       <p>Although the site of modern-day Madrid has been occupied since pre-historic 
          times,[23] in the Roman era this territory belonged to the diocese of 
          Complutum (present-day Alcalá de Henares).</p>
     </div>
     <div data-role="collapsible" data-collapsed="true">
       <h3>Government</h3>
       <p>The City Council consists of 57 members, one of them being the Mayor, 
          currently Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jiménez. The Mayor presides over the 
          Council.</p>
     </div>
   </div>
</div>
手风琴部件(多个可折叠内容)
<div data-role="page" id="home">

   <div data-role="header">
        <h1>@firt</h1>
   </div>

   <div data-role="content" data-theme="b">

      <!-- This defines the whole collapsible set (accordion) -->
        <div data-role="collapsible-set">
         <div data-role="collapsible" data-collapsed="false">
                <h2>Books</h2>
             <ul>
                <li>Programming the Mobile Web</li>
                <li>jQuery Mobile: Up & Running</li>
                <li>Mobile HTML5</li>
             </ul>
         </div>
         <div data-role="collapsible" data-collapsed="true">
                <h2>Talks</h2>
             <ul>
                <li>Velocity Conference</li>
                <li>OSCON</li>
                <li>Mobile World Congress</li>
                <li>Google DevFest</li>
             </ul>
         </div>
       </div>
      <!-- end of collapsible set (accordion) -->

   </div>

</div>
    

3.排版(类似表格)
网格不可见,占100%的宽度,没有内外边距,可定义2-5列
ui-grid-a表示2列,ui-grid-b表示3列,ui-grid-c表示4列,ui-grid-d表示5列;
ui-block-a/b/c/d/e分别表示网格的第一列至第五列。
<div data-role="content">
<pre name="code" class="html">  <section class="ui-grid-a">
    <div class="ui-block-a">Column 1</div>
    <div class="ui-block-b">Column 2</div>
  </section>
<section class="ui-grid-b">
 <!-- Row 1 -->
    <div class="ui-block-a">Cell 1.1</div>
    <div class="ui-block-b">Cell 1.2</div>
    <div class="ui-block-c">Cell 1.3</div>
    <!-- Row 2 -->
    <div class="ui-block-a">Cell 2.1</div>
    <div class="ui-block-b">Cell 2.2</div>
    <div class="ui-block-c">Cell 2.3</div>
  </section>
</div>



4.按钮
创建按钮的三种方式:button元素/input type="button"/data-role="button",默认情况下占满整个屏幕。
<a href="#" data-role="button">Click me!</a>
<button data-theme="b">Click me too!</button>
<input type="button" value="Don't forget about me!">
内联按钮:data-inline="true",这种按钮不会占满屏幕宽度
<a href="#" data-role="button" data-inline="true">Button 1</a>
按钮组:
<div <span style="background-color: rgb(51, 204, 255);">data-role="controlgroup"</span>>
  <a href="#" data-role="button">Button 1</a>
  <a href="#" data-role="button">Button 2</a>
  <a href="#" data-role="button">Button 2</a>
</div>
一行按钮(少于5个)
<div data-role="controlgroup" <span style="background-color: rgb(51, 204, 255);">data-type="horizontal"</span>>
  <a href="#" data-role="button" data-inline="true">Button 1</a>
  <a href="#" data-role="button" data-inline="true">Button 2</a>
  <a href="#" data-role="button" data-inline="true">Button 2</a>
</div>
效果:data-shadow="false"不带阴影 data-corners="false"不带圆角
<a href="#” data-role="button” data-shadow="false” data-corners="false">Help</a>
按钮自定义图标:图标应该是白色或透明的背景,18X18像素,高分辨率设备(ios)下36X36像素,data-iconshadow="false"移除图标阴影效果
<style>
   .ui-icon-myapp-tweet {
       background-image: url(icons/tweet.png);
   }
   @media only screen and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) {
      .ui-icon-myapp-tweet {
          background-image: url(icons-hd/tweet.png) !important;
            background-size: 18px 18px;
      }
}
</style><pre name="code" class="html"><a href="#" data-role="button" data-icon="myapp-tweet">Tweet</a>

图标位置:相对文字的位置data-iconpos
<a href="#" data-role="button" data-icon="help" data-iconpos="right">Help</a>
<a href="#" data-role="button" data-icon="help" data-iconpos="left">Help</a>
<div data-role="controlgroup">
  <a href="#" data-role="button" data-icon="help" data-iconpos="bottom">Help</a>
  <a href="#" data-role="button" data-icon="help" data-iconpos="top">Help</a>
</div>

JM图标汇总
图标 图标
向左箭头 arrow-l 刷新 refresh
向右箭头 arrow-r 向前动作 forward
向上箭头 arrow-u 向后动作 back
向下箭头 arrow-d 网格 grid
删除(X) delete 星星 star
加号 plus 警报(警号) alert
减号 minus 信息(i) info
检查标记(√) check 主页图标 home
齿轮图标 gear 搜索图标 search


展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页